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An Assessment of Experimental Protocols for Tracing Changes in Word Semantics Relative to Accuracy and Reliability

Johannes Hellrich, Udo Hahn
2016 Proceedings of the 10th SIGHUM Workshop on Language Technology for Cultural Heritage, Social Sciences, and Humanities  
For this purpose, we investigated two wellknown training protocols for neural language models in a synchronic experiment and encountered several problems relating to accuracy and reliability.  ...  We were able to identify critical parameters for improving the underlying protocols in order to generate more adequate diachronic language models.  ...  The first author (J.H.) wants to thank the members of the GRK for their collaborative efforts.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/w16-2114 dblp:conf/latech/HellrichH16 fatcat:uu6y2w6khjb3tn6zc74fernzmi

Toward a model of false recall: Experimental manipulation of encoding context and the collection of verbal reports

Kerri A. Goodwin, Christian A. Meissner, K. Anders Ericsson
2001 Memory & Cognition  
During encoding of word lists, participants verbalized semantic elaboration of the critical lure while studying the word lists.  ...  The likelihood of false recall in the Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm was shown to depend on encoding context in two experiments.  ...  change in the semantic encoding of the list items.  ... 
doi:10.3758/bf03196410 pmid:11716054 fatcat:qb2o73ia4rakxfu3dsc22v5h6e

Disruption of anterior temporal lobe reduces distortions in memory from category knowledge [article]

Alexa Tompary, Alice Xia, H. Branch Coslett, Sharon L. Thompson-Schill
2022 bioRxiv   pre-print
With this protocol, we previously demonstrated that randomly located images were retrieved closer to their category cluster relative to their encoded locations, suggesting an influence of category knowledge  ...  We found that TMS to ATL attenuated bias in location memory, but only for atypical category members.  ...  In past work, we developed an experimental protocol that aims to tease apart the fidelity of a memory and its influence by general knowledge-in this case, prior category knowledge-when retrieving the same  ... 
doi:10.1101/2022.04.19.488831 fatcat:e4w3y35e7vhdbo4tz7ce7qf4ki

False memories seconds later: The rapid and compelling onset of illusory recognition

Kristin E. Flegal, Alexandra S. Atkins, Patricia A. Reuter-Lorenz
2010 Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory and Cognition  
Distortions of long-term memory (LTM) in the converging associates task are thought to arise from semantic associative processes and monitoring failures due to degraded verbatim and/or contextual memory  ...  These expectations were violated in two experiments in which participants viewed lists of four semanticallyrelated words and were probed immediately following a filled 3-4 second retention interval or  ...  We are grateful to John Jonides and Cindy Lustig for helpful discussions and advice, and we thank Halle Zucker, Megan Walsh, Laura Zahodne, and Fred Upton for their assistance with stimulus preparation  ... 
doi:10.1037/a0019903 pmid:20804300 pmcid:PMC2933080 fatcat:pjse6j5q35h2pd4v5dynw44lnm

The Role of Parietal Cortex in Verbal Working Memory

John Jonides, Eric H. Schumacher, Edward E. Smith, Robert A. Koeppe, Edward Awh, Patricia A. Reuter-Lorenz, Christy Marshuetz, Christopher R. Willis
1998 Journal of Neuroscience  
In addition, we report a PET study that isolated VWM encoding, retrieval, and storage and rehearsal processes in different PET scans and used material likely to require phonological codes in VWM.  ...  Neuroimaging studies of normal subjects and studies of patients with focal lesions implicate regions of parietal cortex in verbal working memory (VWM), yet the precise role of parietal cortex in VWM remains  ...  An ANOVA that included type of material (related words, unrelated words, and nonwords) and type of interfering task (tracing and suppression) indicated that both of these main effects were reliable ( p  ... 
doi:10.1523/jneurosci.18-13-05026.1998 pmid:9634568 fatcat:n5rtmwpfjngwhicvwtdgvog3cq

Role of the Dorsal Anterior Cingulate Cortex in Relational Memory Formation: A Deep Brain Activity Index Study

Ariko Araki, Emiko Imai, Yoshitada Katagiri
2018 Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science  
Our findings suggest that encoding and retrieval of associates are paralleled and that simultaneous production of associates seems to be an essential strategy for successful relational memory formation  ...  The study was limited to the assessment of dACC activity and did not account for other regional brain activities or receptor regulation related to short-term potentiation.  ...  Semantic similarity between the false word and target was assessed with multiple experimenters to control for inter-judge reliability.  ... 
doi:10.4236/jbbs.2018.85017 fatcat:7lhspp4tunfbtfj6psjce7qanq

Get the gist? The effects of processing depth on false recognition in short-term and long-term memory

Kristin E. Flegal, Patricia A. Reuter-Lorenz
2014 Memory & Cognition  
To investigate the contribution of gist to false memory at short and long delays, processing depth was manipulated as participants encoded lists of four semantically-related words and were probed immediately  ...  Gist-based processing has been proposed to account for robust false memories in the converging associates task.  ...  Acknowledgements We thank Alex Atkins, John Jonides and Cindy Lustig for helpful discussions, and  ... 
doi:10.3758/s13421-013-0391-9 pmid:24395065 fatcat:qfqpuodijzgg5cyfzoznrbazdy

Age of word acquisition effects in treatment of children with phonological delays

JUDITH A. GIERUT, MICHELE L. MORRISETTE
2011 Applied Psycholinguistics  
Results are discussed relative to hypotheses about the role of AoA in language acquisition and the relevance of this variable for phonological learning.  ...  Using a single-subject multiple-baseline experimental design, children were enrolled in one of four conditions that varied the AoA of the treated words (early vs. late acquired) relative to their corresponding  ...  We thank Dan Dinnsen and members of the Learnability Project for their input and contributions to this research.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0142716411000294 pmid:22408279 pmcid:PMC3293394 fatcat:nentkyjxgnauhavn4jknndupgi

Invariance of cognitive triage in the development of recall in adulthood

Tammy A. Marche, Mark L. Howe, David G. Lane, Keith P. Owre, Jennifer L. Briere
2009 Memory  
Further research is needed to determine whether fuzzy-trace theory adequately explains the aging of triage and what factors play a role in the development of this pattern of recall in adulthood.  ...  The triage pattern existed for both of the younger and older adults' recall and there was evidence for age differences in triage.  ...  that words with low accuracy are recalled in the primacy and recency positions of the protocols and words with high accuracy are recalled at intermediate positions.  ... 
doi:10.1080/09658210902939355 pmid:19468958 fatcat:iuw5x755obawphw47h2k7hpmkq

Contextual Acquisition of Concrete and Abstract Words: Behavioural and Electrophysiological Evidence

Nadezhda Mkrtychian, Daria Gnedykh, Evgeny Blagovechtchenski, Diana Tsvetova, Svetlana Kostromina, Yury Shtyrov
2021 Brain Sciences  
Behavioural results showed better performance on newly learnt abstract words in lexical tasks, whereas semantic assessments showed a tendency for higher accuracy for concrete words.  ...  Experimental participants learned 20 novel abstract and concrete words in the context of short stories.  ...  Acknowledgments: The authors would like to thank Margarita Filippova and Olga Shcherbakova for their assistance in creating the stimulus set, Ekaterina Perikova for her help in participant recruitment,  ... 
doi:10.3390/brainsci11070898 fatcat:faemadbmcbamxd3xbu4z56p2ri

Nonwords and Generalization in Children With Phonological Disorders

Judith A. Gierut, Michele L. Morrisette, Suzanne M. Ziemer
2010 American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology  
We are grateful to Holly Storkel and Dan Dinnsen for their input throughout the project and also thank our students and research assistants of the Learnability Project for their various contributions to  ...  Acknowledgments This research was supported in part by National Institutes of Health Grant DC001694 to Indiana University, Bloomington.  ...  In lexical diffusion, phonological change occurs gradually, on a word-by-word basis, and for as yet unknown reasons.  ... 
doi:10.1044/1058-0360(2009/09-0020) pmid:20086043 pmcid:PMC3281489 fatcat:gxxspwme2jgebc5pysasi6o6jy

Rapid microstructural plasticity in the cortical semantic network following a short language learning session

Nikola Vukovic, Brian Hansen, Torben Ellegaard Lund, Sune Jespersen, Yury Shtyrov, Timothy D. Griffiths
2021 PLoS Biology  
Despite the clear importance of language in our life, our vital ability to quickly and effectively learn new words and meanings is neurobiologically poorly understood.  ...  These results suggest a structural basis for the rapid neocortical word encoding mechanism and reveal the causally interactive relationship of modal and associative brain regions in supporting learning  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to thank Andreas Nielsen and Jan Detlefsen for help with stimuli selection and paradigm implementation, and Camilla Andersen and Caroline Børsting for their help with MRI  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.3001290 pmid:34125828 fatcat:ulq62c27lzagpitqgahj6iqw7u

Training grapheme to phoneme conversion in patients with oral reading and naming deficits: A model-based approach

Swathi Kiran, Cynthia K. Thompson, Naomi Hashimoto
2001 Aphasiology  
Initial assessment based on current cognitive neuropsychological models of naming indicated a deficit in the phonological output lexicon and in grapheme to phoneme conversion.  ...  The present experiment provides evidence for incorporating cognitive neuropsychological models in aiding the development of appropriate treatment protocols, and demonstrates the importance of rule-based  ...  equal; (b) words in both lists were matched for the number of letters in the words; (c) no two words in a set belonged to the same semantic category; and (d) all pictures were equally imageable.  ... 
doi:10.1080/02687040143000258 fatcat:vvbi4o4q7vbc3j4sd2gs6oki7a

Investigating expressiveness and understandability of hierarchy in declarative business process models

Stefan Zugal, Pnina Soffer, Cornelia Haisjackl, Jakob Pinggera, Manfred Reichert, Barbara Weber
2013 Journal of Software and Systems Modeling  
In particular, we present a cognitive-psychology-based framework that allows to assess the impact of hierarchy on the understandability of a declarative process model.  ...  More specifically, we discuss the semantics and the application of hierarchy and show how subprocesses enhance the expressiveness of declarative modeling languages.  ...  Hence, it seems likely that also for RQ 3 lack of significant differences with respect to accuracy can be traced back to sample size and low complexity of tasks.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10270-013-0356-2 fatcat:x4mn2zvx3bcx3k4fjhsg5fsheq

Verb acquisition and representation in Alzheimer's disease

Murray Grossman, Ryan Murray, Phyllis Koenig, Sherry Ash, Katy Cross, Peachie Moore, Vanessa Troiani
2007 Neuropsychologia  
Patients were exposed to the new verb in a naturalistic manner as part of a simple picture story.  ...  AD patients did not differ from controls in their acquisition and retention of a new verb's major grammatical subcategory, although they acquired little of its semantic properties and displayed minimal  ...  Acknowledgements This work was supported in part by grants from NIH (AG15116, AG17586, NS44266, and NS35867) and the Dana Foundation.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2007.03.020 pmid:17482652 pmcid:PMC1986669 fatcat:k5onafg56fh6lb66srj5kj44wa
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