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Answering Comparative Questions

Matthias Schildwächter, Alexander Bondarenko, Julian Zenker, Matthias Hagen, Chris Biemann, Alexander Panchenko
2019 Proceedings of the 2019 Conference on Human Information Interaction and Retrieval - CHIIR '19  
In a user study, the participants obtained 15% more accurate answers using CAM compared to a "traditional" keyword-based search and were 20% faster in finding the answer to comparative questions.  ...  We present CAM (comparative argumentative machine), a novel open-domain IR system to argumentatively compare objects with respect to information extracted from the Common Crawl.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This work has been supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) within the project "Argumentation in Comparative Question Answering (ACQuA)" (grant BI 1544/7-1 and HA 5851/2-1  ... 
doi:10.1145/3295750.3298916 dblp:conf/chiir/SchildwachterBZ19 fatcat:6xaaqjvzmnfk5mb2rtc7de3wz4

Answering Comparative Questions with Arguments

Alexander Bondarenko, Alexander Panchenko, Meriem Beloucif, Chris Biemann, Matthias Hagen
2020 Datenbank-Spektrum  
Interestingly, major search engines answer some comparative questions pretty well while for others, they just show the "standard" ten blue links.  ...  But a good response to a comparative question might be very different from these ten blue links-for example, a direct answer could show an aggregation of the pros and cons of the different options.  ...  Acknowledgements This work was supported by the DFG through the project "ACQuA: Answering Comparative Questions with Arguments" (grants BI 1544/7-1 and HA 5851/2-1) as part of the priority program "RATIO  ... 
doi:10.1007/s13222-020-00346-8 fatcat:gitjxuqydvfn5aotthvk34gv7y

Comparative Web Search Questions

Alexander Bondarenko, Pavel Braslavski, Michael Völske, Rami Aly, Maik Fröbe, Alexander Panchenko, Chris Biemann, Benno Stein, Matthias Hagen
2020 Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Web Search and Data Mining  
Responses to such questions might be quite different from the simple "ten blue links" and could, for example, aggregate pros and cons of the different options as direct answers.  ...  An important insight is that more than 65% of the comparative questions demand argumentation and opinions, i.e., reliable direct answers to comparative questions require more than the facts from a search  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This work has been partially supported by the DFG through the project "ACQuA: Answering Comparative Questions with Arguments" (grants BI 1544/7-1 and HA 5851/2-1) as part of the priority  ... 
doi:10.1145/3336191.3371848 dblp:conf/wsdm/BondarenkoBVAFP20 fatcat:hvexaiyhjbfqbpliidltrqrad4

Answering comparative questions with arguments [article]

Alexander Bondarenko, Alexander Panchenko, Meriem Beloucif, Chris Biemann, Matthias Hagen, Universitäts- Und Landesbibliothek Sachsen-Anhalt, Martin-Luther Universität
2021
Interestingly, major search engines answer some comparative questions pretty well while for others, they just show the "standard" ten blue links.  ...  But a good response to a comparative question might be very different from these ten blue links—for example, a direct answer could show an aggregation of the pros and cons of the different options.  ...  Acknowledgements This work was supported by the DFG through the project "ACQuA: Answering Comparative Questions with Arguments" (grants BI 1544/7-1 and HA 5851/2-1) as part of the priority program "RATIO  ... 
doi:10.25673/38192 fatcat:ejpzywgjv5f6dew4twqsagfttm

Deep Knowledge Graph Representation Learning for Completion, Alignment, and Question Answering

Soumen Chakrabarti
2022 Proceedings of the 45th International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval  
KGs are of central interest to search, information retrieval (IR) and question answering (QA), as evidenced by Google's purchase of Freebase in 2008, followed by Bing's development of the Satori KG, and  ...  However, with the widespread adoption of neural networks and deep learning, the last several years have witnessed a huge surge in KG-related papers in AI, machine learning (ML) and NLP conferences, but comparatively  ...  RELEVANCE TO THE IR COMMUNITY By 2005, search engines were racing to take the user experience beyond "ten blue links". KGs were an important part of the plan.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3477495.3532679 fatcat:nmw3yihxkzgf3jgdklv4whhtey

Model Compression with Two-stage Multi-teacher Knowledge Distillation for Web Question Answering System [article]

Ze Yang, Linjun Shou, Ming Gong, Wutao Lin, Daxin Jiang
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Deep pre-training and fine-tuning models (such as BERT and OpenAI GPT) have demonstrated excellent results in question answering areas.  ...  To tackle this challenge, we propose a Two-stage Multi-teacher Knowledge Distillation (TMKD for short) method for web Question Answering system.  ...  Compared with the "ten-blue-links", Q&A is a more natural interface, and thousands of millions of users enjoy the efficiency of directly accessing the information for their questions.  ... 
arXiv:1910.08381v1 fatcat:x32uprmsmrdnnkjrrnaymrf5au

Underspecified Query Refinement via Natural Language Question Generation

Hassan Sajjad, Patrick Pantel, Michael Gamon
2012 International Conference on Computational Linguistics  
Our final system shows best results in effectiveness, percentage of well-formed questions, and percentage of answerable questions over three baseline systems.  ...  We then select question terms via a novel ranking function that aims to minimize the number of question turns necessary for a user to find her target result.  ...  When the set of specified entities exceeds the common limit of ten blue links, finding the desired entity can be a long and frustrating process.  ... 
dblp:conf/coling/SajjadPG12 fatcat:wk2fbifa75eubosz6ivkjxlhqa

Assessing and Predicting Vertical Intent for Web Queries [chapter]

Ke Zhou, Ronan Cummins, Martin Halvey, Mounia Lalmas, Joemon M. Jose
2012 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
In this paper, we present the results of a user study that collected more than 1,500 assessments of vertical intent over 320 web topics.  ...  "is adding results from this vertical likely to improve the quality of the ten blue links?").  ...  blue links for the query "pictures of flowers").  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-28997-2_50 fatcat:kzykm5rwvbbxbjqf2hgl3oadny

A Deeper Investigation of the Importance of Wikipedia Links to the Success of Search Engines [article]

Nicholas Vincent, Brent Hecht
2020 arXiv   pre-print
blue links".  ...  results extend prior work by considering three U.S. search engines, simulating both mobile and desktop devices, and using a spatial analysis approach designed to study modern SERPs that are no longer just "ten  ...  Methods As mentioned above, modern SERPs include SERP components that are much more complicated than "ten blue links".  ... 
arXiv:2004.10265v1 fatcat:xbqkwgykezhf5j6lpuuv6oi4te

Data Discovery

Gerhard Weikum
2013 Data Science Journal  
This calls for moving up in the value chain: from keywords and pages to entities and relationships, from ten blue links to informative answers, or, in short, from information to knowledge.  ...  (Weikum 2009 , Pereira et al. 2009 , Weikum and Theobald 2010) : The ultimate goal of search is to return informative pieces of knowledge, not just raw information like ten blue links to Web pages.  ... 
doi:10.2481/dsj.grdi-005 fatcat:j2kpzyezgva6jdazsswlq4jymy

Influence of Mobile-friendly Design to Search Results on Google Search

David Schubert
2016 Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences  
Areas of influence algorithm "Ten blue links" The mobile algorithm will only be affecting the core "ten blue links" -namely the ten organic search results that are not a part of any other section, such  ...  And it also is why Google only shows the "Mobilefriendly" tag on the organic "ten blue links" only.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.05.517 fatcat:gm5wigx4cjbpzczw7efyojzaiq

Touché: First Shared Task on Argument Retrieval [chapter]

Alexander Bondarenko, Matthias Hagen, Martin Potthast, Henning Wachsmuth, Meriem Beloucif, Chris Biemann, Alexander Panchenko, Benno Stein
2020 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
comparative questions with argumentative results.  ...  Retrieval featuring two subtasks: (1) the retrieval of arguments from a focused debate collection to support argumentative conversations, and (2) the retrieval of arguments from a generic web crawl to answer  ...  This work has been partially supported by the DFG through the project "ACQuA: Answering Comparative Questions with Arguments" (grants  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-45442-5_67 fatcat:kehmk3jcvbf67jwexybts2kb3i

"Driving curiosity in search with large-scale entity networks" by Ilaria Bordino, Mounia Lalmas, Yelena Mejova, and Olivier Van Laere with Martin Vesely as coordinator

Ilaria Bordino, Olivier Van Laere, Mounia Lalmas, Yelena Mejova
2014 ACM SIGWEB Newsletter  
question & answering forum -in promoting serendipitous search.  ...  The system explores the potential of entities extracted from two of the most popular sources of user-generated content -Wikipedia, a user-curated online encyclopedia, and Yahoo Answers, a more unconstrained  ...  The classic Web search experience, consisting in returning ten blue links in response to a short user query, is powered today by a mature technology.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2682914.2682919 fatcat:kbdmek75jrdctmzcz6luyoyihq

Few-Shot Generative Conversational Query Rewriting [article]

Shi Yu, Jiahua Liu, Jingqin Yang, Chenyan Xiong, Paul Bennett, Jianfeng Gao, Zhiyuan Liu
2020 arXiv   pre-print
In the zero-shot learning setting, the rewriter still gives a comparable result to previous state-of-the-art systems.  ...  INTRODUCTION Recent advances in deep learning and text understanding facilitate the transition of information retrieval systems from keyword-based queries and "ten-blue" links to more conversational experiences  ...  BLEU-2 are compared with Oracle Queries. QA-ROUGE evaluates the answer quality.  ... 
arXiv:2006.05009v1 fatcat:bxqbdlqh5vgbbi3j2nevbodv5m

Spoken Conversational Search

Johanne R. Trippas
2016 Proceedings of the 2016 ACM on Conference on Human Information Interaction and Retrieval - CHIIR '16  
This research investigates a new interface paradigm for interactive information retrieval (IIR) which forces us to shift away from the classic "ten blue links" search engine results page.  ...  The proposed research seeks to answer the following research questions: • Are there any existing interaction models which fit the SCSS?  ...  The impact of the search result summary length in speech-based web search was investigated and these results were also compared to a text baseline.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2854946.2854952 dblp:conf/chiir/Trippas16 fatcat:svobatlj2vhkdfnbt25zqm3fxi
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