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Virtual Communities as Commons: Case Study of "Connect"

Jasmina Božić, Ljubica Bakić-Tomić, Armano Srbljinović
2008 Interdisciplinary Description of Complex Systems  
VIRTUALNE ZAJEDNICE KAO ZAJEDNIČKA DOBRA: STUDIJA SLUČAJA ZAJEDNICE "CONNECT"Armano Srbljinović 1 , Ljubica Bakić-Tomić 2 i JasminaBožić 3 Institut za istraživanje i razvoj obrambenih sustava, Ministarstvo  ... 
doaj:dbc927fad6074c86bed855ac749cc90d fatcat:x7tp3b5dxbgo7jgrrrqqf4dysa

AN OVERVIEW OF DATABASES ON CONFLICTS AND POLITICAL CRISES

Armano Srbljinovic, Drazen Penzar, Petra Rodik
2003 Interdisciplinary Description of Complex Systems  
This paper provides overview of the important projects concerned with development of databases on conflicts, crises and similar political events and those dealing with the structural characteristics of nation-states. The different databases are usually differently conceptualized, even when they describe the same phenomenon. Different conceptualization of the problem leads to different operational definitions, and eventually to different coding rules. Therefore, the researcher intending to use
more » ... isting data for the purpose of statistical analysis or modelling the social processes can became lost browsing the multitude of different datasets. In this overview, the short descriptions of important data-gathering project include information on the institution where the project is placed, its principal investigators, year span and number of cases it includes. In the end all mentioned databases are classified according the focus (event/structure) and the level (nation-state/international relations) of observation.
doaj:ab21f9a880314d3399a321bfe3a73e49 fatcat:7yogqjww6nfl5nxmnmclajaf6m

ABOUT MODELLING OF COMPLEX NETWORKS WITH APPLICATIONS TO TERRORIST GROUP MODELLING

Drazen Penzar, Armano Srbljinovic
2005 Interdisciplinary Description of Complex Systems  
Based on available data on various organisations and networks, the article explores some key properties of the structure of a terrorist organisation. Analytical focus is on lower levels of organisational hierarchy, where network structure with exponential distribution of the number of links among network nodes is clearly visible. Such networks tend to grow organically, are very efficient in information diffusion, and are robust regarding stochastic failures and targeted attacks. These network
more » ... atures are illustrated by recent example based on network data about September 11, 2001 attacks on New York and Washington.
doaj:8c2d6497ff3d4275b62d47e141aea0bd fatcat:famlwdi2p5enrpye2qh6ylb5sm

Croatian co-operatives' story of revival: overcoming internal obstacles
Priča o oživljavanju hrvatskih zadruga: prevladavanje unutarnjih prepreka

Jasmina Božić, Armano Srbljinović, Lucija Lučan
2020 Socijalna Ekologija  
We conducted semi-structured interviews with leaders or members of 45 Croatian co-operatives covering the different types of co-operatives from all historical regions to identify six main groups of internal obstacles to stronger development of co-operatives in Croatia: 1) those stemming from the "dual" nature of co-operatives, 2) free riding, 3) lack of innovative management, 4) insufficient focus on vertical cooperation among co-operatives, 5) lack of strategic steps toward a division of labor
more » ... and horizontal cooperation, and 6) underdeveloped cooperation maps and protocols. Upon discussing each of these with a view on how the respective obstacles could be overcome, we conclude that through combined top-down and bottom-up efforts much can still be done to revive hundreds of local co-operatives that have barely survived or are inactive. The co-operatives themselves should be more pro-active in establishing bottom-up platforms for cooperation. Among possible improvements of governmental actions, we particularly recommend extending targeted project grants to also cover specific activities intended to enhance horizontal and vertical cooperation.
doi:10.17234/socekol.29.3.1 fatcat:56iux63tnfef3mehmllcnxn43e

Challenges in Modelling Social Conflicts: Grappling with Polysemy

Martin Neumann, Andreas Braun, Eva-Maria Heinke, Mehdi Saqalli, Armano Srbljinovic
2011 Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation  
This discussion paper originates from the preceding annual workshop of the Special Interest Group on Social Conflict and Social Simulation (SIG-SCSS) of the ESSA. The workshop especially focused on the need to identify and examine challenges to modeling social conflicts. It turned out that the polysemous nature of social conflicts makes it very difficult to get a grasp of their complexity. In order to deal with this complexity, various dimensions have to be taken into consideration, beginning
more » ... th the question of how to identify a conflict in the first place. Other dimensions include the relation of conflict and rationality and how to include non-rational factors into conflict models. This involves a conception of organized action. Finally, guiding principles for model development are being discussed. We would like to invite readers of the Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation to 'sow the seeds' of this debate.
doi:10.18564/jasss.1818 fatcat:ac44ccpi7fgbvd33fsu7tt2uwa

Croatian Crisis Management System's Response to Covid-19 Pandemic Through the Lens of a Systemic Resilience Model

Armano Srbljinovic, Jasmina Božic, Brian Fath
2020 Interdisciplinary Description of Complex Systems  
We analyse the Croatian crisis management system's response to COVID-19 pandemic in terms of Fath, Dean, and Katzmair's [1] model of resilience in social systems. We find that the Croatian crisis management system has successfully completed one cycle of the model. However, if the system is to achieve resilience, it also needs to replace the regime from before the crisis with a new regime that will simultaneously enable a life of relative normalcy and contain an excessive spread of the virus.
more » ... engthening social cohesion and more bottom-up, emergent leadership might facilitate the search for a new regime. Small, local outbreaks represent small-scale disturbances that provide opportunities for the development of cohesion and bottom-up leadership from local, county, municipal and city-levels to the national level. The model used in this article better conveys the underlying complexity of crisis management systems than "the hammer and the dance" model, whereas the latter is better suited for public communication. Future work should extend this case study in terms of modelling approaches, the sample of countries, and the time covered. It can also be extended to lower, sub-national, as well as higher, supra-national levels, such as the EU. KEY WORDS COVID-19 pandemic, crisis management, societal resilience, systemic resilience, the hammer and the dance CLASSIFICATION JEL: H12 PACS: 89.60.Gg The article is structured as follows. In the next section, we briefly describe Fath, Dean and Katzmair's model of systemic resilience. Then we analyse CCMS's response to COVID-19 pandemic in terms of the model. We particularly discuss implications of the analysis for resilience of the CCMS, social cohesion, leadership, candidates for the measure of strain on resources in the model, the role of small-scale disturbances, and the comparison of Fath, Dean and Katzmair's model with "the hammer and the dance" model. We conclude by recapitulating the main findings, spelling out their policy implications, and outlining possible extensions of our analysis. THE MODEL OF RESILIENCE IN SOCIAL SYSTEMS The model of resilience in social systems, described by Fath, Dean and Katzmair [1], is an extension of previous models developed in the field of ecology by Holling [18], and Burkhard, Fath and Müller [19]. The model is based upon the "panarchy approach" [20] [21] [22] , which conceptualises the resilience of a system as a two-dimensional adaptive cycle. Degree of system's institutionalisation, which reflects flexibility or rigidity of the system, is represented by the abscissa, while the system's resources, which reflect the systems adaptive potential for change, are represented by the ordinate [17] .
doi:10.7906/indecs.18.4.1 fatcat:d5angvr2vrfppan7evkj6eingm

Complexity of Social Stability: a Model-to-model Analysis of Yugoslavia's Decline

Martin Neumann
2007 Interdisciplinary Description of Complex Systems  
My special thanks go to Armano Srbljinovic for encouraging comments and for pointing my attention to the special issue of INDECS and to two anonymous referees for helpful comments and advice.  ...  Srbljinovic et al.  ...  As the title of their paper, 'An Agent-Based Model of Ethnic Mobilisation' [1] indicates, the model developed by Srbljinovic et al. is concerned with the process of ethnic mobilisation.  ... 
doaj:5279e5637a364701839032802f7db882 fatcat:in56nqi6gjar7f7prv4m42spba

An implementation architecture for crowd network simulations

Jialin Zou, Kun Wang, Hongbo Sun
2020 International Journal of Crowd Science  
Armano Srbljinovic et al. (2003) have used Agent-based simulations to study the ethnic mobilization of the former Yugoslavia-social conflict on the basis of Swarm.  ... 
doi:10.1108/ijcs-11-2019-0034 fatcat:y52vcx5phjecvnuaokmumqke5i