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Are adversarial examples inevitable? [article]

Ali Shafahi, W. Ronny Huang, Christoph Studer, Soheil Feizi, Tom Goldstein
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Given the lack of success at generating robust defenses, we are led to ask a fundamental question: Are adversarial attacks inevitable?  ...  We show that, for certain classes of problems, adversarial examples are inescapable.  ...  SO...ARE ADVERSARIAL EXAMPLES INEVITABLE? The question of whether adversarial examples are inevitable is an ill-posed one.  ... 
arXiv:1809.02104v3 fatcat:cfhcfjzu7fc6pkwotddmzzotoe

Inevitable Failure

Yuqiong Sun, Giuseppe Petracca, Trent Jaeger
2014 Proceedings of the 6th edition of the ACM Workshop on Cloud Computing Security - CCSW '14  
However, a wide range of vulnerabilities have been identified in these cloud services that may enable an adversary to compromise customers' computations or even the cloud platform itself.  ...  To better understand the concrete challenges of building a SCOS, we examine the Open-Stack cloud platform from two perspectives: (1) how attacks propagate across cloud services and (2) how adversaries  ...  Subjects accessible to remote adversaries are the typical targeted subjects.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2664168.2664180 dblp:conf/ccs/SunPJ14 fatcat:2y5klxpogzfrbpmh7fhb26tdca

The Feasibility and Inevitability of Stealth Attacks [article]

Ivan Y. Tyukin, Desmond J. Higham, Eliyas Woldegeorgis, Alexander N. Gorban
2021 arXiv   pre-print
It could also be made by those wishing to exploit a "democratization of AI" agenda, where network architectures and trained parameter sets are shared publicly.  ...  In contrast to adversarial data modification, the attack mechanism we consider here involves alterations to the AI system itself.  ...  The attack and the trigger u ∈ U constructed in Algorithm 1 are in some sense "arbitrary". As opposed to standard adversarial examples, they are not linked or targeting any specific input.  ... 
arXiv:2106.13997v2 fatcat:7ctfaw66czghxl35fpi6ovm7ie

: The Inevitability of Patriarchy . Steven Goldberg

Frank B. Livingstone
1974 American Anthropologist  
The primary adversaries are conceived to be many of the recent women’s liberation writers. The result is a harangue in which holders of opposite views are called almost every name imaginable.  ...  As such, they are simplifications that are inevitably false but very useful in pre- dicting change within the limits of experi- mental or observational error.  ... 
doi:10.1525/aa.1974.76.2.02a00290 fatcat:xrzch3mp2bcbhb7naerp3kusmm

The Inevitability of Militarization of Outer Space

2019 Safety & Defense  
One may then risk the claim that further militarization of space is inevitable.  ...  And that, in turn, has generated the construction of countermeasures -weapons that would be able to neutralize the new systems -by the potential adversaries.  ... 
doi:10.37105/sd.43 fatcat:3ra5szz5ebauphvyi7ovwzfbyi

The Curse of Free-Will and the Paradox of Inevitable Regret

Judea Pearl
2013 Journal of Causal Inference  
It is now WE who are telling Joe of his inevitable sad fate (with certainty 100%), it is no longer Joe who is tormented by: doomed if I choose A and doomed if I choose B.  ...  For example, those who decided merely by comparing the school's program to their goals and personalities, are not the same people as those who, in addition to programmatic considerations also invoke the  ... 
doi:10.1515/jci-2013-0027 fatcat:w2dnd5ghifb5jodxqdtqlqyqre

The inevitability of conflict between buyers and sellers

M.L. Emiliani
2003 Supply chain management  
Concludes that conflict between buyers and sellers is an inevitable outcome when buyers make decisions principally centered upon the literal interpretation of management's role as agents of the board whose  ...  by the need by buyers to maximize shareholder value, are inevitable.  ...  employees, and communities, is also inevitable.  ... 
doi:10.1108/13598540310468706 fatcat:7ijwpmilq5gbxeorsj4qgch3ca

Establishing Inevitability without Active Pursuit: Defining the Inevitable Discovery Exception to the Fourth Amendment Exclusionary Rule

Stephen E. Hessler
2000 Michigan law review  
For example, the Eighth Circuit in Un ited States v.  ...  For example, consider the following two similar, but not identical, factual scenarios.  ...  As noted by the foremost scholar on search and seizure law: "The con cerns expressed by opponents of the 'inevitable discovery' rule are le gitimate and ought not be dismissed out of hand.  ... 
doi:10.2307/1290331 fatcat:stfx5kfycncetaij7ybr3uunme

Trade Union in the Sandf: The Inevitable Consequence of Incompatible Values

Makatipe Charles Kgosana
2012 Journal of Defense Management  
This paper will theoretically discuss the causes of inevitable different values between leadership and soldiers, the perceptions of violation of psychological contract and the sequence of requirements  ...  Lastly, conclusions and recommendations will be suggested that can help to diffuse the adversarial relationship between MTUs and organisational leadership and lead to the desired professional military.  ...  These clashes are inevitable since the military leaders correctly represent the interests of the organisation and the country while the MTUs represent the interests intended to benefit the soldiers.  ... 
doi:10.4172/2167-0374.1000106 fatcat:saggyq5rsbddffpldivdfc4avu

Contingency, Immanence, and Inevitability in the Law of Accidents

John Fabian Witt
2007 Social Science Research Network  
Finally, inevitability narratives contend that tort and accident law are driven inexorably in one direction or another, not by forces that are immanent or instinct in tort doctrine, but by institutions  ...  The first is immanence; the second is contingency; the third is inevitability. The immanence idea is that there is a deep inner logic to the development of the common law of torts.  ...  But because such arrangements themselves are not inevitable, these paths are both contingent and inevitable at once -contingent in the sense that they rest on some other, contingent set of arrangements  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.982882 fatcat:cma7sw2fsvhsdagur72zkg5gjm

The Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict Revisited: Was the War Inevitable?

Erik Melander
2001 Journal of Cold War Studies  
When a party decides to escalate or offer concessions, it must convey its intention to the adversary.  ...  Signals that are more costly to the sender are less likely to be dismissed as cheap talk and are therefore inherently more credible as tools of intimidation.  ... 
doi:10.1162/152039701300373880 fatcat:npc7e2dvwfaqxhqr3ije3sr4zq

When effective theories predict: the inevitability of Mercury's anomalous perihelion precession [article]

James D. Wells
2011 arXiv   pre-print
force its inevitability.  ...  perihelion precession of Mercury is inevitable.  ...  These two theories, if treated as god-given complete theories, are not equivalent.  ... 
arXiv:1106.1568v1 fatcat:4xhav7jdxbdhjmpxlhskxaumqu

Sixth Amendment. Inevitable Discovery: A Valuable but Easily Abused Exception to the Exclusionary Rule

William M. Cohn
1984 Journal of criminal law & criminology  
For example, a court would hold the body of a murdered child as inadmissible evidence only because a76 Williams II, 104 S. Ct. at 2509.82 In United States v.  ...  They are predicting several inches of snow for tonight, and I feel that you yourself are the only person that knows where this little girl's body is, that you yourself have only been there once, and if  ... 
doi:10.2307/1143641 fatcat:52b7rznegfbsff442u6dfyyfbe

Documenting the Inevitable: Voting behaviour at the 2013 Australian election [chapter]

Clive Bean, Ian McAllister
2015 Abbott's Gambit: The 2013 Australian Federal Election  
Election campaigns are a combination of intense micro-management and inevitable unpredictability.  ...  Examples are Hunter and Richmond in New South Wales, McEwen in Victoria, Blair in Queensland and Wakefield in South Australia.  ...  The trend to Labor winning from behind is even starker if the figures in Table 6 are adjusted to take account of triangular contests.  ... 
doi:10.22459/ag.01.2015.24 fatcat:ljqjf4j5tbg3hktliq3zhw35pe

Women Surviving as Victims in the Criminal Justice System in Queensland: Is Re victimisation Inevitable?

Susan Currie, Sally Kift
1999 QUT Law Review  
The authors are of the view that implementation of the recommendations made by the Womens Taskforce Report will improve the position of women victims in Queensland  ...  [VISs are] a benign way of providing victims with the right for input and satisfying their need to be part of the process, without jeopardising the basic principles of the adversary system or compromising  ...  also principles dealing with the provision of information by, or on behalf of the victim: for example, there are sections requiring investigating officers to record the victim's version of events as soon  ... 
doi:10.5204/qutlr.v15i0.474 fatcat:wa6hichrznczhgoanbqv6h7fa4
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