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Flash-Cosmos: In-Flash Bulk Bitwise Operations Using Inherent Computation Capability of NAND Flash Memory [article]

Jisung Park, Roknoddin Azizi, Geraldo F. Oliveira, Mohammad Sadrosadati, Rakesh Nadig, David Novo, Juan Gómez-Luna, Myungsuk Kim, Onur Mutlu
2022 arXiv   pre-print
with a single sensing operation, and (ii) Enhanced SLC-mode Programming (ESP), which enables reliable computation inside NAND flash memory.  ...  We demonstrate the feasibility of performing bulk bitwise operations with high reliability in Flash-Cosmos by testing 160 real 3D NAND flash chips.  ...  Jisung Park was in part supported by the National Research Foundation (NRF) of Korea (NRF-2020R1A6A3A03040573). (Co-corresponding Authors: Jisung Park, Myungsuk Kim, and Onur Mutlu)  ... 
arXiv:2209.05566v1 fatcat:vyxjcppuu5hoxi4ke7jlah7tdu

Flash-Based Security Primitives: Evolution, Challenges and Future Directions

Holden Gordon, Jack Edmonds, Soroor Ghandali, Wei Yan, Nima Karimian, Fatemeh Tehranipoor
2021 Cryptography  
Flash memory has been given a spotlight in recent years, with the question of whether or not it can prove useful in a security role.  ...  We also compare and evaluate flash-based security primitives in order to identify drawbacks and essential design considerations.  ...  In general, writing and erasing can be accomplished more quickly with NAND flash, while reading is faster with NOR flash.  ... 
doi:10.3390/cryptography5010007 fatcat:27qvp3ovzjhvtpo6aks5sgvquq

Storage Class Memory: Principles, Problems, and Possibilities [article]

Aditya K Kamath, Leslie Monis, A Tarun Karthik, Basavaraj Talawar
2019 arXiv   pre-print
We also discuss the future possibilities of Multi-Level Cells (MLCs), as well as how SCM can be used to construct accelerators.  ...  In this paper, wedescribe how these memory types function, while highlighting the problems of endurance and performance that these memory typesface.  ...  Mittal compiled a survey [81] which explains neural network and processing in-memory accelerators that utilize ReRAM in more detail.  ... 
arXiv:1909.12221v1 fatcat:cttzphgfp5fjlhv6wrv7pjaj5q

A Model-Based Framework to Assess the Reliability of Safety-Critical Applications

Lucas Matana Luza, Annachiara Ruospo, Alberto Bosio, Ernesto Sanchez, Luigi Dilillo
2021 2021 24th International Symposium on Design and Diagnostics of Electronic Circuits & Systems (DDECS)  
Solutions based on artificial intelligence and brain-inspired computations like Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) are suited to deal with the growing computational complexity required by state-of-the-art  ...  In this light, Approximate Computing (AxC) has become a significant field of research to improve memory footprint, speed, and energy consumption in embedded and high-performance systems.  ...  Moreover, the effects on a SLC (Single Level Cell) NAND Flash under heavy-ions and proton irradiation were evaluated in [19] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/ddecs52668.2021.9417059 fatcat:xnp4ntati5bulis6dxe3geyhbq

Magnetic Racetrack Memory: From Physics to the Cusp of Applications Within a Decade

Robin Blasing, Asif Ali Khan, Panagiotis Ch. Filippou, Chirag Garg, Fazal Hameed, Jeronimo Castrillon, Stuart S. P. Parkin
2020 Proceedings of the IEEE  
On the other hand, RTM promises an ultrafast nonvolatile memory competitive with static random access memory (SRAM) but with a much smaller footprint.  ...  In this article, we provide an overview of the major developments of RTM technology from both the physics and computer architecture perspectives over the past decade.  ...  A nontrivial increase in the NAND flash latency is observed when going from SLC all the way to QLC technologies.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jproc.2020.2975719 fatcat:usn4ypztv5drzid2y752qp46cm

Error-Vulnerable Pattern-Aware Binary-to-Ternary Data Mapping for Improving Storage Density of 3LC Phase Change Memory

Jeong Beom Hong, Young Sik Lee, Yong Wook Kim, Tae Hee Han
2020 Electronics  
Additionally, the lifetime and performance are enhanced by 36.1% and 38.8%, respectively, compared with those of a 4LC PCM with an ECC.  ...  The key challenges in replacing DRAM with MLC PCM are low reliability, limited lifetime, and long write latency, which are predominantly affected by the most error-vulnerable data pattern.  ...  In addition, MLC PCM can be useful for the massive tensor product operations required by deep neural networks (DNN) that utilize different resistive cross-point arrays as synaptic devices, that is, a processing-in-memory  ... 
doi:10.3390/electronics9040626 fatcat:ckeaxcvm75hf3g3oqzfvaxeqcm

Designing, Modeling, and Optimizing Data-Intensive Computing Systems [article]

Gagandeep Singh
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Overall, this thesis provides two key conclusions: (1) hardware acceleration on an FPGA+HBM fabric is a promising solution to overcome the data movement bottleneck of our current computing systems; (2)  ...  First, we design NERO, a data-centric accelerator for a real-world weather prediction application.  ...  Acknowledgements We hope that the ideas, analyses, methods, and techniques presented in this dissertation will enable the development of energy-efficient data-intensive computing systems and drive the  ... 
arXiv:2208.08886v1 fatcat:ledjwayl6jdbfmgp2i45vooore

Testing STT-MRAM: Manufacturing Defects, Fault Models, and Test Solutions

Lizhou Wu, Siddharth Rao, Mottaqiallah Taouil, Erik Jan Marinissen, Gouri Sankar Kar, Said Hamdioui
2021 2021 IEEE International Test Conference (ITC)  
I enjoy all the trips with you in Europe. Xindi, thanks for handling all stuff for me in China. May our friendship last forever! Many thanks to Prof.  ...  In the second step, we define a complete fault space using an upgraded fault primitive notation to cover all possible resistive states in STT-MRAMs; a systematic fault analysis is then performed to validate  ...  Conventionally, on-chip SRAM is used for accelerating convolutional neural network (CNN) in AI processors.  ... 
doi:10.1109/itc50571.2021.00022 fatcat:4hlsp34pcrgexkssoxu5m5c25a

CLOUD COMPUTING 2010 Committee CLOUD COMPUTING Advisory Chairs CLOUD COMPUTING 2010 Technical Program Committee

Cloud Computing Spain, Wolfgang Gentzsch, Deisa Eu Project, Ogf Board Of Directors Of, Germany Teemu Kanstren, Vtt, Finland Koschel, Fachhochschule Hannover
2010 Editors Ali Beklen   unpublished
We are grateful to the members of the CLOUD COMPUTING 2010 organizing committee for their help in handling the logistics and for their work to make this professional meeting a success.  ...  We hope that CLOUD COMPUTING 2010 was a successful international forum for the exchange of ideas and results between academia and industry and for the promotion of progress in the areas of cloud computing  ...  This research activity has been performed partially in cooperation with the Federal Office for Information Security.  ...