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How Do We Know What They Do?

Richard J. Gerrig
2003 Contemporary Psychology  
I believe that we would get further in developing an interpersonal perspective of psycho- pathology if we would turn away from approaches based on viewing interpersonal processes and psycho- logical problems  ...  Early on, Garnham defines a mental model as a “representation of part of a world, either the real world or an imaginary world” (p. 5).  ... 
doi:10.1037/000893 fatcat:v5h3sbqblbbmldvzmqibv5ag5i

Anaphora Resolution in Stream-of-Consciousness Discourse: A Metonymic Account

Wei Zhao
2014 International Journal of English Linguistics  
The present study is devoted to elaborating a metonymic model and principles of anaphora resolution in stream-of-consciousness (SOC) discourse based on metonymic inferential processing to anaphora resolution  ...  The research reveals that (1) Idealized Cognitive Model (ICM) functions as the cognitive basis of anaphora resolution; (2) cognitive and pragmatic constraints on anaphora resolution interact, and the division  ...  Thus, we suggest that conceptual metonymies interact with pragmatic inferencing to create specific, contextually-appropriate inferences based on writers' utterances to approach SOC discourse anaphora resolution  ... 
doi:10.5539/ijel.v4n3p34 fatcat:pyujuszxm5bgndc6mzez2kpeyq

Page 355 of Computational Linguistics Vol. 34, Issue 3 [page]

2008 Computational Linguistics  
Machine learning approach to identification and resolution of one-anaphora.  ...  Yang, Su, and Tan Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI), pages 1588-1593, Hyderabad, India. Garnham, Alan, 2001. Mental Models and the Interpretation of Anaphora.  ... 

The New Development of the Study of Discourse Anaphora ------Review of Discourse Anaphora: A Cognitive-Functional Approach

Meixia Li
2012 International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature  
The proposal of this idea is an integration of the previous approaches and the author's own reconstruction.  ...  In this book, the author first proposes a cognitive-functional model to account for how the construction of mental structures determines the use and resolution of discourse anaphora.  ... 
doi:10.7575/ijalel.v.1n.5p.14 fatcat:fn2pq73s4zar5ofdhawgqo2z4q

Page 3460 of Psychological Abstracts Vol. 88, Issue 9 [page]

2001 Psychological Abstracts  
to anaphora: Methodological issues ¢ Psycholinguistic approaches to anaphora: Empirical studies ¢ Deep and surface anaphors ¢ Anaphoric islands * Implicit causality * Stereotypes * A mental models theory  ...  TABLE OF CONTENTS (Abbreviated) Preface * Introduction * Mental models: Their nature and construction ¢ Mental models and language processing * Linguistic approaches to ana- phora ¢ Psycholinguistic approaches  ... 

Mental models in propositional reasoning and working memory's central executive

Juan A. García-Madruga, Francisco Gutiérrez, Nuria Carriedo, José M. Luzón, José O. Vila
2007 Thinking and Reasoning  
PROPOSITIONAL REASONING: THE MENTAL MODEL THEORY Mental model theory holds that human reasoning is based on the semantic processes of construction and manipulation of mental models representing the meaning  ...  These studies can be divided into two main groups: those using the dual-task procedure and those based on a correlational approach.  ... 
doi:10.1080/13546780701203813 fatcat:u4ucimuqvve23dfusm3i26ygdq

The CLSA Model: A Novel Framework for Concept-Level Sentiment Analysis [chapter]

Erik Cambria, Soujanya Poria, Federica Bisio, Rajiv Bajpai, Iti Chaturvedi
2015 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Current approaches to sentiment analysis are mainly based on supervised techniques relying on manually labeled samples, such as movie or product reviews, where the overall positive or negative attitude  ...  Hitherto, sentiment analysis has been mainly based on algorithms relying on the textual representation of online reviews and microblogging posts.  ...  [81] proposed an approach that uses dependency-based semantic relationships between words.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-18117-2_1 fatcat:zlu3xwbijjcbxhq3tngtxqljz4

A Metonymical Approach to Anaphora in English Texts

Qiang Zhang
2014 English Linguistics Research  
And the author reckons that the metonymic approach to anaphora could be regarded as a complement of the cognitive angle of view of anaphora.  ...  In this paper, the author is going to apply the theory of metonymy to the explanation of anaphora in English texts.  ...  Based on the framework of metonymic theories by Radden and Kovecses (1999) , according to Al-Sharafi's (2004) viewpoints on textual metonymy, we construct a "textual model of metonymy" to analyze the  ... 
doi:10.5430/elr.v3n1p58 fatcat:j7bhy7hdwfag7i2qq2it74biby

Page 573 of Contemporary Psychology Vol. 48, Issue 5 [page]

2003 Contemporary Psychology  
Does it provide a blue- print—a paradigm—for how to pro- ceed in developing an interpersonal perspective on psychopathology, or is it best viewed as an excellent record of the primary approach taken to  ...  Mental Models and the Interpretation of Anaphora by Alan Garnham Philadelphia: Psychology Press, 2001. 170 pp. ISBN 1-84169-128-3. $49.95 Review by Richard J.  ... 

Semantic pattern learning through maximum entropy-based WSD technique

Maximiliano Saiz-Noeda, Armando Suárez, Manuel Palomar
2001 Conference on Computational Natural Language Learning  
On the one hand, it is shown that Maximum Entropy models applied to WSD tasks provide good results. The evaluation of the WSD module has revealed a accuracy rate of 64% in a preliminary test.  ...  These sets define the semantic behaviour of the main textual elements based on their syntactic role.  ...  This WSD system is based on conditional ME probability models.  ... 
dblp:conf/conll/Saiz-NoedaSP01 fatcat:neigyykayndgpirhmmzbej2r24

A Cognitive Resolution to Non-Stereotypical Definite Indirect Anaphora

Hui-Fang ZUO
2018 DEStech Transactions on Social Science Education and Human Science  
It is hoped that an alternative of understanding the non-stereotypical definite indirect anaphora from the cognitive perspective will be provided.  ...  The proposed resolution mechanism, formed by integrating the Accessibility theory and the Frame model, assumes that the interpretation of the definite indirect anaphora is the integration of the anaphor  ...  Cognitive Approaches to Anaphora The cognitive approaches have two theories related to the notion of definite indirect anaphora: Accessibility and Frame.  ... 
doi:10.12783/dtssehs/icaem2017/18960 fatcat:pgiinvz5x5fvndb4psqe272rua

تأثیر متغیرات الجملة على معالجة النص

محمد محمد
2014 حولیات کلیة الآداب.جامعة عین شمس  
these variables set up and update the reader's mental model of the text.  ...  While there is an established literature on the effect of discourse and context on sentence processing, little is known about the effect of sentence on the text.  ...  Even for these approaches that don't give much weight to low level associationistic connections, like mental model framework, they fail to specify how their models are built out of these sentences or how  ... 
doi:10.21608/aafu.2014.6276 fatcat:ezuou4jy2jcptc46thd6ivazxm

Zero anaphora resolution by case-based reasoning and pattern conceptualization

Dian-Song Wu, Tyne Liang
2009 Expert systems with applications  
Compared to a general rule-based approach, the proposed approach indeed improves the resolution performance by achieves 78% recall and 79% precision on solving 1051 zero anaphora instances in 382 narrative  ...  Unlike most of the previous approaches relying on hand-coded rules, our resolution is mainly constructed by employing case-based reasoning and pattern conceptualization.  ...  First, a case-based reasoning approach with weighted KNN retrieval is demonstrated to be an effective method in comparison with the state-of-the-art rule-based approach.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.eswa.2008.09.065 fatcat:c4iktrcuzze4xc44cxadryqwgm

FrameNet, Barsalou Frames and the Case of Associative Anaphora [chapter]

Alexander Ziem
2021 Meaning, Frames, and Conceptual Representation  
On the basis of empirical ndings of a case study on associative anaphora, it is argued that both approaches complement each other in several respects.  ...  In contrast to frames as described in terms of valency patterns within FrameNet, linguistic approaches drawing on Barsalou's theory emphasize that frames are embedded structures having a rich internal  ...  In particular, I am indebted to the speaker of the research project, Sebastian Löbner, as well as Christian Horn and Nicolas Kimm.  ... 
doi:10.1515/9783110720129-005 fatcat:cdemxuzqfvfdnlamgwphpn7gbe

ANAPHORA: COGNITIVE GRAMMAR ACCOUNT VS. GENERATIVE GRAMMAR ACCOUNT

KEN-ICHI TAKAMI
1999 English Linguistics  
Bound Anaphora and Reflexives Van Hoek applies her reference point model to an account of bound anaphora, drawing on Langacker's (1991) analysis of quantifiers as mental space builders (Ch. 6).  ...  This would suggest that it is difficult to say at the present stage whether Van Hoek's model is superior to syntactic constraints at least as an account of sentence-internal anaphora facts.  ...  At the same time it also presents an interesting and important challenge to the theory of generative grammar, since it claims that syntactic accounts of anaphora based on c-command can be entirely replaced  ... 
doi:10.9793/elsj1984.16.210 fatcat:c57dmfoza5autecjjhrs2u7ig4
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