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An Improved Cloud Gap-Filling Method for Longwave Infrared Land Surface Temperatures through Introducing Passive Microwave Techniques

Thomas P. F. Dowling, Peilin Song, Mark C. De Jong, Lutz Merbold, Martin J. Wooster, Jingfeng Huang, Yongqiang Zhang
2021 Remote Sensing  
Satellite-derived land surface temperature (LST) data are most commonly observed in the longwave infrared (LWIR) spectral region.  ...  The results indicate that our proposed two-step cloud gap-filling method can improve upon performances achieved by conventional methods for cloud gap-filling and has the potential to be scaled up to provide  ...  Conclusions In this study, we have presented an effective two-step framework for improving the cloud gap-filling performance of the LWIR-based daily land surface temperature (LST) data delivered by Aqua  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs13173522 fatcat:jsmnnlkeezh5lale6ku6ramuai

A Review of Reconstructing Remotely Sensed Land Surface Temperature under Cloudy Conditions

Yaping Mo, Yongming Xu, Huijuan Chen, Shanyou Zhu
2021 Remote Sensing  
Land surface temperature (LST) is an important environmental parameter in climate change, urban heat islands, drought, public health, and other fields.  ...  methods, and surface energy balance-based gap-filling methods.  ...  14.33 A framework for the retrieval of all- weather land surface temperature at a high spatial resolution from polar-orbiting thermal infrared and passive microwave data Duan.  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs13142838 fatcat:mzmhrpjl25bulo4wttavj7rq6i

A 1 km daily surface soil moisture dataset of enhanced coverage under all-weather conditions over China in 2003–2019

Peilin Song, Yongqiang Zhang, Jianping Guo, Jiancheng Shi, Tianjie Zhao, Bing Tong
2022 Earth System Science Data  
MODIS optical reflectance data and daily thermal-infrared land surface temperature (LST) that had been gap-filled for cloudy conditions were the primary data inputs of the downscaling model so that the  ...  For other months, the national coverage percentage of the developed product is also greatly improved against the original daily PM observations through a specifically developed sub-model for filling the  ...  The authors would like to thank the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) for providing all MODIS and DEM datasets free of charge.  ... 
doi:10.5194/essd-14-2613-2022 fatcat:6vuc32ca65azte2mhfq7f5v4oy

Land Surface Temperature Derivation under All Sky Conditions through Integrating AMSR-E/AMSR-2 and MODIS/GOES Observations

Donglian Sun, Yu Li, Xiwu Zhan, Paul Houser, Chaowei Yang, Long Chiu, Ruixin Yang
2019 Remote Sensing  
Land surface temperature (LST) is an important input to the Atmosphere–Land Exchange Inverse (ALEXI) model to derive the Evaporative Stress Index (ESI) for drought monitoring.  ...  Therefore, microwave LSTs are only used to fill the gaps due to clouds in the MODIS and GOES LST products.  ...  We thank the reviewers and the editors for their helpful comments! Special thanks to the assistant editor Ella Qu for her nice help and hardworking!  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs11141704 fatcat:ujv4kgz2c5c25ioeps3g7vx3pq

Evolution of Indian Satellite meteorological programme

P. C. JOSHI, M. S. NARAYANAN, R. C. BHATIA, B. MANIKIAM, A. S. KIRANKUMAR, V. JAYARAMAN
2021 Mausam  
The paper highlights the achievements so far and future plans for advanced missions.  ...  (ii) Operational parameters for weather forecastingcloud cover, cloud top temperature, sea surface temperature, snow cover, cloud motion vector, outgoing longwave radiation etc.  ...  (ii) Filling gaps in observations; Space data covers large oceanic areas and inaccessible and remote land areas, thus giving global coverage.  ... 
doi:10.54302/mausam.v54i1.1485 fatcat:qf6hraaug5bypefltavb2z47tq

Mission to Planet Earth: Role of Clouds and Radiation in Climate

Bruce A. Wielicki, Edwin F. Harrison, Robert D. Cess, Michael D. King, David A. Randall
1995 Bulletin of The American Meteorological Society - (BAMS)  
, greatly reduced ambiguity in partially cloud-filled satellite fields of view, improved calibration and stability of satellite-observed radiances, and improved estimates of radiative fluxes at the top  ...  It is concluded that the EOS data are a necessary but insufficient condition for solution of the scientific cloud/radiation issues.  ...  Sellers (links to land processes).  ... 
doi:10.1175/1520-0477(1995)076<2125:mtpero>2.0.co;2 fatcat:dnkm3dfhzbgehpb3w3z7ha36lu

Cloud_cci ATSR-2 and AATSR data set version 3: a 17-year climatology of global cloud and radiation properties

Caroline A. Poulsen, Gregory R. McGarragh, Gareth E. Thomas, Martin Stengel, Matthew W. Christensen, Adam C. Povey, Simon R. Proud, Elisa Carboni, Rainer Hollmann, Roy G. Grainger
2020 Earth System Science Data  
providing contextual information for co-located ATSR-2/AATSR surface temperature and aerosol products.  ...  The cloud property retrievals are accompanied by high-resolution top- and bottom-of-atmosphere shortwave and longwave fluxes that have been derived from the retrieved cloud properties using a radiative  ...  The primary operational products are aerosol and land and sea surface temperature. ATSR channels are specifically designed to have low noise.  ... 
doi:10.5194/essd-12-2121-2020 fatcat:6aekxqif7veo3ctgd2v6nopknq

Estimating the spatial distribution of snow water equivalent in the world's mountains

Jeff Dozier, Edward H. Bair, Robert E. Davis
2016 WIREs Water  
produces SWE at 1-km resolution at continental scales, but depends heavily on a surface network. (5) New methods continue to be explored, for example, airborne LiDAR altimetry provides direct measurements  ...  microwave sensors offer real-time global SWE estimates but suffer from several problems like subpixel variability in the mountains. (4) A numerical model combined with assimilated surface observations  ...  These techniques rely on quantifying microwave backscatter from the snow surface, the snow volume, and the ground.  ... 
doi:10.1002/wat2.1140 fatcat:t6sj332gkrb7tprxxvrc3zhrdy

Satellites see the World's Atmosphere

S. A. Ackerman, S. Platnick, P. K. Bhartia, B. Duncan, T. L'Ecuyer, A. Heidinger, G. Skofronick-Jackson, N. Loeb, T. Schmit, N. Smith
2018 Meteorological Monographs  
While progress truly has been an international achievement, in accord with a monograph observing the centennial of the American Meteorological Society, as well as limited space, the emphasis of this chapter  ...  The authors are thankful for the comments, resources, and suggestions provided by S. Stephens. The authors also appreciate and thank the thoughtful comments by reviewers.  ...  The views, opinions, and findings contained in this report are those of the authors and should not be construed as an official National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration or U.S. government position  ... 
doi:10.1175/amsmonographs-d-18-0009.1 fatcat:hillp6ewefh5rpcvcv22nnhcca

Operational climate monitoring from space: the EUMETSAT Satellite Application Facility on Climate Monitoring (CM-SAF)

J. Schulz, P. Albert, H.-D. Behr, D. Caprion, H. Deneke, S. Dewitte, B. Dürr, P. Fuchs, A. Gratzki, P. Hechler, R. Hollmann, S. Johnston (+12 others)
2009 Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics  
We acknowledge the Cloudnet project (European Union contract EVK2-2000-00611) for providing the microwave radiometer and target classification data, which was produced by the University of Reading using  ...  Weber for supporting the technical development of the CM-SAF processing scheme, R. Cremer for supporting the validation activities, B. Thiess and P.  ...  Earth surface conditions greatly influence the radiation budget, e.g. through surface temperature variations in the thermal infrared and through a critical contribution to the planetary albedo (especially  ... 
doi:10.5194/acp-9-1687-2009 fatcat:wp76hq4jffdx7loi3kq33ham5e

Operational climate monitoring from space: the EUMETSAT satellite application facility on climate monitoring (CM-SAF)

J. Schulz, P. Albert, H.-D. Behr, D. Caprion, H. Deneke, S. Dewitte, B. Dürr, P. Fuchs, A. Gratzki, P. Hechler, R. Hollmann, S. Johnston (+12 others)
2008 Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions  
Earth surface conditions greatly influence the radiation budget, e.g. through surface temperature variations in the thermal infrared and through a critical contribution to the planetary albedo (especially  ...  Several cloud parameters, surface albedo, radiation fluxes at the top of the atmosphere and at the surface as well as atmospheric temperature and humidity products form a sound basis for climate monitoring  ...  ., a whole month of data is used to compute daily averages for a particular month employing also temporal correlations to fill gaps.  ... 
doi:10.5194/acpd-8-8517-2008 fatcat:e4dgg47xtbeexcoazusu4c23ti

Development and validation of a new MODIS snow-cover-extent product over China

Xiaohua Hao, Guanghui Huang, Zhaojun Zheng, Xingliang Sun, Wenzheng Ji, Hongyu Zhao, Jian Wang, Hongyi Li, Xiaoyan Wang
2022 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences  
The first two datasets are generated mainly through optimizing snow-cover discriminating rules over land-cover types, and the latter dataset is produced after a series of gap-filling processes such as  ...  The NIEER MODIS SCE product contains two preliminary clear-sky SCE datasets – Terra-MODIS and Aqua-MODIS SCE datasets and a final daily cloud-gap-filled (CGF) SCE dataset.  ...  We would like to thank the China Meteorological Administration (CMA) for their reliable ground measurements and the Google Earth Engine (GEE) for its high-quality services. Review statement.  ... 
doi:10.5194/hess-26-1937-2022 fatcat:e6vkdgoxxrfltefiuupx7qevxu

Cloud tolerance of remote-sensing technologies to measure land surface temperature

Thomas R. H. Holmes, Christopher R. Hain, Martha C. Anderson, Wade T. Crow
2016 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences  
</strong> Conventional methods to estimate land surface temperature (LST) from space rely on the thermal infrared (TIR) spectral window and is limited to cloud-free scenes.  ...  To also provide LST estimates during periods with clouds, a new method was developed to estimate LST based on passive-microwave (MW) observations.  ...  This work was funded by NASA through the research grant "The Science of Terra and Aqua" (13-TERAQ13-0181).  ... 
doi:10.5194/hess-20-3263-2016 fatcat:bvabjbyhrndxrmkklpwcdriigi

Cloud Tolerance of Remote Sensing Technologies to Measure Land Surface Temperature

Thomas R. H. Holmes, Christopher Hain, Martha C. Anderson, Wade T. Crow
2016 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussions  
Conventional means to estimate land surface temperature (LST) from space relies on the thermal infrared (TIR) spectral window and is limited to cloud-free scenes.  ...  To also provide LST estimates during periods with clouds, a new method was developed to estimate LST based on passive microwave (MW) observations.  ...  This work was funded by NASA through the research grant "The Science of Terra and Aqua" (13-TERAQ13-0181).  ... 
doi:10.5194/hess-2016-173 fatcat:xig3ykoh6negnbfpdqy7cgiije

Emerging Technologies and Synergies for Airborne and Space-Based Measurements of Water Vapor Profiles

Amin R. Nehrir, Christoph Kiemle, Mathew D. Lebsock, Gottfried Kirchengast, Stefan A. Buehler, Ulrich Löhnert, Cong-Liang Liu, Peter C. Hargrave, Maria Barrera-Verdejo, David M. Winker
2017 Surveys in geophysics  
This paper highlights new technologies and improved measurement approaches for measuring lower tropospheric water vapor and their expected added value to current observations.  ...  Those include differential absorption lidar and radar, microwave occultation between low-Earth orbiters, and hyperspectral microwave remote sensing.  ...  The coauthors wish to acknowledge Lukas Kluft for his performance simulations of the hyperspectral microwave measurement approach, as well  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10712-017-9448-9 pmid:31997843 pmcid:PMC6956949 fatcat:53clo23i3raynd4um6nytsnj6y
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