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Onion artificial muscles

Chien-Chun Chen, Wen-Pin Shih, Pei-Zen Chang, Hsi-Mei Lai, Shing-Yun Chang, Pin-Chun Huang, Huai-An Jeng
2015 Applied Physics Letters  
Articles you may be interested in Laser flash photolysis of diazo-2, a caged calcium chelator: The relationship between the extent and rate of smooth muscle relaxation  ...  At voltages of 0-50 V, the artificial muscle elongated and had a maximum deflection of À30 lm; at voltages of 50-1000 V, the artificial muscle contracted and deflected 1.0 mm.  ...  In the demonstration, at voltages of 0-50 V, the onion artificial muscle elongated and bended downward; and at voltages of 50-1000 V, the artificial muscles contracted and bended upward.  ... 
doi:10.1063/1.4917498 fatcat:szunvwlowzdb5ktuyqur7pnhse

Towards artificial muscles [article]

Pierre-Gilles de Gennes
2000 arXiv   pre-print
There is little hope for an artificial muscle which breaks locally at each cycle. In the following section, we present two attempts where these difficulties are taken into account.  ...  A semi fast nematic muscle The starting point here is a nematic network schematized on Fig.2 . At low temperatures, the system is elongated.  ... 
arXiv:cond-mat/0003012v1 fatcat:hdzmq7iwijfwrcdmxjeyxpjdn4

Polymer artificial muscles

Tissaphern Mirfakhrai, John D.W. Madden, Ray H. Baughman
2007 Materials Today  
Polymer artificial muscle technologies are being developed that produce similar strains and higher stresses using electrostatic forces, electrostriction, ion insertion, and molecular conformational changes  ...  The performance of the emerging polymer actuators exceeds that of natural muscle in many respects, making them particularly attractive for use anywhere where a muscle-like response is desirable, including  ...  Polymer artificial muscles REVIEW Ionic artificial muscles An alternative means of producing actuation in a polymer is to employ ions that are mobile within the polymer phase.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s1369-7021(07)70048-2 fatcat:wy3rivte3nfllj7m456t45oqba

Electroactive Polymer Artificial Muscle

Seiki Chiba, Scott Stanford, Ron Pelrine, Roy Kornbluh, Harsha Prahlad
2006 Journal of the Robotics Society of Japan  
Besides continuous improvement by research organizations, Artificial Muscle, Inc. [7] Q. Pei, M. Rosenthal, R.E. vol.4698, pp.254-270, 2002.  ...  Summary and Conclusions Electroactive polymer artificial muscles based on dielectric elastomers have been successfully used in a diverse array of robotic applications.  ...  He is the author or coauthor of more than 40 publications in the various areas including artificial muscle actuators, hydrogen safety, and high temperature membranes for hydrogen production.  ... 
doi:10.7210/jrsj.24.466 fatcat:lahglx4enjg6zjg6oq6ucizlaa

Sheath-run artificial muscles

Jiuke Mu, Mônica Jung de Andrade, Shaoli Fang, Xuemin Wang, Enlai Gao, Na Li, Shi Hyeong Kim, Hongzhi Wang, Chengyi Hou, Qinghong Zhang, Meifang Zhu, Dong Qian (+12 others)
2019 Science  
Although guest-filled carbon nanotube yarns provide record performance as torsional and tensile artificial muscles, they are expensive, and only part of the muscle effectively contributes to actuation.  ...  This change from guest-filled to sheath-run artificial muscles increases the maximum work capacity by factors of 1.70 to 2.15 for tensile muscles driven electrothermally or by vapor absorption.  ...  Fig. 2 2 Torsional actuation of twisted PEO-SO3 sheath-run artificial muscles (SRAMs) and hybrid artificial muscles (HYAMs) driven by ethanol vapor.  ... 
doi:10.1126/science.aaw2403 pmid:31296765 fatcat:miwvc2nhrnakpg5e4bxnnj3loi

What is artificial muscle?

Teru Hayashi
1953 Science Education  
WHAT IS ARTIFICIAL MUSCLE?  ...  All of these character- istics demonstrated in the “artificial mus- cle” have been shown by other workers to be true of living muscle.  ... 
doi:10.1002/sce.3730370410 fatcat:suymwsowdrcptatud5ituyxami

An Artificial Muscle Ring Oscillator

Benjamin Marc O'Brien, Iain Alexander Anderson
2012 IEEE/ASME transactions on mechatronics  
Index Terms-Artificial muscle, dielectric elastomer, ring oscillator, switch.  ...  In this paper we present an artificial muscle ring oscillator that meets these needs.  ...  CONCLUSION We have presented an artificial muscle ring oscillator built out of a network of coupled DEA and DES elements.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tmech.2011.2165553 fatcat:3rzwxw4gqjeb5fmx2jyq6hn5c4

Electroactive polymers as artificial muscles [chapter]

Y. Bar-Cohen
2005 Compliant Structures in Nature and Engineering  
Exploiting the properties of artificial muscles may enable even the movement of the covering skin to define the character of the robots and provide expressiveness.  ...  EAP materials have functional similarities to biological muscles, including resilience, damage tolerance, and large actuation strains (stretching, contracting or bending).  ...  Technology evolution led to such fields as artificial intelligence and artificial muscles, which are enabling us to consider making more realistic biomimetic intelligent robots.  ... 
doi:10.2495/978-1-85312-941-4/04 fatcat:g2eeoklni5b4ljygj2px37ngzq

Mixed phase activated artificial muscle

Wanda ZHAO, He XU, Auysakul JUTAMANEE, Mingyu HU, Chang LI, Le ZHU
2018 Journal of Advanced Mechanical Design, Systems, and Manufacturing  
The artificial muscle shows the same advantages of the hydraulic artificial muscles, more than that, this artificial muscle has a good anti-bending and anti-extrusion capacity.  ...  Through this method, the weight of artificial muscle can be reduced effectively compared with the traditional hydraulic artificial muscles.  ...  Introduction Traditionally, the Fluid Artificial Muscle (FAM) includes pneumatic artificial muscle (PAM) and hydraulic artificial muscle (HAM) (Sangian, et al., 2015) which use the gas and the liquid  ... 
doi:10.1299/jamdsm.2018jamdsm0010 fatcat:fk7jn4qlfnbzdi44cj6oga6dhe

A Bistable Artificial Muscle Actuator

Jonathan Rossiter, Boyko Stoimenov, Toshiharu Mukai
2006 2006 IEEE International Symposium on MicroNanoMechanical and Human Science  
We present an artificial muscle actuator based on the axially compressed buckled beam of bending actuator material.  ...  Thus natural bistable structure helps to overcome some problems found in the new materials used for artificial muscle actuators, such as relaxation and non-repeatability.  ...  INTRODUCTION Modern materials used for artificial muscles are at the cutting-edge of engineering and material science.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mhs.2006.320317 fatcat:g5madkk7yndvpodaiqlql6j25u

Artificial muscle: facts and fiction

MC Schaub
2011 Swiss Medical Weekly  
The development of artificial muscle on the basis of nitinol wires is still in its infancy. The nitinol artificial muscle will have to prove its viability in the various clinical settings.  ...  Force development by the nitinol device cannot be smoothly regulated as in natural muscle.  ...  To call these devices "artificial muscles" is, however, a euphemism if not a misnomer. Besides limited mechanical support the artificial nitinol muscles have nothing in common with natural muscles.  ... 
doi:10.4414/smw.2011.13319 pmid:22183715 fatcat:5idjxcvognbqphgd5kx62ctdzq

Artificial Muscles for Humanoid Robots [chapter]

Bertrand Tondu
2007 Humanoid Robots, Human-like Machines  
Pneumatic artificial muscles, in the form of McKibben artificial muscles or alternative types such as pleated artificial muscles, are at present able to mimic these natural muscle dynamic properties.  ...  Let us now analyse some attempts at artificial skeletal muscle. Which artificial muscle technology for anthropomorphic limbs?  ...  Artificial Muscles for Humanoid Robots, Humanoid Robots, Human-like Machines, Matthias Hackel (Ed.), ISBN: 978-3-902613-07-3, InTech, Available from: http://www.intechopen.com/books/humanoid_robots_human_like_machines  ... 
doi:10.5772/4799 fatcat:hxaw6avadrg3vbn6a45t6aejve

Artificial Muscle Using Conducting Polymer

KEIICHI KANETO
1994 Sen'i Gakkaishi  
一 方,ゲ ル や イオ ン透 過 膜 で は,主 と して イ オ ンの 分 極 に 電 気 エ ネル Artificial Muscle Using Conducting Polymer 著者紹介 KEIICHI KANETO Department of Computer Science and Electronics, Kyushu Institute of Technology 九州 工  ... 
doi:10.2115/fiber.50.12_p628 fatcat:77zawnb4mnbv5puegos32it4i4

New twist on artificial muscles

Carter S. Haines, Na Li, Geoffrey M. Spinks, Ali E. Aliev, Jiangtao Di, Ray H. Baughman
2016 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
Because our goal is to consider lightweight artificial muscles that offer similar shape and functionality as natural muscle, we here restrict discussion to artificial muscle fibers.  ...  Lightweight artificial muscle fibers that can match the large tensile stroke of natural muscles have been elusive.  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.1605273113 pmid:27671626 pmcid:PMC5081609 fatcat:key2fa25m5aexcxgjkyi3awgua

Biomimetic Actuation and Artificial Muscle

Qingsong He, David Vokoun, Qi Shen
2018 Applied Bionics and Biomechanics  
In this special issue, some important aspects of biomechanics, biomimetic actuation, and artificial muscle and sensor are covered.  ...  muscle.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2018/4617460 pmid:30013617 pmcid:PMC6022298 fatcat:d4usmehuj5hxxiwancd27igm6e
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