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Advice Provision in Multiple Prospect Selection Problems

Amos Azaria, Sarit Kraus
We present a novel computational method for advice-generation in an environment where people need to decide among multiple selection problems.  ...  We graphically present this advice to the users and compare it with an advice which encourages the users to always select the option with a higher expected outcome.  ...  We measure the performance of the agent in terms of human satisfaction. We now present the prospect Selection problem Advice provider for Multiple Problems agent (SAMP).  ... 
doi:10.1609/aaai.v27i1.8523 fatcat:eq32eusbyjck5gsk3yiy7woaq4

A system for advice provision in multiple prospectselection problems

Amos Azaria, Sarit Kraus, Ariella Richardson
2013 Proceedings of the 7th ACM conference on Recommender systems - RecSys '13  
We present a novel computational method for advice-generation in an environment where people need to decide among multiple selection problems.  ...  This method is based on the prospect theory and uses machine learning techniques.  ...  We now present the prospect Selection problem Advice provider for Multiple Problems agent (SAMP).  ... 
doi:10.1145/2507157.2507193 dblp:conf/recsys/AzariaKR13 fatcat:rlupcbccfren3miivjdkvmvkoq

Prospecting the future with AI

Julian Gonzalez, Conchi Cortes, Jose Miguel Castillo, Armando Benito
2009 International Journal of Interactive Multimedia and Artificial Intelligence  
If we were able to foresee the future, we could be prepared to reduce the impact of bad situations as well as getting the most of profiting periods.  ...  This article will show an alternative way to foresee potential future scenarios based on human experts' opinion, what can be considered as aknowledge modeling tool.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT We really thank the comments and corrections of Mr. Chris Porter from the Information Systems Department (University of Malta).  ... 
doaj:0d11054db8974c34aec366fda521f6fe fatcat:b3xyiphzkrc3nksizhfx35fy2u

Expected utility or prospect theory: Which better fits agent-based modeling of markets?

Paulo André Lima de Castro, Anderson Rodrigo Barreto Teodoro, Luciano Irineu de Castro, Simon Parsons
2016 Journal of Computational Science  
We present the SPT Agent model in Section 3.3, Smooth Prospect Theory for Agents The Smooth Prospect Theory as proposed by Rieger and Wang [7] computes a SPT value for each prospect and selects the  ...  However, many real world problems present prospects with more than two non-zero outcomes and even prospects with continuous distributions (complex prospects).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jocs.2016.10.002 fatcat:32eh5wwtnvhmfa2ugzvcctqgca

MAPSOFT: A Multi-Agent based Particle Swarm Optimization Framework for Travelling Salesman Problem

Nachamada Vachaku Blamah, Aderemi Adewumi Oluyinka, Gregory Wajiga, Yusuf Benson Baha
2020 Journal of Intelligent Systems  
A discrete version of the original multi-agent model is presented and applied to the Travelling Salesman Problem.  ...  This paper proposes a Multi-Agent based Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) Framework for the Traveling salesman problem (MAPSOFT).  ...  This is followed by section 3 which presents the rationale for a multi-agent based PSO for the TSP.  ... 
doi:10.1515/jisys-2020-0042 fatcat:bn5ykrzrjnfcpdpw5oduwsqcxa

Page 68 of Journal of Risk and Insurance Vol. 28, Issue 4 [page]

1961 Journal of Risk and Insurance  
The area of prospecting is a major problem in the present job structure. Many agents attest that prospecting is the most difficult part of their work.  ...  Many of the problems faced by the agent seem to be the result of the rather loose struc- ture of his job. A heavy burden of self- organization is placed on the individual agent.  ... 

Instrumental Rationality Without Separability

Johanna Thoma
2018 Erkenntnis: An International Journal of Scientific Philosophy  
I argue that once we focus on the question of whether agents' attitudes to uncertain prospects help define their ends in their own right, or instead only assign instrumental value in virtue of the outcomes  ...  The most compelling instrumentalist argument in favour of separability, its core requirement, is that agents with non-separable preferences end up badly off by their own lights in some dynamic choice problems  ...  Whatever those proposed principles are, we can imagine an agent who has a strong desire for prospects the choice of which would violate the principle.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10670-018-0074-9 fatcat:5aqla7uegnhsvewzbtjhp5peiu

An agent-based approach to envision the future

José Miguel Castillo
2011 International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management  
This paper presents a solution to model the opinions of an experts group with the aim of predicting possible future scenarios.  ...  Although this problem is common to any area, an urgent solution is required to those with critical social repercussions.  ...  In this case, the Analyser Agent is responsible for looking for the events which are to be influenced in order to get closer to an ideal scenario.  ... 
dblp:conf/iscram/Castillo11 fatcat:xsoyxtbgczdj3n27i6va2vhk6e

Towards Modeling Securities Markets as a Society of Heterogeneous Trading Agents [chapter]

Paulo André Lima de Castro, Simon Parsons
2014 Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing  
The simulated experiments showed that the artificial market prediction performance is better for low volatility periods than for higher volatility periods.  ...  Another real world problem that is rarely addressed in agent-based modeling is the fact that humans do not make decisions under risk strictly based on expected utility.  ...  However, several problems may be identified in agent based modeling. For instance, it is hard to know how to specify the rules agents should use to make their decisions.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-13218-1_2 fatcat:tabxrgbaqrdgjk5cnkxasdd45i

Does Parental Divorce Increase Risk Behaviors among 15/16 and 18/19 year-old Adolescents? A Study from Oslo, Norway

Henok Zeratsion, Cecilie B. Bjertness, Lars Lien, Ole R. Haavet, Madeleine Dalsklev, Jon A. Halvorsen, Espen Bjertness, Bjørgulf Claussen
2014 Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health  
Conclusion: Parental divorce that occurs when the children of divorced parents are 15/16 year-old or younger is associated with an increase in cigarette smoking and use of doping agents.  ...  Results: In the prospective study we could not discern a significant association between experiencing late parental divorce and an increase in risk behaviors among 18/19 year-old adolescents.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We thank the National Institute of Public Health for providing data, and Oslo Municipality for supporting the Young-HUBRO study.  ... 
doi:10.2174/1745017901410010059 pmid:25006342 pmcid:PMC4085585 fatcat:desktsqc2batzeoaxrd7nvqxcq

Prospective logic agents

Luis Moniz Pereira, Goncalo Lopes
2009 International Journal of Reasoning-based Intelligent Systems  
As we face the real possibility of modelling agent systems capable of non-deterministic self-evolution, we are confronted with the problem of having several different possible futures for any single agent  ...  We start by building on previous theoretical background, on evolving programs and on abduction, to construe a framework for prospection and describe an abstract procedure for its materialization.  ...  Prospective Logic Agents We now present the abstract procedure driving evolution of a prospective logic agent.  ... 
doi:10.1504/ijris.2009.028019 fatcat:uw3dofernrashivqavcss5hevq

Occupational Health Problem Network : the Exposome [article]

Laurie Faisandier, Dominique J Bicout
2009 arXiv   pre-print
We present a thinking on the concept of relational networks applied to the french national occupational disease surveillance and prevention network (R\'eseau National de Vigilance et de Pr\'evention des  ...  This approach consists in searching common exposures to occupational health problems.  ...  An occupational-health problem (OHP) is seen in the situation where a patient presents with a principal pathology associated with a cascade of up to 5 noxious agents that are related to the place of work  ... 
arXiv:0907.3410v1 fatcat:futritfa45ct3aejuspfkauhba

Social networks and the adverse selection problem in agency relationships

Robert Dahlstrom, Rhea Ingram
2003 Journal of Business Research  
Agent selection is one of the most challenging decisions faced in the implementation of organizational strategy.  ...  The purpose of this study is to illustrate how the examination of a potential partner's network of relationships alleviates costs associated with the adverse selection problem.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors thank the special issue editors and three reviewers for their insightful critiques of this research.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0148-2963(01)00261-2 fatcat:lrhwfqrwzvbw3g2kusoq2bqcce

Towards the Design of Prospect-Theory based Human Decision Rules for Hypothesis Testing [article]

V. Sriram Siddhardh Nadendla, Swastik Brahma, Pramod K. Varshney
2016 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we adopt prospect theory based models for decision makers.  ...  Using an illustrative example, we also show how the decision rule of a human agent deviates from the Bayesian decision rule under various behavioral models, considered in this paper.  ...  to minimize its behavioral risk f (R), we present the following problem statement.  ... 
arXiv:1610.01085v1 fatcat:alkjrhdh5ndl7n2mynlzns6dkm

Artificial Intelligence Techniques for Cyber Security Applications

Shanqi Pang, Yongmei Li
2020 International journal of advanced information and communication technology  
The main aim of this paper is outlining the actual advancement that have been made possible due to the application of AI methods for the fight against cybercrimes, in order to reveal how the methods are  ...  Human and physical intervention tend not to be very adequate for the protection and tracking of such infrastructure, that is why there should be the establishment of multifaceted cyber defense networks  ...  Such an outcome acquired through the evaluation of the prospected prototype for the recommended approach revealed that the entire system is in a position of managing and following common vulnerable problems  ... 
doi:10.46532/ijaict-2020021 fatcat:owrpv5q57jeeza7vz4a6ezyxbu
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