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Prospect Theory: Contributions to Understanding Actors, Causes and Consequences of Conflict in Africa

2013 Stability : International Journal of Security and Development  
Besides the obvious facts that states do not behave as individuals and that individuals and states are not always the only primary actors in conflict, actors are also constrained in their roles of representing  ...  , and much more willing to risk his position in the group by engaging in individually-rewarding behaviour.  ... 
doi:10.5334/ fatcat:dqyhprmtxbd27pwux5sbqd4dlm

Influence of Behavioural Biases on Investment Decisions of Individual Investors in Nairobi Securities Exchange

Annetty V. W. Angote, Tobias Olweny, Julius Miroga
2021 The International Journal of Business & Management  
The main objective of this study was to establish whether the behavioral biases and investment decisions had an influence on individual investors in Nairobi Security Exchange (NSE).; hence, several studies  ...  In determining influence of behavioral biases on investment decisions of individual investors in NSE also several independent variables were taken into account.  ...  The risk in a portfolio of diverse individual stocks was less than the risk inherent in holding any one of the individual stocks (provided the risks of the various stocks are not directly related).  ... 
doi:10.24940/theijbm/2021/v9/i3/bm2103-008 fatcat:zkh3bzfqpzfwtavh4vfuxqfrs4

Inadvertent escalation in the age of intelligence machines: A new model for nuclear risk in the digital age

James Johnson
2021 European Journal of International Security  
The article speaks to the broader scholarship in International Relations – notably 'bargaining theories of war' – that argues that the impact of technology on the cause of war occurs through its political  ...  It unpacks the psychological and cognitive features of escalation theorising (the security dilemma, the 'fog of war', and military doctrine and strategy) to examine whether and how the characteristics  ...  The authors would like to thank Matthew Bunn, Andrew Futter, Michael Smith, Benjamin Zala, and the anonymous reviewers for comments and feedback on the draft of this article.  ... 
doi:10.1017/eis.2021.23 fatcat:jpxa2bco7fg7bdfaj2mmxwfpbe

Adult attachment and trust in romantic relationships

Lorne Campbell, Sarah CE Stanton
2019 Current Opinion in Psychology  
In this article we discuss the importance of considering this difference in conceptualizations of trust for future research, highlighting the need for longitudinal research to properly assess the development  ...  Highlights • Briefly overview theories of attachment and trust. • Discuss differences between theories on development of trust. • Consider future research to test predictions stemming from these differences  ...  want to be able to trust their partner, but are not convinced that they should, and therefore consistently seek evidence in their partner's behaviour to calibrate their degree of trust.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.copsyc.2018.08.004 pmid:30096516 fatcat:phn5it25cjfjjce6y7n7muh7ly

Children, war and world disorder in the 21st century: a review of the theories and the literature on children's contributions to armed violence

Jo Boyden
2007 Conflict, Security and Development  
Supporting this claim, Fraser (1974) sees children as being predisposed towards risk-taking because they are not capable psychologically of assessing the possible consequences of their actions.  ...  There are very divergent ideas about how the environment influences behaviour.  ... 
doi:10.1080/14678800701333051 fatcat:zmx5ymk7vraz7j6cb2u2hu6v3e

Violence--a noxious cocktail of genes and the environment

M. Moosajee
2003 Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine  
to act in a violent or fear-inducing manner are based on a plethora of well-researched behavioural, social and environmental influences.  ...  The identification of strong genetic influences on violent behaviour and other personality traits would carry risks of unscrupulous exploitation, public misinterpretation and discrimination against individuals  ... 
doi:10.1258/jrsm.96.5.211 pmid:12724428 pmcid:PMC539471 fatcat:6poaetsvmjduxa3pmdky2lfcim

The Roles of Religious Education to Peace, Security and Sustainable Development in Nigeria

Dr. Sulaiman Kamal-Deen Olawale
2012 IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science  
The principal religions recognized in Nigeria are Islam Christianity and African Traditional Religion. Each of these has deep roles to play in enhancing peace, security and sustainable development.  ...  The paper revealed that, the prominence of religious education will instill values and high morals on the citizenry to bring about expected sustainable development.  ...  preliminary information relevant to this study.  ... 
doi:10.9790/0837-0360105 fatcat:53ad2b6lejdsllvy6mgz77scuy

Why America's Grand Strategy Has Not Changed: Power, Habit, and the U.S. Foreign Policy Establishment

Patrick Porter
2018 International Security  
. 15 Habit-forming agents acquire the unconscious disposition to engage in previously adopted or acquired behaviour.  ...  Months after the Tarnoff affair, the president's national security speech-writer, Robert Boorstin, reported meeting with foreign policy experts demanding to show "we are not simply managing crises, but  ... 
doi:10.1162/isec_a_00311 fatcat:fpvh7v4zgjczjp3zyl3ujijvge

Mentalities and mind-sets: The skeleton of relative stability in psychology's closet

Gordon Sammut
2019 Europe's Journal of Psychology  
Acknowledgments The author has no support to report. Editorial  ...  What we struggle to understand as readily is how the same individual, within the same culture, behaves in one way in one situation and a different way in another situation, when facing the same stimulus  ...  Unless, that is, one considers a range of phenomena amenable to situational influences that also determine behaviour in part.  ... 
doi:10.5964/ejop.v15i3.2103 pmid:33680138 pmcid:PMC7909189 fatcat:xm3e55dp3jbbbmkk3la3dy2ety

Altruism or Mutualism in the Explanation of Honour with Reference to Reputation and Indirect Reciprocity?

Andreas Nordin
2016 Sociology and Anthropology  
In view of the massive bulk of research on the evolution of moral dispositions for cooperation, it hypothesised that such proclivities for social life underpin and constrain the cultural formation of honour  ...  Firstly, altruism and group selection theory holds that key moral dispositions are related to punishment and possibly honour, and it proposes that the altruists outcompete non-altruists in a group.  ...  Altruism, seen as strong reciprocity, has been observed when actors are predisposed to cooperate with other actors and to punish non-cooperating actors even when this cannot be justified on the basis of  ... 
doi:10.13189/sa.2016.040210 fatcat:62y7qvz5h5dzvpccthudzpb5mq

Foster Carers' Beliefs regarding the Causes of Foster Children's Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties: A Preliminary Model

Amy Taylor, Rachel Swann, Fiona Warren
2008 Adoption & Fostering : The Quarterly Journal of British Agencies for Adoption & Fostering  
report on a study that aimed to explore foster carers' beliefs about the causes of foster children's emotional and behavioural difficulties (EBD), with a view to creating a theory to explain how this particular  ...  The clinical implications of these findings and future research directions are discussed.  ...  proximity to provide security in times of need.  ... 
doi:10.1177/030857590803200103 fatcat:34tlklzh6nb55iwlj4cdia5e6a


Husam Salah Sameen
2017 Global Journal of Commerce & Management Perspective  
The purpose of this study is to comprehensively study behavioural factors to identify, integrate and propose a framework and to study the role of several behavioural biases on investment performance.  ...  The behavioural factors influencing investors' decision making are grouped in four broad categories: prospect, heuristics, herding and personality.  ...  Simonson (1992) posited that individuals who are influenced by phenomenon of regret aversion are unwilling to take risk despite the fact that risk may adjust the losses arrived out of poor results.  ... 
doi:10.24105/gjcmp.6.6.1703 fatcat:d4wzxsslgzcfdbxge7yqsl6xfy

Determinants of job mobility: A theoretical integration and extension

Thomas W. H. Ng, Kelly L. Sorensen, Lillian T. Eby, Daniel C. Feldman
2007 Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology  
The goals of this paper are to conceptually integrate and extend the diverse literature on job mobility.  ...  The decisional perspective, grounded in the theory of planned behaviour (Ajzen, 1991) , suggests that decisions to engage in job mobility are based on the evaluation of three factors: subjective norms,  ...  These values are likely to predispose people towards different types of job mobility.  ... 
doi:10.1348/096317906x130582 fatcat:s4a4pokwmffpbph4w5uzxusmkq

The mutual determinants of individual, community, and societal health and peace

Izzeldin Abuelaish
2013 International Journal of Peace and Development Studies  
Building on this, the paper tackles the determinants of peace and health at various levels: at the individual, community, and societal level by identifying barriers to health and peace promotion.  ...  In this paper, we begin by defining health and peace to better understand and appreciate their elements and how they can be promoted.  ...  Likewise, genetic make-up may contribute to the presence of violent behavioural characteristics (Meyer-Lindenberg et al., 2008) , and may predispose an individual to a certain level of risk of or resilience  ... 
doi:10.5897/ijpds12.008 fatcat:zobcg5mayzd5fmy7bst7p4hxnq

RFID, privacy and the perception of risk: A strategic framework

Frédéric Thiesse
2007 Journal of strategic information systems  
We propose a strategic framework based on research findings on risk perception and technology acceptance as well as a set of options for coping with the public perception of RFID-related privacy risks.  ...  The objective of our contribution is to identify, at a relatively early phase of the risk development, strategic options with which RFID suppliers and users can positively influence the public acceptance  ...  ways to minimise the effect of risk perceptions on implementations of the technology and consumer behaviour.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jsis.2007.05.006 fatcat:dxih6ssxzzaejf3k55hjjf3vdy
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