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Argumentation-Driven Information Extraction for Online Crime Reports

Marijn Schraagen, Daphne Odekerken, Bas Testerink, Floris Bex
2018 International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management  
The proposed approach is planned to be integrated in the daily workflow at the Dutch National Police, in order to provide increased efficiency and transparency for processing of crime reports.  ...  These observations are used in a formal reasoning system to construct arguments supporting conclusions based on the extracted observations, and possibly ask the complainant who files the report extra questions  ...  In order to automatically assess trade fraud reports submitted online, we turn to a combination of symbolic, argument-based reasoning about a case (similar to [PS96] ) and non-symbolic information extraction  ... 
dblp:conf/cikm/SchraagenOTB18 fatcat:dps32j2oyngujo7sajzaxnv77e

Crime Sensing with Big Data: The Affordances and Limitations of using Open Source Communications to Estimate Crime Patterns

Matthew L. Williams, Pete Burnap, Luke Sloan
2016 British Journal of Criminology  
This paper critically examines the affordances and limitations of big data for the study of crime and disorder.  ...  Our results provide evidence that naturally occurring social media data may provide an alternative information source on the crime problem.  ...  Acknowledgement We are grateful to Alex Sutherland (Cambridge University and Rand Europe) for commenting on earlier drafts of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1093/bjc/azw031 fatcat:yeae6wosjnay5jr5ynse6yj2me

International Workshop on Legal Data Analytics and Mining (LeDAM 2018): Preface to the Proceedings

Arindam Pal, Arnab Bhattacharya, Indrajit Bhattacharya, Kripabandhu Ghosh, Lipika Dey, Marie-Francine Moens, Saptarshi Ghosh
2018 International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management  
innovative ideas, challenges, and opportunities that arise from applications of data mining in the legal domain, and (2) Foster collaborations between the Legal and the Artificial Intelligence, Data Mining, Information  ...  The workshop programme included invited talks by the following reputed researchers (see Section 2 for details):  ...  We are thankful to all the authors for submitting their papers to our workshop. We thank the PC members for carefully reviewing the papers.  ... 
dblp:conf/cikm/00010B0DMG18 fatcat:2nljfuvplfhuvhax6ascatvnfe

Trust among cybercriminals? Carding forums, uncertainty and implications for policing

Michael Yip, Craig Webber, Nigel Shadbolt
2013 Policing and Society: An International Journal of Research and Policy  
In collaboration with the Serious Organised Crime Agency (SOCA), this paper examines the structure of organised cybercrime by analysing data from online underground markets previously in operation over  ...  The findings from this study can be used to examine other online applications that could facilitate the online underground economy.  ...  It also means online criminals can collaborate as necessary but run relatively little risk that their colleagues in crime will be able to inform on them to law enforcement because partners in crime will  ... 
doi:10.1080/10439463.2013.780227 fatcat:xuwiu2aiybgrjbk4vec3mx3ncq

An overview of information extraction techniques for legal document analysis and processing

Ashwini V. Zadgaonkar, Avinash J. Agrawal
2021 International Journal of Power Electronics and Drive Systems (IJPEDS)  
Extensive manual labor and time are required to analyze and process the information stored in these lengthy complex legal documents.  ...  We finally discuss some of the possible future research directions for legal document analysis and processing.</span>  ...  [35] developed a knowledge base named as crime base from online news articles in leading Indian newspapers Times of India and Deccan Chronicle from Jan 2018 to Jun 2018 as crime reports published in  ... 
doi:10.11591/ijece.v11i6.pp5450-5457 fatcat:cigtd4kh4vc4hhfnl32sss25ye

Situating Fear of Crime: The Prospects for Criminological Research to Use Smartphone Applications to Gather Experience Sampling Data [chapter]

Alexander Engström, Karl Kronkvist
2018 Community-Oriented Policing and Technological Innovations  
methods, experimental research in criminology, research design and analysis, forensic science, crime prevention, victimology, criminal justice systems, psychology of law, and explanations for criminal  ...  The series covers a broad range of Criminology research from experimental design and methods, to brief reports and regional studies, to policy-related applications.  ...  , they manage all the reported incidents to extract useful and actionable information.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-89294-8_9 fatcat:hdd455ummrcutikw7eaxvza53y

A Systematic Survey of Online Data Mining Technology Intended for Law Enforcement

Matthew Edwards, Awais Rashid, Paul Rayson
2015 ACM Computing Surveys  
As more and more crime takes on a digital aspect, law enforcement bodies must tackle an online environment generating huge volumes of data.  ...  to produce a replicable analysis which can be methodologically examined for deficiencies.  ...  Information Extraction and Police Intelligence. Information extraction can be applied to online sources for intelligence on organised criminal activity.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2811403 fatcat:qpvfebejpfgp5bh3cgykaoumze

Media representations of opposition to the 'junk food advertising ban' on the Transport for London (TfL) network: A thematic content analysis of UK news and trade press

Claire Thompson, Christelle Clary, Vanessa Er, Jean Adams, Emma Boyland, Thomas Burgoine, Laura Cornelsen, Frank de Vocht, Matt Egan, Amelia A. Lake, Karen Lock, Oliver Mytton (+4 others)
2021 SSM: Population Health  
This paper identifies arguments for and against the restrictions. Focusing on arguments against the restrictions, it then goes on to deconstruct the discursive strategies underpinning them.  ...  A systematic search of printed and online publications in English distributed in the UK or published on UK-specific websites identified 152 articles.  ...  The National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) School for Public Health Research is a partnership between the Universities of Sheffield; Bristol; Cambridge; Imperial; and University College London;  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ssmph.2021.100828 pmid:34141852 pmcid:PMC8184652 fatcat:23gm5gg2grhm3bwssppm5yfy6q

CYBERCRIME: THEORETICAL DETERMINANTS, CRIMINAL POLICIES, PREVENTION & CONTROL MECHANISMS

Nasser AL-Dosari Khalifa
2020 International journal of technology and systems  
However, the findings from the logistic regression analysis reveal that different types of cybercrime are associated with different determinants, and online banking crimes are predominantly driven by monetary  ...  The predominant motive for cybercrime in the country is monetary gains.  ...  Examples of such crimes include DDoS attacks and hacking. Such crimes could be prevented by implementing technologies for protection of sensitive information.  ... 
doi:10.47604/ijts.1133 fatcat:tmbsn4kip5dolb5os4nkp7frbu

COfEE: A Comprehensive Ontology for Event Extraction from text [article]

Ali Balali, Masoud Asadpour, Seyed Hossein Jafari
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Moreover, in order to facilitate the preparation of gold-standard data for event extraction, a language-independent online tool is presented based on COfEE.  ...  Information Extraction (IE) methods obtain structured information from unstructured data.  ...  In 2004, a research program called ACE 15 was conducted for developing advanced information extraction technologies .  ... 
arXiv:2107.10326v3 fatcat:fbflvlicvvhpnjtrsiy2t6u6xe

Patterns of online repeat victimisation and implications for crime prevention

Sara Giro Correia
2020 2020 APWG Symposium on Electronic Crime Research (eCrime)  
It suggests that older age is associated with RV for these crime types, that a repeat report is likely to be of the same general type as the crime which preceded it and that interventions to protect individuals  ...  The paper also highlights the extent to which RV analysis is constrained by the rules which shape crime recording and identifies avenues for improvement of data collection and further research.  ...  Acknowledgement This paper is indebted to the support of the Cybercrime team at the Southern Wales Regional Organised Crime Unit and the feedback of Professor Stuart Macdonald.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ecrime51433.2020.9493258 fatcat:i4e6xw7q7rdyhc6eflyketlwo4

Prediction as Extraction of Discretion

Sun-ha Hong
2022 2022 ACM Conference on Fairness, Accountability, and Transparency  
I argue that data-driven predictions work primarily as instruments for systematic extraction of discretionary power -the practical capacity to make everyday decisions and define one's situation.  ...  for what kinds of decisions?  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This paper is an accidental byproduct of research conducted through the Canadian Social Sciences & Humanities Research Council grant 430-2019-00078, "Personal Truthmaking in the Data-driven  ... 
doi:10.1145/3531146.3533155 fatcat:sgwailpf7jfalk45ghfqyf63yu

The Prohibition of Online-Casinos in Australia: Is It Working?

Andrew Essa
2004 QUT Law Review  
This is obvious from the title of the report. 64 The report offers no new information and simply summarises the arguments for and against prohibition.  ...  Report') dismissed arguments advocating regulation.  ... 
doi:10.5204/qutlr.v4i1.176 fatcat:jhjk6wnya5a43mpsmi6uo343te

Forensic drug intelligence and the rise of cryptomarkets. Part II: Combination of data from the physical and virtual markets

Marie Morelato, Julian Broséus, Adrian De Grazia, Mark Tahtouh, Pierre Esseiva, Claude Roux
2018 Forensic Science International  
This article shows that the combination of different information offers a broader perspective of the illicit drug market in Australia and thus provides stronger arguments for policy makers.  ...  This article compares the data of the Australian virtual market (in particular data extracted from cryptomarkets) to the data related to traditional market descriptors, namely national seizures and arrests  ...  The present study confirms that the combination of different information offers a broader perspective of the virtual and physical illicit drug market in Australia and thus provides stronger arguments for  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.forsciint.2018.05.002 pmid:29763810 fatcat:p2fsssmu2zd6ljhnxd3fiadiqi

Human Trafficking and Online Networks: Policy, Analysis, and Ignorance

Jonathan Mendel, Kiril Sharapov
2016 Antipode  
search capabilities software for 'improved content discovery, information extraction, information retrieval, user collaboration, and extension of current search capabilities to the deep web, the dark  ...  It stated purpose is to 'extract domain specificinformation that may be informative in identifying individuals or groupsresponsible for each advertisement' on Backpage.com.  ... 
doi:10.1111/anti.12213 fatcat:3xuq6c6jwfbk7fbcfech2o5dlm
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