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P Jegadeeshwari, R Nithya
2019 International Journal of Engineering Applied Sciences and Technology  
This paper reviews state-of-the-art bio-amplifier architectures and low-power analog circuits design techniques intended for wearable EEG acquisition, with a special focus on AE system interfaced with  ...  Active Electrodes with in built read out circuitry in progressive increase are being executed in wearable healthcare and lifestyle applications due to AE's robustness to environmental interference.  ...  AE AMPLIFIER ARCHITECTURES In an AE-based EEG system, the choice of either a buffer or an instrumentation amplifier (IA) is an important architectural decision.  ... 
doi:10.33564/ijeast.2019.v04i07.046 fatcat:37mzod6p25dyxp4ecq3vnotdsa

Towards Reconfigurable Embedded Medical Systems

Tammara Massey, Foad Dabiri, Roozbeh Jafari, Hyduke Noshadi, Philip Brisk, William Kaiser, Majid Sarrafzadeh
2007 2007 Joint Workshop on High Confidence Medical Devices, Software, and Systems and Medical Device Plug-and-Play Interoperability (HCMDSS-MDPnP 2007)  
We present several reconfigurable design techniques for light-weight medical systems that demonstrate how one can make efficient use of limited resources and balance the tradeoffs between power consumption  ...  Devices used in medical systems that are life critical must be able to take the necessary action in response to an anomaly, such as the patient undergoing a heart attack or a stroke.  ...  sensors as they are added and a lightweight software layer allows the system to adapt to the new sensors. • CustoMed (Customizable Medical Devices) is a novel, fully-wearable architecture that reduces  ... 
doi:10.1109/hcmdss-mdpnp.2007.7 fatcat:w5wmwkwzlre6losbnrzk6d7lom

A Computer System for Accessing Ambient Display and Computing Resources in Wearable Environments

Harvey Vrsalovic, Matthew Hornyak, Lu Luo, Daniel Siewiorek, Asim Smailagic
2006 Wearable Computers (ISWC), Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on  
We present a novel mobile computer system and network architecture that overcomes display and CPU limitations on wearable devices.  ...  Our results show improvements in user interface latency and power-efficiency versus existing methods.  ...  Network Impact Analysis One of the key differences in the way that our sys-tem works versus VNC-like systems is that our system sends a large amount of data to "preload" the file so that later control  ... 
doi:10.1109/iswc.2006.286357 dblp:conf/iswc/VrsalovicHLSS06 fatcat:v5afnrjgxjdhfdlxmakx7etmwu

A Wearable Face Recognition System on Google Glass for Assisting Social Interactions [chapter]

Bappaditya Mandal, Shue-Ching Chia, Liyuan Li, Vijay Chandrasekhar, Cheston Tan, Joo-Hwee Lim
2015 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
In this paper, we present a wearable face recognition (FR) system on Google Glass (GG) to assist users in social interactions. FR is the first step towards face-to-face social interactions.  ...  To be useful in natural social interaction scenarios, the system should be robust to changes in face pose, scale and lighting conditions. OpenCV face detection is implemented in GG.  ...  To investigate the tradeoff between computational complexity and privacy protection level, we designed and implemented two types of architectures for the system: 1.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-16634-6_31 fatcat:w25sge5ohzdf3k7xs22ankuiym

Wearable Electroencephalography

Alexander Casson, David Yates, Shelagh Smith, John Duncan, Esther Rodriguez-Villegas
2010 IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine  
long-term wearable EEG systems in epilepsy.  ...  These questions can only be answered in controlled experiments once wearable EEG systems are in place.  ...  ., where she leads a team of nine Ph.D. students, specializing on ultralow power electronic circuits and systems for truly wearable physiological monitoring.  ... 
doi:10.1109/memb.2010.936545 pmid:20659857 fatcat:gjs7gx43vnecbp3wd6hzq7ripi

Multi-core architecture design for ultra-low-power wearable health monitoring systems

A. Y. Dogan, J. Constantin, M. Ruggiero, A. Burg, D. Atienza
2012 2012 Design, Automation & Test in Europe Conference & Exhibition (DATE)  
This architecture also includes broadcasting mechanisms for the data and instruction memories to optimize system energy consumption by tailoring memory sharing to the target application.  ...  To extend the lifetime of health monitoring systems, we propose a near-threshold ultralow-power multi-core architecture featuring low-power cores, yet capable of executing biomedical applications, with  ...  CONCLUSION In this paper, we have explored power/performance tradeoffs between different multi-core architectures for wearable health monitoring systems which exploit existing highly parallel computation  ... 
doi:10.1109/date.2012.6176640 dblp:conf/date/DoganCRBA12 fatcat:utiy7ek6l5fn7ivr72jiwl2tnm

ePhysio: A Wearables-Enabled Platform for the Remote Management of Musculoskeletal Diseases

Carlo Vallati, Antonio Virdis, Marco Gesi, Nicola Carbonaro, Alessandro Tognetti
2018 Sensors  
In this context, wearable sensors represent the building block for new cyber-physical social systems, which aim at improving the well-being of people by monitoring and measuring their activities and provide  ...  We then propose three related deployments, highlighting the technologies that can be applied in a real system.  ...  Acknowledgments: The authors would like to thank the students Barbarulo Francesco and Federico Garzelli for their invaluable help in the implementation of the prototype of the platform.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s19010002 fatcat:cgmvjayu7rez5bilb6ptwqa2iu

Rc5 Algorithm: Potential Cipher Solution for Security in Wireless Body Sensor Networks (Wbsn)

Dhanashri H Gawali
2012 International Journal of Advanced Smart Sensor Network Systems  
RC5 is a highly efficient and flexible cryptographic algorithm, for which many parameters (key size, block size, number of rounds) can be adjusted to tradeoff security strength with power consumption and  ...  In this paper we focus on RC5 encryption algorithm as a potential cipher solution for providing data protection in WBSN.  ...  Recent advances in embedded systems, microelectronics, sensors and wireless networking enable the design of wearable advanced health monitoring systems.  ... 
doi:10.5121/ijassn.2012.2301 fatcat:4otxr2ml2ndkzjvznyqsuj4b24

Active Electrodes for Wearable EEG Acquisition: Review and Electronics Design Methodology

Jiawei Xu, Srinjoy Mitra, Chris Van Hoof, Refet Firat Yazicioglu, Kofi A. A. Makinwa
2017 IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering  
This paper reviews state-of-the-art bio-amplifier architectures and low-power analog circuits design techniques intended for wearable EEG acquisition, with a special focus on AE system interfaced with  ...  Active Electrodes (AE), i.e. electrodes with built-in readout circuitry, are increasingly being implemented in wearable healthcare and lifestyle applications due to AE's robustness to environmental interference  ...  AE AMPLIFIER ARCHITECTURES In an AE-based EEG system, the choice of either a buffer or an instrumentation amplifier (IA) is an important architectural decision.  ... 
doi:10.1109/rbme.2017.2656388 pmid:28113349 fatcat:vitwmvsbqrhndjenzjegxe7thu

Cloudified and Software Defined 5G Networks: Architecture, Solutions, and Emerging Applications

Yin Zhang, Min Chen, Roy "Xiaorong" Lai
2016 Journal on spesial topics in mobile networks and applications  
In particular, the authors develop a metric for tradeoff decision making that can maximize energy saving while maintain strict latency requirements of user applications in the 5G system.  ...  calls for significant advances in system architecture design and development for the tremendous increase of mobile traffic, the omnipresence of mobile services and the ever-increasing mobile devices.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11036-016-0762-0 fatcat:6wkuywb4yzdxtaoytpi4uobiyu

Wearable Medical Devices: High-Level System Design Considerations and Tradeoffs

Esther Rodriguez-Villegas, Saam Iranmanesh, Syed Anas Imtiaz
2018 IEEE Solid-State Circuits Magazine  
Recent estimates show an annual growth of 17% in wearable devices in the year 2017 with over 300 million devices being sold.  ...  In this paper, we will first look at the need for wearable devices to improve healthcare in order to understand and define a set of E. Rodriguez-Villegas, S. Iranmanesh and S. A.  ...  Ultimately, the tradeoffs required to meet mentioned specifications are highly dependent on the IA architecture and the type of circuitry used to compensate for the amplifier non-idealities, and these  ... 
doi:10.1109/mssc.2018.2867247 fatcat:ilhfeokha5emxoz7fln7zxhs3q

An IoT Smart Environment in Support of Disease Diagnosis Decentralization

Alessandro Andreadis, Riccardo Zambon
2020 Electronics  
Inspiring to research outcomes, in this work an architecture is designed to detect falls in crowded indoor environments during events/exhibitions, for favoring a timely and effective intervention.  ...  The architecture designed here aims to provide a step forward concerning the extension of smart monitoring environments for the detection of falls and early signs of pathologies in everyday life, in a  ...  Figure 2 . 2 Architecture of fall detection and gait monitoring system. Figure 2 . 2 Architecture of fall detection and gait monitoring system. Figure 3 . 3 Wearable device components.  ... 
doi:10.3390/electronics9122108 fatcat:wvaeltqapzayfiwh3hpl34rm3u

A Review of ARM Processor Architecture History, Progress and Applications

Muhammad Nabeel Asghar
2020 Journal of Applied and Emerging Sciences  
Globally, over 50 billion ARM architecture based embedded chips of 32-bit and 64-bit instruction set architecture are commonly used and produced in quantity perspective since 2014.  ...  In our daily life most of the people uses and depends upon a penalty of electrical and automotive devices which have now become an essential part of their daily life.  ...  They combine those features in a perfor-mance, power and area optimization, making them the trusted choice in consistent systems demanding high error resistance [13] .  ... 
doi:10.36785/buitems.jaes.446 fatcat:fhgc7pvv2beynfvxc26mrlmk7y

Visual Vocabulary Processor Based on Binary Tree Architecture for Real-Time Object Recognition in Full-HD Resolution

Tse-Wei Chen, Yu-Chi Su, Keng-Yen Huang, Yi-Min Tsai, Shao-Yi Chien, Liang-Gee Chen
2012 IEEE Transactions on Very Large Scale Integration (vlsi) Systems  
Index Terms-Computer vision, digital circuit, hardware architecture, object recognition, system-on-a-chip (SoC).  ...  are designed for each of the two processors in each level.  ...  Therefore, based on the tradeoff between the hardware area and the accuracy, six levels are selected as the optimal solution in the system.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tvlsi.2011.2170203 fatcat:xqz2ps2g6ndu3gytm5mlrb3rym

Technical Perspectives of Contact-Tracing Applications on Wearables for COVID-19 Control

Viktoriia Shubina, Aleksandr Ometov, Elena Simona Lohan
2020 2020 12th International Congress on Ultra Modern Telecommunications and Control Systems and Workshops (ICUMT)  
Based on extensive literature research, we conclude that decentralized architectures generally offer a better place in a trade-off in terms of accuracy and user eagerness to adopt them, taking into account  ...  in tackling the spread of a highly contagious virus.  ...  authors gratefully acknowledge funding from European Union's Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska Curie grant agreement No. 813278 (A-WEAR: A network for dynamic wearable  ... 
doi:10.1109/icumt51630.2020.9222246 dblp:conf/icumt/ShubinaOL20 fatcat:tsszc53u4rg4rjstsaqbsdwhhu
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