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Anarchy, groups, and conflict: an experiment on the emergence of protective associations

Adam C. Smith, David B. Skarbek, Bart J. Wilson
2011 Social Choice and Welfare  
In this paper, we investigate the implications of the philosophical considerations presented in Nozick's Anarchy, State, and Utopia, by examining group formation in a laboratory setting where subjects  ...  We find that allowing subjects to organize themselves into groups does not lead to more cooperation and may in fact exacerbate tendencies for conflict.  ...  Protective Associations Nozick articulates a theory of how social order could emerge from anarchy through the formation of protective associations. 3 He suggests "Groups of individuals may form mutualprotection  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00355-011-0534-5 fatcat:cy55yhfx2favvjhxomqvjocrtm

Ethnoreligious Conflict and Populism: Emotive Political Response in the Rohingya Conflict

Costas Laoutides
2021 Religions  
Part one explores notions of collective fear with reference to religious and ethnic conflict.  ...  The rise of populism in the twenty-first century has been marked by the use of religion and national identity as emotive mobilizing forces to increase in-group solidarity and demarcate the notional boundaries  ...  As discussed above, the emerging anarchy of periods of transition within countries can amplify the risk of a security dilemma between conflicting ethnoreligious groups.  ... 
doi:10.3390/rel12100816 fatcat:d5xzo22yynf35fl63keyv4ownq

Pesilat Conflict Analysis in Madiun: Conflict Resolution Study

Manuel Ximenes, Sudarmo Sudarmo, Kristina Setyowati
2022 Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Humaniora  
Next, to deal with this problem, the local government tries to carry out conflict resolution based on a community governance approach, namely as an integrative and participatory community or community  ...  The purpose of this study is to find out how conflict and conflict resolution can be created and run in the Madiun area.  ...  When there was an inauguration ceremony for the residents of SH Terate on the 1st of Suro and the event of Suran Agung SH Winongo Tunas Muda on the 10th of Suro, more than ten thousand fighters from Madiun  ... 
doi:10.23887/jish.v11i1.37078 fatcat:azfmkx3whjbmlipm5xhpzd6jzu

From Predation to Production Post-Conflict

Satish Chand
2010 Social Science Research Network  
The intermediate position constitutes Anarchy where a mix of predation and production prevail.  ...  This paper builds an analytical framework that models predation (banditry) and production as part of the choice of a rational utility-maximising agent.  ...  An 'Afghan Public Protection Programme (AP3)' whose role is solely defense and not law enforcement is being experimented with (see Economist Magazine, 11-17 April 2009; pages 26-7).  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1542742 fatcat:acawazwc35egxjbdq7sqcrkheu

Characteristics of protracted, intractable conflict: Toward the development of a metaframework-I

Peter T. Coleman
2003 Peace and Conflict: The Journal of Peace Psychology  
The news of the day (every day) tells the stories of countless, ongoing perso nal, group, and international struggles that appear to be inherently irreconcilable and potentially catastrophic.  ...  The intransigence, complexity, and trauma associated with these phenomena present substantial challenges to the models and approaches used by contemporary conflict scholars and practitioners.  ...  In time, however, the collective identities that emerge take on meaning and value of their own.  ... 
doi:10.1207/s15327949pac0901_01 fatcat:65r6vob2d5gl3gyeqal27phq7e

Preventing Deadly Conflict

I. WILLIAM ZARTMAN
2001 Security Dialogue  
United States Mission to the United Nations, "Global Humanitarian Emergencies 1996" (New York: February 1996 See Olara Otunnu, "The Peace-and-Security Agenda of the United Nations: From a Crossroads into  ...  the Next Century," in Peacemaking and Peacekeeping for the Next Century, report of the 25th Vienna Seminar cosponsored by the Government of Austria and the International Peace Academy, March 2-4, 1995  ...  During the past few decades, valuable insights have emerged from both field studies and experimental research on intergroup behavior.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0967010601032002002 fatcat:cz6geupaezb2fd4q5hjbcdicra

Preventing Deadly Conflict [chapter]

David A. Hamburg, Jane E. Holl
1999 Global Public Goods  
United States Mission to the United Nations, "Global Humanitarian Emergencies 1996" (New York: February 1996 See Olara Otunnu, "The Peace-and-Security Agenda of the United Nations: From a Crossroads into  ...  the Next Century," in Peacemaking and Peacekeeping for the Next Century, report of the 25th Vienna Seminar cosponsored by the Government of Austria and the International Peace Academy, March 2-4, 1995  ...  During the past few decades, valuable insights have emerged from both field studies and experimental research on intergroup behavior.  ... 
doi:10.1093/0195130529.003.0019 fatcat:fafprdzt7fbszi2eptlsu5k5gi

Preventing Deadly Conflict

David A. Hamburg, Alexander George, Karen Ballentine
1999 Archives of General Psychiatry  
United States Mission to the United Nations, "Global Humanitarian Emergencies 1996" (New York: February 1996 See Olara Otunnu, "The Peace-and-Security Agenda of the United Nations: From a Crossroads into  ...  the Next Century," in Peacemaking and Peacekeeping for the Next Century, report of the 25th Vienna Seminar cosponsored by the Government of Austria and the International Peace Academy, March 2-4, 1995  ...  During the past few decades, valuable insights have emerged from both field studies and experimental research on intergroup behavior.  ... 
doi:10.1001/archpsyc.56.11.971 pmid:10565493 fatcat:2oucs2q73bfu3c5mnmyii7pnhi

Conflict, Intervention and the Decline of the Developing State

Earl Conteh-Morgan
1998 Peace and Conflict Studies  
Conflict/peacekeeping interventions and economic dislocation/external policy impositions now constitute the most formidable sources of assault on the decision-making autonomy, territorial integrity, and  ...  The contemporary international system is characterized by change and continuity in fundamental socio-political processes and economic relationships that constitute the foundation on which state and non-state  ...  Intractable and protracted conflicts have an especially destabilizing effect on the nation-state.  ... 
doi:10.46743/1082-7307/1998.1193 fatcat:njj3peyi35gvxbo3c5nqa4a4uy

Research and Policy Implications from a Micro-Level Perspective on the Dynamics of Conflict, Violence, and Development [chapter]

Patricia Justino
2013 A Micro-Level Perspective on the Dynamics of Conflict, Violence, and Development  
., Brück, T. and Verwimp, P. (eds.) A Micro-Level Perspective on the Dynamics of Conflict, Violence and Development.  ...  Two common threads emerge from the range of issues discussed in this volume.  ...  These interactions may influence, even if partially, the 6 outbreak, recurrence and duration of warfare because they have an important bearing on the strength of armed groups and the feasibility of their  ... 
doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664597.003.0014 fatcat:fivsevf4szhvpco6uipmbzzace

Virulent Ethnocentrism and Conflict Intractability: Puzzles and Challenges for 3rd Party Intervenors

Dennis Sandole
2003 Peace and Conflict Studies  
This article addresses complex identity-based conflicts, such as those associated with the ending of the Cold War (e.g., Bosnia).  ...  Third parties may have to first deal with an original, historical conflict (e.g., Turkey-Armenia, 1915) before they can deal with one of its more recent variations (Azerbaijan-Armenia, 1990s). 3.  ...  to be emerging out of the ending of the Cold War.  ... 
doi:10.46743/1082-7307/2003.1032 fatcat:ipiu3cubj5aylpnlwc64dad5pu

New directions in conflict research from an economics perspective [chapter]

Syed Murshed
2014 Conflicts over Natural Resources in the Global South  
It then closely examines the relationship between natural resource endowment and conflict risk, arguing that economic dependence on certain types of resources and its associated weak institutions are more  ...  It looks at the relationship between globalisation and conflict, bearing in mind that civil war is only one form of violent organised internal conflict, and the fact that the relationship between economic  ...  The presence of armed conflict can add new dimensions into these risks and uncertainties, depending on the duration and intensity of the conflict, as well as perceptions about conflict re-emerging if it  ... 
doi:10.1201/b16498-4 fatcat:w4zfbsq2yndtvesniy3mwk5n7a

Water security and interstate conflict and cooperation - (Seguretat hídrica i conflicte i cooperació interestatals)

Wagner Costa Ribeiro, Fernanda Mello Sant'Anna
2014 Documents d'Anàlisi Geogràfica  
This article aims to grasp the problems involved in the conflicts and cooperation on shared use of transboundary water resources.  ...  Cooperation in the use of transboundary waters might spare distributive conflicts on water use.  ...  These initiatives emerge on different scales and involve a variety of actors.  ... 
doi:10.5565/rev/dag.150 fatcat:i5rvvindgfav7f6ctht7yf2gji

Rethinking Conflict Resolution: Matching Problems and Solutions

Andrea Talentino
2003 Peace and Conflict Studies  
This paper addresses international conflict resolution and the disparity between the number of attempts at resolution and the number of successes.  ...  This paper further addresses the need to reconsider approaches to conflict resolution, and the significance of taking better account of local circumstances in an effort to construct strategies to address  ...  The institutional emphasis on conflict resolution, peacekeeping, and peacebuilding reflects the rise of normative interests revolving around protection of individuals and responsible governance.  ... 
doi:10.46743/1082-7307/2003.1030 fatcat:4ahd6yrdw5hlziicqgnlidscw4

Partition as a Solution to Ethnic Conflict

Costantino Pischedda
2008 The International Spectator: Italian Journal of International Affairs  
Large-scale ethnic violence leads to the emergence of a situation of ''anarchy'', in which ethnic communities can no longer rely on state authority for protection, and therefore need to mobilise to defend  ...  Kuperman finds that the emerging norm of the responsibility to protect, ''by raising expectations of diplomatic and military intervention to protect groups targeted by . . .  ... 
doi:10.1080/03932720802486480 fatcat:xapt36fnpbacrm3i7f5q3hz6bu
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