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An integrated theory of causal stories and evidential arguments

Floris Bex
2015 Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Law - ICAIL '15  
The talk will first discuss the integrated approach from an informal perspective , briefly touching on the strengths and weaknesses of stories and arguments.  ...  Thus, the decision about which facts to accept is based on the acceptability of the stories in light of the evidential arguments in the case.  ...  The talk will first discuss the integrated approach from an informal perspective , briefly touching on the strengths and weaknesses of stories and arguments.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2746090.2746094 dblp:conf/icail/Bex15 fatcat:mybgbufczrh77pqwqt6qoclx3u

A hybrid formal theory of arguments, stories and criminal evidence

Floris J. Bex, Peter J. van Koppen, Henry Prakken, Bart Verheij
2010 Artificial Intelligence and Law  
In an argument-based approach to reasoning with evidence, the reasons for and against the occurrence of an event, e.g., based on witness testimony, are central.  ...  In the literature, two approaches to reasoning with evidence can be distinguished, one argument-based and one story-based.  ...  Acknowledgments The research reported in this paper has been performed in the project 'Making sense of evidence.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10506-010-9092-x fatcat:5ot6xyzbqnew5aq573ytujjbue

Legal stories and the process of proof

Floris Bex, Bart Verheij
2012 Artificial Intelligence and Law  
Our evidential argumentation theory ET takes its inspiration from the ASPIC+ framework [25] , which integrates [26] and [23] 's ideas on rule-based argumentation and structured arguments within [14  ...  In this way, the evidence is used prove or disprove different stories about the facts in a case. Now, the formal hybrid theory is a combination of an evidential theory and a causal theory.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10506-012-9137-4 fatcat:o5iifgp3gnaovhgqr5352n3w3y

Formalising argumentative story-based analysis of evidence

F. J. Bex, H. Prakken, B. Verheij
2007 Proceedings of the 11th international conference on Artificial intelligence and law - ICAIL '07  
In the present paper, we provide a formalised version of a merged argumentative and story-based approach towards the analysis of evidence.  ...  More specifically, it will be clarified how the events in a case story that are considered to be proven abductively explain the otherwise unproven events of the case story.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This research was supported by the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) under project number and 634.000.429.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1276318.1276320 dblp:conf/icail/BexPV07 fatcat:oe75h46krzgqjg5zek42j3m7cy

Legal shifts in the process of proof

Floris Bex, Bart Verheij
2011 Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Law - ICAIL '11  
We present an extension of our previously proposed hybrid theory of reasoning with evidence, by making the connection with reasoning towards legal consequences.  ...  In this paper, we continue our research on a hybrid narrativeargumentative approach to evidential reasoning in the law by showing the interaction between factual reasoning and legal reasoning.  ...  Thus, the formal hybrid theory is a combination of a causal theory for building hypothetical stories about the facts, and an evidential theory for building arguments from the evidence to the facts.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2018358.2018360 dblp:conf/icail/BexV11 fatcat:bmg7eu2nevd2lls4c6paoeigoy

Sense-making software for crime investigation: how to combine stories and arguments?

F. Bex, S. van den Braak, H. van Oostendorp, H. Prakken, B. Verheij, G. Vreeswijk
2007 Law, Probability and Risk  
stories and arguments.  ...  And from a legal-theoretical perspective it amounts to an attempt to unify the Anchored Narratives Theory and the New Evidence Theory.  ... 
doi:10.1093/lpr/mgm007 fatcat:idzw4igxsnaklgm5awkjpvnkca

The Hybrid Theory of Stories and Arguments Applied to the Simonshaven Case

Floris J. Bex
2019 Topics in Cognitive Science  
This paper presents the hybrid theory of stories and arguments for reasoning with evidence in legal cases and applies this theory to the Simonshaven case.  ...  In the hybrid theory, alternative hypothetical stories about "what happened" in a case are constructed and discussed in a dialectical process of argument and counterargument.  ...  Integrating the story-based and argument-based approaches to rational proof into one theory provides the "best of both worlds."  ... 
doi:10.1111/tops.12426 pmid:31062514 fatcat:t4wsklqyvza2ze7sj5emiswkli

Burdens and Standards of Proof for Inference to the Best Explanation

Floris Bex, Douglas Walton
2010 Social Science Research Network  
As opposed to the usual argument-based model we use a hybrid model for Inference to the Best Explanation, which uses stories or explanations as well as arguments.  ...  In this paper, we provide a formal logical account of the burden of proof and proof standards in legal reasoning.  ...  The formal hybrid theory HT = (ET, CT) is a combination of a causal-abductive theory CT and an evidential argumentation theory ET.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2038431 fatcat:wmyqu7vduffrtenlgajzcmx4ey

Solving a Murder Case by Asking Critical Questions: An Approach to Fact-Finding in Terms of Argumentation and Story Schemes

Floris Bex, Bart Verheij
2011 Argumentation: an international journal on reasoning  
We discuss critical questions about the evidential arguments adduced, about the narrative accounts of the facts considered, and about the way in which the arguments and narratives are connected in an analysis  ...  Our treatment shows how two different types of knowledge, represented as schemes, play a role in reasoning with evidence: argumentation schemes and story schemes.  ...  Fig. 2 2 An evidential argument Fig. 4 4 Stories and arguments as communicating vessels Fig. 5 5 A story with causal relations expressed as generalizations F.Bex, B.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10503-011-9257-0 fatcat:dgoeslx4sbbuhi532qghfjhheu

Burdens and standards of proof for inference to the best explanation: three case studies

F. Bex, D. Walton
2012 Law, Probability and Risk  
In this paper, we provide a formal logical model of evidential reasoning with proof standards and burdens of proof that enables us to evaluate evidential reasoning by comparing stories on either side of  ...  Inference to the best explanation, beyond reasonable doubt, evidence supporting a story, argumentation, shifting of burden of proof, critically questioning a story, plausible reasoning.  ...  The formal hybrid theory HT = (ET, CT) is thus a combination of a causal-abductive theory CT and an evidential argumentation theory ET.  ... 
doi:10.1093/lpr/mgs003 fatcat:uuxo4n7o45chpjmffvpintcvl4

Mind–brain identity and evidential insulation

Jakob Hohwy
2010 Philosophical Studies  
Mind-brain identity and evidential insulation. Philosophical Studies 153(3): 377-395. 2011.  ...  Acknowledgements Thanks for comments on an earlier draft to the audience at a seminar at Monash University, to Jesper Kallestrup, and to reviewers.  ...  This research is partly funded by Australian Research Council Discovery grants DP0988514 and DP0984572. References  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11098-010-9524-1 fatcat:cnfa73bssvd5bppbssmdrr77ea

Applying Evidential Pluralism to the social sciences

Yafeng Shan, Jon Williamson
2021 European Journal for Philosophy of Science  
AbstractEvidential Pluralism maintains that in order to establish a causal claim one normally needs to establish the existence of an appropriate conditional correlation and the existence of an appropriate  ...  In particular, Evidential Pluralism provides (i) a new approach to evidence-based policy; (ii) a new account of the evidential relationships in more theoretical research; and (iii) new philosophical motivation  ...  Taylor, Erik Weber and the anonymous referees for many helpful suggestions.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s13194-021-00415-z fatcat:ctc5a3w3rnhjdcnc2l5mpl4gem

Representing and Evaluating Legal Narratives with Subscenarios in a Bayesian Network

Charlotte S. Vlek, Henry Prakken, Silja Renooij, Bart Verheij, Marc Herbstritt
2013 Workshop on Computational Models of Narrative  
In order to develop a scientifically founded technique for evidential reasoning, a method is required for the representation and evaluation of various scenarios in a case.  ...  Scenarios are coherent presentations of a collection of states and events, and qualitative in nature.  ...  Acknowledgements This work is part of the project "Designing and Understanding Forensic Bayesian Networks with Arguments and Scenarios" in the Forensic Science programme, financed by the Netherlands Organisation  ... 
doi:10.4230/oasics.cmn.2013.315 dblp:conf/cmn/VlekPRV13 fatcat:k72ydlqgl5dfpl4hcavcvdb7za

Systematizing the theoretical virtues

Michael N. Keas
2017 Synthese  
An informal and flexible logic of theory choice is in the making here.  ...  There are at least twelve major virtues of good theories: evidential accuracy, causal adequacy, explanatory depth, internal consistency, internal coherence, universal coherence, beauty, simplicity, unification  ...  , and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11229-017-1355-6 fatcat:bt7tjogbpvd4fmmgyy6shqyzcq

Supporting the Externalisation of Thinking in Criminal Intelligence Analysis

Peter J. Passmore, Simon Attfield, Neesha Kodagoda, Celeste Groenewald, B. L. William Wong
2015 2015 European Intelligence and Security Informatics Conference  
of argumentation, narrative and hybrid approaches that include both of these.  ...  At the end of the criminal intelligence analysis process there are relatively well established and understood approaches to explicit externalisation and representation of thought that include theories  ...  has received funding from the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) through Project VALCRI, European Commission Grant Agreement N° FP7-IP-608142, awarded to Middlesex University and  ... 
doi:10.1109/eisic.2015.35 dblp:conf/eisic/PassmoreAKGW15 fatcat:2flrowwbbzh7znjsaiquxu633a
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