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An Experimental Study of Structural Diversity in Social Networks [article]

Jessica Su, Krishna Kamath, Aneesh Sharma, Johan Ugander, Sharad Goel
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Several recent studies of online social networking platforms have found that adoption rates and engagement levels are positively correlated with structural diversity, the degree of heterogeneity among  ...  an individual's contacts as measured by network ties.  ...  Our study design was reviewed and approved by Stanford University's Institutional Review Board (Protocol #: 36150).  ... 
arXiv:1909.03543v2 fatcat:5jl5ehoy2nfevlgkaoyjnimoiy

Emergence of Communities and Diversity in Social Networks

Xiao Han, Shinan Cao, Zhesi Shen, Boyu Zhang, Wen-Xu Wang, Ross Cressman, H. Eugene Stanley
2016 Social Science Research Network  
Recent theoretical studies found that network structure is significant in the emergence of mutually reinforcing communities among altruistic subjects in social games, such as the prisoner's dilemma (PD  ...  An elusive question is how communities with common internal properties arise in social networks with great individual diversity.  ...  To discover how network structure affects proposer diversity, we study the spatiotemporal patterns of the proposers.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2851284 fatcat:cvh3hsxbdremfakrzfjgc2xdju

Beyond Social Fragmentation: Coexistence of Cultural Diversity and Structural Connectivity Is Possible with Social Constituent Diversity [article]

Hiroki Sayama, Junichi Yamanoi
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Here we introduced the diversities of behavioral attributes among social constituents and studied their effects on social network evolution.  ...  of the social network, which was not previously reported in the earlier literature.  ...  Conclusions In this brief paper, we computationally studied the effects of behavioral diversities of social constituents on the resulting cultural diversity and social connectivity using a networked agent-based  ... 
arXiv:1911.04381v1 fatcat:fuhokmbmfjafte62i3pms54pua

Animal social networks: an introduction for complex systems scientists [article]

Josefine Bohr Brask, Samuel Ellis, Darren P Croft
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Many animals live in societies where individuals frequently interact socially with each other. The social structures of these systems can be studied in depth by means of network analysis.  ...  In this paper, we describe what animal social networks are and main research themes where they are studied; we give an overview of the methods commonly used to study animal social networks; we highlight  ...  The fact that social network structure has important implications for health, survival and behaviour across species means that animal social network studies have an important role to play in the conservation  ... 
arXiv:2005.09598v3 fatcat:zut5o4iqpbdarnfcrvrije4msi

Emergence of communities and diversity in social networks

Xiao Han, Shinan Cao, Zhesi Shen, Boyu Zhang, Wen-Xu Wang, Ross Cressman, H. Eugene Stanley
2017 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
Our experimental findings deepen our understanding of self-organized communities and of the establishment of social norms associated with game dynamics in social networks.  ...  Here, we experimentally explore the emergence of communities in social networks, using the ultimatum game as a paradigm for capturing individual interactions.  ...  To discover how network structure affects proposer diversity, we study the spatiotemporal patterns of the proposers.  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.1608164114 pmid:28235785 pmcid:PMC5358344 fatcat:fuhkjpzt3rh4xibkyac7zmtzna

Animal social networks: an introduction for complex systems scientists

Josefine Bohr Brask, Samuel Ellis, Darren P Croft, Naoki Masuda
2021 Journal of Complex Networks  
Many animals live in societies where individuals frequently interact socially with each other. The social structures of these systems can be studied in depth by means of network analysis.  ...  In this article, we describe what animal social networks are and main research themes where they are studied; we give an overview of the methods commonly used to study animal social networks; we highlight  ...  Cooperation in structured populations Animal social networks are also used in studies concerning the evolution of cooperation.  ... 
doi:10.1093/comnet/cnab001 fatcat:74nlurkqsjdqpbhyh2rsu7ymge

Typology of Social Network Structures and Late-Life Depression in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

Akin Ojagbemi, Oye Gureje
2019 Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health  
Social network size, contact with network, diversity of network, co-residency with own child, having more friends than family in the network, and prestigious standing of persons in the social network were  ...  Conversely, low network diversity contributed 44.2% of the weight of all social network structures that are predictive of late-life depression.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS AO performed literature search, data extraction and analyses, AO and OG wrote the first draft of the paper. Both authors approved the final draft for submission.  ... 
doi:10.2174/1745017901915010134 pmid:32174995 pmcid:PMC7040469 fatcat:5yklzvuk2zeg3fju7pldaorj3m

Complex Contagions: A Decade in Review [article]

Douglas Guilbeault, Joshua Becker, Damon Centola
2017 arXiv   pre-print
The first concerns the study of how multiple contagions interact within the same network and across networks, in what may be called an ecology of contagions.  ...  Since the publication of 'Complex Contagions and the Weakness of Long Ties' in 2007, complex contagions have been studied across an enormous variety of social domains.  ...  Granovetter's (1973) "Strength of Weak Ties" study ushered in an era of unprecedented interest in how network dynamics, and in particular diffusion on networks, affect every aspect of social life, from  ... 
arXiv:1710.07606v1 fatcat:g77v5va52fgp3npyqo5ad5bjgy

Strategic foundation of computational social science

Yunkyu Sohn
2014 Proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on World Wide Web - WWW '14 Companion  
In order to suggest theoretical foundations, validation of the predictions in a controlled environment, and verification of the results in actual platforms, general approaches and a few examples of ongoing  ...  insights, thereby demanding an integrative solution.  ...  Several studies incorporate randomized experimental techniques to gauge the extent of peer effects on social networks [2] , and some other studies use online labor markets to observe the patterns of strategic  ... 
doi:10.1145/2567948.2567962 dblp:conf/www/Sohn14 fatcat:vpjzkgfbafdfrgzmidevnw2kzm

Development and Complex Dynamics at School Environment

Miguel Angel Fuentes, Juan Pablo Cárdenas, Natalia Carro, Mariana Lozada
2018 Complexity  
Our findings show that participating in the intervention positively modulated social interactions since we found an increase in the diversity and quality of positive links and a reduction in negative ones  ...  Through the use of the mentioned methodologies, the current investigation provides new quantitative evidence of social network plasticity in children, an important topic which, to our knowledge, has been  ...  Several researchers have demonstrated a relationship between social network size and diversity (social network structure) and the functioning of the immune system [24, 25] and HPA axis activity (e.g.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2018/3963061 fatcat:uwtttrgu5faabncbmdewxsk7ie

Endogenetic structure of filter bubble in social networks

Yong Min, Tingjun Jiang, Cheng Jin, Qu Li, Xiaogang Jin
2019 Royal Society Open Science  
The filter bubble is an intermediate structure to provoke polarization and echo chambers in social networks, and it has become one of today's most urgent issues for social media.  ...  Moreover, our work proved that the felicitous use of artificial intelligence technology could provide a useful experimental approach that combines privacy protection and controllability in studying social  ...  In this paper, we report an experimental approach for studying the polarization process by using social bots [25] .  ... 
doi:10.1098/rsos.190868 pmid:31827834 pmcid:PMC6894573 fatcat:org6k3lm4ragjgoggigzvu4xwi

Social Networking for Data Preservation: A Study

Simran Chaudhary, Sanjeev Dhawan
2017 Indian Journal of Science and Technology  
Objectives: This paper provides an overview of social network, privacy preservation in social networking, using kanonymity and L-diversity.  ...  To provide better privacy and security for social networking L-diversity and K-diversity are used in combination. Improvement is done by using t-closeness technique.  ...  The main concern is the confirmation of l-neighborhood network vertex structure in a social network L is as same as the l-neighborhood networks structure of minimum k-1 other L vertices.  ... 
doi:10.17485/ijst/2017/v10i20/108260 fatcat:f5v6jgnkhzhqza6eb3wbrpgw6y

Getting the Balance Right in Intercultural Groups: A Dynamic Social Network Perspective

Bart Rienties, Novie Johan
2014 Social Networking  
Method: Social Network Analysis in a pre-post test manner in a quasi-experimental design of 81 vs. 70 third-year students.  ...  Solution: In this study, we "disrupted" this group selection process after Day 1 by balancing students from different parts of the social network together.  ...  In the experimental condition, dyads or triads of friends from different parts of the network were merged into groups in order to increase the diversity of network links, in line with ideas of structural  ... 
doi:10.4236/sn.2014.33022 fatcat:u6rjm5x7vvcpfmm4rfld6n65mi

Impact of network structure on collective learning: An experimental study in a data science competition

Devon Brackbill, Damon Centola, Hocine Cherifi
2020 PLoS ONE  
We conducted a series of experimentally designed Data Science Competitions, in which we manipulated the efficiency of the communication networks among distributed groups of data scientists attempting to  ...  In every experimental trial, groups with inefficient networks outperformed groups with efficient networks, as measured by both the group's average solution quality and the best solution found by a group  ...  Network structures used in the two experimental conditions.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0237978 pmid:32886685 fatcat:ajkjuq5nlrfvrom6xrs2aeotvq

Structural Diversity in Social Recommender Systems

Xinyi (Lisa) Huang, Mitul Tiwari, Sam Shah
2013 ACM Conference on Recommender Systems  
We also analyze and study the effects of structural diversity of members' connection networks on their engagement on the LinkedIn network.  ...  Online social networks have become important for sharing, discovery, communication, and networking. Recommender systems are an essential part of any social network.  ...  CONCLUSION In this paper, we investigate how the structural diversity of connections in a social network can affect members when deciding to send connection invitations and to engage in network activities  ... 
dblp:conf/recsys/HuangTS13 fatcat:zcawwo4wdnd77pcarjfhwc4jii
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