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Response of atomic spin-based sensors to magnetic and nonmagnetic perturbations

Mikhail Padniuk, Marek Kopciuch, Riccardo Cipolletti, Arne Wickenbrock, Dmitry Budker, Szymon Pustelny
2022 Scientific Reports  
While Spin-Exchange Relaxation Free (SERF) magnetometry is one of the most powerful approaches enabling the searches, it suffers from a strong magnetic coupling, deteriorating the pseudo-magnetic coupling  ...  To address this problem, here, we compare, via numerical simulations, the performance of SERF magnetometer and noble-gas-alkali-metal co-magnetometer, operating in a so-called self-compensating regime.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors thank Derek Jackson Kimball  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41598-021-03609-w pmid:35013346 pmcid:PMC8748673 fatcat:5yofuoinkbd3xbhgxsfqimm7eu

Self-compensating co-magnetometer vs. spin-exchange relaxation-free magnetometer: sensitivity to nonmagnetic spin couplings [article]

Mikhail Padniuk, Marek Kopciuch, Riccardo Cipolletti, Arne Wickenbrock, Dmitry Budker, Szymon Pustelny
2021 arXiv   pre-print
While Spin-Exchange Relaxation Free (SERF) magnetometry is one of the most powerful approaches enabling the searches, it suffers from a strong magnetic coupling, deteriorating the pseudo-magnetic coupling  ...  To address this problem, here, we compare, via numerical simulations, the performance of SERF magnetometer and noble-gas-alkali-metal co-magnetometer, operating in a so-called self-compensating regime.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors thank Derek Jackson Kimball for useful discussions. Preliminary work in the directions discussed in the manuscript was carried out by Samer Afach.  ... 
arXiv:2107.05501v2 fatcat:qfqe7itz55fb7bl5c5wuslur2y

Nuclear Spin Gyroscope Based on an Atomic Comagnetometer

T. W. Kornack, R. K. Ghosh, M. V. Romalis
2005 Physical Review Letters  
The sensitivity is enhanced by using a high-density alkali-metal vapor in a spin-exchange relaxation free (SERF) regime.  ...  We describe a nuclear spin gyroscope based on an alkali-metal-noble-gas co-magnetometer.  ...  The response of the co-magnetometer to oscillating magnetic fields is shown in Fig. 5 and is in close agreement with Eq. (6), The coherent spin coupling between alkali-metal and nuclear spins also causes  ... 
doi:10.1103/physrevlett.95.230801 pmid:16384290 fatcat:uy4ahllvkfhlbjf7egcymm4dwy

Optical magnetometry

Dmitry Budker, Michael Romalis
2007 Nature Physics  
Recent developments in this vibrant field are improving magnetometers in many traditional areas such as measurement of geomagnetic anomalies and magnetic fields in space, and are opening the door to new  ...  ones, including, dynamical measurements of bio-magnetic fields, detection of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), magnetic-resonance imaging (MRI), inertial-rotation sensing, magnetic microscopy with cold  ...  The spin-exchange-relaxation-free regime can be achieved only in a magnetic field range of less than about 10 nT.  ... 
doi:10.1038/nphys566 fatcat:h33e3u35wzhmjdv4aba2quzlei

Spin-exchange-relaxation-free magnetometry with Cs vapor

M. P. Ledbetter, I. M. Savukov, V. M. Acosta, D. Budker, M. V. Romalis
2008 Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics  
We describe a Cs atomic magnetometer operating in the spin-exchange relaxation-free (SERF) regime.  ...  With a vapor cell temperature of 103^∘C we achieve intrinsic magnetic resonance widths Δ B=17 μ G corresponding to an electron spin-relaxation rate of 300 s^-1 when the spin-exchange rate is Γ_SE=14000  ...  The most sensitive atomic magnetometers presently are the spin-exchange-relaxation-free ͑SERF͒ magnetometers ͓5͔ in which relaxation due to spin-exchange collisions is eliminated by operating in the regime  ... 
doi:10.1103/physreva.77.033408 fatcat:ppyrgjviifhbdealtd6mv7uzyq

Ultra-sensitive magnetometry based on free precession of nuclear spins

C. Gemmel, W. Heil, S. Karpuk, K. Lenz, Ch. Ludwig, Yu. Sobolev, K. Tullney, M. Burghoff, W. Kilian, S. Knappe-Grüneberg, W. Müller, A. Schnabel (+3 others)
2010 European Physical Journal D : Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics  
We discuss the design and performance of a very sensitive low-field magnetometer based on the detection of free spin precession of gaseous, nuclear polarized 3He or 129Xe samples with a SQUID as magnetic  ...  The device will be employed to control fluctuating magnetic fields and gradients in a new experiment searching for a permanent electric dipole moment of the neutron as well as in a new type of 3He/129Xe  ...  We are grateful to our glass blower R.Jera for preparing the low-relaxation glass vessels from GE180.  ... 
doi:10.1140/epjd/e2010-00044-5 fatcat:xrclrmfwq5atlm4q6bzlcctuzu

High-sensitivity operation of single-beam optically pumped magnetometer in a kHz frequency range

I Savukov, Y J Kim, V Shah, M G Boshier
2017 Measurement science and technology  
Technol. 28 035104 View the article online for updates and enhancements. Related content Spin-exchange relaxation-free magnetometer with nearly parallel pump and probe beams  ...  PAPER • OPEN ACCESS High-sensitivity operation of single-beam optically pumped magnetometer in a kHz frequency range To cite this article: I Savukov et al 2017 Meas. Sci.  ...  due to deviation from the spin-exchange relaxation-free regime.  ... 
doi:10.1088/1361-6501/aa58b4 fatcat:v22pa2ghmvf4hfvpk32vcol7xq

A Coil Constant Calibration Method Based on the Phase-Frequency Response of Alkali Atomic Magnetometer

Han Yao, Danyue Ma, Junpeng Zhao, Jixi Lu, Ming Ding
2019 Photonic Sensors  
We propose an in-situ method to calibrate the coil constants of the optical atomic magnetometer.  ...  This method is based on measuring the Larmor precession of spin polarized alkali metal atoms and has been demonstrated on a K-Rb hybrid atomic magnetometer.  ...  Both these two funding agencies give suggestions on selecting the critical technical problems and official financial help on the implementation of experiments.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s13320-019-0530-4 fatcat:5mfcxqarunbndlvcchf6jgprca

Effects of spin-exchange collisions in a high-density alkali-metal vapor in low magnetic fields

I. M. Savukov, M. V. Romalis
2005 Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics  
Contrary to intuitive expectations, at high alkali-metal densities this broadening can be completely eliminated by operating in a low magnetic field, allowing construction of ultrasensitive atomic magnetometers  ...  Spin-exchange collisions often play a dominant role in the broadening of Zeeman resonances in an alkalimetal vapor.  ...  magnetic fields in the regime of fast spin exchange.  ... 
doi:10.1103/physreva.71.023405 fatcat:esfqvduwv5c6nexaiaeodhfgfa

New Classes of Systematic Effects in Gas Spin Comagnetometers

D. Sheng, A. Kabcenell, M. V. Romalis
2014 Physical Review Letters  
Atomic co-magnetometers are widely used in precision measurements searching for spin interactions beyond the Standard Model.  ...  We also develop a general and practical approach for calculating spin relaxation and frequency shifts due to arbitrary magnetic field gradients and confirm it experimentally.  ...  Theoretical methods for the analysis of frequency shifts and spin relaxation due to magnetic-field gradients have recently attracted renewed interest for applications in precision measurements [17] [18  ... 
doi:10.1103/physrevlett.113.163002 pmid:25361255 fatcat:f6l7lgmcc5f7xkhzmjylwhce6i

Fast-field-cycling ultralow-field nuclear magnetic relaxation dispersion

Sven Bodenstedt, Morgan W. Mitchell, Michael C. D. Tayler
2021 Nature Communications  
AbstractOptically pumped magnetometers (OPMs) based on alkali-atom vapors are ultra-sensitive devices for dc and low-frequency ac magnetic measurements.  ...  Here, in combination with fast-field-cycling hardware and high-resolution spectroscopic detection, we demonstrate applicability of OPMs in quantifying nuclear magnetic relaxation phenomena.  ...  Acknowledgements The work described is funded by: EU H2020 Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions project  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41467-021-24248-9 fatcat:wpvj7spowvaadgr2tnmvse6lha

Fast-field-cycling, ultralow-field nuclear magnetic relaxation dispersion [article]

Sven Bodenstedt, Morgan Mitchell, Michael Tayler
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Optically pumped magnetometers (OPMs) based on alkali-atom vapors are ultra-sensitive devices for dc and low-frequency ac magnetic measurements.  ...  Here, in combination with fast-field-cycling hardware and high-resolution spectroscopic detection, we demonstrate applicability of OPMs in quantifying nuclear magnetic relaxation phenomena.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The work described is funded by: EU H2020 Marie Sk lodowska-Curie Actions project ITN ZULF-NMR  ... 
arXiv:2012.05546v2 fatcat:syw3yc3fvfdpzjykcdi3o3zysm

New Constraints on Exotic Spin-Velocity-Dependent Interactions [article]

Kai Wei, Wei Ji, Changbo Fu, Arne Wickenbrock, Jiancheng Fang, Victor Flambaum, Dmitry Budker
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Taking advantage of the high sensitivity of the co-magnetometer, the pseudomagnetic field from the fifth force is measured to be <7 aT.  ...  This sets new limits on coupling constants for the neutron-nucleon and proton-nucleon interactions in the range of ≥ 0.1 m.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We thank Xing Heng and Zitong Xu for debugging and operating the servo motor. This work is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (Grant Nos.  ... 
arXiv:2203.07050v1 fatcat:gggs2avex5ggtpy73shd3nl4ea

Global Network of Optical Magnetometers for Exotic (GNOME): Physics Novel scheme for exotic physics searches [article]

S. Pustelny, D. F. Jackson Kimball, C. Pankow, M. P. Ledbetter, P. Wlodarczyk, P. Wcislo, M. Pospelov, J. Smith, J. Read, W. Gawlik, D. Budker
2013 arXiv   pre-print
The scheme is based on synchronous measurements of optical-magnetometer signals of several devices operating in magnetically shielded environments in distant locations (≳100 km).  ...  In the spirit of this research, a brief (∼ 2 hours) demonstration experiment involving two magnetometers located in Kraków and Berkeley (∼ 9000 km separation) is presented and discussion of the data-analysis  ...  S.P. is a scholar of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education within the Mobility Plus Program. D.B. acknowledges the sup-port by the Miller Institute for Basic Research in Science.  ... 
arXiv:1303.5524v2 fatcat:ueeyosefsrb4ldill5b4aeseta

Zero- to ultralow-field nuclear magnetic resonance and its applications

Min Jiang, Ji Bian, Qing Li, Ze Wu, Haowen Su, Minxiang Xu, Yuanhong Wang, Xin Wang, Xinhua Peng
2021 Fundamental Research  
analysis tool to conventional high-field nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), zero-to ultralowfield (ZULF) NMR detects nuclear magnetization signals in the sub-microtesla regime.  ...  Spin-exchange relaxationfree (SERF) atomic magnetometers provide a new generation of sensitive detectors for ZULF NMR.  ...  Acknowledgements We thank Dmitry Budker for valuable discussions.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.fmre.2020.12.007 fatcat:tmfrtvha3nbrjaly46zlu5wotm
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