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Parsing engineering and empirical robustness

ROBERTO BASILI, FABIO MASSIMO ZANZOTTO
2002 Natural Language Engineering  
In this paper, we propose an empirical definition of robustness based on the notion of performance. Furthermore, a framework for controlling the parser robustness in the design phase is presented.  ...  The control is achieved via the adoption of two principles: the modularisation, typical of the software engineering practice, and the availability of domain adaptable components.  ...  Since verbs play a key role in producing the correct interpretation of the sentence, a module devoted to this kind of phenomena is very appreciated.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1351324902002875 fatcat:mttx245clzbq3nujjmdlb7ko3q

Knowledge Engineering [chapter]

2014 Encyclopedia of Social Network Analysis and Mining  
Knowledge Engineering is the aspect of systems engineering which addresses uncertain process requirements by emphasising the acquisition of knowledge about a process and representing this knowledge in  ...  This transition has resulted in the development of methodologies that guide the knowledge engineering of a product.  ...  CONCLUSION In this paper the role of knowledge engineering has been described as the explicit representation of knowledge used in processes at the knowledge level, and the representation of inference processes  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4614-6170-8_100788 fatcat:iiauuwgtdrhbpfgflleheaf6pu

Domain Engineering [chapter]

Dines Bjørner
2009 Formal Methods: State of the Art and New Directions  
Structure of Chapter In Sect. 2 we briefly express the dogma behind the concept of domain engineering and its role in software development.  ...  That is, the interpretation of a rule differs, in that respect, from the interpretation of a regulation.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-84882-736-3_1 fatcat:k4lxzoe63fhcfk6yome52efw5e

Use and Reuse of Legal Ontologies in Knowledge Engineering and Information Management [chapter]

Joost Breuker, André Valente, Radboud Winkels
2005 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The vast majority of terms or concepts found in legal sources refers to common sense, albeit a special and often more restricted version of common sense knowledge.  ...  First of all, the ontologies can be used as a vocabulary for indexing and tagging legal sources. Secondly, they can be used to expand terms used in search queries in various ways.  ...  This is not only required in modeling and legislation, but also in interpreting cases.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-32253-5_4 fatcat:cjprbokdmrchnblvwfdptbvxm4

Advanced Cyberinfrastructure for Science, Engineering, and Public Policy [article]

Vasant G. Honavar, Katherine Yelick, Klara Nahrstedt, Holly Rushmeier, Jennifer Rexford, Mark D. Hill, Elizabeth Bradley, Elizabeth Mynatt
2017 arXiv   pre-print
Advancing the capability and capacity for evidence-based improvements in science, engineering, and public policy requires support for (1) computational abstractions of the relevant domains coupled with  ...  However, despite, and perhaps because of, advances in "big data" technologies for data acquisition, management and analytics, the other largely manual, and labor-intensive aspects of the decision making  ...  Advancing the capability and capacity for evidence-based decision making in science, engineering, and public policy requires support for computational abstractions of relevant domains, coupled with computational  ... 
arXiv:1707.00599v1 fatcat:2mdr6r4nn5b2pmyfi6srpeo6l4

Building an Argument Search Engine for the Web

Henning Wachsmuth, Martin Potthast, Khalid Al Khatib, Yamen Ajjour, Jana Puschmann, Jiani Qu, Jonas Dorsch, Viorel Morari, Janek Bevendorff, Benno Stein
2017 Proceedings of the 4th Workshop on Argument Mining  
Computational argumentation is expected to play a critical role in the future of web search.  ...  Based on the framework, we build a prototype search engine, called args, that relies on an initial, freely accessible index of nearly 300k arguments crawled from reliable web resources.  ...  Aside from query interpretation, user profiling may play a role in this step, in order to allow for personalized ranking, but this is left to future work.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/w17-5106 dblp:conf/argmining/WachsmuthPKAPQD17 fatcat:uu2iowjg7bcv5esjd32h2h7oy4

Romanian Accounting – Taxation Complementary Relation in the Context of Organization's Engineering

Victor-Bogdan Oprean
2014 Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences  
We explore a) the specific challenges and options enterprises have in the Romanian economic environment, when engineering the design of businesses' structures, and b) a projected evolution of the Romanian  ...  Also urgent requirement of absorption of European funds in the national economy requires, by necessity, compliance with fiscal governance Treaty adopted throughout European Union, and tax harmonization  ...  excellence in postdoctoral research in Romanian economics science domain"  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.12.547 fatcat:5zy5j62mpbetbdgmzxk6fdhaua

The Engineers Case Centenary: SCOTUS and the Origins of Australia's Scabrous Constitutional Signature

Benjamen Franklen Gussen, Sahar Araghi
2021 British Journal of American Legal Studies  
AbstractSince the Engineers Case decision in 1920, the role of the United States Constitution in interpreting the Australian Constitution has been diminished, leading to inefficiencies in High Court of  ...  To explain this thesis, the article looks at the 7,657 cases decided by the HCA, from the first case in 1903, to the 31st of August 2020, the centenary of the Engineers Case.  ...  , as well as their contribution in readying the article for publication.  ... 
doi:10.2478/bjals-2021-0001 fatcat:mwbpkgciqfh6pdfm35taaa3zxi

What Is Software Engineering? [article]

Fedor Dzerzhinskiy, Leonid D. Raykov
2015 arXiv   pre-print
A later translation (2015) of the article in Russian published in 1990. The article proposes an approach to defining a set of basic notions for subject area of software engineering discipline.  ...  The set of notions is intended to serve as a basis for detection and correction of some widespread conceptual mistakes in the efforts aimed at improving the quality and work productivity in creation and  ...  In the field of software engineering activities also there are sorts of work which satisfy this requirement.  ... 
arXiv:1508.02031v2 fatcat:7ui7pk4nx5hmfdb72hyg2c5yay

A Study Investigating Knowledge-based Engineering Methodologies Analysis

Thabet Slimani
2015 International Journal of Computer Applications  
It is now commonly accepted that building ontology is a key step in the development of knowledge based systems.  ...  For example, in the work of Kargl et al. (2006) [6], explicitness is defined in the context of metamodels as the  ...  The ontology engineers and domain experts attempt to realize a common agreement upon the simple structure of the ontology based on the abovementioned requirements specification (based on the exchange of  ... 
doi:10.5120/ijca2015906645 fatcat:f5wnsi7gwrgtxjte7tasjjd4sa

Engineering Blockchain Based Software Systems: Foundations, Survey, and Future Directions

Mahdi Fahmideh, John Grundy, Aakash Ahmad, Jun Shen, Jun Yan, Davoud Mougouei, Peng Wang, Aditya Ghose, Anuradha Gunawardana, Uwe Aickelin, Babak Abedin
2022 ACM Computing Surveys  
We characterize BBS engineering based on the key aspects of theoretical foundations, processes, models , and roles .  ...  This article presents a systematic literature review of the state-of-the-art in BBS engineering research from the perspective of the software engineering discipline.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors would like to thank feedback from associate editor and reviewers. The work of Professor John Grundy is supported by ARC Laureate Fellowship FL190100035.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3530813 fatcat:3clzyihdznhr3fejxhmogqcca4

Knowledge and Knowers in Engineering Assessment

2014 Critical Studies in Teaching and Learning  
In multidisciplinary technology-based engineering diploma programmes in South Africa, the curriculum is often structured into distinctly theoretical and practical components, each of which is taught and  ...  The moment of final academic assessment presents a number of challenges. Who is in a position to assess whether or not a candidate has successfully demonstrated the required level of competence?  ...  The latter is the traditional basis of achievement in engineering regions, and the basis of entry requirements into such qualifications.  ... 
doi:10.14426/cristal.v2i1.19 fatcat:43rlkw2xlbfstes4ifqd7ligqm

Fraud Evaluation in Public Management: Legal Aspects of Engineering

Fábio Marcio Bisi Zorzal
2018 Trends in Civil Engineering and its Architecture  
Not enough, based on the subsequent act of the acquisition management also would include: These attributes influence the hiring and embarrassed contract execution irregularity that disrupts the public  ...  bring in its contents, beyond what are legal aspects of engineering.  ...  Trends in Civil  ... 
doi:10.32474/tceia.2018.02.000132 fatcat:kg57hwd36zcqto5yefvielo5jy

The role of legal expertise in interpretation of legal requirements and definitions

David G. Gordon, Travis D. Breaux
2014 2014 IEEE 22nd International Requirements Engineering Conference (RE)  
Ideally, experts trained in law will analyze and interpret legal texts to inform the software requirements process.  ...  In this study, we assess the ability of laypersons, technical professionals, and legal experts to judge the similarity between legal coverage conditions and requirements.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT We would like to thank a number of individuals for their advice and guidance regarding legal matters, survey design, and statistics, including Melanie Teplinsky, Baruch Fischhoff, and Will  ... 
doi:10.1109/re.2014.6912269 dblp:conf/re/GordonB14 fatcat:2ut5t6hdrzgbvjcmka77v7vp3y

An overview of knowledge engineering and its relevance to CAAD [chapter]

John S. Gero
1986 Computer-Aided Architectural Design Futures  
Acknowledgements The  ...  Knowledge engineering Knowledge engineering is a subfield of artificial intelligence. It is concerned with the acquisition, representation and manipulation of human knowledge in symbolic form.  ...  Controller or interpreter The control is separated from the transformation knowledge and is in the form of an inference which encodes the instructions for manipulating the facts base.  ... 
doi:10.1016/b978-0-408-05300-6.50017-2 fatcat:yjeyndhr5fhanlabdklcgbjpiq
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