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Mediation = Information Revelation + Analogical Reasoning [chapter]

Simeon Simoff, Carles Sierra, Ramon López de Màntaras
2009 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The introduced formalism is used to demonstrate how via revealing the appropriate information and reshaping the set of issues of the disputing parties mediation can succeed.  ...  The paper presents MediaThor -a mediating agent that utilises past experiences and information from negotiating parties to mediate disputes and change the positions of negotiating parties.  ...  Analogical reasoning (CBR + ontology) is an approach to problem solving that emphasizes the role of prior experience during future problem solving (i.e., new problems are solved by reusing and if necessary  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-05301-6_10 fatcat:m7yd5y6e6zgmpbieuxt3sm2ykq

Latin America in Theories of Territorial Rights

Avery Kolers
2017 Revista de Ciencia Política  
is a surprisingly confusing question when applied to territory. Each word opens up puzzles: who can "own" territory? What is "ownership" in this context?  ...  This paper canvasses two familiar approaches to these questions: the Kantian autochthony view, and the Lockean efficiency view.  ...  How we approach territory depends in part on which sorts of disputes we take to be the principal data points for the theory.  ... 
doi:10.4067/s0718-090x2017000300737 fatcat:gkjlmtezbrdxvnwkcmwj6mid3u

Book reviews

Ronald Barnett, Janet Bohrer, Craig Campbell, Tim Corcoran, Sam Duncan, Lesley Gourlay, Yussra Jamjoom, Roger Marples, Mara B. Martini, Roger Smith OBE, Paul Temple
2011 London Review of Education  
in our knowing enquiries); and that we can attempt to come into a relationship with that world through our 'transitive' enquiries, over which there can be radical dispute engendering debate and even dispute  ...  Both books, however, seek to demonstrate, within their own territories, the validity, the power and the superiority of 'critical realism'.  ...  Throughout, there is an insistence that ontological and epistemological dimensions be understood as distinctive, even though in human affairs, such as education, there is a need also to attend to their  ... 
doi:10.1080/14748460.2011.550445 fatcat:lravjjjpoveqfnxbykv3rkrnze

CBR with Commonsense Reasoning and Structure Mapping: An Application to Mediation [chapter]

Atılım Güneş Baydin, Ramon López de Mántaras, Simeon Simoff, Carles Sierra
2011 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Mediation is an important method in dispute resolution.  ...  We implement a case based reasoning approach to mediation integrating analogical and commonsense reasoning components that allow an artificial mediation agent to satisfy requirements expected from a human  ...  Introduction Mediation is a process of dispute resolution where an intermediary-called a mediator-assists two or more negotiating parties to reach an agreement in a conflict, who have failed to do so on  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-23291-6_28 fatcat:gtwy33auwva3nmfdnp6rwr5ufu

Ontology-based Modeling of Time, Places and Agents in the Project DigiKAR (Digitale Kartenwerkstatt Altes Reich /Digital Map Lab Holy Roman Empire)

Ingo Frank, Barget, Monika (Renate)
2021 Zenodo  
Ontology-based Modeling We consider 'ontologybased' not only as • data modeling by means of an information system ontology, but also • designing such an ontology informed by philosophical ontology-i. e  ...  an iterative procedure to design ontology design pa erns: • Ontology as a philosophical discipline-i. e. as applied ontology-should also be applied in the analysis stage. • The method of ontological  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4895497 fatcat:ccbdgtlrajgbjkur54cdcovcnq

Introduction: Land Claims in Latin America

Alejandra Mancilla, Christian Barry
2017 Revista de Ciencia Política  
When trying to sort out territorial disputes in Latin America (and elsewhere), he claims, each ethnogeographic community should try and show to the others how their ontology of land realizes the plenitude  ...  What counts as value, however, is measured in a culturally-specific way: namely, European/Euroamerican, thus discarding indigenous ontologies of land. Kolers then suggests a third approach.  ... 
doi:10.4067/s0718-090x2017000300711 fatcat:a2mqcbupujayrlxwp3dh3wsqg4

A Case Study on Spatio-Temporal Data Mining of Urban Social Management Events Based on Ontology Semantic Analysis

Shaohua Wang, Xianxiong Liu, Haiyin Wang, Qingwu Hu
2018 Sustainability  
First, an ontology model for USMEs is presented to accurately extract effective social management events from non-structured UMSEs.  ...  This paper proposes spatio-temporal data mining of urban social management events (USMEs) based on ontology semantic approach.  ...  The USMEs of Qingdao city in August 2016 are taken as an experimental dataset with the proposed approach.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su10062084 fatcat:5ve275nadjasvhtubzz7fp4gxu

The FAO Geopolitical Ontology: A Reference for Country-Based Information

Soonho Kim, Marta Iglesias-Sucasas, Virginie Viollier
2013 Journal of Agricultural & Food Information  
In 2002, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) published its FAO Country Profiles, an innovative information retrieval system allowing access to FAO's thematic country-based  ...  To facilitate the exploitation of the ontology reference data, various services were developed such as the Web services and the ontology module maker.  ...  Adding selected datasets and providing new services to users will confirm the FAO Geopolitical Ontology's role as a reference for country-based information.  ... 
doi:10.1080/10496505.2013.747193 fatcat:6i43ocspdbh3ljin6mmeqmng2u

Generation of Standardised Rights Expressions from Contracts: An Ontology Approach? [chapter]

Silvia Llorente, Jaime Delgado, Eva Rodríguez, Rubén Barrio, Isabella Longo, Franco Bixio
2005 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
An ontology-based approach for the problem is also pointed out. If contract clauses could be expressed as part of an ontology, this would facilitate the automatic licenses generation.  ...  This paper presents an analysis of current contract clauses and an approach to generate, from them, standardised rights expressions, or licenses, in an as automatic as possible way.  ...  the same rights or not within the same territories. • Delivery and access to the licensed materials has to be described in the contract in order to avoid later dispute.  ... 
doi:10.1007/11575863_105 fatcat:a36cfl7qlbbdngyn4zerup3q2e

ONTOLOGICAL STANDARDIZATION FOR HISTORICAL MAP COLLECTIONS: STUDYING THE GREEK BORDERLINES OF 1881

E. Gkadolou, E. Tomai, E. Stefanakis, G. Kritikos
2012 ISPRS Annals of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences  
The map entities were modelled and compared to the current ones so as to record the changes in their spatial and thematic attributes and an ontology was developed in Protégé OWL Editor 3.4.4 for the attributes  ...  Special focus was given on the Greek borderline and the changes that it caused to other geographic entities.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The authors would like to thank the Hellenic Literary and Historical Archive for providing the cartographic material.  ... 
doi:10.5194/isprsannals-i-2-203-2012 fatcat:snpmdxnxpjh7hmsj5l327dtiai

Semantic Copyright Management of Media Fragments
english

Roberto García, David Castellà, Rosa Gil
2013 Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Data Technologies and Applications  
This can become an enormous market where copyright has to be managed through the whole value chain.  ...  To illustrate these benefits, the papers presents a use case where the ontology is used to enable copyright reasoning on top of DDEX data, the industry standard for information exchange along media value  ...  The objective is to apply this same pattern when modelling the dynamic aspects of an ontology.  ... 
doi:10.5220/0004493102300237 dblp:conf/data/GarciaCG13 fatcat:3r4xtsbd6vcobnl4b3bptgbyfe

Connecting ontological (in)securities and generation through the everyday and emotional geopolitics of Falkland Islanders

Matthew C. Benwell
2017 Social & Cultural Geography  
It uses these empirical insights to show how theorisations of ontological (in)security might become more sensitive to the lived experiences of diverse generational groups within states and OTs like the  ...  Debates about the security of British Overseas Territories (OTs) like the Falkland Islands are typically framed through the discourses of formal and practical geopolitics in ways that overlook the perspectives  ...  The conceptual origins of ontological security have been ascribed to the psychoanalytical work of Laing (1960, p. 39) who suggested that an 'ontologically secure person will encounter all the hazards  ... 
doi:10.1080/14649365.2017.1290819 fatcat:ncbhnxyrlrexdnc62om5qlehim

Nagorno-Karabakh: Why do Peace Processes Fail 'From the Inside'?

Roxana Gabriela Andrei
2019 Conflict Studies Quarterly  
The article thus looks into the possible reasons for a peace process to fail 'from the inside', to be rejected by the very populations affected by an abiding con lict, bringing insides from cognitive approaches  ...  to con lict and security, namely from the ontological security body of literature to this purpose.  ...  Peace anxieties and ontological (in)securities: internal mechanisms to maintain status quo in the Nagorno-Karabakh con lict Traditional approaches to con lict and security in international relations (IR  ... 
doi:10.24193/csq.27.2 fatcat:xwm6sx4bgfhizevosfoynwnwda

About Territorial Intelligence and Geographic Knowledge Bases

Robert Laurini, Sylvie Servigne, Franck Favetta
2020 Cuadernos de Administración  
As business intelligence is for companies, territorial intelligence is for local authorities.  ...  The scope of this paper will be to present the concepts necessary to construct such systems, i.e. to pass from intelligence to geographic knowledge engineering.  ...  e objective of this approach is to ensure, literally as well as guratively, to equip the territorial level to be developed what we have named the territorial formal capital.  ... 
doi:10.11144/javeriana.cao33.atigk fatcat:lipd6bm7vffjpm5d5ef4uggjxy

UGLINESS" IN THE ONTOLOGY OF ARCHITECTURE AND PURSUIT OF "UGLY" IN DESIGN OBJECT

Burçin BAŞYAZICI
2015 INTERNATIONAL REFEREED JOURNAL OF DESIGN AND ARCHITECTURE  
But the ontology of the ugly is different from the ontology of beauty. It causes a resistance in subject-object relationship.  ...  While ugly is an evaded desire in ontology of architecture, it is not same in architectural objects. Many people call a building as ugly while architectural theory and theoreticians cannot.  ...  Considering the approach of the study, instead of concluding with a concrete definition, the study will be finalized by an implication.  ... 
doi:10.17365/tmd.2015511332 fatcat:22cub4645jcmvp4vgfvua4sls4
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