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Efficient CNN Implementation for Eye-Gaze Estimation on Low-Power/Low-Quality Consumer Imaging Systems [article]

Joseph Lemley, Anuradha Kar, Alexandru Drimbarean, Peter Corcoran
2018 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper a new hardware friendly, convolutional neural network model with minimal computational requirements is introduced and assessed for efficient appearance-based gaze estimation.  ...  The model is tested and compared against existing appearance based CNN approaches, achieving better eye gaze accuracy with significantly fewer computational requirements.  ...  This work is also supported by an Irish Research Council Employment Based Programme Award. Project ID: EBPPG/2016/280.  ... 
arXiv:1806.10890v1 fatcat:cp6k4rx3gzc33morknlhcpw7di

Convolutional Neural Network Implementation for Eye-Gaze Estimation on Low-Quality Consumer Imaging Systems

Joseph Lemley, Anuradha Kar, Alexandru Drimbarean, Peter Corcoran
2019 IEEE transactions on consumer electronics  
In this paper a new hardware friendly, convolutional neural network model with minimal computational requirements is introduced and assessed for efficient appearance-based gaze estimation.  ...  The model is tested and compared against existing appearance based CNN approaches, achieving better eye gaze accuracy with significantly fewer computational requirements.  ...  The Kinect sensor is used in [27] for gaze estimation using free head motion along with the iris center localization method and geometric constraints-based eyeball center estimation. 4) Appearance-Based  ... 
doi:10.1109/tce.2019.2899869 fatcat:mker4tuvujevdackzb2m6ubgu4

A Review and Analysis of Eye-Gaze Estimation Systems, Algorithms and Performance Evaluation Methods in Consumer Platforms

Anuradha Kar, Peter Corcoran
2017 IEEE Access  
Several generic eye gaze use-cases are identified: desktop, TV, head-mounted, automotive and handheld devices.  ...  In this paper a review is presented of the research on eye gaze estimation techniques and applications, that has progressed in diverse ways over the past two decades.  ...  Another work [63] reports the use of Kinect and a simple low cost setup for 3D model based gaze estimation allowing free head motion.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2017.2735633 fatcat:pwicvsix3berjmktz3my3lahga

Real-Time Gaze Estimation Using a Kinect and a HD Webcam [chapter]

Yingbo Li, David S. Monaghan, Noel E. O'Connor
2014 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We consider that the gaze motion from a user facing forwards is composed of the local gaze motion shifted by eye motion and the global gaze motion driven by face motion.  ...  However, currently real-time and accurate gaze estimation is still an open problem.  ...  Acknowledgements The research that lead to this paper was supported in part by the European Commission under the Contract FP7-ICT-287723 REVERIE.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-04114-8_43 fatcat:l2zwn34inbfdrb5qihbd2ggtnq

A dataset for point of gaze detection using head poses and eye images

Christopher D. McMurrough, Vangelis Metsis, Dimitrios Kosmopoulos, Ilias Maglogiannis, Fillia Makedon
2013 Journal on Multimodal User Interfaces  
The eye motion was recorded using a Mobile Eye-XG, head mounted, infrared monocular camera and the head position by using a set of Vicon motion capture cameras.  ...  The ground truth of the point of gaze and head location and direction in the three-dimensional space are provided together with 1 The dataset can be downloaded from: the data  ...  Acknowledgements This work is supported in part by the National Science Foundation under award numbers CNS 0923494 and CNS 1035913.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s12193-013-0121-4 fatcat:t5ndmnby6ze2ta3cms4iu3xnmm

An Incremental Learning Method for Unconstrained Gaze Estimation [chapter]

Yusuke Sugano, Yasuyuki Matsushita, Yoichi Sato, Hideki Koike
2008 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
This paper presents an online learning algorithm for appearance-based gaze estimation that allows free head movement in a casual desktop environment.  ...  To handle free head movement of a user, we propose a pose-based clustering approach that efficiently extends an appearance manifold model to handle the large variations of the head pose.  ...  To achieve this goal, we develop a new appearance-based gaze estimation system based on an online learning approach.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-88690-7_49 fatcat:xqkalo4vjngrhlyho5lurefeaa

TabletGaze: Unconstrained Appearance-based Gaze Estimation in Mobile Tablets [article]

Qiong Huang, Ashok Veeraraghavan, Ashutosh Sabharwal
2016 arXiv   pre-print
We study gaze estimation on tablets, our key design goal is uncalibrated gaze estimation using the front-facing camera during natural use of tablets, where the posture and method of holding the tablet  ...  Subjects vary in race, gender and in their need for prescription glasses, all of which might impact gaze estimation accuracy.  ...  A two step scheme was introduced in [18] to estimate gaze direction under free head motion.  ... 
arXiv:1508.01244v3 fatcat:7fxvslo2krgalfacncbp4klmam

Eye Gaze Techniques for Human Computer Interaction: A Research Survey

Anjana Sharma, Pawanesh Abrol
2013 International Journal of Computer Applications  
The eye gaze detection techniques can be classified on the basis of direct eye detection, appearance, template, shape, feature, motion, hybrid, regression, 3D methods etc.  ...  In the literature survey a number of parameters that are significant for estimation, detection, better efficiency and accuracy of eye gaze techniques have been studied and analysed.  ...  Kinoshita et al. developed a fast and robust head pose and gaze estimation system which can detect facial points and estimate 3D pose angles and gaze direction under various conditions.  ... 
doi:10.5120/12386-8738 fatcat:3yheb75eqngxnev57rvgjwkndy

Robust tracking and remapping of eye appearance with passive computer vision

Carlo Colombo, Dario Comanducci, Alberto Del Bimbo
2007 ACM Transactions on Multimedia Computing, Communications, and Applications (TOMCCAP)  
The tracker is complemented with a gaze-estimation system based on a projective model of the image-to-gaze direction map.  ...  However, the gaze-estimation method proposed requires that the head remain fixed, thus limiting the usefulness of the approach.  ...  Compensation for Head Motion To estimate the effects of rigid head motions in the image, the Lucas and Kanade feature tracker [Lucas and Kanade 1981] is applied to the two image regions that are, respectively  ... 
doi:10.1145/1314303.1314305 fatcat:7zlse6ummvcn5ehkpjjhieiesu

An eye tracking based virtual reality system for use inside magnetic resonance imaging systems

Kun Qian, Tomoki Arichi, Anthony Price, Sofia Dall'Orso, Jonathan Eden, Yohan Noh, Kawal Rhode, Etienne Burdet, Mark Neil, A. David Edwards, Joseph V. Hajnal
2021 Scientific Reports  
updates the gaze estimation model.  ...  Most current VR systems rely on head mounted displays combined with head motion tracking to achieve and maintain a visceral sense of a tangible virtual world, but this technology and approach encourages  ...  to estimate its parameters (8 for the quadratic model including head motion).  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41598-021-95634-y pmid:34381099 pmcid:PMC8357830 fatcat:dg2amakfqrdyhfiyi5o5r6z7ui

Rendering of Eyes for Eye-Shape Registration and Gaze Estimation

Erroll Wood, Tadas Baltruaitis, Xucong Zhang, Yusuke Sugano, Peter Robinson, Andreas Bulling
2015 2015 IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)  
Images of the eye are key in several computer vision problems, such as shape registration and gaze estimation.  ...  These were randomly posed to synthesize close-up eye images for a wide range of head poses, gaze directions, and illumination conditions.  ...  Appearance-Based Gaze Estimation To evaluate the suitability of our synthesis method for appearance-based gaze estimation we performed a crossdataset experiment as described by Zhang et al. [8] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/iccv.2015.428 dblp:conf/iccv/WoodBZS0B15 fatcat:ep3hfq5xjjgddcf4sbl3vqeto4

Combining Head Pose and Eye Location Information for Gaze Estimation

R. Valenti, N. Sebe, T. Gevers
2012 IEEE Transactions on Image Processing  
These enhanced estimations are then combined to obtain a novel visual gaze estimation system, which uses both eye location and head information to refine the gaze estimates.  ...  Head pose and eye location for gaze estimation have been separately studied in numerous works in the literature.  ...  Within the appearance-based methods for eye location proposed in the literature [22] , [24] , [33] , [44] , reported results support the evidence that accurate appearance-based eye center localization  ... 
doi:10.1109/tip.2011.2162740 pmid:21788191 fatcat:yv2so76aazbg7aroegnitl53pq

Eye gaze tracking techniques for interactive applications

Carlos H. Morimoto, Marcio R.M. Mimica
2005 Computer Vision and Image Understanding  
Finally, we present several recent techniques for remote eye gaze tracking with improved usability. These new solutions simplify or eliminate the calibration procedure and allow free head motion.  ...  Early eye gaze tracking devices were appropriate for scientific exploration in controlled environments.  ...  [20] use 252 images from 3 users to build an appearance-based method for estimating the gaze, and achieve an accuracy of about 0.5°.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cviu.2004.07.010 fatcat:iokknv2ofrhyrnl5ywev2nfwvq

When I Look into Your Eyes: A Survey on Computer Vision Contributions for Human Gaze Estimation and Tracking

Dario Cazzato, Marco Leo, Cosimo Distante, Holger Voos
2020 Sensors  
task that aims at estimating gaze target from different perspectives: from the eye of the beholder (first-person view), from an external camera framing the beholder's, from a third-person view looking  ...  automatic detection of eye positions, their temporal consistency, and their mapping into a line of sight in the real world (to find where a person is looking at) is reported in the scientific literature as gaze  ...  head motion.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s20133739 pmid:32635375 pmcid:PMC7374327 fatcat:jwou6gv4f5dy7lrsxvtbnb2fly

Development of an Android Robot for Studying Human-Robot Interaction [chapter]

Takashi Minato, Michihiro Shimada, Hiroshi Ishiguro, Shoji Itakura
2004 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Behavior or Appearance? This is fundamental problem in robot development. Namely, not only the behavior but also the appearance of a robot influences human-robot interaction.  ...  This paper proposes a new research direction based on the android robot. Conversation Script (an English translation) Actor: Hi, I'm [name]. This is only a sample script.  ...  Conclusion This paper has proposed a new research direction based on the android robot to reveal a principle of human-robot interaction.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-24677-0_44 fatcat:nkowiembqzafrmhcnhpczhogiq
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