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Frans H. van Eemeren: Strategic Maneuvering in Argumentative Discourse. Extending the Pragma-Dialectical Theory of Argumentation

Eddo Rigotti
2011 Argumentation: an international journal on reasoning  
current studies in argumentative discourse.  ...  Focusing on another aspect of argumentation as an empirical phenomenon, the fifth chapter considers the numerous communicative practices in which real argumentation takes place and the specific kinds of  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10503-011-9202-2 fatcat:6aswv53rtreifcxqn42my6rlei

STRING THEORY, THE CRISIS IN PARTICLE PHYSICS AND THE ASCENT OF METAPHORIC ARGUMENTS

BERT SCHROER
2008 International Journal of Modern Physics D  
The point of departure is a historical review of four decades of string theory within the broader context of six decades of failed attempts at an autonomous S-matrix approach to particle theory.  ...  The central message, contained in sections 5 and 6, is that string theory is not what its name suggests, namely a theory of of objects in spacetime whose localization is string- instead of point-like.  ...  The third section was strongly influenced by his ongoing project of finding sociological links between the post cold-war "end of history" ideology and developments in particle physics.  ... 
doi:10.1142/s0218271808014217 fatcat:kvburnjnujdgrjxhlrsmblevse

Reductionism, emergence, and effective field theories

Elena Castellani
2002 Studies in history and philosophy of modern physics  
In recent years, a "change in attitude" in particle physics has led to our understanding current quantum field theories as effective field theories (EFTs).  ...  In particular, it is a purpose of this paper to clarify how EFTs may provide an interesting case-study in current philosophical discussion on reduction, emergence and inter-level relationships in general  ...  Earlier versions or portions of this paper were presented at the University of Oxford, the University of Florence, the SILFS'99 Conference in Urbino, the University of Padoa, and the 11 th International  ... 
doi:10.1016/s1355-2198(02)00003-5 fatcat:pc7ktaa25nglrhelngyfmrklky

Reductionism, Emergence, and Effective Field Theories [article]

Elena Castellani
2001 arXiv   pre-print
In recent years, a change in attitude in particle physics has led to our understanding current quantum field theories as effective field theories (EFTs).  ...  In particular, it is a purpose of this paper to clarify how EFTs may provide an interesting case-study in current philosophical discussion on reduction, emergence and inter-level relationships in general  ...  Earlier versions or portions of this paper were presented at the University of Oxford, the University of Florence, the SILFS'99 Conference in Urbino, the University of Padoa, and the 11 th International  ... 
arXiv:physics/0101039v1 fatcat:5hqj4aq5mfawxevbo7bkhlnnoy

Are Perceptual Fields Quantum Fields?

Brian J. Flanagan
2007 NeuroQuantology  
) in an empirical science, in which sensory experience must be the final court of appeal, the existence of observed entities must carry more force than rationalistic arguments (such as Von Neumann's)  ...  In fact, Mach's argument regarding the physical nature of color (and, by extension, sound, etc.,) contains the only truly fundamental change in physical theory required herein.  ... 
doi:10.14704/nq.2003.1.3.20 fatcat:nvtlkgbfm5hehneb3slpofbfke

Particles, Cutoffs and Inequivalent Representations. Fraser andWallace on Quantum Field Theory [article]

Matthias Egg, Vincent Lam, Andrea Oldofredi
2017 arXiv   pre-print
We further illustrate the fundamental differences between the two approaches by comparing them both to the Bohmian program in quantum field theory.  ...  Instead, the dispute ultimately turns on the very definition of what a quantum field theory is.  ...  Acknowledgements VL is grateful to the Swiss National Science Foundation for financial support (project n o 169313).  ... 
arXiv:1701.06500v1 fatcat:7pfrqjs5cjgo7jadxxfog6gefm

Primitive ontology and quantum field theory

Vincent Lam
2015 European Journal for Philosophy of Science  
As a consequence, it is argued that they do not constitute fundamental ontologies for quantum field theory, in contrast to the case of the Bohmian approach to quantum mechanics.  ...  This paper critically discusses the primitive ontologies that have been suggested within the Bohmian approach to quantum field theory in the light of the existence of unitarily inequivalent representations  ...  Acknowledgements I am grateful to the Swiss National Science Foundation (Ambizione grant PZ00P1 142536/1) for financial support.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s13194-015-0113-1 fatcat:ycy4iclisve75boec5knddptvy

Against fields

Dustin Lazarovici
2017 European Journal for Philosophy of Science  
In particular, I emphasize that physics has not found a satisfying solution to the self-interaction problem in the context of the classical field theory.  ...  Using the example of classical electrodynamics, I argue that the concept of fields as mediators of particle interactions is fundamentally flawed and reflects a misguided attempt to retrieve Newtonian concepts  ...  This work was supported by the Cogito Foundation, grant no. 15-106-R and by a Feodor Lynen Research Fellowship of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s13194-017-0179-z fatcat:yuq63smjordardcdn3cz4ntwf4

Relational Sociology of the Scientific Field: Communication, Identities, and Field Relations

Jan Fuhse
2020 Digithum  
In contrast to previous theories of social fields, these are seen as socio-cultural constellations developing in the course of communication, rather than the competition of actors for resources, or constellations  ...  They consist of communicative events like publications in science, claims and demands in politics etc. Scientific fields are organised around representational claims about the phenomena under study.  ...  These result from lengthy processes of institutionalisation, making for fundamental differences in concepts, perspective, methods, and subjects of study by discipline, field of study, nationor language-based  ... 
doi:10.7238/d.v0i26.374144 fatcat:fqn57wlq4vgbzgejst27i4t5si

Naturalness, Wilsonian renormalization, and "fundamental parameters" in quantum field theory

Joshua Rosaler, Robert Harlander
2019 Studies in history and philosophy of modern physics  
the "fundamental parameters" of the theory, and serve to mathematically define the theory.  ...  in an EFT is therefore arbitrary.  ...  Acknowledgments: This work was supported by the DFG, grant FOR 2063. We would like to thank the members of the DFG Research Unit "The Epistemology of the Large Hadron Collider," in particular M.A.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.shpsb.2018.12.003 fatcat:6eyqffkkivebbmmtu6ieazl5d4

Economic Action, Fields and Uncertainty

Doris Hanappi
2011 Journal of Economic Issues  
It integrates different notions of uncertainty in economic literature into the discussion of the underlying action principles of the Bourdieuian approach.  ...  Bringing the elements of field and habitus to the center of attention helps in examining how cognitive and historical factors matter for explaining individual action.  ...  A study of French employers published in State Nobility: Elite Schools in the Field of Power empirically demonstrated the existence of considerable homology between the volume and structure (embodied and  ... 
doi:10.2753/jei0021-3624450402 fatcat:zdgbmsuvfbfedogvromdhrgpwu

Communication Theory as a Field

Robert T. Craig
1999 Communication Theory  
Nevertheless, despite the ancient roots and growing profusion of theories about communication, I argue that communication theory as an identifiable field of study does not yet exist.2 Rather than addressing  ...  The conclusion that communication theory is not yet a coherent field of study seems inescapable.s Although communication theory is not yet a coherent field, I believe it can and should become one.  ...  is possible-and to turn instead to the empirical study of practical metadiscourse-how communication is reflexively accomplished in practice.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1468-2885.1999.tb00355.x fatcat:54xehqwvtjg6jkbkfyxvkltjxy

Field theory in cultural capital studies of educational attainment

Troels Krarup, Martin D. Munk
2014 British Journal of Sociology of Education  
We (re-)emphasize the role of field theory in cultural capital research in education, taking into consideration current concerns in international quantitative research.  ...  This article argues that there is a double problem in international research in cultural capital and educational attainment: an empirical problem, since few new insights have been gained within recent  ...  Fields and cultural capital theory Very few studies of cultural capital in educational attainment employ the important notion of field (for an exception, see Naidoo 2004) .  ... 
doi:10.1080/01425692.2014.969398 fatcat:7y7awbnhirhjjkegfubonacxqu

The ontology of quantum field theory: Structural realism vindicated?

David Glick
2016 Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A  
Quantum field theory (QFT) provides the framework for some of the best confirmed theories in science, but debates over its ontology are vexed.  ...  Rather than taking a stand on these matters, the structural realist can embrace QFT as an example of just the kind of theory SR should lead us to expect.  ...  This is simply a synchronic application of the argument SR deploys diachronically in the context of theory change.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.shpsa.2016.06.007 pmid:27692217 fatcat:2cz2xigmmngsdbwezi7yruvvsq

Practicing Capitals Across Fields: Extending Bourdieu to Study Inter-Field Dynamics [chapter]

Mattia Anesa, Konstantinos Chalkias, Paula Jarzabkowski, Andreas Paul Spee
2019 Research in the Sociology of Organizations  
We corroborate our argument with an illustration of how corporate executives strategize within the tax field compared to the philanthropy field.  ...  Our essay provides promising avenues for future research on the microfoundations of institutions, inter-field dynamics, and critical accounting and business ethics studies.  ...  We now explore this puzzle, through an empirical illustration.  ... 
doi:10.1108/s0733-558x2019000065b010 fatcat:cz3xppo6kvfs5jnowwys52nibu
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