Filters








34,391 Hits in 5.5 sec

Challenges of communication system during emergency disaster response in Malaysia: A review

S. Azmani, N. Juliana, A. M. Idrose, N. A. Amin, A. S. M. Saudi
2018 Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences  
The purpose of this review is to provide the overview of available systems and potential future systems for communication during disaster in Malaysia.  ...  The major challenge is to integrate between readily available communications systems at pre-disaster, during disaster and post-disaster.  ...  Therefore, the future of this system may be improved by utilizing this system for image transfer such as image of onsite disaster overview, injuries, and crucial data [55] .  ... 
doi:10.4314/jfas.v9i4s.51 fatcat:2mr47pmjffge7bgepup3fbxtxy

Communication Technologies in Emergency Situations

Anna Carreras-Coch, Joan Navarro, Carles Sans, Agustín Zaballos
2022 Electronics  
The conclusions derived from this research aim to set up the fundamentals of a rapidly deployable Emergency Communications System inspired by the Ubiquitous Sensor Network paradigm.  ...  of the disaster itself.  ...  [20] presents another interesting overview of a post-disaster emergency communication systems in the future networks.  ... 
doi:10.3390/electronics11071155 fatcat:eauldygs5rguhdtdzypmuqqfs4

Implications of artificial intelligence for bushfire management

Seyed Ashkan Zarghami, Jantanee Dumrak
2021 Australian Journal of Emergency Management  
The future evolution of tools in artificial intelligence is discussed in the bushfire management context based on emerging trends.  ...  In doing so, this research provides an overview of applications of artificial intelligence tools to enhance effective management of bushfires through preparedness capability, responding capability and  ...  Post-disaster recovery response To address the recovery needs of affected communities, AI tools have been applied in the post disaster recovery phase.  ... 
doi:10.47389/36.1.84 fatcat:6wmqzgmwrfehpbfi3qtjf7nou4

Bluemergency: Mediating Post-disaster Communication Systems using the Internet of Things and Bluetooth Mesh [article]

Flor Álvarez, Lars Almon, Hauke Radtki, Matthias Hollick
2019 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we propose a novel emergency network concept that utilises the parts of digital cities that remains operational in case of disaster, thus mediating large-scale post-disaster device-to-device  ...  Many IoT devices are battery powered and can aid in mediating an emergency network.  ...  communication in post-disaster scenarios.  ... 
arXiv:1909.08094v1 fatcat:kmsapijbrjfyzl2iypamm5br4e

Emerging Information Infrastructures: Cooperation in Disasters [chapter]

Mikael Asplund, Simin Nadjm-Tehrani, Johan Sigholm
2009 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The paper serves as an overview of some promising research directions and pointers to existing works in these areas.  ...  This paper describes the challenges ahead in creating new communication networks to support postdisaster operations, and sets them in the context of the current issues in protection of critical infrastructures  ...  One example of such an "infrastructure-less" network is described by the notion of hastily formed networks built-up in response to disasters.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-03552-4_23 fatcat:5vlzwl4bwvhtbfbrnb26pqr7za

Post-disaster Need Assessment [chapter]

Souvik Basu, Siuli Roy, Sipra Das Bit
2019 Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies  
In this paper, we focus on post disaster needs assessment and damage analysis by surveying different post disaster needs assessment prepared by different relief organizations and Governments.  ...  Disaster is an undesirable and unfortunate extreme event. It causes great damages to human beings, livestock, infrastructures & communications, socio-economic status and many more.  ...  Table 2 provides an overview of the assessment approaches [5] . There are assessment approaches like crisis and conflict, humanitarian an emergency aid, Development Corporation etc.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-981-13-6573-7_2 fatcat:5wlqmhtieze3lis4teim5ns4y4

Emergency Response Communications and Associated Security Challenges

Muhammad Ibrahim Channa, Kazi M. Ahmed
2010 International journal of network security and its applications  
The natural or man-made disaster demands an efficient communication and coordination among first responders to save life and other community resources.  ...  Wireless ad hoc networks such as mobile ad hoc networks, wireless sensor networks and wireless mesh networks are the promising alternatives in such type of situations.  ...  Figure 5: Public safety communications system [2] A post-disaster telecommunication network using cognitive agents has been proposed in [10] .  ... 
doi:10.5121/ijnsa.2010.2414 fatcat:bx6qmk2lrzdyhntapo37vfhiwq

Social Media in Crisis Management: An Evaluation and Analysis of Crisis Informatics Research

Christian Reuter, Amanda Lee Hughes, Marc-André Kaufhold
2018 International Journal of Human-Computer Interaction  
Since the terrorist attacks of 9/11, the use of social media in emergency and crisis events has greatly increased and many studies have concentrated on the use of ICT and social media before, during, or  ...  In this article, we evaluate and analyze crisis informatics research by looking at case studies of social media use in emergencies, outlining the types of research found in crisis informatics, and expounding  ...  The research group KontiKat was funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) (no. 13N14351). ORCID Christian Reuter http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1920-038X  ... 
doi:10.1080/10447318.2018.1427832 fatcat:4hfm3su4vzfijnvuiflqyq4pty

A Review of Relief Supply Chain Optimization

Wapee Manopiniwes, Takashi Irohara
2014 Industrial Engineering & Management Systems  
The scope of this study begins with classification by the stage of the disaster lifecycle system.  ...  In this paper, we provide an overview of this challenging research area with emphasis on the corresponding optimization problems.  ...  Many of them formulate their problem for planning and preparing the community system before the occurrence of disaster while a variety of models aware of the emergency response and recovery operations  ... 
doi:10.7232/iems.2014.13.1.001 fatcat:4pml2uq5ijanvbom6z2phprvyq

Active Disaster Response System for a Smart Building

Chun-Yen Lin, Edward Chu, Lun-Wei Ku, Jane Liu
2014 Sensors  
Disaster warning and surveillance systems have been widely applied to help the public be aware of an emergency.  ...  In this paper, we describe the design and implementation of a proof of concept prototype, named the active disaster response system (ADRS), which automatically performs emergency tasks when an earthquake  ...  Chu contributed to system design, experiment design, writing and revision of the manuscript. Lun-Wei Ku and Jane W. S.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s140917451 pmid:25237897 pmcid:PMC4208233 fatcat:bpvs4wzrtbcujltqsgjocgs3lm

Disaster Research Center, University of Delaware

E.L. QUARANTELLI
1991 Disasters. The Journal of Disaster Studies, Policy and Management  
The Future Bi bl iography land movement of a certain kind is called an earthquake; the accidental transformation, as a result of human error, of an inert liquid into an expansive gas is called a chemical  ...  The social system perspective 4. The social organization emphasis 5. Emergence and collective behavior 6. Continuity and social change V.  ...  Thus, in the work of Pelanda in Italy and Dombrowsky in Germany, a disaster is an expression of a weakness in the social structure or system.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1467-7717.1991.tb00462.x fatcat:zgkoysslhnhzviwh6jvvr6eqfa

Quantitative Modeling in Disaster Management: A Literature Review

Arden Baxter, Hannah Lagerman, Pinar Keskinocak
2019 IBM Journal of Research and Development  
An emerging research area extends the focus to interdependent systems (i.e., multiple dependent networks or resources).  ...  The number, magnitude, complexity, and impact of natural disasters have been steadily increasing in various parts of the world.  ...  Smalley and the anonymous reviewers for their comments and suggestions, which helped to improve the content and exposition of this article. Arden E. Baxter and Hannah E.  ... 
doi:10.1147/jrd.2019.2960356 fatcat:5ww53iznqjdk3le42iabdyrza4

Emergency Response Communications and Associated Security Challenges [article]

Muhammad Ibrahim Channa, Kazi M. Ahmed
2010 arXiv   pre-print
The natural or man-made disaster demands an efficient communication and coordination among first responders to save life and other community resources.  ...  Wireless ad hoc networks such as mobile ad hoc networks, wireless sensor networks and wireless mesh networks are the promising alternatives in such type of situations.  ...  The proposed system is a conceptual scenario for future emergency response communications.  ... 
arXiv:1010.4887v1 fatcat:q65lcjsauzfefpbhtdldblr4du

Geo-fencing Based Disaster Management Service [chapter]

Piotr Szczytowski
2015 Communications in Computer and Information Science  
The geo-fences are visualized to provide a good overview of the disaster zone. The service was evaluated by disaster management experts, with an encouraging feedback.  ...  The social media and networks receive a growing attention as potential source of valuable data in disaster scenarios.  ...  Acknowledgments This paper describes work undertaken in the context of the projects Self Orchestrating CommunIty ambiEnT IntelligEnce Spaces (Societies) -http://www.ictsocieties.eu/ and MobiNet -http:/  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-662-46241-6_2 fatcat:2t2s7haz65b5tahqm6wkfeze3e

A Consolidated Understanding of Disaster Community Technologies

Therese Habig, Richard Lüke, Simon Gehlhar, Torben Sauerland, Daniel Tappe
2021 Zenodo  
In a changing technological landscape to address disasters, and with increasing diversity of stakeholders in disasters, the purpose of this research is to provide an overview of technologies for SMCS within  ...  The goal is to generate an overview of DCT in a rapidly evolving environment and to provide the practical benefit for different stakeholders to identify the right one from the overview.  ...  We thank the LINKS partners for their feedback and cooperation.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5243110 fatcat:iwvpufbhffaofawxxcsfdzlfta
« Previous Showing results 1 — 15 out of 34,391 results