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An Optimality-Theoretic Analysis of the Acquisition of English Sentence Stress Based on Acoustic Data

Wen Ji, Yun Liu, M. Irfan Uddin
2021 Complexity  
The present study adopts both empirical and theoretical methods for the analysis of the acquisition of English sentence stress based on Optimality Theory, aiming to overcome mispronunciation of English  ...  Optimality Theory has a dramatic impact on most areas in linguistics besides phonology. The acoustic software Praat is chosen to collect and label data as the basis of the empirical method.  ...  of English sentence stress based on Optimality eory.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2021/5553394 fatcat:dnxyiixj5bdsrpsofru7orzpqu

Segmental and Prosodic Evidence for Property-by-Property Transfer in L3 English in Northern Africa

John Archibald
2022 Languages  
In this paper, I argue in favour of property-by-property transfer in the third language acquisition of English by L1 Arabic and L2 French speakers in Northern Africa (Algeria and Tunisia) based on a reanalysis  ...  I provide a phonological analysis of their spontaneous production data in the domains of consonants, vowels, stress, and rhythm.  ...  With this theoretical background in place, let us turn to the empirical data from third language acquisition.  ... 
doi:10.3390/languages7010028 fatcat:jtfgwyh4hzf73dyvvv7bxxb7lm

Perception and acquisition of linguistic rhythm by infants

Thierry Nazzi, Franck Ramus
2003 Speech Communication  
We first present a prosodic bootstrapping proposal according to which the acquisition of these metrical segmentation procedures would be based on an early sensitivity to rhythm (and rhythmic classes).  ...  of rhythm in the acquisition of the metrical segmentation procedures.  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to thank the co-authors of the different papers cited here, for their crucial contributions to our theoretical and experimental work.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0167-6393(02)00106-1 fatcat:skhtuujudbgnthcwhm6qfbpky4

Development of a silent speech interface driven by ultrasound and optical images of the tongue and lips

Thomas Hueber, Elie-Laurent Benaroya, Gérard Chollet, Bruce Denby, Gérard Dreyfus, Maureen Stone
2010 Speech Communication  
Experimental results are based on an audiovisual database containing 1 h of continuous speech from each of two speakers.  ...  The system is built around an audio-visual dictionary which associates visual to acoustic observations for each phonetic class.  ...  Acknowledgements This work was supported by the French Department of Defense (DGA), the "Centre de Microélectronique de Paris Ile-de-France" (CEMIP) and the French National  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.specom.2009.11.004 fatcat:rhbuz6kr4vhgbiffxkorticmyu

Successful second language pronunciation learning is linked to domain-general auditory processing rather than music aptitude

Chaoqun Zheng, Kazuya Saito, Adam Tierney
2020 Second Language Research  
Situated within 48 moderately experienced Chinese learners of English in the UK (length of residence = one year), the current study examined the relationship between music aptitude, auditory perception  ...  Comparatively, none of the experience variables were related to acquisition within the current dataset.  ...  Third, the findings reported in the current study were based on Chinese learners of English.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0267658320978493 fatcat:xssvi3ykzbc63epityrxgoppey

Speech rhythm and temporal structure: Converging perspectives?

Usha Goswami, Victoria Leong
2013 Laboratory Phonology  
We also thank the Harold Hyam Wingate Foundation for the provision of a Research Scholarship to VL, which supported the AMPH work.  ...  Acknowledgments We thank the Medical Research Council (grants G0400574 and G0902375) and the Economic and Social Research Council (grant RES-000-23-0475) for funding the published work summarised in this  ...  One reason for such optimism is the theoretical convergence visible in the other papers in this symposium.  ... 
doi:10.1515/lp-2013-0004 fatcat:atlwdhbfbrfe5ld32evxy7bwda

Rhythm is in the mind of the beholder. Remarks on the nature of linguistic rhythm

Janina Mołczanow, Richard Wiese
2015 Linguistica Copernicana  
Proceedings of 11 th ICPhS, Tallinn, vol. 5, p. 447-450. dellwo v., 2010, Influences of speech rate on the acoustic correlates of speech rhythm: An experimental phonetic study based on acoustic and perceptual  ...  This is illustrated by the grid structures of two nursery rhymes, one from stress-timed English, the other one from an (allegedly) syllable-timed language, Polish. (1) English vs.  ... 
doi:10.12775/lincop.2014.044 fatcat:5qo3nvreqfcwrmdrgdkvafi344

STRESS CLASH RESOLUTION IN ENGLISH AS L1 AND L2

Leônidas J. Silva Jr, Ester M. Scarpa
2019 Prolíngua  
For the Methods, we have done acoustic analysis of what we extracted and normalized the vowel duration values and applied to a statistical analysis using ANOVA test to check the degree of variance between  ...  This paper is based on the work of Pike (1945), Selkirk (1984), Major (1985) to show distinctions between language types of rhythm (stress/syllable-timed ones) as well as a non-categorical polarization  ...  Work based on acoustic analysis of interstress intervals interprets BP as syllable-timed rhythm (Major; 1985) and some theoretical frameworks based on phonological analysis lead to the conclusion that  ... 
doi:10.22478/ufpb.1983-9979.2019v14n1.48984 fatcat:nyaadchf5zcedgchtswc74e3xu

Perception of speech rhythm in second language: the case of rhythmically similar L1 and L2

Mikhail Ordin, Leona Polyanskaya
2015 Frontiers in Psychology  
We investigated the perception of developmental changes in timing patterns that happen in the course of second language (L2) acquisition, provided that the native and the target languages of the learner  ...  It was found that speech rhythm in L2 English produced by German learners becomes increasingly stresstimed as acquisition progresses.  ...  Acknowledgments We acknowledge the financial support of the German Research Foundation (DFG) and the Open Access Publication Fund of Bielefeld University for the article processing charge.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00316 pmid:25859228 pmcid:PMC4373255 fatcat:2uibrpmb2nawnblini5gonrzpm

Construction and Simulation of Online English Reading Model in Wireless Surface Acoustic Wave Sensor Environment Optimized by Particle Swarm Optimization

Bolan Zhou, Gengxin Sun
2022 Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society  
Based on the electromagnetic-polarization response expression in a uniformly polarized half-space, this paper transforms the problem of polarization parameter extraction into a minimum optimization problem  ...  It is generally recognized that vocabulary has a positive effect on improving reading level and can be based on the recognition and understanding of vocabulary.  ...  Construction of English Reading Model Based on Particle Swarm Optimization of Wireless Sensors 3.1.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2022/1633781 fatcat:olcn3wwltzcrjcte4brr4qg5wy

Language acquisition in optimality theory

Paula Fikkert, Helen de Hoop
2009 Linguistics  
In optimality theory (OT) the essence of both language learning in general (learnability) and language acquisition (the actual development children go through) entails the ranking of constraints from an  ...  The concept of learning and acquisition in OT The rise of optimality theory and its consequences for acquisition In optimality theory (Prince and Smolensky 2004), a grammar consists of a set of constraints  ...  In one division research is based on empirical data: child language acquisition data are studied and developmental patterns are unraveled.  ... 
doi:10.1515/ling.2009.012 fatcat:lbdqutfnjbfvdb5pqdpibwlata

Prosody and its application to forensic linguistics

Michael J. Harris, Stefan Th. Gries, Viola G. Miglio
2014 Linguistic Evidence In Security, Law and Intelligence (LESLI)  
This study compares the vowel duration variability of bilingual Spanish-English speakers and monolingual Spanish speakers, and touches upon corpus-based frequency effects and differences in linguistic  ...  This section describes the use of prosodic variables and ensemble methods (or methods that use multiple learning algorithms) to classify languages, even in the case of impoverished data.  ...  to be successful, it does not require an expert on the specific language analyzed, which would, on the other hand, be needed for non-automated segmentation and/or segmental analysis.  ... 
doi:10.5195/lesli.2014.12 fatcat:ty4pqwxrknhxji53esf74tb3qu

Coverbal speech gestures signal phrase boundaries: A production study of Japanese and English infant- and adult-directed speech

Irene de la Cruz-Pavía, Judit Gervain, Eric Vatikiotis-Bateson, Janet F. Werker
2019 Language Acquisition  
Acoustic analysis revealed that phrasal prominence is carried by different acoustic cues in the two languages and speech styles, while analyses of motion showed that this acoustic prominence is not accompanied  ...  The acoustic realization of phrasal prominence is proposed to correlate with the order of V(erbs) and O(bjects) in natural languages.  ...  with the recordings and OF analysis.  ... 
doi:10.1080/10489223.2019.1659276 fatcat:4onsk2iqv5er3cvj3fzokdppmu

Free Software Tools for Computational Linguistics: An Overview

Miloš Đurić D.
2021 Zenodo  
PSSOH paper on software tools for computational linguistics. The lecture was recorded and the video of presentation held by Prof.  ...  Miloš Đurić in English language together with the Q&A session is available at https://youtu.be/_GAIsZauGpo.  ...  variation in stress, this being illustrated by the corpus-based data.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4748550 fatcat:dzeugfyc45cwjhhua5wk4ioqt4

A cross-linguistic study of speech modulation spectra

Léo Varnet, Maria Clemencia Ortiz-Barajas, Ramón Guevara Erra, Judit Gervain, Christian Lorenzi
2017 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
These differences were magnified with a perceptually plausible representation based on the modulation index (a measure of the signal-to-noise ratio at the output of a logarithmic modulation filterbank)  ...  : the maximum value distinguished between HC and CH languages, with the exception of Turkish, while the exact frequency of this maximum differed between stress-timed and syllable-timed languages.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors want to thank Marina Nespor for her helpful comments on the manuscript, as well as two anonymous reviewers for their suggestions that improved substantially the current study  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.5006179 pmid:29092595 fatcat:yw63gxesi5hkhhx74uyfhrqcha
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