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An ASP-based Approach to Answering Natural Language Questions for Texts [article]

Dhruva Pendharkar, Kinjal Basu, Farhad Shakerin, Gopal Gupta
2021 arXiv   pre-print
An approach based on answer set programming (ASP) is proposed in this paper for representing knowledge generated from natural language texts.  ...  This approach can facilitate many natural language tasks such as automated question answering, text summarization, and automated question generation.  ...  approach based on answer set programming (ASP) is proposed in this paper for representing knowledge generated from natural language texts.  ... 
arXiv:2112.11241v1 fatcat:wl7upalae5cjvibd4epxvoyw5u

Conversational AI : Open Domain Question Answering and Commonsense Reasoning

Kinjal Basu
2019 Electronic Proceedings in Theoretical Computer Science  
Our research is focused on making a human-like question answering system which can answer rationally.  ...  The distinguishing characteristic of our approach is that it will use automated common sense reasoning to truly "understand" dialogues, allowing it to converse like a human.  ...  Natural language questions are converted into an ASP query, which is compatible with the knowledge generated.  ... 
doi:10.4204/eptcs.306.53 fatcat:y7koeh2omzh2fdrns5bfjaho3q

Declarative Question Answering over Knowledge Bases Containing Natural Language Text with Answer Set Programming

Arindam Mitra, Peter Clark, Oyvind Tafjord, Chitta Baral
2019 PROCEEDINGS OF THE THIRTIETH AAAI CONFERENCE ON ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND THE TWENTY-EIGHTH INNOVATIVE APPLICATIONS OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE CONFERENCE  
However, this alternative falters when the size of the text gets bigger. To address this we propose an approach that does logical reasoning over premises written in natural language text.  ...  Proposed alternatives involve translating the question and the natural language text to a logical representation and then use logical reasoning.  ...  Acknowledgment The authors would like to thank Tushar Khot for his tremendous support during the experiments. The research is partially funded by NSF 1816039 and AI2 Key Scientific Challenges Program.  ... 
doi:10.1609/aaai.v33i01.33013003 fatcat:mclpytwogbbtbfesn2n7bx7zdm

Declarative Question Answering over Knowledge Bases containing Natural Language Text with Answer Set Programming [article]

Arindam Mitra, Peter Clark, Oyvind Tafjord, Chitta Baral
2019 arXiv   pre-print
However, this alternative falters when the size of the text gets bigger. To address this we propose an approach that does logical reasoning over premises written in natural language text.  ...  Proposed alternatives involve translating the question and the natural language text to a logical representation and then use logical reasoning.  ...  Acknowledgment The authors would like to thank Tushar Khot for his tremendous support during the experiments. The research is partially funded by NSF 1816039 and AI2 Key Scientific Challenges Program.  ... 
arXiv:1905.00198v1 fatcat:cdftqh7l5jggndxph5drccg5pm

Natural Language QA Approaches using Reasoning with External Knowledge [article]

Chitta Baral, Pratyay Banerjee, Kuntal Kumar Pal, Arindam Mitra
2020 arXiv   pre-print
While Machine Learning has been the go-to approach in NL processing as well as NL question answering (NLQA) for the last 30 years, recently there has been an increasingly emphasized thread on NLQA where  ...  Question answering (QA) in natural language (NL) has been an important aspect of AI from its early days. Winograd's "councilmen" example in his 1972 paper and McCarthy's Mr.  ...  For example, DBPedia has knowledge stored in RDF triples. A question parser translates a natural language question to a SPARQL query which is executed by the DBPedia Server.  ... 
arXiv:2003.03446v1 fatcat:5ssmvcdzajc5flasg3s5hsfxsu

A Logic-based Multi-agent System for Ethical Monitoring and Evaluation of Dialogues

Abeer Dyoub, Stefania Costantini, Ivan Letteri, Francesca A. Lisi
2021 Electronic Proceedings in Theoretical Computer Science  
The primary objective of this paper is to present the architecture and prototype implementation of a Multi Agent System (MAS) designed for ethical monitoring and evaluation of a dialogue system.  ...  A prototype application, for monitoring and evaluation of chatting agents' (human/artificial) ethical behavior in an online customer service chat point w.r.t their institution/company's codes of ethics  ...  The approach is based on Answer Set Programming (ASP) as a knowledge representation and reasoning language [5] , and Inductive Logic Programming (ILP) for learning ASP rules needed for ethical evaluation  ... 
doi:10.4204/eptcs.345.32 fatcat:f4h6i6ttnbg4jkuwasvdz5o2dm

Using Answer Set Programming in an Inference-Based approach to Natural Language Semantics [article]

Farid Nouioua
2006 arXiv   pre-print
Using Answer Set Programming in an Inference-Based approach to Natural Language Semantics  ...  The authors are indebted to Daniel Kayser for very helpful remarks on previous versions of this text.  ...  The answer to this question is based on the remark that texts seldom provide normal details that are assumed to be known to the reader.  ... 
arXiv:cs/0607088v1 fatcat:v775bjoa7vfe3fqiivmlm44kva

Controlled Natural Languages for Knowledge Representation and Reasoning

Tiantian Gao, Marc Herbstritt
2016 International Conference on Logic Programming  
Controlled natural languages (CNLs) are effective languages for knowledge representation and reasoning. They are designed based on certain natural languages with restricted lexicon and grammar.  ...  CNLs are unambiguous and simple as opposed to their base languages. They preserve the expressiveness and coherence of natural languages.  ...  In later extensions, PENG translates CNL sentences into ASP programs and embeds Clingo [21] as its underlying reasoner for question answering.  ... 
doi:10.4230/oasics.iclp.2016.19 dblp:conf/iclp/Gao16 fatcat:xy4yevuubzbwhaw2uwvbt5vaz4

Is it the right answer?

Bernardo Magnini, Matteo Negri, Roberto Prevete, Hristo Tanev
2001 Proceedings of the 40th Annual Meeting on Association for Computational Linguistics - ACL '02  
We present a novel approach to answer validation based on the intuition that the amount of implicit knowledge which connects an answer to a question can be quantitatively estimated by exploiting the redundancy  ...  Answer Validation is an emerging topic in Question Answering, where open domain systems are often required to rank huge amounts of candidate answers.  ...  Introduction Open domain question-answering (QA) systems search for answers to a natural language question either on the Web or in a local document collection.  ... 
doi:10.3115/1073083.1073154 dblp:conf/acl/MagniniNPT02 fatcat:4neyq5lrpna4hp33v7hh73wnmu

Can EGP learning strategies be successfully used in the ESP learning process?

Savka Blagojevic
1997 ASp  
them into the mother tongue, by answering comprehension questions enclosed with the texts, and by writing a short summary of the text.  ...  All the time the students were encouraged to ask questions for clarification, and the answers were provided either by the teacher or by other students.  ... 
doi:10.4000/asp.3160 fatcat:kzyrbdeyrneltjc36reds7hbwe

Architecture of a Web-based Predictive Editor for Controlled Natural Language Processing [article]

Stephen Guy, Rolf Schwitter
2014 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we describe the architecture of a web-based predictive text editor being developed for the controlled natural language PENG^ASP).  ...  This controlled language can be used to write non-monotonic specifications that have the same expressive power as Answer Set Programs.  ...  In this paper, we present the architecture of a web-based predictive text editor being developed for the controlled natural language PENG ASP [15] .  ... 
arXiv:1408.0016v1 fatcat:ueotmqx6uraalh772gbys63o5u

A Logic Programming Approach to Aspect Extraction in Opinion Mining

Qian Liu, Zhiqiang Gao, Bing Liu, Yuanlin Zhang
2013 2013 IEEE/WIC/ACM International Joint Conferences on Web Intelligence (WI) and Intelligent Agent Technologies (IAT)  
In this paper, we show that Logic Programming, particularly Answer Set Programming (ASP), can be used to elegantly and efficiently implement the key components of syntax based aspect extraction.  ...  The concept of general words and their pruning are concisely captured by 10 new ASP rules, and a natural extension of the 8 rules for the original DP method.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT We would like to thank Zhisheng Huang, Yaocheng Gui who contribute to this work. Yuanlin Zhang' work was partially supported by NSF grant IIS-1018031.  ... 
doi:10.1109/wi-iat.2013.40 dblp:conf/webi/LiuGLZ13 fatcat:3b2fypb6tbf63d6vzi5pxsk24e

An application of extensive reading to English for academic purposes programs at tertiary level for functional academic literacy: A Turkish case-study

Bekir Savaş
2009 ASp  
In answer to our first research question "Can English Preparatory School be a base for EAP classes in the first year in terms of FAL development? If so, to what extent?"  ...  In an IR approach, which is a teacher-centred teaching, this includes explaining the meaning of hard-tounderstand sentences; asking students to translate certain passages or answer comprehension questions  ... 
doi:10.4000/asp.254 fatcat:uhu4yttsyjdqxn7d6agp2lgh3a

RestKB: A Library of Commonsense Knowledge about Dining at a Restaurant

Daniela Inclezan
2019 Electronic Proceedings in Theoretical Computer Science  
We show that encoding the knowledge base in ALM facilitates its piecewise construction and testing, and improves the generality and quality of the captured information, in comparison to an initial ASP  ...  The knowledge base was used in a system for reasoning about stereotypical activities, evaluated on the restaurant domain.  ...  of texts written in natural language.  ... 
doi:10.4204/eptcs.306.19 fatcat:wsm4qnuyojdtphpi2cwxouhgy4

Answering Why and How questions with respect to a frame-based knowledge base: a preliminary report

Chitta Baral, Nguyen Ha Vo, Shanshan Liang, Marc Herbstritt
2012 International Conference on Logic Programming  
In this paper we explore answering why and how questions with respect to a frame-based knowledge base and give algorithms and ASP (answer set programming) implementation to answer two classes of questions  ...  Being able to answer questions with respect to a given text is the cornerstone of language understanding and at the primary school level students are taught how to answer various kinds of questions including  ...  Instead of answering "Why" and "How" questions with respect to natural language text [3] , we explore answering them with respect to a frame based knowledge base.  ... 
doi:10.4230/lipics.iclp.2012.26 dblp:conf/iclp/BaralVL12 fatcat:kmdi4xjuwjatriu4t22f6cfzzi
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