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A history of AI and Law in 50 papers: 25 years of the international conference on AI and Law

Trevor Bench-Capon, Michał Araszkiewicz, Kevin Ashley, Katie Atkinson, Floris Bex, Filipe Borges, Daniele Bourcier, Paul Bourgine, Jack G. Conrad, Enrico Francesconi, Thomas F. Gordon, Guido Governatori (+12 others)
2012 Artificial Intelligence and Law  
Fifty papers have been selected from the thirteen conferences and each of them is described in a short subsection individually written by one of the 24 authors. These subsections attempt to place the  ...  We provide a retrospective of 25 years of the International Conference on AI and Law, which was first held in 1987.  ...  Thus twenty five years seems like a good time to take stock of the field, and a retrospective comprising papers published at ICAIL is a good way to do this.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10506-012-9131-x fatcat:g4qgrfrwyjcphdghpqlgfarxdy

On the history of evaluation in IR

Stephen Robertson
2008 Journal of information science  
This paper is a personal take on the history of evaluation experiments in information retrieval.  ...  It describes some of the early experiments that were formative in our understanding, and goes on to discuss the current dominance of TREC (the Text REtrieval Conference) and to assess its impact.  ...  Acknowledgements I am grateful to the following for extremely useful comments on drafts of this paper: Alan Gilchrist, Donna Harman, Ellen Voorhees, Chris Buckley, Bob Oddy, and an anonymous referee.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0165551507086989 fatcat:ecoenm7f3zb3zeap5quurut3ka

Text Mining Islamic Law

Christian Lange, Maksim Abdul Latief, Yusuf Çelik, A. Melle Lyklema, Dafne E. van Kuppevelt, Janneke van der Zwaan
2021 Islamic Law and Society  
We analyze a representative corpus of works of Islamic substantive law (furūʿ al-fiqh) from the beginnings of Islamic legal jurisprudence to the early modern period (2nd/8th-13th/19th c.) using several  ...  Digital humanities has a venerable pedigree, stretching back to the middle of the twentieth century, but despite noteworthy pioneering contributions it has not become a mainstream practice in Islamic Studies  ...  We would also like to thank the two anonymous reviewers for their thorough critique of the original version of this article, as well as all colleagues who generously provided advice and resources along  ... 
doi:10.1163/15685195-bja10009 fatcat:ylcwigwjrzhm5gneqq7etzgfre

"A veritable bucket of facts" origins of the data base management system

Thomas Haigh
2006 SIGMOD record  
Acknowledgements The author would like to thank Jef Wijsen and Alain Pirotte for their insightful comments that allowed to improve the quality of the paper. Acknowledgement.  ...  This work has been partially supported by the European Commission under the contract IST-FP6-004559 (project SODIUM: Service Oriented Development in a Unified fraMework).  ...  Now that we have had five years of double-blind SIGMOD conferences (2001-2005) we thought it might be useful to determine whether the use of double blind reviewing has had a significant impact on the rate  ... 
doi:10.1145/1147376.1147382 fatcat:pk5odqlhqnctdepmcrfsriputi

The Supreme Court and the Judicial Genre

Michael A. Livermore, Allen Riddell, Daniel Rockmore
2017 Social Science Research Network  
We further find that the divergence of the Court's opinions from the judicial genre is not due to the selection of an increasingly non-representative pool of cases for review.  ...  We accompany this quantitative analysis with a qualitative analysis of individual Supreme Court opinions that draws out the significance of this change.  ...  From this procedure, we construct a distribution of predictive accuracy for the classifier for that year.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2740126 fatcat:e3db64s5xvfwpb2s37oot5nt5u

Rankings, Reductionism, and Responsibility

Frank A. Pasquale
2006 Social Science Research Network  
Given the extraordinary profitability of such media over the past twenty years, it is hard to take these objections seriously currently.  ...  But even if these particular proposals are deemed implausible, they do focus attention on matters of principle that will have increasing importance in coming years: the copyrightability and First Amendment  ...  Research tasks that would have taken a team of assistants days or weeks can now be completed by a computer in seconds. 99 As a first step we would demand full and truthful disclosure of the underlying  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.888327 fatcat:5wukx35xnvcbvh3tfj6ddigly4

Lexikos 6

Lexikos Lexikos
2013 Lexikos  
of above Twenty years' (Sig.  ...  to twenty-five words.  ...  Unfortunately, apart from the past five years or so, the s'ame efforts have not been registered in Africa.  ... 
doi:10.5788/6-1-1019 fatcat:ggmzvnj5yfh7bhm6sfva7pnq5u

In search of the Why

Suzan Verberne
2011 SIGIR Forum  
In their summary of the CLEF 2008 QA track, Forner et al. state: "In six years of QA experimentation, a lot of resources and know how have been accumulated, nevertheless systems do not show a brilliant  ...  So far, no question analysis pro cedures have been created for why-QA specifically. Therefore, we have developed an approach for proper analysis of why-questions.  ...  In the first quarter of 2010, she was a guest researcher at the University of Wolverhampton, working on anaphora resolution for patent texts.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1924475.1924501 fatcat:fjnlh6htjfg5bas5rjdxd5wx44

Data Enrichment [chapter]

2017 Encyclopedia of Machine Learning and Data Mining  
Data preparation is the process of manipulating and organizing data prior to analysis.  ...  For discrete attributes, this typically means that the tree consists only of a single interior node (i.e., the root has only leaves as successor nodes).  ...  In: Proceedings of the twenty-seventh annual international ACM SIGIR conference on research and development in information retrieval SIGIR-2004.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4899-7687-1_979 fatcat:v22x3o5iuzaa5ghwx5fvqztpg4

Roget's Thesaurus as a Lexical Resource for Natural Language Processing [article]

Mario Jarmasz
2012 arXiv   pre-print
Peter Mark Roget published his first Thesaurus over 150 years ago. Countless writers, orators and students of the English language have used it.  ...  Computational linguists have employed Roget's for almost 50 years in Natural Language Processing, however hesitated in accepting Roget's Thesaurus because a proper machine tractable version was not available  ...  The number of nouns that are two levels away from the top of the noun hierarchies have not been identified, but if even a quarter of the WordNet nouns can be found here, they would represent close to 37,000  ... 
arXiv:1204.0140v1 fatcat:2oyur3xy6zdmdd6wu2rci2h2cu

Morphological diversities and ecozones of Ethiopian horse populations

E. Kefena, T. Dessie, J.L. Han, M.Y. Kurtu, S. Rosenbom, A. Beja-Pereira
2012 Animal Genetic Resources/Ressources génétiques animales/Recursos genéticos animales  
The mention of specific companies or products of manufacturers, whether or not these have been patented, does not imply that these have been endorsed or recommended by FAO in preference to others of a  ...  The views expressed in this information product are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of FAO.  ...  Acknowledgements We thank the Benzon family for assistance in taking blood samples from their Jutland breed herd and for information on the history of the breed. We thank Dr Johannes A.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s2078633612000021 fatcat:pge2h75mjfhqzm4dem6pkqsw4u

Variations on language modeling for information retrieval

Wessel Kraaij
2005 SIGIR Forum  
Variations on Language Modeling for Information Retrieval W. Kraaij -Enschede: Neslia Paniculata. Thesis Enschede -With ref. With summary ISBN 90-75296-09-6  ...  The humour and encouragement of Stephan Raaijmakers have been a great moral support during this last year.  ...  Sections 2.3 -2.6 discuss the most important IR models which have been developed during the last 40 years.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1067268.1067291 fatcat:h23lp5aqfvfu5iecwnihfme244

Introduction to information retrieval

2009 ChoiceReviews  
The scheme discussed in this chapter, currently believed to be the best published scheme (achieving as few as 3 bits per link for encoding), is described in a series of papers by Boldi and Vigna (2004b  ...  Our discussion of DNS resolution (Section 20.2.2) uses the current convention for internet addresses, known as IPv4 (for Internet Protocol version 4)each IP address is a sequence of four bytes.  ...  Other relevant papers can be found in the next several years of SIGIR proceedings.  ... 
doi:10.5860/choice.46-2715 fatcat:ruwoe46pgzcupjygnwbnit4z3u

Data-Intensive Text Processing with MapReduce

Jimmy Lin, Chris Dyer
2010 Synthesis Lectures on Human Language Technologies  
On the other hand, latency and bandwidth have improved relatively little: in the case of latency, perhaps 2× improvement during the last quarter century, and in the case of bandwidth, perhaps 50×.  ...  In the last 20 years, the rule-based approach has largely been abandoned in favor of more data-driven methods, where the "rules" for processing the input are inferred automatically from large corpora of  ...  Issues associated with a MapReduce implementation of latent Dirichlet allocation (LDA), which is another important unsupervised learning technique, with certain similarities to EM, have been explored by  ... 
doi:10.2200/s00274ed1v01y201006hlt007 fatcat:daso2mcdvrg6jev3vbospnsvpe

Using the Web as an Implicit Training Set: Application to Noun Compound Syntax and Semantics [article]

Preslav Nakov
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Traditionally the Web has been viewed as a source of page hit counts, used as an estimate for n-gram word frequencies.  ...  While eventually mastered by domain experts, their interpretation poses a major challenge for automated analysis.  ...  science and technology for more than a quarter century.  ... 
arXiv:1912.01113v1 fatcat:3ubstjtd7nhphmw4kbewls3onq
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