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Fitting Software Execution-Time Exceedance into a Residual Random Fault in ISO-26262

Irune Agirre, Francisco J. Cazorla, Jaume Abella, Carles Hernandez, Enrico Mezzetti, Mikel Azkarate-askatsua, Tullio Vardanega
2018 IEEE Transactions on Reliability  
To this end, we propose a solution that should allow ISO-26262 to quantify the likelihood of executiontime exceedance events, relating it to target failure metrics employed in support of certification  ...  ISO-26262, the dominant standard for road vehicles, regards software faults as systematic, while differentiating hardware faults between systematic and random.  ...  This work used proceeds of the CONCERTO project (ARTEMIS-JU grant nr. 333053), which we gratefully acknowledge: Intecs SpA, lead of CONCERTO, provided the sources of the automotive application, and the  ... 
doi:10.1109/tr.2018.2828222 fatcat:hzlyp72zbbeiblztko4pesegse

A Taxonomy to Unify Fault Tolerance Regimes for Automotive Systems: Defining Fail-Operational, Fail-Degraded, and Fail-Safe [article]

Torben Stolte, Stefan Ackermann, Robert Graubohm, Inga Jatzkowski, Björn Klamann, Hermann Winner, Markus Maurer
2021 arXiv   pre-print
The presented taxonomy is based on terminology stemming from ISO 26262 as well as from systems engineering. It uses four criteria to distinguish fault tolerance regimes.  ...  In addition to fail-operational, fail-degraded, and fail-safe, the core terminology consists of operational and fail-unsafe.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors would like to thank Moritz Lippert and Tom Michael Gasser for discussing the contents of this paper as well as Sonja Luther and Ibrahim Khan for proofreading.  ... 
arXiv:2106.11042v3 fatcat:kbsmdyjdbzcbrhqpqg74tcyhaq

Threat and Risk Assessment Methodologies in the Automotive Domain

Georg Macher, Eric Armengaud, Eugen Brenner, Christian Kreiner
2016 Procedia Computer Science  
Replacement of classical mechanical systems with safety-critical embedded systems raised the awareness of the safety attribute and caused the introduction of the ISO 26262 standard.  ...  In contrast to this, security topics are traditionally seen as attacks of a mechanical nature and as only affecting single vehicles (e.g. door lock and immobilizer related).  ...  As can be seen in the figure, an ISO 26262 conforming HARA analysis (right part of the overview figure) can be performed in a conventional manner.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.procs.2016.04.268 fatcat:ol5nkzr5krfdbihxvbbssa4owi

Early safety evaluation of design decisions in E/E architecture according to ISO 26262

Vladimir Rupanov, Christian Buckl, Ludger Fiege, Michael Armbruster, Alois Knoll, Gernot Spiegelberg
2012 Proceedings of the 3rd international ACM SIGSOFT symposium on Architecting Critical Systems - ISARCS '12  
ISO 26262 addresses development of safe in-vehicle functions by specifying methods potentially used in the design and development lifecycle.  ...  This paper presents an iterative architecture design and refinement process that is centered around ISO 26262 requirements.  ...  In many cases ISO 26262 is seen only as a collection of process practices, which are important for developing a dependable product in limited time [17] .  ... 
doi:10.1145/2304656.2304658 dblp:conf/isarcs/RupanovBFAKS12 fatcat:gofms2gwxvdvxgkpwnimtlia54

Querying Automotive System Models and Safety Artifacts: Tool Support and Case Study

Alessio Di Sandro, Sahar Kokaly, Rick Salay, Marsha Chechik
2020 Journal of Automotive Software Engineering  
approach and show how queries can help achieve compliance with the ISO 26262 standard.  ...  In this paper, we define generic requirements for querying megamodels and demonstrate how to run queries in our Model Management INTeractive (MMINT) framework using the Viatra query engine.  ...  USING QUERIES FOR ISO 26262 COMPLIANCE In this section, we aim to validate the applicability of our approach by using queries to achieve a complete coverage of a fragment of the ISO 26262 standard.  ... 
doi:10.2991/jase.d.200912.001 fatcat:vs5ktnkwprgcra2jdzlcjvfbka

Scenario-Based Safety Assessment Framework for Automated Vehicles [article]

J. Ploeg, E. de Gelder, M. Slavík, E. Querner, T. Webster, N. de Boer
2021 arXiv   pre-print
In particular, the proposed methodology will support the Singaporean Land Transport Authority for road approval of AVs.  ...  This is particularly important in Singapore, being one of the world's most densely populated countries, which is why the Singaporean authorities are currently actively facilitating the deployment of AVs  ...  Acknowledgment The research leading to this paper has been realized with the Centre of Excellence for Testing and Research of Autonomous Vehicles at NTU (CETRAN), Singapore.  ... 
arXiv:2112.09366v1 fatcat:tjdluxs3o5btzlfap27p3yefsu

Online Verification Concept for Autonomous Vehicles – Illustrative Study for a Trajectory Planning Module [article]

Tim Stahl, Matthis Eicher, Johannes Betz, Frank Diermeyer
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Safeguarding a motion planner of an autonomous race vehicle is used to illustrate the procedure and practicability of the framework at hand.  ...  The concept presented for the establishment of a Supervisor is designed in a way to identify and monitor an extensive list of features contributing to safe operation.  ...  Frank Diermeyer gave final approval of the version to be published and agrees to all aspects of the work. As guarantor, he accepts responsibility for the overall integrity of the paper.  ... 
arXiv:2005.07740v1 fatcat:n267mfwi7rdupkiqqiiixc2n5e

Benchmarking LiDAR Sensors for Development and Evaluation of Automotive Perception [article]

Fredrik Schalling, Sebastian Ljungberg, Naveen Mohan
2020 arXiv   pre-print
To meet the stringent needs of safety standards such as ISO 26262 there is a need for efficient quantitative evaluation of the perceived information.  ...  Environment perception and representation are some of the most critical tasks in automated driving.  ...  We also would like to thank our primary collaborator at Scania CV, Hjalmar Lundin for his support and initiation of the project.  ... 
arXiv:2004.13433v1 fatcat:d265btvijrdaniynbx3fif4yza

Exploring the Assessment List for Trustworthy AI in the Context of Advanced Driver-Assistance Systems [article]

Markus Borg, Joshua Bronson, Linus Christensson, Fredrik Olsson, Olof Lennartsson, Elias Sonnsjö, Hamid Ebabi, Martin Karsberg
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is increasingly used in critical applications. Thus, the need for dependable AI systems is rapidly growing.  ...  In 2018, the European Commission appointed experts to a High-Level Expert Group on AI (AI-HLEG).  ...  ISO 26262 does not fit the ML paradigm [5] as prescribed practices such as comprehensive code coverage testing and code reviews miss the target.  ... 
arXiv:2103.09051v1 fatcat:vgeey7c5b5bkdinhqwxqwxefgi

SaSeVAL: A Safety/Security-Aware Approach for Validation of Safety-Critical Systems [article]

Christian Wolschke, Behrooz Sangchoolie, Jacob Simon, Stefan Marksteiner, Tobias Braun, Hayk Hamazaryan
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Hence, the coverage of safety concerns by security testing is assured. Two use cases of vehicle communication and autonomous driving are investigated to prove the applicability of the approach.  ...  In order to identify such attacks and to use them for testing, we propose the systematic approach SaSeVAL for deriving attacks of autonomous vehicles.  ...  the ASIL categorization defined in ISO 26262 [6].  ... 
arXiv:2106.13499v1 fatcat:ke2kblwr5fdgfp6hmcv2aq3lt4

Toward a Consistent Taxonomy for Scenario-Based Development and Test Approaches for Automated Vehicles: A Proposal for a Structuring Framework, a Basic Vocabulary, and its Application

Markus Steimle, Till Menzel, Markus Maurer
2021 IEEE Access  
The results presented in this publication reflect the authors' opinions and not necessarily the opinion of all project participants.  ...  to the PEGASUS project and a project in the PEGASUS family (German abbreviation of Simulationsbasiertes Entwickeln und Testen von automatisiertem Fahren).  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We want to thank Günter Ehmen (OFFIS e.V.) for feedback on the presentation of the UML diagrams.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3123504 fatcat:5r3lzx2rujcwvppcq7wohjcrme

Guest Editors' Introduction: Evolving Critical Systems

Lorcan Coyle, Mike Hinchey, Bashar Nuseibeh, José Luiz Fiadeiro
2010 Computer  
This is addressed in ISO 26262, a forthcoming standard for functional safety of electrical and electronic (E/E) systems in road vehicles.  ...  Electrical/electronic system developers must estimate three parametersexposure (E), controllability (C), and severity (S)-to determine a malfunction's AWIL (Source: ISO/DIS 26262-3, Table 4.)  ...  Mike Hinchey is scientifi c director of Lero and a profes Dieter Lienert and Stefan Kriso describe the emerging functional safety standard for electrical and electronic automotive systems (ISO 26262) and  ... 
doi:10.1109/mc.2010.139 fatcat:fheyc5h4fjg2lebhftiaojmy3u

Ontologiebasierte Entwicklung von Anforderungsspezifikationen im Automotive- Umfeld

Mathias Schraps, Christian Allmann
2012 Softwaretechnik-Trends  
Über die ontologiegestützte Formalisierung von Anforderungsspezifikationen kann eine durchgängige Anforderungssemantik von der Formulierung bis hin zu deren Umsetzung im Modell und Nachverfolgung in weiteren  ...  Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers: IEEE 830 : IEEE Recommended Practice for Software Requirements Specification.  ...  IEEE, 1998. [3] International Organization for Standardization: ISO 26262 : Road vehicles -Functional safety. ISO, 2011. [4] Hitzler P, Krötzsch M, Rudolph S, Sure Y: Semantic Web : Grundlagen.  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf03323509 fatcat:3h5fjj2kgrdj5bildynchqze5u

Managing Assurance Cases in Model Based Software Systems

Sahar Kokaly
2017 2017 IEEE/ACM 39th International Conference on Software Engineering Companion (ICSE-C)  
Although the main contributions of this thesis are not domain specific, for validation, we ground our approaches in the automotive domain and the ISO 26262 standard for functional safety of road vehicles  ...  In this context, compliance of software with standards has emerged as a key issue.  ...  Guideline on ISO 26262 (informative) Overview The 10 parts of ISO 26262. Figure 6 . 6 : 66 ASIL decomposition schemes from ISO 26262. Figure 6 Figure 6 . 8 : 668 Goal refinement in ISO 26262.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icse-c.2017.44 dblp:conf/icse/Kokaly17 fatcat:bwtpzkmqrzhzpc4jm3lupevgmq

Qualifying Software Tools, a Systems Approach [chapter]

Fredrik Asplund, Jad El-khoury, Martin Törngren
2012 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
This problem is aggravated by an increase both in automation of tool integration and the size of development environments.  ...  While the qualification of software tools has been included in several such standards, how to handle the safety implications of tools integrated into tool chains has been largely ignored.  ...  We thank all participants of the ARTEMIS iFEST project, who have given us continuous access to an additional breadth of expertise on and experience of software engineering in relation to the life cycle  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-33678-2_29 fatcat:ttquluy7rfcobauiarmn5rgsim
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