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Explaining facial imitation: a theoretical model

Andrew N. Meltzoff, M. Keith Moore
1997 Early development & parenting  
We address these issues in a detailed model of the mechanisms underlying facial imitation. The model can be extended to encompass other types of imitation.  ...  In imitating, infants attempt to match the organ relations they see exhibited by the adults with those they feel themselves make.  ...  We are also grateful to Calle Fisher and Craig Harris for help on the experiments. Funding was provided by a grant from NIH (HD-22514).  ... 
doi:10.1002/(sici)1099-0917(199709/12)6:3/4<179::aid-edp157>3.0.co;2-r pmid:24634574 pmcid:PMC3953219 fatcat:jcvzhfrvsbgyhnkd7a2xdhfsoe

A computational model of intention reading in imitation

Bart Jansen, Tony Belpaeme
2006 Robotics and Autonomous Systems  
The model that we propose draws inspiration from developmental psychology and contains three crucial features.  ...  The third feature is that the model does not require an external measure of equivalence; instead, the demonstrator decides whether an attempted imitation was equivalent to the demonstration or not.  ...  Acknowledgements BJ is sponsored by a grant from the Institute for the Promotion of Innovation by Science and Technology in Flanders (IWT). Thanks to Musaab Garghouti for the illustration in Fig. 1 .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.robot.2006.01.006 fatcat:esb2vccyofguhetevhhrz26f24

Explaining facial imitation: a theoretical model

Andrew N. Meltzoff, M. Keith Moore
1997 Early development & parenting  
We address these issues in a detailed model of the mechanisms underlying facial imitation. The model can be extended to encompass other types of imitation.  ...  In imitating, infants attempt to match the organ relations they see exhibited by the adults with those they feel themselves make.  ...  We are also grateful to Calle Fisher and Craig Harris for help on the experiments. Funding was provided by a grant from NIH (HD-22514).  ... 
doi:10.1002/(sici)1099-0917(199709/12)6:3/4<179::aid-edp157>3.3.co;2-i fatcat:u6w44zfkpjhbbpxoot5vmjp7q4

Hierarchical attentive multiple models for execution and recognition of actions

Yiannis Demiris, Bassam Khadhouri
2006 Robotics and Autonomous Systems  
In this paper we review our computational architecture, HAMMER (Hierarchical Attentive Multiple Models for Execution and Recognition), where the motor control systems of a robot are organised in a hierarchical  ...  According to the motor theories of perception, the motor systems of an observer are actively involved in the perception of actions when these are performed by a demonstrator.  ...  For example, given the current position and speed of the hand and a motor command to move the hand to a certain direction, the predicted next state would be "closer" or "further away" from an object.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.robot.2006.02.003 fatcat:cw4mh4arqrcu3ckml7feyybosu

Brain repair after stroke—a novel neurological model

Steven L. Small, Giovanni Buccino, Ana Solodkin
2013 Nature Reviews Neurology  
Our model links brain and behaviour by targeting brain circuits, and we illustrate the model though action observation treatment, which aims to enhance brain network connectivity.  ...  We suggest that stroke treatment-from the time of the ictus itself to living with the consequences-must be fundamentally neurological, from limiting the extent of injury at the outset, to repairing the  ...  We used our results to generate a model (Figure 1 ) in which connections from posterior superior temporal to inferior parietal cortex, from inferior parietal to ventral premotor cortex, and from ventral  ... 
doi:10.1038/nrneurol.2013.222 pmid:24217509 pmcid:PMC5549938 fatcat:vl4ox5uem5abzagtrn253tmg2m

Biologically inspired modelling for the control of the upper limb movements: from concept studies to future applications

Silvia Conforto
2009 Frontiers in Neurorobotics  
Computational models, simulating the behaviour of complex systems, have often been used in combination with soft computing strategies, thus shifting the rationale of modelling from the description of a  ...  behaviour to the understanding of the mechanisms behind it.  ...  Due to the high redundancy of arm movements, most models imitate sub-sets of motor tasks, generally planar and goal-directed.  ... 
doi:10.3389/neuro.12.003.2009 pmid:19949450 pmcid:PMC2782791 fatcat:2opc3xoqjzcoph54ihbtpw4f5m

Computational and Robotic Models of the Hierarchical Organization of Behavior: An Overview [chapter]

Gianluca Baldassarre, Marco Mirolli
2013 Computational and Robotic Models of the Hierarchical Organization of Behavior  
On the one hand, machine learning and robotics are recognising the fundamental importance of the hierarchical organisation of behaviour for building robots that scale up to solve complex tasks, possibly  ...  This book reviews the state of the art in computational and robotic models of the hierarchical organisation of behaviour.  ...  Acknowledgments This paper and a large part of the effort that led to this book have been supported by the Project 'IM-CLeVeR -Intrinsically Motivated Cumulative Learning Ver-  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-39875-9_1 fatcat:cypx4acb5ng5na2rsw7u7uhw3e

A neural network model of causative actions

Jeremy Lee-Hand, Alistair Knott
2015 Frontiers in Neurorobotics  
For instance, to open a door we must perform an action which results in the door opening. This thesis is a study of causative actions of this kind. I first introduce  ...  I would also like to thank Tim Neumegen for his early work on this model and for technical help throughout the project.  ...  Acknowledgements I would like to express my gratitude to my supervisor Dr. Alistair Knott. Thank you for all your patience, ideas, discussion, and guidance.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnbot.2015.00004 pmid:26175685 pmcid:PMC4485058 fatcat:vd5t3vzqj5cinmzyc5udn7er3q

Conceptual and Computational Models of Mirror Neurons

Erhan Oztop, Mitsuo Kawato
2005 The Brain & Neural Networks  
Current conceptual models of mirror neurons attribute high level functions such as imitation, action understanding and (precursor of) language to mirror neurons.  ...  Our metaanalysis underlines the gap between conceptual and computational models and points out the required research effort at both sides to reduce this gap.  ...  conceptual model needs attention.  ... 
doi:10.3902/jnns.12.61 fatcat:6oi4knysgrejdbg2cjs3lwxone

The shared circuits model (SCM): How control, mirroring, and simulation can enable imitation, deliberation, and mindreading

Susan Hurley
2008 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
Commentators were specifically enjoined from writing eulogies and asked to produce the lively intellectual dialogue that Susan Hurley certainly had sought in sending her work to BBS.  ...  Kiverstein and Clark undertook not to emulate a response from Susan Hurley, but rather to clarify misunderstandings, organize the commentaries thematically, and show where the research might lead.  ...  A C K N O W L E D G M E N T S This Response was prepared thanks to support for both authors from the AHRC, under the ESF Eurocores CNCC scheme, for the CONTACT (Consciousness in Interaction) project AH  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x07003123 pmid:18394222 fatcat:5gkjlv5v2ffongh7kz6f2375ee

Do the eyes scan dream images during rapid eye movement sleep? Evidence from the rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder model

Laurène Leclair-Visonneau, Delphine Oudiette, Bertrand Gaymard, Smaranda Leu-Semenescu, Isabelle Arnulf
2010 Brain  
We used the model of rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder (when patients enact their dreams by persistence of muscle tone) to determine directly whether the eyes move in the same directions as the  ...  When rapid eye movements accompanied goal-oriented motor behaviour during rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder (e.g. grabbing a fictive object, hand greetings, climbing a ladder), which happened  ...  The behaviours (including various types of movements, from mild jerk of an arm to scenic, nearly subtitled, complex behaviours) occurred twice as frequently during REM sleep with REMs compared to sleep  ... 
doi:10.1093/brain/awq110 pmid:20478849 fatcat:s66gov3dzjb3rc22dva6fxurhu

Robot Learning by Active Imitation [chapter]

Juan Pedro, Rebeca Marfil, Luis Molina, Juan Antonio, Antonio Bandera, Francisco Sandoval
2007 Humanoid Robots, Human-like Machines  
The aim of this attention mechanism is to extract the human head and hands from the scene. The proposed system integrates bottom-up (datadriven) and top-down (model-driven) processing.  ...  Biological-plausible attention mechanisms are general approaches to imitate the human attention system and its facility to extract only relevant information from the huge amount of input data.  ...  The proposed inverse kinematics method can obtain an arm pose that will put the hand of the model in the required position.  ... 
doi:10.5772/4821 fatcat:ybz3usowljectoogk2l7lwpww4

Theories and computational models of affordance and mirror systems: An integrative review

Serge Thill, Daniele Caligiore, Anna M. Borghi, Tom Ziemke, Gianluca Baldassarre
2013 Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews  
and possible actions dependent on context and high-level goals and (b) the exploitation of the advantages deriving from a hierarchical organisation of behaviour based on actions and action-goals.  ...  The framework can be used both as a theoretical guidance to interpret empirical data and design new experiments, and to design computational models addressing specific problems debated in the literature  ...  We would like to thank all reviewers for their helpful and constructive comments on earlier versions of this review. Appendix.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2013.01.012 pmid:23333761 fatcat:zrqhsxiic5dwhgdduonioxy5le

Cognitive models of the perception-action cycle: A view from the brain

Vassilis Cutsuridis
2013 The 2013 International Joint Conference on Neural Networks (IJCNN)  
Two brain inspired cognitive models of the perception-action cycle are presented in this paper: (1) A cognitive model of visual saliency, overt attention and active visual search, and (2) A cognitive model  ...  Both models are multi-modular.  ...  Feedback attention from PFC will select the most appropriate to the current context final motor command to drive the arm/hand towards the desired object location.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ijcnn.2013.6706713 dblp:conf/ijcnn/Cutsuridis13 fatcat:jgmakuigojh6rkin6sfiafpqbm

Neural modelling: Abstractions of the mind

Kelly Rae Chi
2016 Nature  
FROM TOP TO BOTTOM Blue Brain is not the only sophisticated model to have hit the headlines in recent years.  ...  Researchers such as Eliasmith and Pouget take a 'top-down' strategy, creating simpler models based on our knowledge of behaviour.  ... 
doi:10.1038/531s16a pmid:26934521 fatcat:lalstvbeara53ogosrorbtdewi
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