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An Empirical View on Content Provider Fairness [article]

Jan Rüth and Ike Kunze and Oliver Hohlfeld
2019 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we thus empirically investigate if current Internet traffic generated by content providers still adheres to the conventional understanding of fairness.  ...  Our study compares fairness properties of testbed hosts to actual traffic of six major content providers subject to different bandwidths, RTTs, queue sizes, and queueing disciplines in a home-user setting  ...  CONCLUSION In this work, we empirically investigated the fairness of content providers in the Internet.  ... 
arXiv:1905.07152v1 fatcat:dn2ibpsifvbedfskhsfsp5vcce

Does accountability for reasonableness work? A protocol for a mixed methods study using an audit tool to evaluate the decision-making of clinical commissioning groups in England: Table 1

Katharina Kieslich, Peter Littlejohns
2015 BMJ Open  
this work, for commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.  ...  KK is the main data manager and will lead on the data collection and analysis. She produced the first draft of this manuscript.  ...  As we shall see, we combine these views in a so-called decision-making audit tool (DMAT) that we use as a proxy for providing an account of both content and process values in priority setting.  ... 
doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2015-007908 pmid:26163034 pmcid:PMC4499742 fatcat:62ri3mnn5fdydfzkycxiqhum3q

Credit derivatives disclosure in banks' risk reporting: Empirical evidence from four large European banks

Enzo Scannella
2019 Risk Governance and Control: Financial Markets & Institutions  
Credit derivatives disclosure in banks' risk reporting: Empirical evidence from four large European banks.  ...  the content analysis based on an objective evaluation approach.  ...  Consequently, we argue the appropriateness of the use of content analysis for conducting empirical research on risk disclosure.  ... 
doi:10.22495/rgcv9i2p3 fatcat:g5r7gcvgrbftpmo3rjxeysls3e

Using an Argument-based Approach to Ensure Fairness of High-stakes Tests' Score-based Consequences

Forough Rahimi, Mohammad Sadegh Bagheri, Firooz Sadighi, Lotfollah Yarmohammadi
2014 Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences  
The results of this study have marked the degree of fairness enjoyed by each of these tests. 2010, p. 150).. The third approach views fairness as linked directly to validity.  ...  Xi's (2010) framework to test fairness is an approach which links fairness directly to validity, and develops a fairness argument through a validity argument.  ...  One approach views fairness as an independent test quality in which fairness is regarded as a test quality that is separate from validity, although some uncorroborated and incoherent references may be  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.03.566 fatcat:5uzvtycxfrfdlgodjsk6l43kgm

Reasoning about Political Bias in Content Moderation

Shan Jiang, Ronald E. Robertson, Christo Wilson
2020 PROCEEDINGS OF THE THIRTIETH AAAI CONFERENCE ON ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND THE TWENTY-EIGHTH INNOVATIVE APPLICATIONS OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE CONFERENCE  
Hitherto, this allegation has been made based on anecdotes rather than logical reasoning and empirical evidence, which motivates us to audit its validity.  ...  Content moderation, the AI-human hybrid process of removing (toxic) content from social media to promote community health, has attracted increasing attention from lawmakers due to allegations of political  ...  Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the NSF.  ... 
doi:10.1609/aaai.v34i09.7117 fatcat:5jxkbhcelveqpcsxwpswjvcsx4

A review of empirical evidence on copyright exceptions

Bartolomeo Meletti
2021 Zenodo  
This article aims to synthesise the empirical studies on exceptions currently catalogued on the Copyright Evidence Portal.  ...  Exceptions are an essential part of the copyright system. They aim to encourage innovation, serve the public interest or respond to market failures.  ...  Other jurisdictions, including the UK, provide an extensive list of specific permitted acts, carefully defined but still dependant on ambiguous notions and application criteria such as fair dealing.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5705969 fatcat:rhqheeortngvvbpwht23ki7mhy

Page 939 of Educational and Psychological Measurement Vol. 57, Issue 6 [page]

1997 Educational and Psychological Measurement  
Arvey and Sackett (1993) included fakability as one factor that would influence how fair an applicant views a selection system to be.  ...  Stone and Stone (1990) provided an extensive review of the types of factors that influence perceptions of privacy.  ... 

An Analysis of the International Research on the Relationship between Prudence and True and Fair View in Financial Reporting

Claudia Cătălina CIOCAN, Iuliana GEORGESCU
2018 Journal of Eastern Europe Research in Business & Economics  
According to the two authors, true and fair view reporting is required to provide unbiased information about company values.  ...  The current 34/2013 Directive requires that financial statements should be prepared on a prudential basis and provides a true and fair view of the assets, liabilities, financial position and profit or  ... 
doi:10.5171/2018.926522 fatcat:75e2fqvaqvdwhg7ynvz5rb4cku

Page 850 of Contemporary Psychology Vol. 35, Issue 9 [page]

1990 Contemporary Psychology  
But one would have hoped for at least a clear map of the terrain. In- stead, in an attempt to provide a unified picture, Messick, in some sense, provides no picture at all.  ...  Roughly the same can be said for measuring job perfor- mance, where a survey of job content provides the content to be represented by the test.  ... 

Putting empirical knowledge to work: Linking research and programming on marital quality

Francesca Adler-Baeder, Brian Higginbotham, Leanne Lamke
2004 Family Relations  
This process is used to examine recent research on marital quality and provide examples of research-based content in existing marriage education programs.  ...  An alternative approach, consistent with best practices, is to ensure a research base for program content.  ...  ., based on ethnicity, number of marriage, and so on) is important for providing appropriate empirical bases for program content.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.0197-6664.2004.00063.x fatcat:yajsco22crfsbignxeb4fb2gda

Native and embedded advertising formats: Tensions between a lucrative marketing strategy and consumer fairness

Brigitte Naderer, Jens Seiffert-Brockmann, Jörg Matthes, Sabine Einwiller
2020 Communications  
Thereby, they provide an outlook on future research avenues within the field of native advertising.  ...  Disclosure effectiveness Two contributions (Beckert, Koch, Viererbl, Denner, and Peter, 2020; Weitzl, Seiffert-Brockmann, and Einwiller, 2020) provide empirical research on the question of effective  ... 
doi:10.1515/commun-2019-0143 fatcat:saavzklnyvd4zhedxw7h4ysw74

Challenging Messick: Proposing a theoretical framework for understanding fundamental concepts in language testing

A Rambiritch
2013 Journal for Language Teaching  
Instead these questions can be answered in a "third idea, other than validity" (Weideman 2009: 239), as outlined by Weideman, an idea that does not foreground one concept but rather identifies a number  ...  As applied linguists, an important part of our work constitutes the design of language courses, language tests and sometimes even language policies.  ...  Equally important is his contention that validity is an ongoing process, an "evolving property and a continuing process" (Messick, 1989b: 13) .  ... 
doi:10.4314/jlt.v46i2.7 fatcat:iozppnbwg5faxpy5xcxotkgxai

The nature of the new employment relationship: A content analysis of the practitioner and academic literatures

Mark V. Roehling, Marcie A. Cavanaugh, Lisa M. Moynihan, Wendy R. Boswell
2000 Human Resource Management  
The discussion incorporates empirical findings from other studies, notes differences between the articles found in scholarly publications versus those found in trade magazines, provides recommendations  ...  The focus of the article is a study that investigates the extent to which there is a consensus in the literature regarding the nature of the new employment relationship by systematically analyzing the content  ...  First, respectful and fair treatment promotes employee affective commitment (Meyer & Allen, 1997), an empirical finding that takes on increased significance given the importance of employee commitment  ... 
doi:10.1002/1099-050x(200024)39:4<305::aid-hrm3>3.0.co;2-v fatcat:uiqfb4dknnbz3o64zpkyxiup2i

Fairness-Aware Recommendation of Information Curators [article]

Ziwei Zhu, Jianling Wang, Yin Zhang, James Caverlee
2018 arXiv   pre-print
We conclude with some thoughts on future directions.  ...  Concretely, we introduce the problem of information curator recommendation, provide a high-level overview of a fairness-aware recommender, and introduce some preliminary experimental evidence over a real-world  ...  INTRODUCTION Information curators serve as conduits to high-quality curated content, providing unique specialized expertise, trustworthiness in decision-making, and access to novel content.  ... 
arXiv:1809.03040v2 fatcat:7s5mxhnkgnafrmv4yes5bb2ozi

What is Fair Trade?

Andrew Walton
2010 Third World Quarterly  
In each section a description of the view is outlined and it is argued that each such alternative is either an unpersuasive account of Fair Trade or cannot better the one already defended.  ...  In the final section the normative debate surrounding Fair Trade conceptualised as an attempt to establish interim global market justice in a non-ideal world is introduced.  ...  The Comprehensive View: Fair Trade on this account is still understood as a development initiative, but one with a more inclusive notion of 'development'.  ... 
doi:10.1080/01436597.2010.488474 fatcat:ufmyvljl3vawbnk6xjbzcy7sz4
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