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Are we breaking bubbles as we move? Using a large sample to explore the relationship between urban mobility and segregation

Souneil Park, Taylor M. Oshan, Abdallah El Ali, Alessandro Finamore
2021 Computers, Environment and Urban Systems  
This paper enhances the residential view of segregation and examines the topic in the context of urban mobility.  ...  However, different effects are observed depending on the socioeconomic distance between flows and the deterrence of mobility tends to be the greatest when both physical and socioeconomic distance are high  ...  Analyzing the relationship between urban mobility and segregation An exploratory analysis of the extracted flows is first carried out using several visualizations to tease out the relationship between  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.compenvurbsys.2020.101585 fatcat:ubudeodvejbe7oe57bx5edz7we

The durability of gains from theGautreauxTwo residential mobility program: a qualitative analysis of who stays and who moves from low-poverty neighborhoods∗

Melody L. Boyd, Kathryn Edin, Susan Clampet-Lundquist, Greg J. Duncan
2010 Housing Policy Debate  
To compensate for the initially low take-up of the program (fewer used their voucher to move than was anticipated), we drew a second sample of 25 program enrollees who appeared likely to move as part of  ...  As indicated above, a number of researchers have studied residential mobility programs such as the first Gautreaux program and the Department of Housing and Urban Development’s Moving to Opportunity (MTO  ... 
doi:10.1080/10511481003599902 fatcat:2ve32nkjg5bzrdgwexgjlwl7oi

A coupled bispectral, temporal and spatial coherence function of the pressure field, scattered from a moving sea surface

Christian Bjerrum‐Niese, Leif Bjo/rno/
1995 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
The international activities in ISO/TC 43 Acoustics, and IEC/TC 29 Electro-acoustics, and ISO/TC 108/SC4 Human Exposure to Mechanical Vibration and Shock, will also be discussed.  ...  methods of measurement and test, and terminology in the fields of mechanical shock and physiological acoustics, including aspects of general acoustics, shock, and vibration which pertain to biological  ...  This technique can slow the moving image of the bubble, allowing one to observe the shape of a bubble oscillating between 5 to 100/•m in diameter.  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.414267 fatcat:gtdrkztuvfbova3a4rdj2f7umu

Factors Motivating Customization and Echo Chamber Creation Within Digital News Environments

Brooke E. Auxier, Jessica Vitak
2019 Social Media + Society  
But as we explore this relationship more, it appears to be more complex.  ...  Similarly, we cannot claim a direct relationship between anxiety and customization.  ...  Auxier (MA, University of Maryland) is a PhD candidate in journalism studies at the University of Maryland.  ... 
doi:10.1177/2056305119847506 fatcat:4pa4dbqv75fppis2p5wwfdi3mi

Regional Heterogeneity of Migrant Rent Affordability Stress in Urban China: A Comparison between Skilled and Unskilled Migrants at Prefecture Level and Above

Li, Liu, Qi
2019 Sustainability  
In this paper, we aimed to examine the rental housing unaffordability problems faced by migrant workers in urban China and provide policy recommendations for a more accessible and affordable migrant housing  ...  We used the household data on China's Migrant Dynamics Monitoring Survey (MDMS), released in 2016, across China's 329 prefecture-level cities and above to look into the sociality and spatiality of migrant  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflicts of interest. Sustainability 2019, 11, 5920  ... 
doi:10.3390/su11215920 fatcat:ca4lpiteijfjxnkgfnfwcgtqye

Women-Only Transportation: How "Pink" Public Transportation Changes Public Perception of Women's Mobility

Amy Dunckel-Graglia
2013 Journal of Public Transportation  
Consequently, they have positioned themselves as administrators of women-only transportation, using it as a campaign to defend women's equal right to urban mobility.  ...  A popular reaction to this problem is to issue women-only transit services. Despite this growing trend, we know very little about it.  ...  Women-only transportation provides a unique opportunity to return to an older discussion on the relationship between the architectural design of urban transit and women's fear of traveling.  ... 
doi:10.5038/2375-0901.16.2.5 fatcat:npvryhpbqndcnjodqyjs5vbcpy

The Politics of Fair and Affordable Housing in Metropolitan Atlanta: Challenges for Educational Opportunity

Elizabeth H. DeBray
2021 Berkeley Review of Education  
The effects of residential and educational segregation are mutually reinforcing.  ...  policies I focus on in this paper are a subset of the much larger universe of housing policies in the United States.  ...  And it's the cauldron where social capital gets developed, where relationships are built, so it's more than just a great education for kids, but it is a community cauldron where great stuff bubbles up.  ... 
doi:10.5070/b810253852 fatcat:iqajp6xftbconbx3oy2gem3txa

Running to Stand Still

James DeFilippis, Elvin Wyly
2008 Urban Affairs Review  
Ultimately, we are running to stand still. In this paper, we peer through the looking glass of federal housing policy, using New York City as a case study. The paper proceeds in four parts.  ...  As impressive as these efforts have often been, they have necessarily required defensive moves, diverting resources from more proactive maneuvers to expand the supply of affordable housing.  ...  If poverty is used as the benchmark to evaluate success, then for the case of New York it is clear that vouchers have failed to break the link between housing assistance and neighborhood impoverishment  ... 
doi:10.1177/1078087407312179 fatcat:oov4uhwftzf37fqyd2bbixc4pu

Gentrification and the Artistic Dividend: The Role of the Arts in Neighborhood Change

Carl Grodach, Nicole Foster, James Murdoch
2014 Journal of the American Planning Association  
Problem, Research Strategy, and Findings: There is a conflict between recent creative placemaking policies intended to promote positive neighborhood development through the arts and the fact that the arts  ...  have long been cited as contributing to gentrification and the displacement of lower-income residents.  ...  We then used the vincenty STATA program to calculate the distance between each zip code and each CBD.  ... 
doi:10.1080/01944363.2014.928584 fatcat:dnorc4n3b5cu5l5raee5gedly4

Elementary Schools' Response to Student Wellness Needs during the COVID-19 Shutdown: A Qualitative Exploration Using the R = MC2 Readiness Heuristic

Hannah G. Calvert, Hannah G. Lane, Michaela McQuilkin, Julianne A. Wenner, Lindsey Turner
2021 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health  
School personnel rapidly transitioned to remote provision of academic instruction and wellness services such as school meals and counseling services.  ...  Personnel (n = 50) from 39 urban and rural elementary schools nationwide participated.  ...  Acknowledgments: We would like to thank the school staff who provided their valuable insights for this research. Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijerph19010279 pmid:35010539 pmcid:PMC8750629 fatcat:2wthk34eqbgghamyaoge764cbm

Territorial Tactics: The Socio-spatial Significance of Private Policing Strategies in Cape Town

Till F Paasche, Richard Yarwood, James D Sidaway
2013 Urban Studies  
Private security companies are responsible for a relatively small section of the city, while in contrast the public police ultimately have to see city space as a whole.  ...  This paper analyses the policing strategies of private security companies operating in urban space.  ...  Conclusion: territory/legality/security Our work points to a reciprocal relationship between practices of security and the use of territory as a political technology.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0042098013499084 fatcat:h3puqhwfxvbejakljoe2naqhcu

Purging the nation: race, conviviality and embodied encounters in the lives of British Bangladeshi Muslim young women

Anoop Nayak
2017 Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers  
For Bangladeshi girls moving between spaces is also fraught activity that can entail slowing down a journey by circumnavigating particular places, not going out alone, or avoiding stopping to break the  ...  However, as we will go on to see, claims to 'Britishness' by respondents worked to close the space between self and other.  ... 
doi:10.1111/tran.12168 fatcat:bmznqprryvhxpagjgh6qbizqnq

The role of price spillovers in the American housing boom

Anthony DeFusco, Wenjie Ding, Fernando Ferreira, Joseph Gyourko
2018 Journal of Urban Economics  
Our analysis focuses on spillovers that occur around the time that a local market enters its boom, which we identify using sharp structural breaks in house price growth rates.  ...  In this paper, we exploit this heterogeneity to estimate the extent to which the boom was spread via spatial spillovers from one market to another.  ...  A small number of markets were found to have three structural breaks. 9 We use all estimated breaks in our empirical analysis below and always distinguish between positive and non-positive break points  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jue.2018.10.001 fatcat:7xf2ud3itngw7lf5z6fzlqz3pm

Evidence for Size-Selective Predation by Antarctic Humpback Whales

David E. Cade, Shirel R. Kahane-Rapport, Ben Wallis, Jeremy A. Goldbogen, Ari S. Friedlaender
2022 Frontiers in Marine Science  
We used suction-cup attached bio-logging tags and active acoustic prey mapping to test the hypothesis that whale abundance in Charlotte Bay would be associated with higher prey biomass density, and that  ...  In March 2020 the Antarctic fjord Charlotte Bay included >5× as many humpback whales as neighboring Wilhelmina Bay, a site previously known for super aggregations of whales and their prey, Antarctic  ...  Box plots are median and inter-quartile range, numbers are lunges per 5 min (mean ± SD). A series of foraging dives without a prolonged break between them is referred to as a foraging bout.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fmars.2022.747788 fatcat:6hgeltacube5png25phizdyooe

Debating contemporary urban conflicts: A survey of selected scholars

Alvaro Sevilla-Buitrago
2013 Cities  
This survey presents the results of a questionnaire sent to a list of key scholars and professionals in fields related to urban processes and planning -town planning, geography, sociology, architecture  ...  The response represents a plural and multidisciplinary perspective on contemporary urban issues from which a series of research and intervention perspectives emerges.  ...  Urban, new series, 3, 107-137.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cities.2012.08.006 fatcat:dhvjilceerbdhlokyurz4aqy5a
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