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Pan-Arctic Climate and Land Cover Trends Derived from Multi-Variate and Multi-Scale Analyses (1981–2012)

Marcel Urban, Matthias Forkel, Jonas Eberle, Christian Hüttich, Christiane Schmullius, Martin Herold
2014 Remote Sensing  
This study focuses on the co-occurrence of temperature, precipitation, snow cover, and vegetation greenness trends between 1981 and 2012 in the pan-arctic region based on coarse resolution climate and  ...  The observed co-occurrence of climatic and ecosystem changes is an example of the multi-scale feedbacks in the arctic ecosystems. OPEN ACCESS Remote Sens. 2014, 6 2297  ...  We thank the team of Climate Research Unit for the provision of the temperature and precipitation data.  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs6032296 fatcat:bvbvjj4nvvgcbdjf6uusd7al6u

Remote Sensing of Environmental Changes in Cold Regions: Methods, Achievements and Challenges

Jinyang Du, Jennifer D. Watts, Lingmei Jiang, Hui Lu, Xiao Cheng, Claude Duguay, Mary Farina, Yubao Qiu, Youngwook Kim, John S. Kimball, Paolo Tarolli
2019 Remote Sensing  
With the advance of earth observation technology, remote sensing has become increasingly important for detecting, monitoring, and understanding environmental changes over vast and remote regions.  ...  selected key variables related to ice, snow, permafrost, water bodies, and vegetation; (b) highlighting recent environmental nonstationarity occurring in the Arctic, Tibetan Plateau, and Antarctica as  ...  Satellite remote sensing observations have been used to detect changes in warming Arctic-boreal ecosystems.  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs11161952 fatcat:63wghdyherdo3cyxasqpcbrz3m

Effects of Arctic Sea Ice Decline on Weather and Climate: A Review

Timo Vihma
2014 Surveys in geophysics  
Several studies based on observations, atmospheric reanalyses, and model experiments suggest that the sea ice decline, together with increased snow cover in Eurasia, favours circulation patterns resembling  ...  A review is presented on studies addressing the local and remote effects of the sea ice decline on weather and climate.  ...  Figures 1 and 2 are courtesy of the National Snow and Ice Data Center, University of Colorado, Boulder, and Figure 7 was prepared applying the Climate Reanalyzer, which is an initiative of the Climate  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10712-014-9284-0 fatcat:p7menek7lbhcfpqh4p5wey6vk4

Sea Ice Observations in Polar Regions: Evolution of Technologies in Remote Sensing

Praveen Rao Teleti, Alvarinho J. Luis
2013 International journal of geosciences  
Evolution of remote sensing sensors technologies is presented, with emphasis on its suitability in observing the polar regions.  ...  Different remote sensing technology and observational methods and their suitability to observe specific sea ice property are also discussed.  ...  Snow Cover Large-scale snow cover observations are very limited in the Arctic and Antarctic polar regions.  ... 
doi:10.4236/ijg.2013.47097 fatcat:6mzdpyuvqzcgzmaxrcjaxo5ng4

Recent Declines in Warming and Vegetation Greening Trends over Pan-Arctic Tundra

Uma Bhatt, Donald Walker, Martha Raynolds, Peter Bieniek, Howard Epstein, Josefino Comiso, Jorge Pinzon, Compton Tucker, Igor Polyakov
2013 Remote Sensing  
This study employs remote sensing data: Global Inventory Modeling and Mapping Studies (GIMMS) Maximum Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (MaxNDVI), Special Sensor Microwave Imager (SSM/I) sea-ice concentrations  ...  Understanding mechanistic links between vegetation and climate parameters contributes to model advancements that are necessary for improving climate projections.  ...  This work benefitted from conversations with Ross Brown, Chris Derksen, David Robinson and Walt Meier.  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs5094229 fatcat:axhqh2zx5jbhpbohqzwyaqtqj4

The atmospheric role in the Arctic water cycle: A review on processes, past and future changes, and their impacts

Timo Vihma, James Screen, Michael Tjernström, Brandi Newton, Xiangdong Zhang, Valeria Popova, Clara Deser, Marika Holland, Terry Prowse
2016 Journal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences  
In turn, feedbacks associated with the increase in atmospheric moisture and decrease in sea ice and snow cover have contributed to the Arctic amplification of global warming.  ...  Trends in clouds vary depending on the region and season. Climate model experiments suggest that increases in precipitation are related to global warming.  ...  AFS has been sponsored by the World Climate Research Programme's Climate and the Cryosphere project (WCRP-CliC), the International Arctic Science Committee (IASC), and the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment  ... 
doi:10.1002/2015jg003132 fatcat:45s4nyp5crgszom5n7tmtkzrzy

Advance in Sea Ice Studies in India

Sandee Oza, D. R. Rajak, Mihir Dash, Raj Kumar, I. M. Bahuguna
2017 Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy  
Sea ice cover plays a key role in regulating the Earth's climate by influencing the global atmospheric and oceanic circulation through various feedback mechanisms.  ...  regional anomalies with positive and negative trends.  ...  We also duly thank and acknowledge Dr.  ... 
doi:10.16943/ptinsa/2017/48947 fatcat:etg5vxhxkzgyva234qz4kfppsm

Climate trends in the Arctic as observed from space

Josefino C. Comiso, Dorothy K. Hall
2014 Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change  
To gain insight into these changes, comparative analysis with trends in clouds, albedo, and the Arctic Oscillation is also presented.  ...  Spring snow cover has also been observed to be declining by −2.12%/decade for the period 1967-2012.  ...  DiGirolamo of SSAI and NASA/GSFC, for skilled programming and help to develop figures for this manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1002/wcc.277 pmid:25810765 pmcid:PMC4368101 fatcat:l6kcvg75ffa43exfxfxel776tu

Forecast of streamflows to the Arctic Ocean by a Bayesian neural network model with snowcover and climate inputs

Kabir Rasouli, Bouchra R. Nasri, Armina Soleymani, Taufique H. Mahmood, Masahiro Hori, Ali Torabi Haghighi
2020 Hydrology Research  
Two multi-linear regression and Bayesian neural network models were used with different combinations of remotely sensed snowcover, in-situ inflow observations, and climatic teleconnection patterns as predictors  ...  Increasing water flowing into the Arctic Ocean affects oceanic freshwater balance, which may lead to the thermohaline circulation collapse and unpredictable climatic conditions if freshwater inputs continue  ...  Data cover 38 years, from January 1979 to December 2016 with daily time steps. The remote sensing data acquired by well-calibrated instruments for snow cover are not available before 1979.  ... 
doi:10.2166/nh.2020.164 fatcat:ntndy3e76jh7dbtear55cdpxva

The Northern Eurasia Earth Science Partnership: An Example of Science Applied to Societal Needs

Pavel Ya. Groisman, Elizabeth A. Clark, Vladimir M. Kattsov, Dennis P. Lettenmaier, Irina N. Sokolik, Vladimir B. Aizen, Oliver Cartus, Jiquan Chen, Susan Conard, John Katzenberger, Olga Krankina, Jaakko Kukkonen (+16 others)
2009 Bulletin of The American Meteorological Society - (BAMS)  
An international project aims to better understand and quantify feedbacks between northern Eurasia and global climate.  ...  On an intergovernmental level, the NEESPI research foci on regional modeling and studies of climate impacts and adaptation capacity were included in a Memorandum of Understanding for Collaboration in the  ...  , and Global Carbon Project; and the ESSP-parent  ... 
doi:10.1175/2008bams2556.1 fatcat:zwwjez7hfvajbb7hu2avf2fkxy

State of the Ground: Climatology and Changes during the Past 69 Years over Northern Eurasia for a Rarely Used Measure of Snow Cover and Frozen Land

Pavel Ya Groisman, Richard W. Knight, Vyacheslav N. Razuvaev, Olga N. Bulygina, Thomas R. Karl
2006 Journal of Climate  
Walsh, 2000: Twentieth-century trends of Arctic precipitation from observational data and a climate model simulation. J. Climate, 13, 1362-1370. Kidd, R., K. Scipal, Z. Bartalis, and W.  ...  Remote sensing snow cover products may overes- timate duration of the period with snow cover for different rea- sons (P.  ... 
doi:10.1175/jcli3925.1 fatcat:kk6j6pri5fhuvge5dnrxchuv4e

Variability and change in the Canadian cryosphere

C. Derksen, S. L. Smith, M. Sharp, L. Brown, S. Howell, L. Copland, D. R. Mueller, Y. Gauthier, C. G. Fletcher, A. Tivy, M. Bernier, J. Bourgeois (+8 others)
2012 Climatic Change  
compared to previous decades including warming permafrost, reduction in snow cover extent and duration, reduction in summer sea ice extent, increased mass loss from glaciers, and thinning and break-up  ...  Key findings include: 1. surface air temperatures across the Canadian Arctic exhibit a warming trend in all seasons over the past 40 years.  ...  Support was also provided by the government departments/organizations and academic institutions affiliated with the authors as well as numerous other agencies and institutions.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10584-012-0470-0 fatcat:wzydqlih4rg4bglk7b4pavhsqy

Trajectory of the Arctic as an integrated system

Larry D. Hinzman, Clara J. Deal, A. David McGuire, Sebastian H. Mernild, Igor V. Polyakov, John E. Walsh
2013 Ecological Applications  
greater areas of open ocean, impacts of Arctic freshwater fluxes on the meridional overturning circulation of the ocean, and changes in Arctic clouds resulting from changes in water vapor content.  ...  We present evidence that the physical components of the Arctic climate system are currently in extreme states, and that there is no indication that the system will deviate from this anomalous trajectory  ...  Marine primary production (PP) current evidence suggests PP may be decreasing in some areas; remote sensing and numerical models suggest recent increase overall low low Three global climate carbon-cycle  ... 
doi:10.1890/11-1498.1 pmid:24555312 fatcat:tphghduakbcp5kdqv4zeukivfe

Recent advances in understanding the Arctic climate system state and change from a sea ice perspective: a review

R. Döscher, T. Vihma, E. Maksimovich
2014 Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics  
Both the depletion and areal decline of the Arctic sea ice cover, observed since the 1970s, have accelerated since the millennium.  ...  </strong> Sea ice is the central component and most sensitive indicator of the Arctic climate system.  ...  We see a huge knowledge gain since the start of the IPY which coincides with a qualitative change in the Arctic.  ... 
doi:10.5194/acp-14-13571-2014 fatcat:dwips7bcsrda7nm7guyewtdsbm

Recent advances in understanding the Arctic climate system state and change from a sea ice perspective: a review

R. Döscher, T. Vihma, E. Maksimovich
2014 Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions  
The depletion and areal decline of the Arctic sea ice cover, observed since the 1970's, have accelerated after the millennium shift.  ...  The Arctic sea ice is the central and essential component of the Arctic climate system.  ...  We see a huge knowledge gain since the start of the IPY which coincides with a qualitative change in the Arctic.  ... 
doi:10.5194/acpd-14-10929-2014 fatcat:ifjuode6offzrfnbmqca2pirqu
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