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MPEG and DA-AD Resilient DCT-Based Video Watermarking Using Adaptive Frame Selection

Jong-Uk Hou
2021 Electronics  
/digital (DA-AD) conversion.  ...  To evaluate the performance of the proposed watermarking scheme, we conducted robustness tests under a DA-AD conversion environment, based on the MPEG-4 part 10 (H.264) codec.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The author declares no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/electronics10202467 fatcat:ean7mqm56feqpfdlely762jhti

Analysis of Quantization-based Audio Watermarking to D/A and A/D Conversions

Shijun Xiang, Jiwu Huang
2006 International Journal of Network Security  
As a conclusion, audio watermarking quantization-based is very susceptible to the DA/AD.  ...  Furthermore, we analyze the performance of quantization-based audio watermarking against these attacks in the DA/AD, and present corresponding calculation expressions of BER (Bit Error Rate) in case of  ...  Acknowledgements We thank the support of NSFC (60325208, 60133020), NSF of Guangdong (04205407).  ... 
dblp:journals/ijnsec/XiangH06 fatcat:4bx7uhlhondeve2l4td4uzdx7y

Audio watermarking robust against D/A and A/D conversions

Shijun Xiang
2011 EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing  
In a number of watermark application scenarios, D/A and A/D conversions are involved.  ...  Simulation tests show the proposed audio watermarking algorithm provides a satisfactory performance to DA/AD conversions and those common audio processing manipulations.  ...  Effects of DA/AD conversions on audio watermarking From the above experimental analysis, we conclude that the DA/AD distortion can be represented as the combination of time scaling modification and wave  ... 
doi:10.1186/1687-6180-2011-3 fatcat:ez3detrduvb5zidlam4sh4o7ke

Audio watermarking quality evaluation: robustness to DA/AD processes

M. Steinebach, A. Lang, J. Dittmann, C. Neubauer
Proceedings. International Conference on Information Technology: Coding and Computing  
We analyze if it is possible to simulate an acoustic, noisy DA/AD environment with filters, quantization and noise generators.  ...  We also describe a design concept for a DA/AD simulation.  ...  Robustness of watermark A DA/AD SMBM IMPLEMENTATION It is important to know the effects of DA/AD conversion on audio signals to implement a DA/AD model for the Stirmark benchmark.  ... 
doi:10.1109/itcc.2002.1000368 dblp:conf/itcc/SteinebachLDN02 fatcat:v33332anhbbj3h3bpkrzitc4bu

Effective blind speech watermarking via adaptive mean modulation and package synchronization in DWT domain

Hwai-Tsu Hu, Shiow-Jyu Lin, Ling-Yuan Hsu
2017 EURASIP Journal on Audio, Speech, and Music Processing  
DWT-AMM exhibits superior robustness in terms of bit error rates, as long as the recovery of adaptive quantization steps is secured.  ...  The quantization steps used in mean modulation are recursively derived from previous DWT coefficients. The proposed formulation allows for the direct assignment of embedding strength.  ...  The DA/AD conversion is performed through an onboard Realtek ALC892 audio codec, of which the line-out is linked with the line-in using a cable line during playback and recording.JEcho addition Adding  ... 
doi:10.1186/s13636-017-0106-4 fatcat:kuilp7lcs5e37dqk5la5jkmu4e

Watermark-enabled value added services to broadcast audio

Mikko Loytynoja, Anja Keskinarkaus, Nedeljko Cvejic, Tapio Seppanen
2008 2008 2nd IEEE International Conference on Digital Ecosystems and Technologies  
Index Terms-audio watermarking, multiple watermarking, frequency hopping, spread spectrum, DA/AD  ...  The method is tested against sampling rate changes and DA/AD conversion in noisy environment, where the audio is played through loudspeakers and recorded using a mobile phone.  ...  (DA/AD) conversions.  ... 
doi:10.1109/dest.2008.4635140 fatcat:pv5cwqdrmvdrlaj7cyibz3k2ry

High-Performance Self-Synchronous Blind Audio Watermarking in a Unified FFT Framework

Hwai-Tsu Hu, Tung-Tsun Lee
2019 IEEE Access  
The combination of robust audio segment extraction and recursive FFT makes it possible to execute these two FFT-based schemes in tandem on a sample-by-sample basis.  ...  This paper presents a blind audio watermarking method that uses two different schemes to hide binary bits and auxiliary information within separate ranges of a fast Fourier transform (FFT) sequence.  ...  DA/AD conversion can be regarded as a composite effect of time-scaling, amplitude scaling, and noise corruption [34] ; therefore, FFT-LR did not perform well in DA/AD conversion.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2019.2893646 fatcat:fwtdy4lwunchxmbrtz3zub37n4

Robust blind speech watermarking via FFT-based perceptual vector norm modulation with frame self-synchronization

Hwai-Tsu Hu, Hsien-Hsin Chou, Tung-Tsun Lee
2021 IEEE Access  
The proposed watermarking method matched and exceeded the performance of five state-of-the-art methods in terms of robustness against common speech processing attacks.  ...  Experiment results confirm the imperceptibility of the proposed modulation scheme in terms of the mean opinion score -listening quality objective (MOS-LQO) based on the perceptual evaluation of speech  ...  The effects of re-quantization, echo addition, and DA/AD conversion can be regarded as noise-like attacks; therefore, FFT-PVNM can be said to provide adequate resistance to this type of attack.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3049525 fatcat:r3xlvguhb5ah7icpoucwblldly

Survey on Different Level of Audio Watermarking Techniques

Shweta Sharma, Jitendra Rajpurohit, Sunil Dhankar
2012 International Journal of Computer Applications  
By using the different scheme of watermarking at different levels of audio, it can be secure from many types of attacks.  ...  Audio Watermarking is useful technique for audio systems. This technique can work on different domains like frequency and time.  ...  DA/AD conversion.  ... 
doi:10.5120/7666-0783 fatcat:z4z3d3jyknfbvcudtk5jroeomu

Front Matter: Volume 7541

Proceedings of SPIE, Nasir D. Memon, Jana Dittmann, Adnan M. Alattar, Edward J. Delp III
2010 Media Forensics and Security II  
Numbers in the index correspond to the last two digits of the six-digit CID number.  ...  The papers published in these proceedings reflect the work and thoughts of the authors and are published herein as submitted.  ...  Niu, Harbin Institute of Technology (China) 7541 0W Audio annotation watermarking with robustness against DA/AD conversion [7541-33] K. Qian, C. Kraetzer, M. Biermann, J.  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.858653 fatcat:7f3zs7xzfbfjpnuauuwmfdumxm

Robust and high-quality time-domain audio watermarking based on low-frequency amplitude modification

Wen-Nung Lie, Li-Chun Chang
2006 IEEE transactions on multimedia  
This work proposes a method of embedding digital watermarks into audio signals in the time domain.  ...  Security of embedded watermarks is enhanced by adopting unequal section lengths determined by a secret key. Index Terms-Audio watermarking, data embedding, psychoacoustic model.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors thank the anonymous reviewers for valuable suggestions on improvements of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tmm.2005.861292 fatcat:cr3ne33kwrhwjbspyu4lyilcjq

SecMon: end-to-end quality and security monitoring system

Tomasz Ciszkowski, Charlott Eliasson, Markus Fiedler, Zbigniew Kotulski, Radu Lupu, Wojciech Mazurczyk
2008 Annales UMCS Informatica  
These features are achieved by utilizing two information hiding techniques, namely digital audio watermarking and network steganography.  ...  The above-mentioned features are accomplished mainly by utilizing two information hiding techniques: digital audio watermarking and network steganography.  ...  Moreover, most audio watermarking algorithms for the real-time communication are designed to survive the typical non-malicious operations like: low bit rate audio compression, codec changes, DA/AD conversion  ... 
doi:10.2478/v10065-008-0018-0 fatcat:rwy5pvaki5hcrb5nciumptojri

An Analysis on Digital Watermarking in Videos based on Frequency Domain Techniques

Monasa Yengkhom, Pradeep Kumar Singh
2015 International Journal of Modern Education and Computer Science  
The medium for watermarking is chosen as video because of its vast future scope So, in this paper, a thorough research on the various techniques available in watermarking based on frequency domain has  ...  So, most researchers have used this domain in developing a good watermarking scheme for achieving robustness and other important properties of digital watermarking against all kinds of intentional and  ...  ACM, 2014 The watermark is embedded in the blue channel and that a DA-AD environment is used to measure performance. It is robust and invisible.  ... 
doi:10.5815/ijmecs.2015.12.05 fatcat:7nyyrqor4naujlu2obwxab26ae

Digital watermarking for DVD video copy protection

M. Maes, T. Kalker, J.-P.M.G. Linnartz, J. Talstra, F.G. Depovere, J. Haitsma
2000 IEEE Signal Processing Magazine  
It has been shown that Millennium survives MPEG-2 compression down to at least 2.5 Mb/s, MJPEG compression, DA/AD conversion, PAL conversion, noise addition, quantization, subtitling and logo insertion  ...  Based upon this analysis we decided to rely on the first approach, i.e., simple spatial correlation.  ... 
doi:10.1109/79.879338 fatcat:47faf7i4ija77cz7uqbf5a6tka

MMEDIA 2016 The Eighth International Conferences on Advances in Multimedia Lisbon, Portugal MMEDIA 2016 Editors MMEDIA 2016 Committee MMEDIA 2016 Advisory Committee MMEDIA 2016 Technical Program Committee

Carla Westphall, Birgit Gersbeck-Schierholz, Dan Dumitru, Burdescu, Philip Davies, Patrice Alface, Alcatel-Lucent Bell, Labs -Antwerp, Belgium Chen, Dan Dumitru, Burdescu, Philip Davies (+80 others)
conferencing, streaming video and audio.  ...  The knowledge of spatial and/or temporal phenomena becomes critical for many applications, which requires techniques for the processing, analysis, search, mining, and management of multimedia data.  ...  EXPERIMENT RESULTS Watermarks could hardly be extracted when a previous watermark algorithms, which is based on spread spectrum in spatial domain, was used for a robustness test against DA/AD conversion  ...