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Analysis of Livorno Heavy Rainfall Event: Examples of Satellite-Based Observation Techniques in Support of Numerical Weather Prediction

Elisabetta Ricciardelli, Francesco Di Paola, Sabrina Gentile, Angela Cersosimo, Domenico Cimini, Donatello Gallucci, Edoardo Geraldi, Salvatore Larosa, Saverio Nilo, Ermann Ripepi, Filomena Romano, Mariassunta Viggiano
2018 Remote Sensing  
This study investigates the value of satellite-based observational algorithms in supporting numerical weather prediction (NWP) for improving the alert and monitoring of extreme rainfall events.  ...  To this aim, the analysis of the very intense precipitation that affected the city of Livorno on 9 and 10 September 2017 is performed by applying three remote sensing techniques based on satellite observations  ...  The founding sponsors had no role in the design of the study; in the collection, analyses, or interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript, and in the decision to publish the results.  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs10101549 fatcat:qtyonttvcrcp5fbqxfu6kotozm

Assimilating X- and S-band Radar Data for a Heavy Precipitation Event in Italy [article]

Valerio Capecchi, Andrea Antonini, Riccardo Benedetti, Luca Fibbi, Samantha Melani, Luca Rovai, Antonio Ricchi, Diego Cerrai
2021 arXiv   pre-print
During the night between 9 and 10 September 2017, multiple flash floods associated to a heavy-precipitation event affected the town of Livorno, located in Tuscany, Italy.  ...  We used the limited-area Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model, in a convection-permitting setup, to reconstruct the extreme event leading to the flash floods.  ...  Rain-gauge data were provided by the meteorological network managed by the Hydrological Service of Tuscany.  ... 
arXiv:2104.14630v1 fatcat:qmrnbuq6j5btbmmhzpyziyf6mi

Assimilating X- and S-Band Radar Data for a Heavy Precipitation Event in Italy

Valerio Capecchi, Andrea Antonini, Riccardo Benedetti, Luca Fibbi, Samantha Melani, Luca Rovai, Antonio Ricchi, Diego Cerrai
2021 Water  
During the night between 9 and 10 September 2017, multiple flash floods associated with a heavy-precipitation event affected the town of Livorno, located in Tuscany, Italy.  ...  We used the limited-area weather research and forecasting (WRF) model, in a convection-permitting setup, to reconstruct the extreme event leading to the flash floods.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/w13131727 fatcat:f3b2sqrnrvebrglg2klq3gmz7y

Meteorological OSSEs for New Zenith Total Delay Observations: Impact Assessment for the Hydroterra Geosynchronous Satellite on the October 2019 Genoa Event

Martina Lagasio, Agostino N. Meroni, Giorgio Boni, Luca Pulvirenti, Andrea Monti-Guarnieri, Roger Haagmans, Stephen Hobbs, Antonio Parodi
2020 Remote Sensing  
In particular, a better spatial localization and extent of the heavy rainfall area is achieved and a realistic surface wind structure, which is a crucial element in the forecast of such heavy rainfall  ...  Along the Mediterranean coastlines, intense and localized rainfall events are responsible for numerous casualties and several million euros of damage every year.  ...  extreme weather events.  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs12223787 fatcat:wrwgbfbbsvb73m73lgcknrfbpy

A Synergistic Use of a High-Resolution Numerical Weather Prediction Model and High-Resolution Earth Observation Products to Improve Precipitation Forecast

Martina Lagasio, Antonio Parodi, Luca Pulvirenti, Agostino N. Meroni, Giorgio Boni, Nazzareno Pierdicca, Frank S. Marzano, Lorenzo Luini, Giovanna Venuti, Eugenio Realini, Andrea Gatti, Giulio Tagliaferro (+8 others)
2019 Remote Sensing  
Two heavy rainfall events that occurred in Italy in the autumn of 2017 are studied—a localized and short-lived event and a long-lived one.  ...  System (GNSS) observations, can be used to better understand and predict with a higher spatio-temporal resolution the atmospheric phenomena resulting in severe weather events.  ...  Two heavy rainfall events that occurred in Italy in the autumn of 2017 are studied-a localized and short-lived event and a long-lived one.  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs11202387 fatcat:p3u3nt3lbfbxthnw2jyjtyexpq

The impact of lightning and radar reflectivity factor data assimilation on the very short-term rainfall forecasts of RAMS@ISAC: application to two case studies in Italy

Stefano Federico, Rosa Claudia Torcasio, Elenio Avolio, Olivier Caumont, Mario Montopoli, Luca Baldini, Gianfranco Vulpiani, Stefano Dietrich
2019 Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences  
weather events that occurred in Italy.  ...  </p> <p>The first case study was missed by several operational forecasts, including that performed by the model used in this paper, while the Livorno case was partially predicted by operational models.  ...  LINET data were provided by Nowcast GmbH (https://www. within a scientific agreement between Hans Dieter Betz and the Satellite Meteorological Group of CNR-ISAC in Rome.  ... 
doi:10.5194/nhess-19-1839-2019 fatcat:nplef6nclzeotbvt4mzm2e42um

Investigation of the Weather Conditions During the Collapse of the Morandi Bridge in Genoa on 14 August 2018 Using Field Observations and WRF Model

Massimiliano Burlando, Djordje Romanic, Giorgio Boni, Martina Lagasio, Antonio Parodi
2020 Atmosphere  
The study particularly focuses on the analysis of a downburst that was observed around the collapse time and a few kilometers away from the bridge.  ...  While it is unclear if this thunderstorm played a role in the collapse, the present study examines the weather conditions before and during the bridge collapse.  ...  Satellite images are based on level 1 data recorded by SEVIRI instrument onboard Meteosat Second Generation satellites, operated by EUMETSAT.  ... 
doi:10.3390/atmos11070724 fatcat:dq2bdcat5jchtfhnlueajj46zm

The history of rainfall data time-resolution in a wide variety of geographical areas

Renato Morbidelli, Amanda Penelope García-Marín, Abdullah Al Mamun, Rahman Mohammad Atiqur, José Luís Ayuso-Muñoz, Mohamed Bachir Taouti, Piotr Baranowski, Gianni Bellocchi, Claudia Sangüesa-Pool, Brett Bennett, Byambaa Oyunmunkh, Brunella Bonaccorso (+54 others)
2020 Journal of Hydrology  
We present an historical analysis of the time-107 evolution of t a based on a large database of rain gauge networks operative in many study 108 areas.  ...  104 Collected rainfall records by gauges lead to key forcings in most hydrological studies. 105 Depending on sensor type and recording systems, such data are characterized by different 106 time-resolutions  ...  198 cannot easily be done for the analysis of heavy rainfall characterized by sub-hourly durations. 199 In this context, it can be deduced that the time-resolution of rainfall data also influences  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2020.125258 fatcat:mdg4cr6bmfd4xhzp4n3k2n7uoe

Knowledge Extracted from Copernicus Satellite Data

Dumitru Octavian, Schwarz Gottfried, Eltoft Torbjørn, Kræmer Thomas, Wagner Penelope, Hughes Nick, Arthus David, Fleming Andrew, Koubarakis Manolis, Datcu Mihai
2019 Zenodo  
By applying an already established active learning approach based on a Support Vector Machine with relevance feedback [2], we can limit ourselves to a limited number of typical satellite images to extract  ...  During the development of deep learning algorithms, a key activity is to establish a large amount of referenced Earth Observation data.  ...  Remote sensing imagery is most widely used for water resources in remote area and monotonious regions. Several techniques were used to extract the glaciers lake surface using Landsat imagery.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3941573 fatcat:zzifwgljifck5bpjnboetsftfu

Data Assimilation in high resolution Numerical Weather Prediction models to improve forecast skill of extreme hydrometeorological events [article]

The complex orography typical of the Mediterranean area supports the formation, mainly during the fall season, of the so-called back-building Mesoscale Convective Systems (MCS) producing torrential rainfall  ...  These events are hardly predictable from a hydrometeorological standpoint and may cause significant amount of fatalities and socio-economic damages.  ...  Yair, (2008, 2010) Numerical Weather Prediction History and development The numerical weather prediction is a technique used to obtain an objective forecast of the future weather by solving a set  ... 
doi:10.15167/lagasio-martina_phd2019-05-22 fatcat:yt2lzrkqovfk7gqhehihhhtqsi

Background [chapter]

Daniel Rouan
2015 Encyclopedia of Astrobiology  
in diseases; analysis and prediction of conformation changes upon molecular binding; and prediction of naturally disordered regions of a protein 3.  ...  it could have numerous far-reaching consequences for our own life-support system.  ...  The ▶ anorthosite breccia of the lunar highlands is a wellknown example.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-662-44185-5_142 fatcat:pszkefmetfbi5gkgnokchpnmii

Evaluation of 4-nonylphenol toxicity in the clam Tapes philippinarum

Valerio Matozzo, Martina Deppieri, Vanessa Moschino, Maria Gabriella Marin
2003 Environmental Research  
This work has been partially supported by Junta de Andalucía through Research Group RNM-124. M. Cruz-Guzmán gratefully acknowledges the Ministry of Education and Culture for her F.P.U. fellowship.  ...  Acknowledgements This work has been supported by the EU Environment and Climate program through the Waste Water Cluster project SANDRINE (ENV4-CT98-0801) and by CICYT (AMB99-1705-CE).  ...  HEAVY METALS MONITORING IN SOIL AND SUBSOIL WITH CHEMICAL AND GEOPHYSICAL TECHNIQUES.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0013-9351(02)00052-x pmid:12648481 fatcat:a3ybrkt3gzctdnktwdy5y4ihru

Compilation of 51 case study profiles; overviews and in-depth investigations

Kristin Tovaas, Saydrina Govender, Ralf Brand, Michele Masnata, Christian Melchiorre, Andrea Lorenzini, Lidia Sala, Sarah Brooke, Caitlin Cottrill, Steve Wright, Ruud Van der Ploeg, Thomas Geier (+1 others)
2019 Zenodo  
and social innovations in public transport that have led to improved accessibility, inclusive mobility and equity in the prioritised areas by responding better to their specific needs and demographics  ...  These have been conducted through thorough desk research, and in some cases interviews and email correspondences with the people associated with the cases  ...  relation to investments in infrastructure (such as renovation of bus and tram stops); Västtrafik was responsible for the training of drivers, technicians and other personnel, adaptation of vehicles and  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5747631 fatcat:36wyodvrmvewbiqrkgi3e2nkrm

Channel Modeling and Performance Evaluation of High Data Rate Next Generation Wireless Terrestrial and Satellite Communication Systems [article]

Χαρίλαος Κουρόγιωργας, National Technological University Of Athens, National Technological University Of Athens
In this technique short-term weather predictions are needed which may be derived from satellite images or numerical weather products.  ...  There are numerous models in the literature for the prediction of the exceedance probability of rain attenuation.  ...  synthesizer of the log-amplitude χ is proposed based on SDEs driven by fBm.  ... 
doi:10.26240/heal.ntua.1859 fatcat:oe3eazpp3rcipbscv6dh5ne5ue

Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning Current Measurements in the Bonifacio Mouths and La Maddalena Archipelago: First Analyses

A Ribotti, M Borghini, K Schroeder, A Satta, B Sorgente, R Gerin, A Cucco, A Olita, L Fazioli, R Giovannini, R Sorgente
The aim was the acquisition of current data in the very shallow waters of the La Maddalena Archipelago, northeast of Sardinia (Italy), in order to validate a high resolution forecasting numerical system  ...  for the management of oil-spill emergencies in an area of very high environmental value.  ...  This work has been supported by the "VECTOR"-FISR Project and the EUfunded Project "EQUIMAR". The collaboration with CMCC and Consorzio Venezia Ricerche is also acknowledged. Acknowledgements  ... 
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