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An Experimental Study of the Effects of Representing Property Precedence on the Comprehension of Conceptual Schemas

Jeffrey Parsons
2011 Journal of the AIS  
I would also like to thank participants in research workshops at the University of British Columbia and the University of Queensland for valuable comments on earlier versions of this research.  ...  I would like to thank Linda Cole for assistance in the preparation of experimental materials and in data collection.  ...  Discussion This study provides evidence that representing property precedence explicitly has a positive effect on comprehension of the domain semantics expressed in a conceptual schema.  ... 
doi:10.17705/1jais.00268 fatcat:6brqguitkbgwbohuh3vei3ug3q

Abstract Concepts [chapter]

Diane Pecher, Inge Boot, Saskia Van Dantzig
2011 The psychology of learning and motivation  
Most of the evidence supporting the grounded cognition framework focused on representations of concrete concepts, which leaves open the question how abstract concepts are grounded in sensory-motor processing  ...  According to this conceptual metaphor theory, image schemas structure and provide sensory-motor grounding for abstract concepts.  ...  This effect of shape similarity indicates that visual properties are part of the conceptual structure.  ... 
doi:10.1016/b978-0-12-385527-5.00007-3 fatcat:lwlv3bshkjarvczz6wxkkapm3a

Intelligent Identification of Trademark Case Precedents Using Semantic Ontology [chapter]

A.S. Li, A.J.C. Trappey, C.V. Trappey
2020 Advances in Transdisciplinary Engineering  
This study constructs the semantic network representing the TM legal scope and terminologies.  ...  The computer-assisted system is constructed to extract critical features based on the ontology schema.  ...  Introduction Legal firms and researchers are increasingly studying methods to improve the efficiency of monitoring and protecting the intellectual property of clients.  ... 
doi:10.3233/atde200114 fatcat:uudttyryhfex3erm3rle7hlh5u

An empirical investigation of entity-based and object-oriented data modeling: a development life cycle approach

Atish P. Sinha, Iris Vessey
1999 International Conference on Information Systems  
Conceptual models (EER and OOD) were more effective than logical models (RDM and OOT) for representing all types of constructs.  ...  The models were assessed on the accuracy of modeling entities/classes and attributes, association relationships, and generalization relationships.  ...  We firmly believe that for users to develop effective databases, conceptual design should precede logical design, a point underscored by Navathe (1992): One of the shortcomings of the database design activity  ... 
dblp:conf/icis/SinhaV99 fatcat:mwtobkka6ndkxpingvu5qpugsu

TOWARDS THE AUTOMATIC ONTOLOGY GENERATION AND ALIGNMENT OF BIM AND GIS DATA FORMATS

A. U. Usmani, M. Jadidi, G. Sohn
2021 ISPRS Annals of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences  
This study highlights the fundamental perspectives to be addressed for BIM and GIS interoperability and proposes a comprehensive conceptual framework for automatic ontology generation followed by ontology  ...  The study concludes anticipated results of cross-domain ontology can provides future perspectives in knowledge-discovery applications and seamless information exchange for BIM and GIS.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The research is supported by the Natural Science and Engineering Council of Canada (NSERC) Discovery grant.  ... 
doi:10.5194/isprs-annals-viii-4-w2-2021-183-2021 fatcat:ad4nnh3xnjbtlklql7wd673d7q

Priming relations in ambiguous noun-noun combinations

Christina L. Gagné, Edward J. Shoben
2002 Memory & Cognition  
The data are inconsistent with key predictions of schema-based theories of conceptual combination.  ...  We conducted two experiments to examine whether the interpretation of an ambiguous noun phrase is influenced by exposure to a similar combination.  ...  In contrast, there was no effect of frequency of relation for the head nouns on comprehension.  ... 
doi:10.3758/bf03194965 pmid:12184565 fatcat:ovvoibr52vdzne7abkoj2u55oa

Chronometric Constructive Cognitive Learning Evaluation Model: Measuring the Consolidation of the Human Cognition Schema in Psychology Students' Memory

Guadalupe Elizabeth Morales-Martinez, Maria Isolde Hedlefs-Aguilar, Janneth Trejo-Quintana, Yanko Norberto Mezquita-Hoyos, Miriam Sanchez-Monroy
2021 International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research  
In the first phase, the participants carried out a conceptual definition task based on the Natural Semantic Networks technique.  ...  This study illustrates the application of the Chronometric Constructive Cognitive Learning Evaluation Model to assess learning about human cognition knowledge schema in 48 second-year psychology students  ...  Subsequently, to explore the temporal properties of the participants' knowledge schema on human cognition, the researchers designed an experimental study based on the semantic priming paradigm with a lexical  ... 
doi:10.26803/ijlter.20.5.4 fatcat:srkyqa2fubaw3ewjspd5ly3aaq

The Situated Nature of Concepts

Wenchi Yeh, Lawrence W. Barsalou
2006 American Journal of Psychology  
of cognition (episodic memory, conceptual processing, visual object recognition, language comprehension).  ...  Empirical research on concepts typically ignores background situations as well, not incorporating them into experimental designs.  ...  The construct of a scene schema is central to the studies that follow, where a scene schema is conceptual knowledge about the typical layout of a physical setting and the objects in it. J.  ... 
doi:10.2307/20445349 pmid:17061691 fatcat:x5tjihximjcpxczzynwrjzsqtq

Visual memory for moving scenes

Patricia R. DeLucia, Maria M. Maldia
2006 Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology  
We also found that memory for the final position of the depicted self in a moving scene was influenced by properties of the optical expansion pattern.  ...  Furthermore, motion affected memory for the boundaries but this effect of motion was not consistent with representational momentum of the self (memory being further forward in a motion trajectory than  ...  This effect of motion suggests that the scene schema activated by the view of a static scene was not the same as the schema activated by the same view when it was preceded by self-motion.  ... 
doi:10.1080/17470210500151444 pmid:16618638 fatcat:img7thmwhrcefad3vmqthe7zie

Page 997 of Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts: LLBA Vol. 24, Issue 3 [page]

1990 Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts: LLBA  
The effects of initial phoneme on identification were statistically independent of the ef- fects for type of label & predictive value of the ending. 1 Table, 34 Refer- ences. B.  ...  a property the noun would be expected to have, (2) an atypical phrase in which the adjective described an uncommon attribute of the noun, & (3) a novel noun-noun phrase that forced readers to construct  ... 

Language, culture, and the embodiment of spatial cognition

Chris Sinha, Kristine Jensen de López
2001 Cognitive Linguistics  
Our aim in this article is to argue that an adequate account of semantic development in early first language acquisition requires a theory and methodology that synthesize the insights of cognitive and  ...  We discuss evidence from the cross-linguistic and cross-cultural study of spatial semantic development, and argue that current controversies regarding language-specific acquisition strategies and universal  ...  Although they are not the same, for our purposes the "socio-cultural" embraces social structures and practices which may or may not be typical only for a particular given culture or group of cultures,  ... 
doi:10.1515/cogl.2001.008 fatcat:kv7pdgkc3baqjkey6ogvc3u4pi

A Model of the Time Course and Content of Reading*

Robert Thibadeau, Marcel Adam Just, Patricia A. Carpenter
1982 Cognitive Science  
READER operates within a newly developed information processing architecture, a Collaborative, Activation-based, Production System (CAPS) that permits the modeling of the temporal properties of human comprehension  ...  As READER encounters each successive word, the word is operated on by processes at the levels of word encoding, lexical access, syntactic and semantic analysis, and referential and schema-level processes  ...  For example, one of the principles of operation of a flywheel may be represented as (FLYWHEEL1 :HAS RULE1) (RULE1 :IS *CAUSE*3), where *CAUSE*3 is a pointer to an entire conceptualization.  ... 
doi:10.1207/s15516709cog0602_2 fatcat:k7c2ijffhfe25ivqmxju5dgi6e

A model of the time course and content of reading

R THIBADEAU, M JUST, P CARPENTER
1982 Cognitive Science  
READER operates within a newly developed information processing architecture, a Collaborative, Activation-based, Production System (CAPS) that permits the modeling of the temporal properties of human comprehension  ...  As READER encounters each successive word, the word is operated on by processes at the levels of word encoding, lexical access, syntactic and semantic analysis, and referential and schema-level processes  ...  For example, one of the principles of operation of a flywheel may be represented as (FLYWHEEL1 :HAS RULE1) (RULE1 :IS *CAUSE*3), where *CAUSE*3 is a pointer to an entire conceptualization.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0364-0213(82)90006-4 fatcat:j3xo6c5njnb7he336wvao5ezum

Describing Events: Changes in Eye Movements and Language Production Due to Visual and Conceptual Properties of Scenes

Yulia Esaulova, Martina Penke, Sarah Dolscheid
2019 Frontiers in Psychology  
Half of the patients were preceded by a visual cue - a small circle appearing for 60 ms on a blank screen in the place of patients.  ...  In terms of time course, visual influences are rather short-lived, while conceptual factors have long-lasting effects.  ...  We are grateful for the valuable comments we received on parts of the reported findings from the audience at conferences (  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00835 pmid:31057462 pmcid:PMC6478754 fatcat:oechtboiozdw5o4z7uchqylkky

Neurocognitive mechanisms of conceptual processing in healthy adults and patients with schizophrenia☆

Tatiana Sitnikova, Christopher Perrone, Donald Goff, Gina R. Kuperberg
2010 International Journal of Psychophysiology  
These studies suggest an imbalanced engagement of the two neurocognitive streams in schizophrenia, whereby patients may rely on the associative and similarity-based networks in semantic memory even when  ...  Maher in recognition of his passionate devotion to the experimental approach in studying psychopathology in schizophrenia and his mentorship.  ...  Cognitive studies in healthy participants An ability to map perceived stimuli on the graded semantic memory networks may account for the finding that comprehension is facilitated for concepts preceded  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2009.12.002 pmid:20004221 pmcid:PMC2842912 fatcat:guc2vzfqgneohcinfue2vhhtry
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