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Artificial argument assistants for defeasible argumentation

Bart Verheij
2003 Artificial Intelligence  
Argument assistants for defeasible argumentation naturally correspond to a view of the application of law as dialectical theory construction.  ...  This allows the expression of warrants for support and attack, making it a transparent and flexible system of defeasible argumentation.  ...  The author thanks Jaap Hage, Bram Roth and the editors of this special issue for comments and discussion.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0004-3702(03)00107-3 fatcat:nafnfjf3xbaxppq5nte6wml6zq

Forthcoming Papers

2003 Artificial Intelligence  
Empirical evidence from diverse experiments shows that for purposes of teaching legal argumentation and performing legal information retrieval, HYPO-style systems' lazy learning approach and implementation  ...  The HYPO family of systems implements a "lazy" approach since they defer making arguments how to decide a problem until the programs have positioned a new problem with respect to similar past cases.  ...  Verheij, Artificial argument assistants for defeasible argumentation The present paper discusses experimental argument assistance tools.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0004-3702(03)00158-9 fatcat:sze4uoaylzchzbn3lifjjfgtny

The Rationale and Approach of the Legal Expert System Construction

Caixia Zou, Fangchun Li, Yi'nan Dong
2022 Beijing Law Review  
Through defeasible reasoning, a contextual-based legal expert system could be realized.  ...  As a result, the article provides a model of a legal expert system based on dual processing, including factual argumentation and legal argumentation.  ...  The case-based artificial intelligence judicial application can be traced back to LDS, a system for assisting judgments developed by Waterman and Peterson in 1981, which compares characteristics to find  ... 
doi:10.4236/blr.2022.131013 fatcat:6z5togsqxjgjbohab4unnv2yfu

Some Artificial Intelligence Tools for Argument Evaluation: An Introduction

Douglas Walton
2015 Argumentation: an international journal on reasoning  
In this paper it is shown that recent developments in artificial intelligence in the area of computational systems for modeling defeasible argumentation reveal a different approach that is currently making  ...  It is shown how these systems provide the general outlines for a system of argument evaluation that can be applied to legal arguments as well as everyday conversational arguments to assist a user to evaluate  ...  Acknowledgments Thanks are due to the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada for Insight Grant 435-2012-0104: The Carneades Argumentation System.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10503-015-9387-x fatcat:tjyvefq7pjc2jl4nl6ox2aqyca

Combining Rules and Ontologies with Carneades

Thomas F. Gordon
2011 International Web Rule Symposium  
The Carneades software system provides support for constructing, evaluating and visualizing arguments, using formal representations of facts, concepts, defeasible rules and argumentation schemes.  ...  This paper illustrates how rules and ontologies can be combined in Carneades with a prototype legal application for analyzing open source software license compatibility issues in particular cases.  ...  Earlier version of this paper were presented at the Jurix 2010 workshop on Modeling Legal Cases and Legal Rules and the Thirteenth International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Law (ICAIL 2011  ... 
dblp:conf/ruleml/Gordon11 fatcat:kfdxykdqxba7xgfiofo5jkna2m

How Should AI Interpret Rules? A Defense of Minimally Defeasible Interpretive Argumentation [article]

John Licato
2021 arXiv   pre-print
In this essay, I defend the following answer: Rule-following AI should act in accordance with the interpretation best supported by minimally defeasible interpretive arguments (MDIA).  ...  Can artificially intelligent systems follow rules?  ...  But affording artificial agents zero discretion is impossible, in light of our arguments for the inevitability of open texturedness (Section 1).  ... 
arXiv:2110.13341v1 fatcat:vz6b6p5v5jf4dptrfmui5wxwqi

Context-Aware Multi-Agent Planning in intelligent environments

Sergio Pajares Ferrando, Eva Onaindia
2013 Information Sciences  
This contribution presents a practical extension of a formal theoretical model for Context-Aware Multi-Agent Planning based upon an argumentation-based defeasible logic.  ...  Our framework, named CAMAP, is implemented on a platform for open multi-agent systems and has been experimentally tested, among others, in applications of ambient intelligence in the field of health-care  ...  We opt for using argumentation [49] as a defeasible reasoning mechanism that will allow agents to defeasibly support their decisions, interact to each other and come up with a joint solution plan for  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ins.2012.11.021 fatcat:fv4wjau4m5f3nozmql5o24ic3a

Cognitive Systems: Argument and Cognition

Antonis C. Kakas, Loizos Michael
2016 The IEEE intelligent informatics bulletin  
is forcing Artificial Intelligence to stand up and deliver.  ...  from Cognitive Psychology and of work on computational argumentation from AI can offer a scientifically sound and pragmatic basis for building human-aware cognitive systems for everyday tasks.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We would like to thank our colleagues, Irianna Diakidoy, Bob Kowalski, Hugo Mercier, Rob Miller, Pavlos Moraitis, Nikos Spanoudakis, Francesca Toni, and György Turán, for useful discussions  ... 
dblp:journals/cib/KakasM16 fatcat:weqd5wbhpvh5pbvzzkj3k4wqqm

On the construction of Dialectical Databases

G.R. Simari, C. I. Chesñevar, M. Capobianco
2007 Inteligencia Artificial  
This has sprung a new set of argument-based applications in diverse areas.  ...  This development is based on a logic programming system with an argumentationdriven inference engine, called Observation Based Defeasible Logic Programming (ODeLP).  ...  Given a ODeLP program P, an argument A for a ground literal Q, also denoted A, Q , is a subset of ground instances of the defeasible rules in P such that: (1) there exists a defeasible derivation for Q  ... 
doi:10.4114/ia.v11i35.903 fatcat:cgfo3jjd2jcqrn3ahy2qtvo7bu

Argument-based critics and recommenders: A qualitative perspective on user support systems

Carlos Iván Chesñevar, Ana Gabriela Maguitman, Guillermo Ricardo Simari
2006 Data & Knowledge Engineering  
This paper presents a novel approach towards the integration of user support systems, such as critics and recommender systems, with a defeasible argumentation framework.  ...  Recommender systems are tools that assist users by facilitating access to relevant items.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank anonymous reviewers for their valuable suggestions and comments which helped improve the original version of this article.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.datak.2005.09.005 fatcat:l3cxjonxzrgnlnwrbvfqbo2s7i

An argument-based decision support system for assessing natural language usage on the basis of the web corpus

Carlos Iván Chesñevar, Mariona Sabaté-Carrové, Ana Gabriela Maguitman
2006 International Journal of Intelligent Systems  
First, Section 2 summarizes the fundamentals of defeasible argumentation theory, an approach for commonsense reasoning that has gained wide acceptability in the Artificial Intelligence community in the  ...  Background Artificial Intelligence~AI!  ...  Consider the case for string s 1 . The search for a warranted argument for acc~s 1 ! returns the argument^A 1 , acc~s 1 !&, with This argument holds because U c~s1 , @' .es',' .ar'#! Ͼ 200.  ... 
doi:10.1002/int.20178 fatcat:kgvj5a3opjfm3azm3obrubyfwq

Forthcoming Papers

2003 Artificial Intelligence  
Nonmonotonic consequence is the subject of a vast literature, but the idea of a nonmonotonic counterpart of logical inconsistency-the idea of a defeasible property representing internal conflict of an  ...  After considering and dismissing two possible analyses relating nonmonotonic consequence and a nonmonotonic counterpart of logical inconsistency, this paper offers a set of postulates for nonmonotonic  ...  Verheij, Artificial argument assistants for defeasible argumentation M. Dash and H. Liu, Consistency-based search in feature selection S.E. Shimony and C.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0004-3702(03)00143-7 fatcat:aschsfbqzfcabjssragkdpcria

Defeasible Argumentation of Software Architectures

Jose Miguel Canete Valdeon, Antonio Ruiz Cortes, Miguel Toro
2016 2016 13th Working IEEE/IFIP Conference on Software Architecture (WICSA)  
In this context, a rich catalogue of argumentation schemes is a useful tool for the architect to organize his or her reasoning; critical questions assist the architect in identifying the weak points of  ...  Defeasible argumentation is typical of legal and scientific reasoning.  ...  Nevertheless their approach differs from ours in that they do not employ argumentation schemes, and in that they borrow the concept of defeasible consequence from artificial intelligence [9, p.129 ],  ... 
doi:10.1109/wicsa.2016.48 dblp:conf/wicsa/ValdeonCT16 fatcat:c75fdceq4basfih65vuwhifjza

Automated argument assistance for lawyers

Bart Verheij
1999 Proceedings of the seventh international conference on Artificial intelligence and law - ICAIL '99  
The resulting notion of a warranted dialectical argument is the analog for defeasible argumentation of the notion of a (Hilbertstyle) proof of classical logic.  ...  The ArguMed-system is presented, which is an example of an argument-assistance system.  ...  The author thanks Jaap Hage and Bram Roth for comments and discussion.  ... 
doi:10.1145/323706.323714 fatcat:obbkmxuowvbi3dcue3aku5kjse

Empowering Recommendation Technologies Through Argumentation [chapter]

CarlosIván Chesñevar, Ana Gabriela Maguitman, María Paula González
2009 Argumentation in Artificial Intelligence  
assistance.  ...  In [31] a number of interesting argument assistance tools are presented.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-0-387-98197-0_20 fatcat:gricobiprvg3ra3bpgzmtau76e
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