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Arrows in Comprehending and Producing Mechanical Diagrams

Julie Heiser, Barbara Tversky
2006 Cognitive Science  
Two experiments illustrate the role of arrows in diagrams of mechanical systems.  ...  In Experiment 1, people described diagrams with or without arrows, interpreting diagrams without arrows as conveying structural information and diagrams with arrows as conveying functional information.  ...  Not only do these verbs directly describe function, they are also likely to be the verbs used in testing knowledge of systems.  ... 
doi:10.1207/s15516709cog0000_70 pmid:21702825 fatcat:rmmix7g6vfeclpjftp7rd5j5qe

Software Engineering Modeling Applied to English Verb Classification (and Poetry) [article]

Sabah Al-Fedaghi
2017 arXiv   pre-print
The paper focuses on verb classification, and specifically on how to model the action of verbs diagrammatically.  ...  Accordingly, this paper involves a study of English verbs as a bridge to learn about processes, not as linguistic analysis but rather to reveal the semantics of processes, particularly the five verbs that  ...  His lyric poem The Arrow and the Song compares shooting an arrow and singing a song; both are lost in the air but are found again, the arrow in an oak tree and the song in the heart of a friend.  ... 
arXiv:1710.09856v1 fatcat:redarm6ke5dennhbptkbwyk4ae

Human inference beyond syllogisms: an approach using external graphical representations

Yuri Sato, Gem Stapleton, Mateja Jamnik, Zohreh Shams
2018 Cognitive Processing  
The first notation used topological constraints to convey information via node-link diagrams (i.e., graphs).  ...  The second used topological and spatial constraints to convey information (Euler diagrams with additional graph-like syntax).  ...  Binary-verb relations are expressed by arrows from source objects to target objects. Examples with binary verbs of concept diagrams will be given in Section 2.2.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10339-018-0877-2 pmid:30076513 fatcat:uapb7exnvnajtn7i7ccaobyhia

How Network-based and set-based visualizations aid consistency checking in ontologies

Yuri Sato, Gem Stapleton, Mateja Jamnik, Zohreh Shams, Andrew Blake
2017 Proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on Visual Information Communication and Interaction - VINCI '17  
Participants were presented with one diagram and then asked to answer the question of whether the meaning of the diagram was contradictory.  ...  In this study, two kinds of ontology visualizations, a network-based visualization (SOVA) and a set-based visualization (concept diagrams), are empirically compared in the case of consistency checking.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This research was funded by a Leverhulme Trust Research Project Grant (RPG-2016-082) for the project entitled Accessible Reasoning with Diagrams.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3105971.3105988 dblp:conf/vinci/SatoSJS017 fatcat:cvam4esg7nhybdithc7wcnbrge

Lambek vs. Lambek: Functorial vector space semantics and string diagrams for Lambek calculus

Bob Coecke, Edward Grefenstette, Mehrnoosh Sadrzadeh
2013 Annals of Pure and Applied Logic  
The corresponding string diagram calculus, due to Baez and Stay, now depicts the flow of word meanings.  ...  The diagrammatic versions of the equational reasoning in compact closed categories can be interpreted as the flow of word meanings within sentences.  ...  The equivalences for the left and right evaluations ev l and ev r are shown in Figure 7 . Each of the diagrams of each equivalence input two arrows and output one arrow.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.apal.2013.05.009 fatcat:lcvdjoouofhqtgiishokynka2q

Reciprocal Pronouns Binding within Psych-verb Constructions

2015 Advances in Language and Literary Studies  
This paper aims at giving an analysis of certain syntactic peculiarities of reciprocal pronouns within verbs of psychological state, commonly known as psych-verbs.  ...  The analysis reveal that psych-verbs constructions have a peculiar property in that the binding conditions of reciprocal pronouns are satisfied in Experiencer-Subject (ES) psychverbs constructions but  ...  In this case, each other might refer back to the arrows (so that arrows are being shoot at other arrows), or to the Warriors (so that arrows are being shot by the Warriors at other Warriors).  ... 
doi:10.7575/aiac.alls.v.6n.2p.163 fatcat:ir5qvk5pcncknihluix2clcmca

Page 327 of The Volta Review Vol. 46, Issue 6 [page]

1944 The Volta Review  
THESE PICTURES ARE ON THE BACK OF THE VERB STRIP ILLUSTRATED BELOW (BLOW-BLEW) blow blew front of verb strip side of the strip pictures are pasted.  ...  The diagram below shows two separate charts, as they are less easily torn, but a single chart would do as well. (Figure 3.) ALPHABETICAL VERB CHARTS. FIGURE 3.  ... 

Construction for Ontology of Domain Terms and Tasks (ODT2)

Junya Miyamoto, Ryo Kawabata, Kiyoshi Itoh
2013 Journal of International Council on Electrical Engineering  
The second diagram is Diagram for Ontology of Domain Terms (referred to as DODTerms). DODTerms represents the super-/sub-relation of Domain Terms.  ...  The first diagram is Diagram for Ontology of Domain Tasks (referred to as DODTasks). DODTasks visualize Ontology of Domain Tasks represented in Case Grammar.  ...  Acknowledgements This research was partially supported by Open Research Center Project of MEXT in Japan of 2008-2012.  ... 
doi:10.5370/jicee.2013.3.1.079 fatcat:hka7ncmjsfgy7meaaiyw4ftlae

Recursive object model (ROM)—Modelling of linguistic information in engineering design

Yong Zeng
2008 Computers in industry (Print)  
Three case studies addressing different aspects of design are used to demonstrate the usefulness of the ROM. ß  ...  A B S T R A C T Throughout the engineering design process, the design problem and design solutions may be represented by natural language, sketches, technical drawings, and process diagrams.  ...  The ROM diagrams used in the case study of this paper were generated by the ROMA system implemented by Lei Chen.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.compind.2008.03.002 fatcat:xqkuu3ckufgzbmzvyzl4ciuon4

Structure and Semantics of Arrow Diagrams [chapter]

Yohei Kurata, Max J. Egenhofer
2005 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Arrows are major components of diagrams, where they are typically used to facilitate the communication of spatial and temporal knowledge.  ...  Finally, we investigate all possible structures of simple arrow diagrams for each class of semantics and demonstrate that knowledge about the structure of an arrow diagram reduces the ambiguity of its  ...  Yohei Kurata is further supported by a University of Maine International Tuition Scholarship.  ... 
doi:10.1007/11556114_15 fatcat:o2w74knxqffzxn47jtn7h3nv2a

The Nahuatl verd maka: A cognitive grammar analysis

David Tuggy
1989 Work Papers of the Summer Institute of Linguistics, University of North Dakota Session  
These constructions are examined within the framework of cognitive grammar (CG).  ...  Finally, the many meanings of two particular, specialized constructions are discussed. The ,Ionclusion provides a schematic representation of some of the claE :ications of structures investigated.  ...  In certain other diagrams (e.g. the diagrams of um-reflexive in Figures 4-5 ) an arrow is used to represent a process, with the Trajector at the tail and the Landmark at th^ head of the arrow.  ... 
doi:10.31356/silwp.vol33.05 fatcat:mnjqgvtpwjdohihxbjhucuogpi

Verbs Taking "to+v" or "v+ing" as Their Complements: A Cognitive Grammar Account

Deliang Wang
2014 International Journal of Linguistics  
the process of the matrix verb.  ...  Finally, two criteria are put forward to explain the reasons why verbs take "to +v" or "v+ing" as their complements.  ...  Acknowledgement The research is financed by Beijing Higher Education Young Elite Teacher Project under No. YETP0274.  ... 
doi:10.5296/ijl.v6i5.6492 fatcat:jtkx5wfzzfgc7pt4mbdx4r6irq

COLOR-X: Linguistically-based event modeling: A general approach to dynamic modeling [chapter]

J. F. M. Burg, R. P. Riet
1995 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
This paper introduces a way of modeling the dynamic aspects of an Information and Communication System in which all the occurring events are listed and ordered in time.  ...  Event Models are very close to the specifications in the informal requirements document, which describes the Universe of Discourse.  ...  -We are still analyzing some aspects of State Transition Diagram-Techniques, like triggered operations and nested diagrams, that are not expressable in CEM-models, yet.  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-59498-1_235 fatcat:tj2uekw5hrdxnejmbnjgyuvihe

Page 32 of Computational Linguistics Vol. 15, Issue 1 [page]

1989 Computational Linguistics  
The equivalent parse trees of the two readings are: (snt,{vp,{verb,[time)],[np,[np,{noun, [flies]]],[pp,[prep,[like]], [np,[det,{an}} ,[noun,[arrow]]}]}}) [snt,[vp,{vp,{verb,(time]],[np,[noun, [flies}}  ...  Due to the complexity of the diagram, some of the details are il. omitted. Not all different readings >f a syntactic graph have different root nodes.  ... 

Mathematical Structure: Knowledge, Representation and Interpretation

Ronnie Brown, Timothy Porte
2007 Theoria et Historia Scientiarum  
The main theme of this article is to show the abstraction processes of mathematics allow hierarchies of structure, in which for example a 'comparison' becomes an object and so allows for methods of comparison  ...  Further, a representation of an object need not be unique, and the comparison of representations is important for our understanding and use of an abstraction process.  ...  Then we can sometimes find an object which is the "greatest" one with arrows to all objects of the diagram. (The resulting object is an example of what is called a limit of the diagram.  ... 
doi:10.12775/ths.2002.021 fatcat:kbim3qtmmrbxrpmd2vwgkuwmii
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