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Food security and drought

M.A.J. Parry, P.J. Lea
2009 Annals of Applied Biology  
remote sensing, food trade) through the lens of the coupled human-natural system to support multidisciplinary approaches and avoid potential policy spillover effects.  ...  This study reviews how drought hazards transfer to food insecurity through changes in physical processes and socio-environmental systems across a wide range of spatial and temporal scales.  ...  X He would like to acknowledge the partial support from the Princeton Environmental Institute at Princeton University through the Mary and  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1744-7348.2009.00370.x fatcat:tk5q5ractjforarv24sughjto4

Integrated approaches to understanding and reducing drought impact on food security across scales

Xiaogang He, Lyndon Estes, Megan Konar, Di Tian, Daniela Anghileri, Kathy Baylis, Tom P Evans, Justin Sheffield
2019 Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability  
remote sensing, food trade) through the lens of the coupled human-natural system to support multidisciplinary approaches and avoid potential policy spillover effects.  ...  This study reviews how drought hazards transfer to food insecurity through changes in physical processes and socio-environmental systems across a wide range of spatial and temporal scales.  ...  X He would like to acknowledge the partial support from the Princeton Environmental Institute at Princeton University through the Mary and  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cosust.2019.09.006 fatcat:m6qr4keadzd3jmhkwgbrldzqoi

Operational Research, Agriculture and the Environment

E. AUDSLEY
1999 Journal of Agricultural Science  
The aim of this meeting was to look at models concerned with the effects of management of the environment in agriculture.  ...  Two looked at decision support systems -one for land use balancing different interests and one from the point of view of biodiversity.  ...  OR saves the day // An OCR approach to the effects of climate changes on livestock systems. K. COOPER.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0021859699007224 fatcat:obv2pixaavalrc4kcyrdixkqmi

Evaluating the utility of dynamical downscaling in agricultural impacts projections

M. Glotter, J. Elliott, D. McInerney, N. Best, I. Foster, E. J. Moyer
2014 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
., and E.J.M. analyzed data; M.G., J.E., I.F., and E.J.M. wrote the paper; and N.B. organized and prepared data inputs.  ...  The authors declare no conflict of interest. This article is a PNAS Direct Submission.  ...  We simulate US maize yields under current and future CO 2 concentrations with the widely used Decision Support System for Agrotechnology Transfer crop model, driven by a variety of climate inputs including  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.1314787111 pmid:24872455 pmcid:PMC4066535 fatcat:fssay4uvxzdfrb37awcyjfhgmu

How Landscape Ecology Informs Global Land-Change Science and Policy

Audrey L. Mayer, Brian Buma, Amélie Davis, Sara A. Gagné, E. Louise Loudermilk, Robert M. Scheller, Fiona K.A. Schmiegelow, Yolanda F. Wiersma, Janet Franklin
2016 BioScience  
Although many of the topics studied in landscape ecology have public policy implications, three are of particular concern: climate change; land use-land cover change (LULCC); and a particular type of LULCC  ...  These processes are interrelated, because LULCC is driven by both human activities (e.g., agricultural expansion and urban sprawl) and climate change (e.g., desertification).  ...  Work on this manuscript by ELL was supported by the Department of Defense, Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (project no. RC-2243).  ... 
doi:10.1093/biosci/biw035 fatcat:epyo23bde5bl7cpztqcfe3y3aa

An open platform to assess vulnerabilities to climate change: An application to agricultural systems

Ulrich Eza, Anastasiya Shtiliyanova, David Borras, Gianni Bellocchi, Pascal Carrère, Raphaël Martin
2015 Ecological Informatics  
We describe a model-based open platform to assess vulnerabilities of agricultural systems to climate change on pixel-wise data.  ...  ), soils and human management, and is then used to assess the vulnerability to climate change of grassland productivity (downscaled to a fine scale).  ...  frame of an international research project named "FACCE MACSUR-Modelling European Agriculture with Climate Change for Food Security, a FACCE JPI knowledge hub".  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ecoinf.2015.10.009 fatcat:pytjflpjtndcxhcgt77sy56j5q

Modeling Social-Ecological Feedback Effects in the Implementation of Payments for Environmental Services in Pasture-Woodlands

Robert Huber, Simon Briner, Alexander Peringer, Stefan Lauber, Roman Seidl, Alexander Widmer, François Gillet, Alexandre Buttler, Quang Bao Le, Christian Hirschi
2013 Ecology and Society  
To effectively support the upkeep of the wooded pastures in the Jura, concomitant policy changes, such as market deregulation, must also be taken into account. Ecology and Society 18(2): 41  ...  An effective implementation of payment for environmental services (PES) must allow for complex interactions of coupled social-ecological systems.  ...  effects, thus supporting the call for an integrated assessment of land use and climate changes in human-environmental system analysis.  ... 
doi:10.5751/es-05487-180241 fatcat:rls4f2z6bvawvhdr7f72ab7oci

A Conceptual Model Framework for Mapping, Analyzing and Managing Supply–Demand Mismatches of Ecosystem Services in Agricultural Landscapes

Mostafa Shaaban, Carmen Schwartz, Joseph Macpherson, Annette Piorr
2021 Land  
The objective of our model simulation is to identify and manage site-specific spatial trade-off patterns and to provide decision support for shifting competitive behavior of individual stakeholders in  ...  We strongly suggest that tackling a complex social-ecological system necessitates a highly integrated modelling approach that fosters the transition from farm- to landscape-scale management, from individualistic  ...  Acknowledgments: We would like to thank all reviewers for their efforts and fruitful feedback on the article. Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/land10020131 fatcat:wzv2feuatre5rezxvf43umzj4y

Top 10 reviewers for Environmental Modelling and Software in 2014

2015 Environmental Modelling & Software  
Recent work includes development of a spatially-distributed hydrologic/ water quality model for evaluation of agricultural management and conservation system effects.  ...  Over the last few years, the journal has strengthened its position at the frontier of environmental modelling, software and decision support, as an indication achieving an Impact factor of 4.420 for 2015  ...  Rizzoli Alexey A. Voinov  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.envsoft.2015.09.003 fatcat:ypqpu6ogyffivgfowax6rzb5aa

Development of an integrated generic model for multi-scale assessment of the impacts of agro-ecosystems on major ecosystem services in West Africa

Mahamadou Belem, Mehdi Saqalli
2017 Journal of Environmental Management  
This paper presents an integrated model assessing the impacts of climate change, agro-ecosystem and demographic transition patterns on major ecosystem services in West-Africa along a partial overview of  ...  The model is based on an agent-based model associated with a soil model and multi-scale spatial model.  ...  Acknowledgments This work was funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) through the West African Science Service Center on Climate Change and Adapted Land Use (WASCAL).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.07.018 pmid:28728002 fatcat:aozwrm5tj5dnxpfumv4hdvadja

How to target climate-smart agriculture? Concept and application of the consensus-driven decision support framework "targetCSA"

Patric Brandt, Marko Kvakić, Klaus Butterbach-Bahl, Mariana C. Rufino
2017 Agricultural Systems  
The spatially-explicit multi-criteria decision support framework "targetCSA" presented here aims to aid the targeting of climate-smart agriculture (CSA) at the national level.  ...  Planning for agricultural adaptation and mitigation has to lean on informed decision-making processes.  ...  Acknowledgements This work was funded by the Climate Change Agriculture, and Food Security (CCAFS) program of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2015.12.011 fatcat:kb7submbpva4bgn7vmjqj5xajq

A decision support framework assessing management impacts on crop yield, soil carbon changes and nitrogen losses to the environment

M.D. Young, G.H. Ros, W. De Vries
2020 European Journal of Soil Science  
Here, we introduce a highly data-driven framework focusing on the evaluation of agronomic measures to reach agronomic and environmental targets.  ...  Agricultural decision support tools (DSTs) are key in sustainable farm strategies to optimize yield and minimize environmental losses because both the current agroecosystem properties as well as the effectiveness  ...  We foresee a new evolution of DSTs that incorporate these data-driven approaches, integrating literature-based evidence to evaluate the impacts of agricultural measures.  ... 
doi:10.1111/ejss.13024 fatcat:qtur2pd645bangu7uvxf6tq5dq

D5.1: Environmental metrics methodology for ML-system

Nikolaos Tsakiridis Nikolaos Tziolas
2021 Zenodo  
The current report provides a set of recommendations for solid and measurable indicators with a focus on addressing environment and climate priorities within the framework of Common Agricultural Policy  ...  The work is driven by the need to support substantial monitoring and reporting by combining data primarily from satellites and novel aerial and in-situ solutions in the fields of land, soil, crop, water  ...  effect on climate change.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5644909 fatcat:2paimyrajrfsxempummpbgdapm

Land use and climate change impacts on global soil erosion by water (2015-2070)

Pasquale Borrelli, David A. Robinson, Panos Panagos, Emanuele Lugato, Jae E. Yang, Christine Alewell, David Wuepper, Luca Montanarella, Cristiano Ballabio
2020 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
Global predictions rely on a high spatial resolution Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE)-based semiempirical modeling approach (GloSEM).  ...  Improving knowledge of the probable future rates of soil erosion, accelerated by human activity, is important both for policy makers engaged in land use decision-making and for earth-system modelers seeking  ...  The modeling framework of this study is part of the research activities promoted by United Nations' working group 'Theme 1: Use of data and assessment tools in soil erosion control' under the Inter-Governmental  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.2001403117 pmid:32839306 fatcat:7bbyhumpfve6rflr2j2qq7zrle

Linking scales and disciplines: an interdisciplinary cross-scale approach to supporting climate-relevant ecosystem management

Christian Berger, Mari Bieri, Karen Bradshaw, Christian Brümmer, Thomas Clemen, Thomas Hickler, Werner Leo Kutsch, Ulfia A. Lenfers, Carola Martens, Guy F. Midgley, Kanisios Mukwashi, Victor Odipo (+8 others)
2019 Climatic Change  
Decision support systems are used to integrate and communicate the data and models to the local decision-makers.  ...  The provision of information to support climate-relevant decision-making requires an understanding of the projected impacts of change and complex feedbacks within the local ecosystems, as well as local  ...  Acknowledgments We gratefully acknowledge the various and crucial contributions of Eva Falge, Wolfgang Lück, Tetukondjele Iiyambo and Tami Mudau towards the ARS AfricaE project.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10584-019-02544-0 fatcat:k6czczblbfdspo67mg65b6f4iy
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