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The relations among various languages and models for distributed computation and va."ious possible definitions of fairness are considered. ... Finally, the notion of fairness most often mentioned for Ada is shown to be fully acceptable. ... Acknowledgements We thank Luc Bouge for helpful comments and discussions on the subject of this paper. The work reported was carried out during a visit of the first author in the CS dept, Technion. ...doi:10.1007/bf01872848 fatcat:vyjerze5xnhzjpb65oe6i6im5u
Consistent with Kunnan (2018), fairness was conceived as a test quality, while justice was a quality of the social entity administering the test; which in this study was the language program. ... Fairness and justice are key aspects in the evaluation of language assessments. In this paper, I argue that fairness and justice are subjective perceptions of test takers. ... His research interests cover fairness and justice in language testing, language teaching and learning, and L2 listening comprehension. Email: email@example.com ...doi:10.18823/asiatefl.2018.15.4.11.1051 fatcat:tyhldu54ivdxddpgwseymehlzm
Relying on research on fairness in organizations and corporate ethics practices, we explain why the extensive involvement of HR in corporate ethics programs is important to the perceived fairness, and ... This is because ethics management efforts are likely to raise questions of fairness, and trigger a fairness heuristic among employees that can generate important outcomes for the ethics program specifically ... Therefore, appraisals become a key vehicle for conveying information about distributive justice (fair outcomes) in the organization. ...doi:10.1016/s1053-4822(00)00043-7 fatcat:i2fw4f746fgczmkmjcnv56ikp4
The Modern Language Journal
It is neither fair to the teacher, nor sound in principle. Much more planning than this is necessary to assure the eventual success of a language program for our public schools. ... At the present moment, enthusiasm for mod- ern languages has gone far ahead of realistic appraisal of the language picture. ...
a need for change. ... A perceived lack of motivation and a dissatisfaction among English language teachers together with the evidence of failure rates in English proficiency tests within the School of Foreign Languages signaled ... In addition to the English Preparatory Program, the School offers Undergraduate and Graduate English Programs and a compulsory second foreign languages (chosen from French, German, Italian, Greek, Portuguese ...doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2009.01.022 fatcat:d5b36rvv7vdm7cfarcirsc2s3i
It is neither fair to the teacher, nor sound in principle. Much more planning than this is necessary to assure the eventual success of a language program for our public schools. ... At the present moment, enthusiasm for mod- ern languages has gone far ahead of realistic appraisal of the language picture. ...doi:10.2307/319924 fatcat:7dgepvxvdfd4nplpgnsigoulc4
This program starts off with a banquet for members and parents in January, and includes eve¬ ning meetings of instruction, field trips in summer, a judging team showing at both state and local fairs, and ... a bank- paid trip to the state fair for all mem¬ bers. ...
the English literature with the theoretical framework of the attitudinal system in appraisal theory. ... He is undoubtedly the leader and pioneer of Chinese revolution. (3) Among 1854 language representations, positive attitudinal resources account for as much as 70%, which has important enlightenment in ... Acknowledgments is study was supported by projects named First-Class Online and Offline Blended IT English Course in Guangdong Province (published in 2020, No. 16) and First-Class Online and Offline Blended ...doi:10.1155/2022/1875774 fatcat:w224ojygufcerfa6hq5hfz76ji
each sentence and term in the Sales Comparison ATP; and (4) a roadmap for how profit participants may be able to leverage the Sales Comparison ATP to preserve their rights as entertainment conglomerates ... increasingly use their own streaming platforms to exhibit the valuable library television programs that they own. ... One of the issues in the TWD initial-phase contract interpretation trial was whether AMC's MAGR Definition applied to the plaintiffs' contracts, even though the definition did not exist when the plaintiffs ...doi:10.5070/lr828153856 fatcat:4hn3kxsbtfe55bbjsatirhkvqa
Methods We conducted a systematic search in MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library for English and German-language guideline appraisal tools published after 1995. ... In addition, an appraisal of content of the guideline development process and an appraisal of clinical content are often lacking. ...doi:10.1136/bmjqs-2013-002293.67 fatcat:fnm2tzsk55enpdp4taqb4q74du
programming language. ... Indeed, this ambitious and interesting programme can only be appraised against its future applications. The volume we review here is about the language CIP-L used in the CIP project. ...
Methods We conducted a systematic search in MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library for English and German-language guideline appraisal tools published after 1995. ... In addition, an appraisal of content of the guideline development process and an appraisal of clinical content are often lacking. ...doi:10.1136/bmjqs-2013-002293.66 fatcat:lt74qdoiurgrznqz42mrkicdte
Various programming tools, languages, and environments give programmers the impression of changing a program while it is running. ... Besides other characteristics the results show that the field of exploratory programming is mostly about technical designs and empirical studies on tools for general-purpose programming. ... Program. ...doi:10.22152/programming-journal.org/2019/3/1 fatcat:h2gdeo4bkrbadph6v2nkbw4gri
An adapted questionnaire was distributed. ... In this study the moderating effect of social capital on the relationship of performance improvement practices and organizational performance has been undertaken in Meezan bank Ltd. ... For the purpose of this study we would be taking only four PIPs under consideration. These are training & development, employee involvement, rewards programs and fair performance appraisal. ...doi:10.31580/jei.v4i2.95 fatcat:gedmm2bxrvgebi3vzezwck6fwm
The findings suggest that the trade-off relationship between the Fairness and Authority foundations plays a key role in online language communication. ... The results showed that endorsement of the Fairness and Authority foundations predicted the word frequency in the J-MFD across all five foundations. ... The J-MFD and a computer program for Japanese word segmentation are publicly available online 1 . ...doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2021.599024 pmid:33995173 pmcid:PMC8120267 fatcat:ypubxr2b5neenfkbe7bm5drdnq
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