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Let's not be indifferent about robots: Neutral ratings on bipolar measures mask ambivalence in attitudes towards robots

Julia G. Stapels, Friederike Eyssel, Rosemary Frey
2021 PLoS ONE  
Ambivalence is interpreted as an attitudinal conflict with distinct affective, behavioral, and cognitive consequences.  ...  In social psychological research, it has been shown that ambivalence is sometimes confused with neutrality due to the use of measures that cannot distinguish between neutrality and ambivalence.  ...  We thank the Social and Economic Cognition III Group (Iris Schneider, University of Cologne) for data collection for the pilot study.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0244697 pmid:33439891 fatcat:ertc534nbzakvggjw7avr5zn6i

Conceptualizing leadership perceptions as attitudes: Using attitude theory to further understand the leadership process

Allan Lee, Robin Martin, Geoff Thomas, Yves Guillaume, Gregory R. Maio
2015 Leadership Quarterly  
To address this, we propose that there are many benefits from examining leadership perceptions as an attitude towards the leader.  ...  While there are disparate approaches to studying leadership, they share a common assumption that perceptions of a leader's behavior determine reactions to the leader.  ...  This negative effect was shown to be mediated by negative affect that resulted from holding an ambivalent, inconsistent attitude about one's leader.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.leaqua.2015.10.003 fatcat:w4dmcpq44nbbbpcykq7e56n25q

Core Values, Value Conflict, and Citizens' Ambivalence about Gay Rights

Stephen C. Craig, Michael D. Martinez, James G. Kane, Jason Gainous
2005 Political research quarterly  
In this paper, we review the concept of attitudinal ambivalence and propose a survey-based measure of ambivalence adapted from the experimental literature.  ...  ambivalence on gay rights is to some extent a function of conflict among citizens' underlying core values; and (4) under certain circumstances, ambivalence appears to mediate the relationship between a  ...  The mass public is, of course, well known for its attitudinal inconsistencies (Converse 1964) , and this one may simply be another example of people giving top-of-the-head answers to survey questions  ... 
doi:10.2307/3595591 fatcat:l2nubpgygbcizdsrjjvef6slbq

The Role of Ambivalent Sexism, Punitiveness, and Ability to Recognize Violence in the Perception of Sex Offenders: A Gender-Perspective Analysis

Carmen M. Leon, Chiara Rollero
2021 Sexes  
This study aimed to analyze, from a gender perspective, public perceptions about sex offenders in an Italian population sample (N = 768; 62.0% women, M = 32.8 years old).  ...  To do so, the Perceptions of Sex Offenders Scale (PSO) (α = 0.82) was used.  ...  To our knowledge, no studies have examined the impact of ambivalent sexism as a moderator of the perceptions toward sex offenders.  ... 
doi:10.3390/sexes2040039 fatcat:aorvqzntynfefm55q5dqzelcre

The effects of an implemental mind-set on attitude strength

Marlone D. Henderson, Yaël de Liver, Peter M. Gollwitzer
2008 Journal of Personality and Social Psychology  
Finally, results suggest that the effect of an implemental mind-set on attitude strength toward unrelated objects is driven by a focus on information that supports an already-made decision (Experiment  ...  Participants who planned the implementation of a decision (vs. deliberated vs. control) exhibited less ambivalent (Experiment 2) and more accessible (Experiment 3) attitudes toward various objects unrelated  ...  In our first three experiments, we used a variety of approaches to examine the impact of an implemental mind-set on attitude strength, including measures of extremity, ambivalence, and accessibility.  ... 
doi:10.1037/0022-3514.94.3.396 pmid:18284289 fatcat:ys2ix67xxfghbp6rzartll7uqu

Researchers' Ethical Concerns About Using Adaptive Deep Brain Stimulation for Enhancement

Kristin Kostick-Quenet, Lavina Kalwani, Barbara Koenig, Laura Torgerson, Clarissa Sanchez, Katrina Munoz, Rebecca L. Hsu, Demetrio Sierra-Mercado, Jill Oliver Robinson, Simon Outram, Stacey Pereira, Amy McGuire (+2 others)
2022 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
effectively manage movement, seizure, and psychiatric disorders, and also raises the possibility of using aDBS to electively (non-therapeutically) modulate mood, cognition, and prosociality.  ...  Despite a large discourse about the ethics of enhancement, no empirical studies yet examine perspectives on enhancement from within the aDBS research community.  ...  To our knowledge, this paper represents the first empirical examination of this question.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2022.813922 pmid:35496073 pmcid:PMC9050172 fatcat:r27m3cs3sjdzpeb25jdx5vq25i

Why Privacy Is All But Forgotten

Kovila P.L. Coopamootoo, Thomas Groß
2017 Proceedings on Privacy Enhancing Technologies  
We conducted an empirical study to investigate the difference between privacy attitude and sharing attitude.  ...  While it is known in psychology that attitudes are multidimensional constructs [10, 15, 76], the question arises whether the user ambivalence with regards to privacy is due to different or contradictory  ...  Acknowledgment We are grateful to Roy Maxion and Pam Briggs for the insightful discussions on this research.  ... 
doi:10.1515/popets-2017-0040 dblp:journals/popets/CoopamootooG17 fatcat:knvhdqhk6ng7pik5d7rybxkizq

Sex of Experimenter and Social Norm Effects on Reports of Sexual Behavior in Young Men and Women

Terri D. Fisher
2006 Archives of Sexual Behavior  
This finding appeared to be largely a function of the men who scored higher on measures of hypermasculinity and ambivalent sexism.  ...  In light of these results, some previous conclusions about male-female differences in sexual behavior may need to be examined more closely.  ...  Michele Alexander, Dan Lehman, and Paul Trapnell made helpful suggestions and Jim McNulty provided valuable comments on an earlier draft of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10508-006-9094-7 pmid:17187217 fatcat:ri7aoribnja7tpnwb4oj7taoxq

Chapter 3 Action‐Based Model of Dissonance [chapter]

Eddie Harmon‐Jones, David M. Amodio, Cindy Harmon‐Jones
2009 Advances in Experimental Social Psychology  
Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Eddie Harmon-Jones, Texas A&M University, Department of Psychology, 4235 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843, or via the internet to  ...  We would like to thank Leonard Berkowitz and Brandon Schmeichel for their helpful comments, and Dan Newman for help with the DARQ.  ...  The effects of left-frontal activity and approach motivation were examined in the second part of the study.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0065-2601(08)00403-6 fatcat:ulmomrfogrdq3dpf6ev4twczwa

Examining the power of the social imaginary through competing narratives of data ownership in health research

Annie Sorbie, Wifak Gueddana, Graeme Laurie, David Townend
2021 Journal of Law and the Biosciences  
In particular, this research raises questions about the long-term effectiveness of an open access ideology that ignores these subtleties.  ...  Ownership is persistently (though inconsistently) presented as a barrier to data sharing. However, existing literature does not reveal how far appeals to ownership are part of the problem.  ...  as explored in the context of our literature review (for example, motivational and attitudinal concerns).  ... 
doi:10.1093/jlb/lsaa068 fatcat:ojtgggks6ngz7b52xfjzk732ce

The Effect of Social Media Networking Use in EFL Classrooms in Saudi Arabia: An Argumentative Review

Saleh Alrasheedi
2019 International Journal of English Linguistics  
This study provides an argumentative literature review of the research done in the use of social media in EFL acquisition in Saudi Arabia since 2014.  ...  This information allowed identification of major educational outcomes related to the integration of social networking sites (SNSs) into English as Foreign Language (EFL) learning and teaching in Saudi  ...  Acknowledgement The author would like to thank the Deanship of Scientific Research at Majmaah University for supporting this work under project number (R-1441-48).  ... 
doi:10.5539/ijel.v10n1p241 fatcat:4estglq4qvfyngzfzq4dghjocq

Super Bowl Team Tones: Analyzing Patriots and Seahawks Blogospheres

Douglas L. Mendenhall
2016 International Journal of Sport Communication  
Situated within the media fever before and after Super Bowl XLIX, 269 original blog posts and 91 sets of appended comments from websites devoted to the Seattle Seahawks and New England Patriots are analyzed  ...  Results are discussed from the perspective of social identity theory, with the conclusion that variations in message tone appear to approximate broad narratives about the two organizations, their fan bases  ...  approached the end of this NFL season and dealt with the climactic result of Super Bowl XLIX.  ... 
doi:10.1123/ijsc.2015-0128 fatcat:75cm6osuvbh57k726okxw7wngq

Hospital accreditation systems and salience of organisational tensions

Geraldine Robbins, Breda Sweeney, Miguel Vega
2021 Accounting Auditing & Accountability Journal  
PurposeThis study examines how an externally imposed management control system (MCS) – hospital accreditation – influences the salience of organisational tensions and consequently attitudes of management  ...  Contrary to the prior literature, the embedding of both poles of an organisational duality into the MCS is not a necessary precondition for increased tension salience.  ...  The current issue and full text archive of this journal is available on Emerald Insight at:  ... 
doi:10.1108/aaaj-04-2020-4500 fatcat:wbvune2uxjfbzp35duusn4slcq

Supporting Adults with Intellectual Disabilities with Relationships and Sex: A Systematic Review and Thematic Synthesis of Qualitative Research with Staff

Maria Charitou, Ethel Quayle, Alan Sutherland
2020 Sexuality and disability  
Findings suggest that staff hold ambivalent attitudes and often respond inconsistently to issues relating to service users' sexuality.  ...  The findings highlight the importance of providing training and supervision for staff in order to address ambivalent attitudes and anxieties, further developing national and local policy in relation to  ...  fool around in-(but there is) no privacy-privacy is an issue'' [57, p. 356 ].  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11195-020-09646-z fatcat:e5rusm5g4jabrcdtsq3i4edfrm

Social Perception of Rape

Bettina Frese, Miguel Moya, Jesús L. Megías
2004 Journal of Interpersonal Violence  
Attitudes toward rape are important to understand how people react or behave toward victims and perpetrators of rape.  ...  The results generally supported the authors' hypothesis: Victim blame, estimation of trauma, and the likelihood of reporting the crime to the police were best explained by the interaction between observer  ...  They were seated separately to guarantee privacy. When they finished, they inserted the questionnaire in an envelope to guarantee the privacy of their answers.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0886260503260245 pmid:15005999 fatcat:dnw6uy3lzrfu3o5op3oeirdgxq
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