Filters








41,319 Hits in 7.3 sec

An Empirical investigation of Joint-Separate Effect on Preference of Causal Explanation
並列単独効果が因果的説明の選好に及ぼす影響についての実験的検討

Asaya SHIMOJO, Kazuhisa MIWA, Jin TERAI
JSAI Technical Report, SIG-ALST  
In this research, we conducted an experiment to investigate the preference change in causal explanation between Joint and Separate Evaluations.  ...  The results showed that whether an explanation has Latent scope or not effects the evaluation of explanatory goodness in Joint and Separate Evaluations.  ...  こ の こ と か ら , Joint-Separate Effect は,評価を行うその時でないと 現れないことが示唆された. 謝辞 本研究は JSPS 科研費 15H02717 の助成を受けたもの です. 参考文献 [1]  ... 
doi:10.11517/jsaialst.85.0_03 fatcat:knih5i4td5bkrfi77j2pavubge

Neuroeconomics and Identity

John B. Davis
2013 Social Science Research Network  
It then argues that an inadvertent a product of this debate is whether people can be identified as relatively independent agents.  ...  It argues that neuroeconomics' reception ultimately depends on whether economists adopt a philosophy of science thinking closer to what exists in other sciences.  ...  Economics assumes people's behavior has causal impact on markets. If individuals are independent causal agents, then the joint effects of their actions can be aggregated up over individuals.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2366928 fatcat:6ipqc5rua5cuxflwlw3pbcj25m

Causality and Unification: How Causality Unifies Statistical Regularities

Gerhard Schurz
2015 THEORIA : an International Journal for Theory, History and Fundations of Science  
This paper proposes a "dialectical solution" to this conflict, by arguing that causal explanations are preferable to non-causal explanations because they lead to a higher degree of unification at the level  ...  Two key ideas of scientific explanation - explanations as causal information and explanation as unification - have frequently been set into mutual opposition.  ...  Acknowledgements This work has been supported by the CRC 991 of the DFG.  ... 
doi:10.1387/theoria.11913 fatcat:qdqrmnbm5zchdnbxkuqscllf4q

Does Joint Physical Custody "Cause" Children's Better Outcomes?

Sanford L. Braver, Ashley M. Votruba
2018 Journal of Divorce and Remarriage  
We discuss several research design issues, such as propensity score analysis, that can more powerfully probe the question of causality.  ...  selection effects-that causes the effect.  ...  We are aware of no solid empirical investigations of JPC's impact on child outcomes that employed such a natural experiment, but are mindful that these could be profitably deployed by alert investigators  ... 
doi:10.1080/10502556.2018.1454203 fatcat:cuvu3mob3zcgdpa54bo45miko4

Taking Temporality Seriously: Modeling History and the Use of Narratives as Evidence

TIM BÜTHE
2002 American Political Science Review  
Narratives, as a way of presenting empirical information, have distinctive strengths that make them especially suited for historical scholarship, and structuring the narratives based on the model allows  ...  us to treat them as data on which to test the model.  ...  Time itself thus becomes an element of the causal explanation, a factor in the model.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0003055402000278 fatcat:mpzuxgwzsfhmznms6m4e53wbne

A Causal Approach to Interrelated Family Events: A Cross-National Comparison fo Cohabitation, Non-marital Conception, and Marriage

Hans-Peter Blossfeld, Melinda Mills
2001 Canadian Studies in Population  
The authors assert that the causal approach is more appropriate from an analytical point of view as it provides a straightforward solution to simultaneity, cause-effect lags, and temporal shapes of effects  ...  The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate a causal approach to the study of interrelated family events.  ...  The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the usefulness of a causal approach to interdependent family events based on cross-national empirical investigations from five countries.  ... 
doi:10.25336/p6kw3c fatcat:jxzotddmybdx7f5yjkglborlfu

Quantum holism: nonseparability as common ground

Jenann Ismael, Jonathan Schaffer
2016 Synthese  
That is, the real in one part of space, A, should (in theory) somehow "exist" independently of that which is thought of as real in another part of space, B.  ...  If a physical system stretches over parts of space A and B, then what is present in B should somehow have an existence independent of what is present in A.  ...  e2 are joint effects of a common cause d: Causal Inference: If distinct events e1 and e2 are statistically correlated, then either (i) e1 causes e2, or (ii) e2 causes e1, or (iii) e1 and e2 are joint effects  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11229-016-1201-2 fatcat:6iwriihhizasfgufk6z33uqdfm

Recovering the Machine's Enemies: Circularity, Emergence, Evolution, and Chance Emergence, Complexity, and Self-Organization: Precursors and Prototypes. Alicia Juarrero and Carl A. Rubino (Eds.). Exploring Complexity Book Series: Volume 4. (2008, Goodyear, AZ: ISCE Publishers.) $52.99, 247 pp

Luis Ramírez-Trejo, Gertrudis Van de Vijver
2010 Artificial Life  
Mill formulated the first crucial distinction between, on the one hand, phenomena in which the joint effect of several causes is just the additive resultant of their separate effects (e.g., a machine)  ...  and, on the other hand, the cases in which the joint effect is not given by the mere addition of the causes (e.g., life).  ... 
doi:10.1162/artl.2010.16.2.16205 fatcat:exrvtinsevbbfjhrlq5rpbhyrm

A test of the joint model of causal attribution

FRANK VAN OVERWALLE
1997 European Journal of Social Psychology  
The joint model integrates Mill's methods of difference and agreement for making causal attributions, and introduces a novel type of context attributions which reflect the opposite categories of the standard  ...  Two empirical studies demonstrated that the joint model fitted adequately with all of subject's standard and context attribution responses, in contrast to earlier theorizing and data involving only the  ...  Thus, subjects' ratings may represent an overestimate of the real frequency of causal explanations.  ... 
doi:10.1002/(sici)1099-0992(199703)27:2<221::aid-ejsp821>3.3.co;2-b fatcat:yvpahq2vsbc3hjjpcg7veczzpe

A test of the joint model of causal attribution

FRANK VAN OVERWALLE
1997 European Journal of Social Psychology  
The joint model integrates Mill's methods of difference and agreement for making causal attributions, and introduces a novel type of context attributions which reflect the opposite categories of the standard  ...  Two empirical studies demonstrated that the joint model fitted adequately with all of subject's standard and context attribution responses, in contrast to earlier theorizing and data involving only the  ...  Thus, subjects' ratings may represent an overestimate of the real frequency of causal explanations.  ... 
doi:10.1002/(sici)1099-0992(199703)27:2<221::aid-ejsp821>3.0.co;2-k fatcat:atzt3cblfrbovazuxjkinbeni4

The coevolution of networks and health

DAVID R. SCHAEFER, JIMI ADAMS
2017 Network Science  
Even when limited to static methods, the emphasis in each of these fields on providing causal explanations has led researchers to draw upon theories that are dynamic, often explicitly.  ...  Historically, health has played an important role in network research, and vice versa (Valente, 2010).  ...  In such cases, inferring that an observed pattern is the result of an effect in one direction requires controlling for the corresponding effect in the opposite causal direction.  ... 
doi:10.1017/nws.2017.24 fatcat:xinenre4ujcyjcuto6krb6rwu4

Some Statistical Aspects of Causality

D.R. Cox
2001 European Sociological Review  
The second is a subjectmatter working hypothesis based for example on theory or on empirical data from other kinds of investigation.  ...  This is a notion of an average effect and is testable empirically in favourable circumstances.  ... 
doi:10.1093/esr/17.1.65 fatcat:tw65oba4ure3jhv4oaxfqqv77m

Page 567 of Psychological Abstracts Vol. 60, Issue 3 [page]

1978 Psychological Abstracts  
(California School of Professional Psychology, Fresno) Divorce—remarriage: An investigation of the effects of divorce and related variables on the communication style of reconstituted marriages.  ...  Kim On- jook Lee & Kim Kyong- dong. (Duke U) A causal interpretation of the effect of mother’s education and employment status on parental decision- making role patterns in the Korean family.  ... 

On some neglected implications of the Fisher effect

Antonio Ribba
2010 Empirical Economics  
We illustrate this result with an empirical application to US postwar data.  ...  the Fisher effect as the ability of short-term interest rate to predict future inflation.  ...  An empirical investigation for the US economy In order to illustrate the analytical results of the previous section, we have undertaken an empirical investigation for the US economy in the postwar period  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00181-010-0348-9 fatcat:zeruhccpyrgdvgzd6cnndab4v4

Budgeting Research: Three Theoretical Perspectives and Criteria for Selective Integration [chapter]

Mark Covaleski, John H. Evans, Joan Luft, Michael D. Shields
2006 Handbooks of Management Accounting Research  
In the last part of this chapter we identify four interrelated criteria for selective integrative research and provide an example of using these criteria for research on participative budgeting.  ...  research question, levels of analysis, assumptions about rationality and equilibrium, budgeting and nonbudgeting variables, and causal-model forms.  ...  Acknowledgment We appreciate the advice offered by Jake Birnberg and Geoff Sprinkle during our work on this chapter and the comments on this chapter by Annie Farrell, Jake Birnberg, David Cooper, Joel  ... 
doi:10.1016/s1751-3243(06)02006-2 fatcat:v6kbov7nlnbnnmnnlwcgv4fch4
« Previous Showing results 1 — 15 out of 41,319 results