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Applying Universal Dependency to the Arapaho Language

Irina Wagner, Andrew Cowell, Jena D. Hwang
2016 Proceedings of the 10th Linguistic Annotation Workshop held in conjunction with ACL 2016 (LAW-X 2016)  
This paper discusses the use of Universal Dependency for annotations of a Native North American language Arapaho (Algonquian).  ...  While some relations of the universal dependency perfectly correspond with those in Arapaho, language specific annotations of verbal arguments elucidate problems of assuming certain syntactic categories  ...  We are especially thankful to the Northern Arapaho tribe for allowing us to conduct the work with their language.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/w16-1719 dblp:conf/acllaw/WagnerCH16 fatcat:zj5f5itj6zccncs3ywaqugjofy

Linguistic Typology meets Universal Dependencies

William Croft, Dawn Nordquist, Katherine Looney, Michael Regan
2017 International Workshop on Treebanks and Linguistic Theories  
Current work on universal dependency schemes in NLP does not make reference to the extensive typological research on language universals, but could benefit since many principles are shared between the  ...  be based primarily on universal construction types over language-specific strategies; syntactic dependency labels should match lexical feature names for the same function; dependencies should be based  ...  Introduction A number of parsing and tagging schemes have recently been proposed that aim to be universal across languages, including the Universal Stanford Dependencies (USD; de Marneffe et al.  ... 
dblp:conf/tlt/CroftNLR17 fatcat:5eeemasmijafjpxjzs2hul3zou

The Early History and the Names of the Arapaho

Hugh Lenox Scott
1907 American Anthropologist  
he had gained a complete knowledge of the language of s i p s , universally current among them."  ...  It is pronounced A-rd-pnhde and it applies to the Indian tribe known by that name."  ...  name Gros Ventres was in 175 I ; that this tribe migrated from the north in 1818 and lived on the southern plains with the Arapaho until 1823, when they returned to the Blackfeet in the north ; that the  ... 
doi:10.1525/aa.1907.9.3.02a00110 fatcat:tnbmmvuywndzhox75mxrgx4oyu

The Cheyenne-Arapaho and Alcoholism: Does the Tribe Have a Legal Right to a Medical Remedy?

Robert A. Fairbanks
1973 American Indian Law Review  
appellation "drunken Indian" could correctly be applied to the Cheyenne-Arapaho Indians.  ...  leader's ability to keep the tribe unified. 5 Perhaps the most distressing action taken by the government was that of prohibiting Cheyenne-Arapaho children from speaking their native language.  ...  However, this conclusion is shared by an Indian law student at the University of Oklahoma who wishes to remain unidentified.  ... 
doi:10.2307/20067805 fatcat:u5ruspmdxjgilhxl2u53uelylm

The Hawaiian model of language revitalization: problems of extension to mainland native America

Andrew Cowell
2012 International Journal of the Sociology of Language  
This paper offers an analysis of why the Hawaiian model of language revitalization, while quite successful so far in Hawaii, has not extended well to the mainland US and Native America, despite extensive  ...  Hawaii's unique history, and a crucial factor for the current success of language and cultural revitalization there, while being largely absent in Native America.  ...  Use universities and linguists for support, not essential roles. The Hawaiian model in no way depends on professional (especially outsider, non-Hawaiian-speaking) linguists to run immersion programs.  ... 
doi:10.1515/ijsl-2012-0063 fatcat:donzbtmhtvgbvobbjg2hlgoije

The Importance of Accuracy in the Use of Grammatical Terms and Concepts in the Description of the Distinctive Droperties of Plains Algonquian Languages

Avelino Corral Esteban
2017 Journal of Language and Education  
Indo-European languages, –, I have observed that some languages cannot be accurately described if we use the grammatical terms and concepts commonly applied to the analysis of extensively studied languages  ...  The subject of this paper was inspired by my collaboration on a project involving the long-term histories of grammatical traditions led by Dr. Philomen Probert at the University of Oxford.  ...  shared their knowledge of the Cheyenne language with me.  ... 
doi:10.17323/2411-7390-2017-3-3-6-38 fatcat:2wva7anz7naijaljffu4n4riga

Measuring the Value of Linguistics: A Case Study from St. Lawrence Island Yupik

Emily Chen
2019 Proceedings of the 57th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Student Research Workshop  
The adaptation of neural approaches to NLP is a landmark achievement that has called into question the utility of linguistics in the development of computational systems.  ...  This research proposal consequently explores this question in the context of a neural morphological analyzer for a polysynthetic language, St. Lawrence Island Yupik.  ...  Special thanks to the Yupik speakers who have shared their language and culture with us.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/p19-2004 dblp:conf/acl/Chen19 fatcat:vprmwzsuxfevrnfxt3ouyejv5m

A Summary of the First Workshop on Language Technology for Language Documentation and Revitalization [article]

Graham Neubig, Shruti Rijhwani, Alexis Palmer, Jordan MacKenzie, Hilaria Cruz, Xinjian Li, Matthew Lee, Aditi Chaudhary, Luke Gessler, Steven Abney, Shirley Anugrah Hayati, Antonios Anastasopoulos (+12 others)
2020 arXiv   pre-print
In August 2019, a workshop was held at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh to attempt to bring together language community members, documentary linguists, and technologists to discuss how to bridge  ...  Despite recent advances in natural language processing and other language technology, the application of such technology to language documentation and conservation has been limited.  ...  The authors thank all participants in the workshop. The workshop and this report were supported in part by NSF Award No. 1761548.  ... 
arXiv:2004.13203v1 fatcat:qslo5auwuzbfpdega3gjwir5ia

Cultural Strengths to Persevere: Native American Women in Higher Education

Stephanie J. Waterman, Lorinda S. Lindley
2013 NASPA Journal About Women In Higher Education  
Beatrice Medicine states bluntly, It is counterproductive to dwell on the paucity of published works on Native American (American Indian) women. ere is virtually no research in this area and no research  ...  agenda for the future (1988, p. 86)....Given the inadequate research base on American Indian (AI) women, one might predict the existence of an even smaller body of knowledge about their education.  ...  When I went back to the University this last time to get my Ph.D., it was di cult.  ... 
doi:10.1515/njawhe-2013-0011 fatcat:zonfhepp65dsbmttwhgeygvxwu


1896 Science  
A comparison was made with reference to accuracy and rapidity in the three cases. Special contractions depending on the particular language employed were also illustrated.  ...  As a further test in order that no advantage should be given to either, each of the systems was applied to a strictly phonographic tongue (Polynesian) outside of the Indo-European family of languages.  ... 
doi:10.1126/science.3.69.641 fatcat:5xnbgur5mfcuxfv23oz4oui4tq

The Poetics of Arapaho Storytelling: From Salvage to Performance

Andrew Cowell
2002 Oral Tradition  
That information would be even more useful for those working with native language texts. University of Colorado at Boulder heetneeckoohunYou are going home."  ...  In this paper, I would like to apply the two methods mentioned above not as competing forms of textualization, but rather as complementary approaches to analyzing one Native American (Arapaho) text.  ... 
doaj:3faa88e370b940f48faa0a3c9da53ed3 fatcat:lwr53tasvnazvbrxtug6ztq27e

Decorative Symbolism of the Arapaho

A. L. Kroeber
1901 American Anthropologist  
cannot be applied to special cases but merely tends to be true.  ...  It is universal because it is necessary.  ... 

The Journey from Ex Parte Crow Dog to Littlechief: A Survey of Tribal Civil and Criminal Jurisdiction in Western Oklahoma

F. Browning Pipestem
1978 American Indian Law Review  
Remember, gentlemen, we say in plain, clear language that, as to every Indian tribe and as to the land of every Indian tribe, none of these twenty-four sections which apply to the white people shall operate  ...  applies as well to questions of civil jurisdiction.  ...  Judge Murrah did not apply current law to the second Tooisgah case.  ... 
doi:10.2307/20068050 fatcat:brcq26brrjfctpkoujasvuaz6a

Environmental Predictors of Human West Nile Virus Infections, Colorado

Jennifer L. Patnaik, Lara Juliusson, Richard L. Vogt
2007 Emerging Infectious Diseases  
Birds successfully predicted the highest proportion of human cases, followed by mosquito pools, and equines.  ...  To determine whether environmental surveillance of West Nile Virus-positive dead birds, mosquito pools, equines, and sentinel chickens helped predict human cases in metropolitan Denver, Colorado, during  ...  Currently, she is a doctoral student in the epidemiology program at the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center.  ... 
doi:10.3201/eid1311.070506 pmid:18217573 pmcid:PMC3375805 fatcat:ksj4sgha5vahzf42b4lqppp7xm

Is This a System? Comment on Osborn's "Ecological Aspects of Equestrian Adaptations in Aboriginal North America"

Jerrold E. Levy
1984 American Anthropologist  
In University of Evolution of The Village. Kent V. Flannery, ed. pp 162-173. New York: Academic Press Kleinbaum, David G. per 1978 Applied Regression Analysis Other Multivariate Methods.  ...  Wichita Agency is adjacent to the Kiowa Agency and is given the same severity index. b The Cheyenne and Arapaho Agency is adjacent to the Kiowa Agency.  ... 
doi:10.1525/aa.1984.86.4.02a00120 fatcat:7yvf6zxvc5d3neqn4xovclcpdi
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