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Applying Deutsch's concept of good explanations to artificial intelligence and neuroscience – an initial exploration [article]

Daniel C. Elton
2020 arXiv   pre-print
We explore what role hard-to-vary explanations play in intelligence by looking at the human brain and distinguish two learning systems in the brain.  ...  Artificial intelligence has made great strides since the deep learning revolution, but AI systems still struggle to extrapolate outside of their training data and adapt to new situations.  ...  Hackethal and Ella Hoeppner, both of whom have written about Popperian epistemology and AI.  ... 
arXiv:2012.09318v1 fatcat:xcp5uto65bbpfftfvdiv4ajog4

Understanding understanding and ambiguity in natural language

Philip Jackson
2020 Procedia Computer Science  
The discussion considers whether and how an artificial cognitive system could use a 'natural language of thought', and whether the ambiguities of natural language would be a theoretical barrier or could  ...  The discussion considers whether and how an artificial cognitive system could use a 'natural language of thought', and whether the ambiguities of natural language would be a theoretical barrier or could  ...  This applies both to understanding natural language and to understanding in general for human intelligence.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.procs.2020.02.138 fatcat:csyhghww75bxtbmwp4mchbwiue

Physics of brain-mind interaction

John C. Eccles
1990 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
Penrose has produced an accessible, Information-packed compilation over a wide-ranging selection of difficult topics. One  ...  Expert systems, which are artificial extensions (amplifiers) of human intelligence, are a good example. And then a miracle happens -. . Keith E.  ...  Artificial intelligence is the science concerned with understanding intelligent behaviour and how it can be created in the artificial.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x00080778 fatcat:hsnvygzhgnckdk3wqswlr3b63y

Betting your life on an algorithm

Daniel C. Dennett
1990 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
Expert systems, which are artificial extensions (amplifiers) of human intelligence, are a good example. And then a miracle happens -. . Keith E.  ...  Artificial intelligence is the science concerned with understanding intelligent behaviour and how it can be created in the artificial.  ...  My argument against the scientific explanation of consciousness can be also applied against algorithmic explanation.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x00080742 fatcat:oksxbigvojgmfnrkc73qgp3qmq

The reification of metaphor as a design tool

Alan F. Blackwell
2006 ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction  
Working from these two streams of evidence, we find new insights into the way that theories in HCI are related to interface design, and offer recommendations regarding approaches to future UI design research  ...  This article investigates the history of ideas behind userinterface (UI) metaphor, not only technical developments, but also less familiar perspectives from education, philosophy, and the sociology of  ...  It was developed initially as a component of Card and Moran's work, and made explicit in a methodology for UI design published first in an internal 11 Some artificial intelligence researchers even suggested  ... 
doi:10.1145/1188816.1188820 fatcat:ymac3b66zjgpljd3jwwojgpd6m

The Ghost in the Quantum Turing Machine [article]

Scott Aaronson
2013 arXiv   pre-print
I also compare the viewpoint explored here to the more radical speculations of Roger Penrose.  ...  The result of all this is an unusual perspective on time, quantum mechanics, and causation, of which I myself remain skeptical, but which has several appealing features.  ...  Barry Cooper and Andrew Hodges for "commissioning" this essay, and for their near-infinite patience humoring my delays with it.  ... 
arXiv:1306.0159v2 fatcat:bhn6y7jtfnex3jr46gh3twkl4i

Art Marketing 101: A Handbook for the Fine Artist

George Shortess
2006 Leonardo: Journal of the International Society for the Arts, Sciences and Technology  
the basics of Artificial Life or the older science of Artificial Intelligence.  ...  The Aegina Academy emerged from a generous gesture by an individual artist and is a reflection of Deutsch's energy in his creative work with the film medium and his exploration of public interfaces.  ...  February 2006 Aesthetics and Visualization in Chemistry (Including Virtual Art Exhibition: Chemistry in Art), edited by Tami I. Spector and Joachim Schummer. Reviewed by Amy Ione.  ... 
doi:10.1162/leon.2006.39.3.265 fatcat:ja5y5iqgsre7dn3xom5y6oisuu

Interactions between Medicine and the Arts

Wolfgang Schütz
2020 Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift  
Perhaps that is an explanation.  ...  The third category would be the mechanical-specifically, the technological development reaching from automatons to computer-controlled artificial intelligence.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00508-020-01706-w pmid:32885285 fatcat:j67dk5juxfcnlo2uldlmxvwnhi

Voronoi polygons and self-consistent technique used to compute the airflow resistivity of randomly placed fibers in glass wool

Viggo Tarnow
2002 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
Recent research in music cognition, artificial intelligence, and music theory has produced a repertoire of techniques that can make the behavior of computer programs more musical.  ...  This correction function was applied to the STI ranges corresponding to certain intelligibility categories ͑bad-excellent͒.  ...  EK transmission occurs when an applied voltage drives ionic ͑and thus fluidic͒ currents in an electrolytesaturated material.  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.4809175 fatcat:jqxtrgkn2fcf3a7vzsp2u56akm

Transcendental Nonsense, Metaphoric Reasoning, and the Cognitive Stakes for Law

Steven L. Winter
1989 University of Pennsylvania law review  
, anthropology, artificial intelligence, and philosophy.  ...  The general development of this approach in the field of artificial intelligence as a technique for the study of the human brain goes under the name "connectionism." See P.  ...  passion." 399 Holmes acknowledges "the possibility" that the power of this passion might be such "that trial court and counsel saw no other way of avoiding an immediate outbreak of the mob" -i.e., that  ... 
doi:10.2307/3312131 fatcat:nsmtipffwzdtlb7dwctonwr6sq

The case for applied history of medicine, and the place of Wigan

H. Isler, M. Regard
1985 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
This essay offers an initial attempt to meet both objectives.  ...  As the phrenologically oriented French neurologist, Jean Baptiste Bouillaud, put it in his 1825 Traite: "We have a double intelligence: an intelligence on the right and an intelligence on the left" (Bouillaud  ...  Bogen, and boxed) but also to the many whose interest in the dual brain includes an interest in its historical origins.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x00045416 fatcat:3zqacfu4pff5pp2gtdl7jhybsi

Hardwired Freedom: Illusion as a Vehicle for Moral Responsibility [article]

Bartlomiej A. Lenart
2007
This essay also explores the possibility of the compatibility of freedom and quantum indeterminacy as found in Robert Nozick's contemplations in his Philosophical Explanations.  ...  The reactive attitudes and McDermott's conception of self-modelling (along with the illusionism inherent in McDermott's self-model view) reinforce each other.  ...  Researchers in the field of Artificial Intelligence (AI) have taken this analogy quite seriously and many, in fact, posit that the human brain is nothing more than a biological computer. Drew V.  ... 
doi:10.7939/r33j39c60 fatcat:h34zev7uqnehjbenx7xdfcq56y

The Ghost in the Quantum Turing Machine [chapter]

Scott Aaronson, S. Barry Cooper, Andrew Hodges
The Once and Future Turing  
I also compare the viewpoint explored here to the more radical speculations of Roger Penrose.  ...  The result of all this is an unusual perspective on time, quantum mechanics, and causation, of which I myself remain skeptical, but which has several appealing features.  ...  Barry Cooper and Andrew Hodges for "commissioning" this essay, and for their near-infinite patience humoring my delays with it.  ... 
doi:10.1017/cbo9780511863196.018 fatcat:d6votjezqbazzngjqm5j3euh6e

Second language learning and academic achievement revisited : a connectionist deconstruction of the cognitive consequences of bilingualism

Anne Hawson
1996
The original Threshold Hypothesis proposed in 1976 by Cummins as a reasonable explanation of the data gathered to that date on the cognitive consequences of learning a second language has gained widespread  ...  An examination of the critiques of the hypothesis as well as the responses invoked by these critiques reveals that much of the criticism is well-founded.  ...  of neuroscience, cognitive psychology, and artificial intelligence.  ... 
doi:10.14288/1.0054740 fatcat:m4z5sgaawnhmdhgkg7ltofflda

The inside without and the outside within: a philosophical, developmental and clinical study of borderline experience

Paul Cammell
2017
I argue that the borderline concept has become a problematic limit concept that requires an interpretative framework of elucidation to understand how it is applied in developmental theories and clinical  ...  This work is a multidisciplinary project that explores the "borderline" concept as it is adopted in psychological, psychiatric and psychoanalytic theory in notions of "borderline phenomena", "borderline  ...  of scientific or naturalistic approaches to thinking, selfhood and experience in research fields such as cognitive science and artificial intelligence but also, more relevantly to my study, in experimental  ... 
doi:10.4225/03/5898148d5db87 fatcat:qmb4e5sr45dz5dtiscyzwdqqp4
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