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Anterior insula reflects surprise in value-based decision-making and perception

Leyla Loued-Khenissi, Adrien Pfeuffer, Wolfgang Einhäuser, Kerstin Preuschoff
2020 NeuroImage  
Inference is thought to underlie neural processes, including in disparate domains such as value-based decision-making and perception.  ...  Moreover, we found perceptual uncertainty and surprise in the Necker Cube task yielded similar responses in the anterior insula.  ...  Acknowledgments This work was supported by the Swiss National Science Foundation (135687) and the German Research Foundation (DFG; grant no.: EI 852/ 3-1).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2020.116549 pmid:31954844 fatcat:32vtdqko5bfhtbbflt4qxa3jqy

Anterior Insula Reflects Inferential Errors in Value-Based Decision-making and Perception [article]

Leyla Loued-Khenissi, Adrien Pfeuffer, Wolfgang Einhaeuser, Kerstin Preuschoff
2019 bioRxiv   pre-print
The process of inference is theorized to underlie neural processes, including value-based decision-making and perception.  ...  To determine if inference characterizes both perception and value-based decision-making, we directly compared uncertainty signals in visual perception and an economic task using fMRI.  ...  risk and surprise implicate the anterior insula in uncertainty, in line with previous studies on value-based decision-making (Preuschoff et al., 2006; Payzan-Le Nestour et al., 2013; Platt & Huettel,  ... 
doi:10.1101/644427 fatcat:fckhhupzf5db5g5pjhazbj3syi

Brain networks of perceptual decision-making: an fMRI ALE meta-analysis

Max C. Keuken, Christa Müller-Axt, Robert Langner, Simon B. Eickhoff, Birte U. Forstmann, Jane Neumann
2014 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
The results argue in favor of the involvement of a frontal-parietal network in general perceptual decision-making that is possibly complemented by the basal ganglia, and modulated in substantial parts  ...  In contrast, expectation of reward, an important aspect of many decision-making processes, shows almost no overlap with the general perceptual decision-making network.  ...  The fact that the anterior insula is active during simple perceptual decision-making, dissociates between low and high task difficulty, and is involved in reward-based decision-making supports the hypothesis  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2014.00445 pmid:24994979 pmcid:PMC4063192 fatcat:5ao3s73ycnhqjoixgdfcu2xy5a

A common role of insula in feelings, empathy and uncertainty

Tania Singer, Hugo D. Critchley, Kerstin Preuschoff
2009 Trends in Cognitive Sciences  
Acknowledgements We thank Klaas Enno Stephan and Peter Bossaerts for useful comments on the present paper. HDC was supported by a programme grant from the Wellcome Trust.  ...  As decisions between equally expected rewards are biased by the degree of uncertainty, uncertainty itself possesses motivational value 32 and can be reflected in a feeling state.  ...  The role of anterior insula in uncertainty and uncertainty prediction Research associated to Neuroeconomics, which explores the neural basis of motivational decision making, suggest that AI processes and  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tics.2009.05.001 pmid:19643659 fatcat:ckazacuk2rgonkggzzceoqfsdy

Interoception in anxiety and depression

Martin P. Paulus, Murray B. Stein
2010 Brain Structure and Function  
The connection between increased but noisy afferent interoceptive input, self-referential and belief-based states, and top-down modulation of poorly predictive signals is integrated into a neuroanatomical  ...  The advantage of this conceptualization is the ability to specifically examine the interface between basic interoception, selfreferential belief-based states, and enhanced top-down modulation to attenuate  ...  In summary, the anterior insula is important for subjective feeling states (Craig 2002; Critchley et al. 2004) , and takes part in modulatory control of decision-making by interacting with other limbic  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00429-010-0258-9 pmid:20490545 pmcid:PMC2886901 fatcat:mw37bpe25vdfnd7ekf6av4qcoy

An ALE Meta-Analysis on Investment Decision-Making

Elena Ortiz-Teran, Ibai Diez, Joaquin Lopez-Pascual
2021 Brain Sciences  
We identified the ventral striatum, anterior insula, amygdala and anterior cingulate cortex as being involved in this decision-making process.  ...  It is claimed that investment decision-making should rely on rational analyses based on facts and not emotions.  ...  fixed or risky returns Higher levels of anterior insula and dorsomedial prefrontal cortex activity correlated with risk and decision-making.  ... 
doi:10.3390/brainsci11030399 pmid:33801075 fatcat:zxmqtb7c6fdy3bmbijwik66jrq

Functional dissociation of stimulus intensity encoding and predictive coding of pain in the insula

Stephan Geuter, Sabrina Boll, Falk Eippert, Christian Büchel
2017 eLife  
Skin conductance, pupil dilation, and anterior insula responses to cued pain stimuli strictly followed the response patterns hypothesized by the predictive coding model, whereas posterior insula encoded  ...  Classic theories suggest that cortical regions either reflect stimulus intensity or additive effects of intensity and expectations, respectively.  ...  Interestingly, the anterior insula in our study also shows a strong surprise or prediction error response.  ... 
doi:10.7554/elife.24770 pmid:28524817 pmcid:PMC5470871 fatcat:wrqlwy6rxngejnswcdef3o3que

Neural Correlates of Anticipation Risk Reflect Risk Preferences

S. Rudorf, K. Preuschoff, B. Weber
2012 Journal of Neuroscience  
In addition, risk prediction error signals in anterior insula, inferior frontal gyrus, and anterior cingulate indicate that risk averters do not dissociate properly between gambles that are more or less  ...  Decision making under risk has been studied both behaviorally and on a neural level. It remains unclear, however, how risk attitudes are encoded and integrated with choice.  ...  In decision making under risk, outcomes are not certain but occur with known probabilities.  ... 
doi:10.1523/jneurosci.4235-11.2012 pmid:23175822 pmcid:PMC6621765 fatcat:3iflk6i6cbe5thpri3eowy7squ

Information Theoretic Characterization of Uncertainty Distinguishes Surprise From Accuracy Signals in the Brain

Leyla Loued-Khenissi, Kerstin Preuschoff
2020 Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence  
Uncertainty presents a problem for both human and machine decision-making.  ...  Stimulus-bound surprise, taken as Shannon information, correlates with responses in the insula and striatum.  ...  AUTHOR CONTRIBUTIONS LL-K designed the study, acquired the data, performed the analysis, and wrote the paper. KP designed the study and wrote the paper.  ... 
doi:10.3389/frai.2020.00005 pmid:33733125 pmcid:PMC7861235 fatcat:b2c2ujr52rbndobvofljlosgwq

Activity in Inferior Parietal and Medial Prefrontal Cortex Signals the Accumulation of Evidence in a Probability Learning Task

Mathieu d'Acremont, Eleonora Fornari, Peter Bossaerts, Tim Behrens
2013 PLoS Computational Biology  
A BOLD response relating to value was detected only at decision time, mainly in striatum.  ...  In an uncertain environment, probabilities are key to predicting future events and making adaptive choices.  ...  In a perceptual decision-making task, the agent has to make a decision based on a noisy signal.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1002895 pmid:23401673 pmcid:PMC3561043 fatcat:psskog37vja6zf2lubo3urwcee

Pain, decisions, and actions: a motivational perspective

Katja Wiech, Irene Tracey
2013 Frontiers in Neuroscience  
Because pain signals potential harm to the organism, it immediately attracts attention and motivates decisions and action.  ...  Pain, decisions, and actions: a motivational perspective. Front. Neurosci. 7:46.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This work was supported by the MRC and the Wellcome Trust (Irene Tracey) and by the NIHR Oxford Biomedical Research Centre (Katja Wiech).  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnins.2013.00046 pmid:23565073 pmcid:PMC3613600 fatcat:ugofw6n5srer3f5x2orb24ysbm

Revisiting the role of the insula in addiction

Vita Droutman, Stephen J. Read, Antoine Bechara
2015 Trends in Cognitive Sciences  
More recently its role in attention and decision-making has been gathering increased attention [4] [5] [6] .  ...  We use this apparent contradiction to examine possible roles of the insula in addiction, identify open questions, and explore ways to address them.  ...  Acknowledgments Authors Note: This manuscript was supported in part by NIDA Grant Number R01DA031626 to S. J. Read and NCI Grant Number R01CA152062 to A. Bechara.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tics.2015.05.005 pmid:26066588 pmcid:PMC4486609 fatcat:qar2oydi5fad3nhxk3axjiojlu

Neural Substrates of Specialized Knowledge Representation: An fMRI study

Pamela Faber Benítez, Juan Verdejo, Pilar León, Arianne Reimerink, Gloria Guzmán
2014 Revue Française de Linguistique Appliquée  
The fMRI study described in this paper focused on general and specialized lexical units and the perception of semantic meaning by expert geologists and non-geologists.  ...  The subjects performed semantic matching tasks and made decisions in regards to general language words and specialized terms designating specialized tools and familiar household utensils.  ...  FFI2011-22397], funded by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation.  ... 
doi:10.3917/rfla.191.0015 fatcat:7f2cec5xyjavfb6bzod2i7sf24

Uncertainty and anticipation in anxiety: an integrated neurobiological and psychological perspective

Dan W. Grupe, Jack B. Nitschke
2013 Nature Reviews Neuroscience  
| Uncertainty about a possible future threat disrupts our ability to avoid it or to mitigate its negative impact and thus results in anxiety.  ...  We identify five processes that are essential for adaptive anticipatory responses to future threat uncertainty and propose that alterations in the neural instantiation of these processes result in maladaptive  ...  For example, anterior insula activity tracked levels of risk and risk prediction errors during decision-making tasks 48 and was associated with less risky decisions under uncertain conditions 147 .  ... 
doi:10.1038/nrn3524 pmid:23783199 pmcid:PMC4276319 fatcat:lpokotpo4vhcjpbhns76qcoipy

Dissociating dynamic probability and predictability in observed actions—an fMRI study

Christiane Ahlheim, Waltraud Stadler, Ricarda I. Schubotz
2014 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
Surprisal (lower probability) enhanced the BOLD signal in the anterior intraparietal sulcus.  ...  Findings show that two aspects of predictions can be dissociated: an action's predictability is reflected in a top-down modulation of attentional focus, evident in increased fronto-parietal activation.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We cordially thank Anne-Marike Schiffer and Sarah Weigelt for helpful comments on the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2014.00273 pmid:24847235 pmcid:PMC4019881 fatcat:ehju7v3pqfejnljh7f3dleojny
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