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David Hitchcock and Bart Verheij (eds): Arguing on the Toulmin Model. New Essays in Argument Analysis and Evaluation

Lester C. van der Pluijm, Jacky C. Visser
2011 Argumentation: an international journal on reasoning  
It was within the context of their course ''Backgrounds and Fundamentals of Argumentation Theory'', part of the research master's programme Rhetoric, Argumentation theory, and Philosophy at the University  ...  the original author(s) and source are credited.  ...  Aside from the question whether the chapters are about argumentation, not all chapters argue on the Toulmin model either-which is what we were initially expecting in a book titled Arguing on the Toulmin  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10503-011-9214-y fatcat:2psyfzhqtzh3pl5yrwhikul2qa

Good Reasoning on the Toulmin Model [chapter]

David Hitchcock
Arguing on the Toulmin Model  
Adequate grounds include all good relevant information practically obtainable by the reasoner. The claim must follow from the grounds in accordance with a justified general warrant.  ...  Some solo verbal reasoning serves the function of arriving at a correct answer to a question from information at the reasoner's disposal.  ...  INTRODUCTION Stephen Toulmin (1958 Toulmin ( , 2003 advanced his model for the layout of arguments without providing criteria for evaluating arguments so laid out.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-4938-5_13 dblp:series/argulib/Hitchcock06 fatcat:n45og63eavbtjiuw44fwndpiom

Eight Theses Reflecting on Stephen Toulmin [chapter]

John Woods
Arguing on the Toulmin Model  
the cognitive aspects of reasoning and arguing. (7) Ideal models are unsuitable for normativity. (8) The role of the Can Do Principle.  ...  In one sense, it suggests a thesis that Stephen Toulmin himself espouses or is committed to.  ...  Modelling is a way of seeing things, and how one sees things is a function of what one is able to see, and what one is interested in seeing.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-4938-5_25 dblp:series/argulib/Woods06 fatcat:tsedeywuvjclll4irkzmc3qk5m

A Citation-Based Reflection on Toulmin and Argument [chapter]

Ronald P. Loui
Arguing on the Toulmin Model  
One can even argue philosophical and logical fine points in the deployment of these modest box and arrow primitives.  ...  One can argue about who ought to be on such a list. It is hard to decide which works of Popper, Russell, or Chomsky to include, for example, and which to exclude.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-4938-5_3 dblp:series/argulib/Loui06 fatcat:cdo35e2n6vcatpow2urvrd4aoy

Reasoning in Theory and Practice [chapter]

Stephen E. Toulmin
Arguing on the Toulmin Model  
As my book The Uses of Argument pointed out, we must look and see how our critical standards vary from one area or activity to another-e.g. from politics to aesthetics.  ...  Hence we must modestly recognize that the best we can do now is the best we can do now; and that those who come after us will move beyond our ideas.  ...  In one of Karl Popper's essays, On Clouds and Clocks, he argues that, when two human beings meet eye-to-eye, the question is (so to say) who will fire first. Who is to say? How can we tell?  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-4938-5_2 dblp:series/argulib/Toulmin06 fatcat:muuhbgvcxva2zhiucudpfls5ra

Complex Cases and Legitimation Inference: Extending the Toulmin Model to Deliberative Argument in Controversy [chapter]

G. Thomas Goodnight
Arguing on the Toulmin Model  
The justification of the selection of grounds constitutes a legitimation warrant-a missing element of the Toulmin model.  ...  Complex cases enter the realm of controversy when not all relevant grounds offer the same degree of support or point in the same direction, and a choice to select some grounds and discard others must be  ...  INTRODUCTION The Toulmin model (1958 Toulmin model ( , 2003 opened the door to the recovery of practical reason, the development of informal logic, and the advances of critical thinking into the realms  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-4938-5_4 dblp:series/argulib/Goodnight06 fatcat:l7saxodt3vbtrh7tbu4pfcvaay

Translating Toulmin Diagrams: Theory Neutrality in Argument Representation [chapter]

Chris Reed, Glenn Rowe
Arguing on the Toulmin Model  
Others (such as how to allow Toulmin diagrams to be recursive) are diagrammatic versions of questions that have already been addressed in artificial intelligence models of argument.  ...  To the first class are addressed solutions based on engineering pragmatism; to the second class, are addressed solutions drawn from the appropriate literature; and to the third class, fuller exploration  ...  Acknowledgments The authors would like to acknowledge the support of the Leverhulme Trust under grant F/00 143/C for a part of this work, and to thank both Doug Walton for ongoing discussions on closely  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-4938-5_23 dblp:series/argulib/ReedR06 fatcat:wvjpm5ojwvbbbcggh54gu76aom

Evaluating Arguments Based on Toulmin's Scheme [chapter]

Bart Verheij
Arguing on the Toulmin Model  
The present work builds on recent research on defeasible arguments (cf. e.g. the work of Pollock, Loui, Vreeswijk and Dung).  ...  The scheme enriches the traditional premises-conclusion model of arguments by distinguishing additional elements, like warrant, backing and rebuttal.  ...  Introduction In his book 'The Uses of Argument', Stephen Toulmin (1958) has argued that arguments need to be analyzed using a richer format than the traditional one of formal logic in which only premises  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-4938-5_12 dblp:series/argulib/Verheij06 fatcat:ge6tfmcwircalbifmpyzuszdeq

Arguing By Question: A Toulminian Reading of Cicero's Account of the Enthymeme [chapter]

Manfred Kraus
Arguing on the Toulmin Model  
I will argue that, for this reason, the traditional model of syllogistic logic is insufficient for an appropriate analysis of this type of argument, but that Stephen Toulmin's model of the structure of  ...  More essentially, however, the persuasiveness of the argument rests on the precondition that the claimed 'incompatibility' it is based on be in fact acceptable to the audience.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-4938-5_21 dblp:series/argulib/Kraus06 fatcat:yaknpqon2jhr3iztht3jqr4x7e

The Uses of Argument in Mathematics [chapter]

Andrew Aberdein
Arguing on the Toulmin Model  
Stephen Toulmin once observed that 'it has never been customary for philosophers to pay much attention to the rhetoric of mathematical debate' (Toulmin & al., 1979, p. 89).  ...  However, cases of genuine conflict characteristically reflect an underlying disagreement about the nature of the proof in question.  ...  A useful maxim that applies to any modeling process is that a model should be as detailed as we need it to be, but no more so.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-4938-5_22 dblp:series/argulib/Aberdein06 fatcat:odmsaayqx5aojlqis7fvyltl4e

Toulmin's Model of Argument and the Question of Relativism [chapter]

Lilian Bermejo-Luque
Arguing on the Toulmin Model  
To this end, I will analyze the role that fields are to play within this model, given a certain conception of one of its key elements: the warrant of an argument.  ...  The main goal of this paper is to show that epistemological relativism is not a necessary consequence ofToulmin's model of argument.  ...  Keywords: Toulmin 's model of argument, relativism, argument fields, warrants, inference licenses, deductivism.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-4938-5_6 dblp:series/argulib/Bermejo-Luque06 fatcat:h2lvpdcce5ehtbkzvgexecq2li

Warranting Arguments, the Virtue of Verb [chapter]

James F. Klumpp
Arguing on the Toulmin Model  
The paper argues that the result of this perspective is a more rhetorically based statement of the Toulmin model.  ...  Interpretations and elaborations of the Toulmin model, including Toulmin's own with Rieke and Janek in An Introduction to Reasoning, have tended to characterize the overall model functionally but have  ...  I will argue that the reconceptualization of argument embodied in the Toulmin model reaches its full potential to move from a idealized to a working logic when the requirement to cast arguments into propositions  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-4938-5_8 dblp:series/argulib/Klumpp06 fatcat:rulhsohvyne4hnsvk5ghrrdxcm

Systematizing Toulmin's Warrants: An Epistemic Approach [chapter]

James B. Freeman
Arguing on the Toulmin Model  
We distinguish four types of warrant based on the mode of intuition involved in coming to recognize that the set of premises constitutes a reason for the conclusion: a priori, empirical, institutional,  ...  A warrant is reliable just in case either the mode of intuition which grasps the connection it expresses is reliable in this employment or the warrant is justified by its backing.  ...  Toulmin recognizes this in presenting his model. Although one may see why the proffered warrant explains relevance, one may question whether in general from data such as D, one make take it that C.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-4938-5_7 dblp:series/argulib/Freeman06 fatcat:hiz6u67razaoroggklkhw3mksu

Evaluating Inferences: The Nature and Role of Warrants [chapter]

Robert C. Pinto
Arguing on the Toulmin Model  
Cet article suit les traces de David Hitchcock et de Stephen Toulmin pour avancer que les lois de passages (des raisons données à leur conclusion) sont des règles d'inférence matérielle.  ...  (iv) In the Toulmin model, modals occur principally as qualifying the conclusion of an argument.  ...  that the addition of the modal qualifiers "has the effect of indicating what sort of reliance the supporting material entitles us to place on the claim, C" (Toulmin et al. 1984 (Toulmin et al. / 1979  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-4938-5_9 dblp:series/argulib/Pinto06 fatcat:6d3bq3ultnevboaa5to3ma7iai

The Voice of the Other: A Dialogico-Rhetorical Understanding of Opponent and of Toulmin's Rebuttal [chapter]

Wouter H. Slob
Arguing on the Toulmin Model  
In this paper, it is argued that because of this dialectical logic does not take seriously its own dialogical perspective.  ...  Toulmin's understanding of the rebuttal suggests a way to incorporate such a substantial role of the opponent.  ...  Snoeck Henkemans (1997) discusses Toulmin's model with regard to complex argumentation. She argues that the use of warrant makes an argument 'subordinatively compound'(p. 53).  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-4938-5_11 dblp:series/argulib/Slob06 fatcat:jwdsxzya4rghvc3ob6jo3z4sny
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