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Response Quality Evaluation In Heterogeneous Question Answering System: A Black-Box Approach

Goh Ong Sing, Cemal Ardil, Wilson Wong, Shahrin Sahib
<span title="2007-09-28">2007</span> <i title="Zenodo"> Zenodo </i> &nbsp;
AnswerBus, START and NaLURI).  ...  at the same time achieve higher quality responses The research in this paper discusses the inappropriateness of the existing measure for response quality evaluation and in a later part, the call for new  ...  All in all, only with the presence of new and non-refutable metrics can the formal evaluation for this new question answering approach be performed.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1080829">doi:10.5281/zenodo.1080829</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/s7465psl2bepjcdtore2aahebi">fatcat:s7465psl2bepjcdtore2aahebi</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200304023022/https://zenodo.org/record/1080830/files/13286.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/76/46/7646eb10e6c633f69c5615c5ff7c44a3520990d6.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1080829"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> zenodo.org </button> </a>

A Black-Box Approach For Response Quality Evaluation Of Conversational Agent Systems

Ong Sing Goh, Cemal Ardil, Wilson Wong, Chun Che Fung
<span title="2007-10-21">2007</span> <i title="Zenodo"> Zenodo </i> &nbsp;
This paper discusses the inappropriateness of the existing measures for response quality evaluation and the call for new standard measures and related considerations are brought forward.  ...  challenges in evaluating systems of different nature, this research proposes a blackbox approach using observation, classification scheme and a scoring mechanism to assess and rank three example systems, AnswerBus  ...  Therefore, there is an urgent need of new and non-refutable metrics that can be used for the formal evaluation of the new question answering systems.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1076853">doi:10.5281/zenodo.1076853</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ywdozuzwubbrlbnrpy7cd4gzji">fatcat:ywdozuzwubbrlbnrpy7cd4gzji</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200227034202/https://zenodo.org/record/1076854/files/11202.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/ae/3f/ae3fce4b5f94df3e9aa2b2dffeb601cfd5948e4d.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1076853"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> zenodo.org </button> </a>

A speech interface for open-domain question-answering

Edward Schofield, Zhiping Zheng
<span title="">2003</span> <i title="Association for Computational Linguistics"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/5n6volmnonf5tn6xputi5f2t3e" style="color: black;">Proceedings of the 41st Annual Meeting on Association for Computational Linguistics - ACL &#39;03</a> </i> &nbsp;
of errors, and an open-domain question-answering system, AnswerBus, which is freely available on the Web.  ...  We describe a demonstration of spoken question answering using a commercial dictation engine whose language models we have customized to questions, a Web-based textprediction interface allowing quick correction  ...  For each of these 200 questions we passed two strings to the AnswerBus engine, one typed verbatim, the other transcribed from the speech of one of the people described above.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3115/1075178.1075210">doi:10.3115/1075178.1075210</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/acl/SchofieldZ03.html">dblp:conf/acl/SchofieldZ03</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/hfbcjhjroraf7djzsurkctxc54">fatcat:hfbcjhjroraf7djzsurkctxc54</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20050226221229/http://acl.ldc.upenn.edu:80/acl2003/posterdemo/pdfs/Schofield.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/b5/b3/b5b37ac6aefb84ebbd3377ab7d156dafaf270338.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3115/1075178.1075210"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Sentence level fact based search engine: News Fact Finder

Cristina Ribeiro, Ricardo Salmon, Swathi Amarala, Christina Hamada
<span title="">2010</span> <i title="IEEE"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/shm2ezaidfhldft2fi4zk4nura" style="color: black;">2010 IEEE International Conference on Information Reuse &amp; Integration</a> </i> &nbsp;
Users searching the Internet for news are not able to find relevant fact-based results for certain queries using the major search engines.  ...  Our sentence level search engine, News Fact Finder, is designed using suffix arrays, filters out opinions, and produces very relevant results that are attractive to users.  ...  Based on the user's question, AnswerBus selects two or three search engines from among the five and forms search engine specific queries based on the question.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/iri.2010.5558906">doi:10.1109/iri.2010.5558906</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/iri/RibeiroSAH10.html">dblp:conf/iri/RibeiroSAH10</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/hg7qtr42krbjheamuqlt2fyn3q">fatcat:hg7qtr42krbjheamuqlt2fyn3q</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210428071705/https://source.sheridancollege.ca/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1054&amp;context=fast_publications" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/4f/4e/4f4e384c440fac761a976efd5959df8a53246571.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/iri.2010.5558906"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Using NLP for Fact Checking: A Survey

Eric Lazarski, Mahmood Al-Khassaweneh, Cynthia Howard
<span title="2021-07-14">2021</span> <i title="MDPI AG"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/hlkknrkhkbbsdic5nyr6mc7faq" style="color: black;">Designs</a> </i> &nbsp;
In recent years, disinformation and "fake news" have been spreading throughout the internet at rates never seen before.  ...  AnswerBus architecture adopted from [24] . Five search engines are available for AnswerBus to select from. They are Google, Yahoo, WiseNut, AltaVista, and Yahoo News.  ...  AnswerBus architecture adopted from [24] . At this point, the search-engine specific query is sent to the search engines and the AnswerBus system downloads the top results.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/designs5030042">doi:10.3390/designs5030042</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/sbju5qv4tze5dk6llvs5mwxedm">fatcat:sbju5qv4tze5dk6llvs5mwxedm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210722145229/https://res.mdpi.com/d_attachment/designs/designs-05-00042/article_deploy/designs-05-00042.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/bf/7e/bf7eaae5c43593895b6680899c10eff8268562f8.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/designs5030042"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> mdpi.com </button> </a>

Page 336 of Computational Linguistics Vol. 29, Issue 3 [page]

<span title="">2003</span> <i title="MIT Press Journals"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://archive.org/details/pub_computational-linguistics" style="color: black;">Computational Linguistics </a> </i> &nbsp;
Agirre et al. 2000) are exploring the automatic population of existing ontologies using the Web as a source for new instances.  ...  Much Web search engine technology has been developed with reference to lan- guage technology.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://archive.org/details/sim_computational-linguistics_2003-09_29_3/page/336" title="read fulltext microfilm" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Archive [Microfilm] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://archive.org/serve/sim_computational-linguistics_2003-09_29_3/__ia_thumb.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a>

QUESTION ANSWERING SYSTEM DAN PENERAPANNYA PADA ALKITAB

Gunawan Gunawan, Gita Lovina
<span title="">2006</span> <i title="Petra Christian University"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/e24a7e6zgbga5kmmidh2y3l7zq" style="color: black;">Jurnal Informatika</a> </i> &nbsp;
Application of question answering system like AnswerBus, Mulder, and Webclopedia that are developed with its own characteristics has similar processing steps as in the general architecture.  ...  Hal ini tentu saja dapat mempengaruhi performansi dari sebuah search engine.  ...  Persamaan diatas merupakan persamaan yang digunakan oleh Zheng dalam menentukan kandidat jawaban pada AnswerBus [18] question answering system.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://doaj.org/article/3c724e84c64d4009a12bc1f1641ab894">doaj:3c724e84c64d4009a12bc1f1641ab894</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/iuelaza6p5e7dnyx4tlpzw4wu4">fatcat:iuelaza6p5e7dnyx4tlpzw4wu4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180914214314/http://jurnalinformatika.petra.ac.id:80/index.php/inf/article/download/16479/16471" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/0c/c6/0cc6d54083e2485064f0e2f852f2fb2b99c30fd0.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a>

Web Based Question Answering with Aggregation Strategy [chapter]

Dell Zhang
<span title="">2004</span> <i title="Springer Berlin Heidelberg"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/2w3awgokqne6te4nvlofavy5a4" style="color: black;">Lecture Notes in Computer Science</a> </i> &nbsp;
These systems have to find answers from a large local news text corpus.  ...  Search Engine The system submits the question to the prestigious search engine Google and grabs its top 100 search results.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-24655-8_38">doi:10.1007/978-3-540-24655-8_38</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ig6jycijo5e6rnjrjswsy4djh4">fatcat:ig6jycijo5e6rnjrjswsy4djh4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20081002134101/http://www.dcs.bbk.ac.uk/~dell/publications/dellzhang_apweb2004b.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/4b/ab/4bab678c21db606101964c1382072c841c5aac5e.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-24655-8_38"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> springer.com </button> </a>

Cognitive Functionality based Question Answering System

Ashish Chandiok, D. K.
<span title="2018-02-15">2018</span> <i title="Foundation of Computer Science"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/b637noqf3vhmhjevdfk3h5pdsu" style="color: black;">International Journal of Computer Applications</a> </i> &nbsp;
A Question Answering (QA) system outdoes the traditional information retrieval search engines in such situations.  ...  As the volume of information increasing rapidly in the digital world, it also tends to challenge the current search engines to mine more significant and related information in precise and comprehensible  ...  QUANTUM [23] executed by Concordia University and it is comparable to AnswerBus. QUAN-TUM gives in to required data inside a search engine after covering users? necessities.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5120/ijca2018916375">doi:10.5120/ijca2018916375</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/hvopc3fudbf77l7btg7uexucxu">fatcat:hvopc3fudbf77l7btg7uexucxu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200709051417/https://www.ijcaonline.org/archives/volume179/number20/chandiok-2018-ijca-916375.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/cf/97/cf97f5b1870feca2c1b04ef09f44a1e39b603907.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5120/ijca2018916375"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

GoWeb: a semantic search engine for the life science web

Heiko Dietze, Michael Schroeder
<span title="">2009</span> <i title="Springer Nature"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/n5zrklrhlzhtdorf4rk4rmeo3i" style="color: black;">BMC Bioinformatics</a> </i> &nbsp;
Current search engines are keyword-based. Semantic technologies promise a next generation of semantic search engines, which will be able to answer questions.  ...  Hakia, START [17] , Ask.com, BrainBoost (Answers.com), AnswerBus [18] , Cuil 3 , Clusty 4 , and Carrot 5 are engines that work on Web documents.  ...  The new ranking is based on the found concepts, keywords and the original ranking.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2105-10-s10-s7">doi:10.1186/1471-2105-10-s10-s7</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19796404">pmid:19796404</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC2755828/">pmcid:PMC2755828</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/mxjar7fzeng2xhnmxlapq63owu">fatcat:mxjar7fzeng2xhnmxlapq63owu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170810093655/http://ftp.informatik.rwth-aachen.de/Publications/CEUR-WS/Vol-435/paper01.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/ad/61/ad61939dd8af98b7cc2c886103f73702c28e2072.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2105-10-s10-s7"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> springer.com </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2755828" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Question answering using web news as knowledge base

Zhiping Zheng
<span title="">2003</span> <i title="Association for Computational Linguistics"> Proceedings of the tenth conference on European chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics - EACL &#39;03 </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage">unpublished</span>
AnswerBus News Engine' is a question answering system using the contents of CNN Web site2 as its knowledge base.  ...  In this demonstration we will present the living system as well as its new technical features.  ...  New Features AnswerBus News Engine has many new features not used in other QA systems including its previous versions.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3115/1067737.1067797">doi:10.3115/1067737.1067797</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/2qgao77affhz5dvlhbovtg6ozu">fatcat:2qgao77affhz5dvlhbovtg6ozu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20111205182656/http://aclweb.org/anthology-new/E/E03/E03-2017.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/44/fe/44fe38b093bc4ae3d5803bbeea44aec82a043d73.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3115/1067737.1067797"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

AnswerBus question answering system

Zhiping Zheng
<span title="">2002</span> <i title="Association for Computational Linguistics"> Proceedings of the second international conference on Human Language Technology Research - </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage">unpublished</span>
Five search engines and directories are used to retrieve Web pages that are relevant to user questions. From the Web pages, AnswerBus extracts sentences that are determined to contain answers.  ...  AnswerBus 1 is an open-domain question answering system based on sentence level Web information retrieval.  ...  Five search engines and directories (Google, Yahoo, WiseNut, AltaVista, and Yahoo News) are used to retrieve Web pages that potentially contain answers.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3115/1289189.1289238">doi:10.3115/1289189.1289238</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/dszrblfgg5f4vnz3m5qzfjvgne">fatcat:dszrblfgg5f4vnz3m5qzfjvgne</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20080421215835/http://citeseer.comp.nus.edu.sg/cache/papers/cs/26987/http:zSzzSzwww.ai.mit.eduzSzpeoplezSzjimmylinzSzpaperszSzZheng02.pdf/answerbus-question-answering-system.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/45/f5/45f51f6ef571747cff87af8f166d4defb3b7504d.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3115/1289189.1289238"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Question answering from structured knowledge sources

Anette Frank, Hans-Ulrich Krieger, Feiyu Xu, Hans Uszkoreit, Berthold Crysmann, Brigitte Jörg, Ulrich Schäfer
<span title="">2007</span> <i title="Elsevier BV"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/gyhc4ppmyjfm5a64dneqesv7ka" style="color: black;">Journal of Applied Logic</a> </i> &nbsp;
textual QA system AnswerBus [57] .  ...  ontologies to use this new emerging standard.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jal.2005.12.006">doi:10.1016/j.jal.2005.12.006</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/rdztzmniw5eghl5zm5w2aqxyce">fatcat:rdztzmniw5eghl5zm5w2aqxyce</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190225070725/https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/82115134.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/19/3f/193f802ebede1156910c9198b3babc02019cb005.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jal.2005.12.006"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> elsevier.com </button> </a>

A survey on question answering systems with classification

Amit Mishra, Sanjay Kumar Jain
<span title="">2016</span> <i title="Elsevier BV"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/o63dl5tt4rchrgx6avnqabwxd4" style="color: black;">Journal of King Saud University: Computer and Information Sciences</a> </i> &nbsp;
Populating new data sources: automatically populating new data sources into data space based on the information content is a difficult task.  ...  Ideally, a search engine should return few relevant and concise sentences as answers along with their corresponding web links.  ... 
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Supervised approach to recognize question type in a QA system for health

Sarah Cruchet, Arnaud Gaudinat, Célia Boyer
<span title="">2008</span> <i title="IOS Press"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/4ju2ftoebbcvrjj6lqnnbh42wq" style="color: black;">Studies in Health Technology and Informatics</a> </i> &nbsp;
QA system is an alternative to usual search engine and can fill the gap of the PIPS ontology server and semantic engine which is limited to few domains and not exhaustive.  ...  Nowadays, general QA systems are available on the Web like AnswerBus or BrainBoost [6] . Most QA systems use pattern matching to classify sets of questions [7, 8] .  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18487765">pmid:18487765</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/easaxoeadndodlscsokiiecck4">fatcat:easaxoeadndodlscsokiiecck4</a> </span>
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