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Analysing musical performance through functional data analysis: rhythmic structure in Schumann'sTräumerei

Josué Almansa, Pedro Delicado
2009 Connection science  
To demonstrate this suitability, we consider tempo data for 28 performances of Schumann's Träumerei and analyse them by means of functional principal component analysis (one of the most powerful descriptive  ...  tools included in Functional Data Analysis).  ...  Repp who provided us with the Träumerei tempo data set. This research is partially supported by the Spanish Ministry of Education and Science and FEDER, MTM2006-09920.  ... 
doi:10.1080/09540090902733848 fatcat:ii36be6ikrhzzo5rqnfx7jmc3a

Diversity and commonality in music performance: An analysis of timing microstructure in Schumann's ''Träumerei''

Bruno H. Repp
1992 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
These data were subjected to a variety of statistical analyses, including principal components analysis of longer stretches of music and curve fitting to series of lOIs within brief melodic gestures.  ...  Intertone onset intervals (lOIs) were measured in 28 recorded performances.  ...  GENERAL DISCUSSION The present comprehensive analysis of expressive timing patterns in 28 performances of Schumann's "Traumerei" provides an objective view of the commonalities and differences among great  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.404425 pmid:1479119 fatcat:vhwqblvbmnflfaurd26zldf7gq

Expressive timing in Schumann's ''Träumerei:'' An analysis of performances by graduate student pianists

Bruno H. Repp
1995 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
Statistical analyses were conducted on the expressive timing patterns of performances of Schumann's "Traumerei" by 10 graduate student pianists who played from the score on a Yamaha Disclavier after a  ...  This demonstrates that precision in expressive timing does not require extensive study and practice of the music at hand, only general musical and technical competence.  ...  The most extensive analysis of this kind included 28 recorded performances of Robert Schumann's well-known piano piece, "Traumerei" (Repp, 1992a) .  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.413276 pmid:7593927 fatcat:db3yiuuv5ngtpke2j4r4r2jt4e

The Kinematics of Musical Expression in the Spatiotemporal Dimension

Steven Livingstone
2013 Empirical Musicology Review  
During performance, musicians are known to move their bodies in rhythmic and expressive displays.  ...  Third, the periodic nature of performers’ motion profiles may lend themselves to frequency-based analyses that may reveal an underlying musical ‘pulse’ or pulses of the performer.  ...  This quality opens the data up to a range of analyses that may yield insight into the rhythmic and repeating nature of performers' movements.  ... 
doi:10.18061/emr.v8i2.3931 fatcat:shk6wyw42fhz5htlt5n5fh54tu

Relational invariance of expressive microstructure across global tempo changes in music performance: An exploratory study

Bruno H. Repp
1994 Psychological Research  
Two pianists played Schumann's "Traumerei" three times at each of three tempi on a digital piano, and the performance data were recorded in MIDI format.  ...  This study addressed the question of whether the expressive microstructure of a music performance remains relationally invariant across moderate (musically acceptable) changes in tempo.  ...  Methods The music The score of Schumann's "Traumerei" is shown in Figure 1 ; its layout highlights the hierarchical structure of the piece.  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf00419657 pmid:8090862 fatcat:kvw2g3fom5ec5jrhehz4fcfy5a

The dynamics of expressive piano performance: Schumann's ''Träumerei'' revisited

Bruno H. Repp
1996 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
Ten graduate.student pianists were recorded playing Robert Schumann's "Traumerei" three times on a Yamaha Disklavier. Their expressive dynamics were analyzed at the level of hammer (MIDI) velocities.  ...  Individual differences in expressive dynamics were not striking and were only weakly related to individual differences in expressive timing.  ...  The music A computer-generated score of Schumann's "Traumerei" is shown in Figure 1 . The layout on the page illuminates the phrase structure, which is discussed in more detail in Repp (1992) .  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.415889 pmid:8675852 fatcat:wul6ejuaxjcvll4unewukwdwjy

Logical Representation Of Musical Concepts (For Analysis And Composition Tasks Using Computers)

Somnuk Phon-Amnuaisuk
2004 Proceedings of the SMC Conferences  
To over- on the analysis tasks we have performed.  ...  Process structuring and music theory. In S.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.849190 fatcat:hjwklptgona5toxcjvndw66mia

Timing microstructure in Schumann's "Träumerei" as an expression of harmony, rhythm, and motivic structure in music performance

J. Beran, G. Mazzola
2000 Computers and Mathematics with Applications  
We give statistical evidence that specific rhythmic, melodic, and harmonic analyses are dominating shaping structures for the agogical streams from 28 performances of Schumann's "Tr/iumerei", as measured  ...  These analyses are provided by the Rubato analysis and performance workstation.  ...  There is strong statistical evidence for the timing microstructure in 28 fanmus performances of Schumann's "Triiumerei" as being an expression solely of harmonic, melodic, and rhythmic structures furnished  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0898-1221(00)00049-3 fatcat:452u3ceagffflb4tmohqa66u5m

Towards an Evolution Model of Expressive Music Performance

Qijun Zhang, Eduardo Miranda
2006 Sixth International Conference on Intelligent Systems Design and Applications  
In previous work [19] , we have shown that GA can evolve suitable pulse sets for musical performance.  ...  the hierarchical pulse sets for music interpretation, where the fitness of GA is derived from the structure of the music to be performed.  ...  Selected musical structures Music performance mainly functions to communicate the music idea of a piece with listeners, by performers.  ... 
doi:10.1109/isda.2006.253781 dblp:conf/isda/ZhangM06 fatcat:uncensmyzngubcfnj5b5xl54a4

Expressive Meaning and the Empirical Analysis of Musical Gesture

Joshua D. Albrecht
2018 Music Theory Online  
By presenting short musical gestures to listeners, a bottom-up, data-driven analysis of the expressive meaning of musical gestures and topics in the movement is possible.  ...  An exploratory case study illustrates the progressive exposure method through an analysis of the expressive meaning of the second movement of Beethoven'sPathétiqueSonata.  ...  In this study, Repp averaged together the mictrotiming decisions of ten different performances of Schumann's Traumerei and compared this "average" performance to the original ten recordings.  ... 
doi:10.30535/mto.24.3.1 fatcat:odrdf5a4ebem3khdjqbohdlgea

Comparative analysis of expressivity in recorded violin performances. Study of the Sonatas and Partitas for solo violin by J. S. Bach

Montserrat Puiggròs, Emilia Gómez, Xavier Serra
2007 Zenodo  
Bach, as by the shining difficulty in its interpretation. In regard to the data we will work from real audio recordings.  ...  Expressive performance characterization is traditionally based on the analysis of the main differences between performances, players, playing styles and emotional intentions.  ...  The most common methods are through analysis by measurement and analysis by synthesis: the first one is based on deviation analysis from musical notation measured in recorded human performances.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3743187 fatcat:3okf6wnrxrhtxb5w4w4jkob6pe

Attempts to Reproduce a Pianist?s Expressive Timing with Director Musices Performance Rules

Johan Sundberg, Anders Friberg, Roberto Bresin
2003 Journal of New Music Research  
The Director Musices generative grammar of music performance is a system of context dependent rules that automatically introduces expressive deviation in performances of input score files.  ...  It is found that rules reflecting the phrase structure produced high correlations in some sections.  ...  the performance analysed.  ... 
doi:10.1076/jnmr.32.3.317.16867 fatcat:vx54audw5nfz3nwttare7craoi

Computational Models of Expressive Music Performance: The State of the Art

Gerhard Widmer, Werner Goebl
2004 Journal of New Music Research  
This contribution gives an overview of the state of the art in the field of computational modeling of expressive music performance.  ...  Their basic principles and assumptions are explained and, wherever possible, empirical evaluations of the models on real performance data are reported.  ...  in Science and Technology).  ... 
doi:10.1080/0929821042000317804 fatcat:n536ua3c4zeyjmflq72rhwxrue

Pedal Timing and Tempo in Expressive Piano Performance: A Preliminary Investigation

Bruno H. Repp
1996 Psychology of Music  
The timing of pedal depressions and releases was measured relative to key depressions and releases in two pianists' performances of Robert Schumann's "Traumerei" on an electronic instrument.  ...  Each pianist provided 9 complete performances, 3 at each of 3 tempi, which were analyzed by examining in detail those positions in the music in which the pedal was used consistently.  ...  Method The music The score of Schumann's "Traumerei" is shown in Figure 2 , laid out on the page so that structurally similar parts are aligned vertically.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0305735696242011 fatcat:cr4vvl47jvdvlc5dsfmdws4czu

Effect of tempo on relative note durations in a performed samba groove

Mari Romarheim Haugen, Anne Danielsen
2020 Journal of New Music Research  
In the present study, we investigated the influence of tempo on such sixteenth-note patterns in a performed samba groove.The results revealed an uneven duration pattern in all tempi.  ...  We suggest that the differences in relative durations between tempi reflect the need to maintain the samba sixteenth note 'template' in all tempi: producing the samba 'feel' requires that relative durations  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank the samba performers for their participation in the study, Georgios Sioros and Victor Evaristo Gonzalez Sanchez for assistance during the recordings, and  ... 
doi:10.1080/09298215.2020.1767655 fatcat:223eaijw6relxn5x5mxakrowuq
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