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An Experimentation Platform for Explainable Coalition Situational Understanding [article]

Katie Barrett-Powell, Jack Furby, Liam Hiley, Marc Roig Vilamala, Harrison Taylor, Federico Cerutti, Alun Preece, Tianwei Xing, Luis Garcia, Mani Srivastava, Dave Braines
2020 arXiv   pre-print
We present an experimentation platform for coalition situational understanding research that highlights capabilities in explainable artificial intelligence/machine learning (AI/ML) and integration of symbolic  ...  We describe the interface functionality and give examples of SUE applied to coalition situational understanding tasks.  ...  Conclusion and Future Work This paper has presented an experimentation platform for coalition situational understanding research that highlights capabilities in explainable artificial intelligence/machine  ... 
arXiv:2010.14388v2 fatcat:clysndaa6fgdbfclnfrippl2uy

Towards human-agent knowledge fusion (HAKF) in support of distributed coalition teams [article]

Dave Braines, Federico Cerutti, Marc Roig Vilamala, Mani Srivastava, Lance Kaplan Alun Preece, Gavin Pearson
2020 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper we describe the initial steps towards this human-agent knowledge fusion (HAKF) environment through a recap of the key requirements, and an explanation of how these can be fulfilled for an  ...  example situation.  ...  We show how system designer users are able to use this environment to rapidly define or configure analytic services and complex events for later use in a coalition situational understanding context.  ... 
arXiv:2010.12327v1 fatcat:jukoa5qcbvb5bkx2zymiybttxa

HCI Tactics for Politics from Below: Meeting the Challenges of Smart Cities

Cedric Deslandes Whitney, Teresa Naval, Elizabeth Quepons, Simrandeep Singh, Steven R Rick, Lilly Irani
2021 Proceedings of the 2021 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems  
We focus on the forms of HCI knowledge and practice that proved useful to a coalition of community organizations claiming rights of input into and political oversight over surveillance technology.  ...  He explained the promise of CityIQ APIs were an engine for generating entrepreneurship in San Diego.  ...  CityIQ was a platform, and GE even had an app store.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3411764.3445314 fatcat:psefn6ordvc7xj3dyp2qnwt53y

Evolution of two-sided markets

Ravi Kumar, Yury Lifshits, Andrew Tomkins
2010 Proceedings of the third ACM international conference on Web search and data mining - WSDM '10  
We give some early experimental results of the stability of two-sided markets, and close with a theoretical treatment of the formation of different kinds of coalitions in such markets.  ...  We present an empirical analysis of the value accruing to members of each side of the market, based on the presence of the other side.  ...  Acknowledgments We thank Debora Donato, Clement Genzmer, Luca Telloli, and the Stack Overflow team for their help with the data.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1718487.1718526 dblp:conf/wsdm/KumarLT10 fatcat:36uumxo5vfbqxecyjvb5pure5e

Advancing the understanding of behavior in social-ecological systems: results from lab and field experiments

Marco A. Janssen, Therese Lindahl, James J. Murphy
2015 Ecology and Society  
Janssen et al. (2014) reviewed a number of experimental platforms relevant for scholars who want to use experimental methods for the study of social-ecological systems.  ...  In early experiments, the resource dilemma was typically described as a static situation and the focus was primarily on understanding the social interactions of participants under different institutional  ... 
doi:10.5751/es-08097-200434 fatcat:6wr6yecrv5c2hmigux2rltdrru

The light of God: Notes on the visual economy of drones

Pasi Väliaho
2014 NECSUS. European Journal of Media Studies  
This is helping to create and maintain a decisive warfighting advantage for U.S. forces.  ...  These campaigns, mounted against determined, potent foes in Afghanistan and Iraq, were characterized by the conduct of highly effective, network-centric operations by coalitions organized and led by the  ...  A vital NEC component is the UK's Network Integration, Test and Experimentation Capability (NITEworks), an experimentation environment to assess the benefits of NEC and the options for its effective and  ... 
doi:10.5117/necsus2014.2.vali fatcat:hr6to34p25cvzmum3dheaetjbq

Strength Is Still a Weakness in Coalition Formation: Replicating and Understanding the Strength-Is-Weakness Effect

Joeri Wissink, Ilja van Beest, Tila Pronk, Niels van de Ven
2021 Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin  
To address these issues, we conducted a cross-platform replication using the Online Coalition Game.  ...  Finally, the studies suggest that the Online Coalition Game is a viable tool for conducting high-powered coalition formation research.  ...  To address the abovementioned issues, we developed the Online Coalition Game using oTree (Chen et al., 2016) , an open-source platform for behavioral research.  ... 
doi:10.1177/01461672211005883 pmid:33848446 fatcat:4l6sqhkeifagrhxfskdswikxby

Managing ISR sharing policies at the network edge using Controlled English

Christos Parizas, Diego Pizzocaro, Alun Preece, Petros Zerfos, Tien Pham, Michael A. Kolodny, Kevin L. Priddy
2013 Ground/Air Multisensor Interoperability, Integration, and Networking for Persistent ISR IV  
Moreover, policies must often be modified by negotiation among coalition partners, typically in rapid response to the changing operational situation.  ...  Commonly, the users who must cope first with situational changes are those on the edge, so it would be very effective if they were able to create and negotiate policies themselves.  ...  Boleslaw Szymanski from Department of Computer Science, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute for valuable discussions on the context for this work.  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.2015713 fatcat:4lb53qvjr5ckppscmzofc73mve

Engagement Capacity and Engaging Team Formation for Reach Maximization of Online Social Media Platforms

Alexander Nikolaev, Shounak Gore, Venu Govindaraju
2016 Proceedings of the 22nd ACM SIGKDD International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining - KDD '16  
For those platforms that primarily rely on user-generated content, the reachthe degree of participation referring to the percentage and involvement of users -is a key indicator of success.  ...  This paper lays a theoretical foundation for measuring engagement as a driver of reach that achieves growth via positive externality effects.  ...  [30] explain that for a transferable utility (cooperative) game in a directed graph, the worth of a coalition can depend not only on the individual properties of coalition members but also on the order  ... 
doi:10.1145/2939672.2939681 dblp:conf/kdd/NikolaevGG16 fatcat:atfeqnwzj5gwnmi45ts42jnfei

Cooperation-Driven Virtual Terminal Coalition Formation Games for Task Assignment in Mobile Crowdsensing

Haifei Yu, Shiyong Chen, Xiang Liu, Yucheng Wu, Patricia Paderewski Rodríguez
2021 Mobile Information Systems  
In addition, an initial coalition method of using social networks (SN) is proposed to accelerate the formation of coalition.  ...  Firstly, the cooperation among users to accomplish the sense tasks is described as an overlapping coalition formation game (OCF game).  ...  For an existing MCS system, the platform provides an incentive mechanism, while users try to get maximum profits from the platform. e centralized case represented the upper bound of the system sense performance  ... 
doi:10.1155/2021/9223096 fatcat:5dz5xicd6zh4ngx5hegfz5uwyu

Animal Cognition: Rooks Team up to Solve a Problem

Thomas Bugnyar
2008 Current Biology  
[12] therefore argue that rooks could be expected to cooperate when accessing food in an experimental setting.  ...  Of particular interest for cognitive scientists are systems in which individuals flexibly decide whether or not to cooperate in a given situation and selectively choose among potential cooperation partners  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cub.2008.04.057 pmid:18579099 fatcat:uc5omnmfgzdvboqldu4lfc52yi

When death approaches: reverting or exploiting emergent inequity in a complex land-use table-board game

Luís García-Barrios, Raúl García-Barrios, Juana Cruz-Morales, James A. Smith
2015 Ecology and Society  
Using an approach that combines spot game analysis and experimental work, we studied the social preferences that emerged during session two among advantaged and disadvantaged players to deal with inequity  ...  Players evolved moral economy, competitive domination, i.e., let competition decide, and coalition, i.e., advantaged players ask the dying to surrender land and die prematurely in exchange for a share  ...  Acknowledgments: We thank the 224 players for their voluntary and enthusiastic participation; Romeo Trujillo and Adriana Flores for assisting with workshops in the Sierra Madre; and Balente Herrera and  ... 
doi:10.5751/es-07372-200213 fatcat:mvtjxhxtnbcxhg7q2eknu7yf6a

The (Vertical) Network Firm as a Political Coalition: The Reorganization of Fiat Auto

Josh Whitford, Francesco Zirpoli
2009 Social Science Research Network  
Analyzing this evolution and these relations from a "political" perspective allows us to better understand the behavior not merely of particular firms, but also of interacting networks of firms in a world  ...  We argue that this evolution cannot adequately be understood without reference to an interplay of inter-and intra-firm relations, including especially to the spilling of intraorganizational rivalries across  ...  It had been an almost impossible situation.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1426860 fatcat:3spr3c7ihfhsrfdrxdangmgzry

Experimental Triangulation of Coalition Signals: Varying Designs, Converging Results [chapter]

Michael F. Meffert, Thomas Gschwend
2012 Experimental Political Science  
What can be done in such a situation? If increasing the number of cases is not an option, crafting a clever experimental design can provide a methodological solution.  ...  In both states, however, the situation was more fluid and alternative coalitions could not be ruled out.  ... 
doi:10.1057/9781137016645_7 fatcat:wodqmm6uujfqrktb36tabp2uoi

Gathering Counter-Factual Evidence: An Experimental Study on Voters' Responses to Pre-Electoral Coalitions [chapter]

Marc Hooghe, Sofie Marien, Thomas Gschwend
2012 Experimental Political Science  
For all the students involved, it was very clear that this was an invitation to respond to a hypothetical situation, and they clearly responded to it in this manner.  ...  Therefore, we opted for an experimental study where participants could simply answer the survey wherever they had a computer available.  ... 
doi:10.1057/9781137016645_11 fatcat:ogq7igs6czfebahgdbgukzbvf4
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