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Investigation into Unmanned Aircraft System Incidents in the National Airspace System

Rohan Sharma
2016 International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace  
The remote Pilot-In-Command (PIC) of a sUAS must obtain a remote pilot certificate with a sUAS rating (Federal Aviation Administration, 2016).  ...  The GBSAA system poses an advantage in its ability to capture traffic not covered by the bandwidth of the ADS-B system.  ...  UA and manned aircraft not equipped with an ADS-B system can still pose a danger to the NAS, and the GBSAA system's detection methods can be used to alert personnel in the NAS of such an aircraft's presence  ... 
doi:10.15394/ijaaa.2016.1146 fatcat:swkeje253fblva6akj2rswvw5q

Flight deck automation support with dynamic 4D trajectory management for ACAS: AUTOFLY-Aid

Emre Koyuncu, Eduardo Garcia, Gokhan Inalhan
2012 2012 Integrated Communications, Navigation and Surveillance Conference  
AUTOFLY-Aid Project aims to develop and demonstrate novel automation support algorithms and tools to the flight crew for flight critical collision avoidance using "dynamic 4D trajectory management".  ...  deck's perspective, as seen/measured/informed by the aircraft flying in SESAR 2020, b) design and development of a dynamic trajectory planning algorithm that can generate at real-time (on the order of  ...  For example, RTCA is further considering several sensor integrations for supporting collision avoidance, including Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) [6, 7] as to enable ACAS for new  ... 
doi:10.1109/icnsurv.2012.6218387 fatcat:gqtz2rprsfepbbfx7ddqzopt24

Concept for Next Generation Air Traffic Control System

Heinz Erzberger, Russell A. Paielli
2002 Air Traffic Control Quarterly  
TSAFE also has application in the current air traffic control system as an improved controller tool for detecting near-term conflicts and reducing the potential for operational errors.  ...  Changes in controller and pilot responsibilities for operations in Automated Airspace are outlined. This paper is based on a presentation given at the USA/EUROCONTROL Air Traffic Management  ...  Automated Airspace Computer System ADS-B Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast AERA Automated En Route Air Traffic Control ATC Air Traffic Control CDTI Cockpit Display of Traffic Information  ... 
doi:10.2514/atcq.10.4.355 fatcat:lscozyeqgjgnnpvlwregeota2e

Air Transportation System Automation [chapter]

Satish C. Mohleji, Dean F. Lamiano, Sebastian V. Massimini
2009 Springer Handbook of Automation  
Other aircraft equipped with an ADS-B receiver can process and display the aircraft in their vicinity on a display called the cockpit display of traffic information (CDTI).  ...  Airspace classified as class A, B, C, D or E is designated as controlled airspace, where ATC services are available, including air/ground communications, navigation aids, and aircraft-to-aircraft separation  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-78831-7_67 fatcat:yo243p7pzbf6xccvp3atqrnnyi

Project GAUSS public deliverables

2019 Zenodo  
These scenarios will serve as a reference for the experimentation plan in WP6.  ...  Report on EGNSS security-enabling features relevant for RPAS: Report including the initial situation risk assessment and identified important tangible and intangible assets to be protected the possible  ...  RPA Function RPA On Board System Surveillance and EID Transceiver This is an ADS-B, FLARM or other unit. It may be an ADS-B Rx without Tx function, dependent on RPAS operations and missions.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3470728 fatcat:y2awkrjosrdj3btr5r765yykqy

Review of Air Traffic Management Systems for UAV Integration into Urban Airspace

Lee Davies, Yuriy Vagapov, Vic Grout, Stuart Cunningham, Alecksey Anuchin
2021 2021 28th International Workshop on Electric Drives: Improving Reliability of Electric Drives (IWED)  
Currently, there is no real framework in place to accommodate low level UAS in urban airspace.  ...  The use of autonomous UAS will increase over the coming years, and a reliable system of Unmanned Traffic Management (UTM) will be needed both for effective safety and reliability.  ...  However, with the need for UAS in lower class airspace, there must be a robust and easily adaptable system in place for both piloted and autonomous aircraft to be safely controlled in the skies.  ... 
doi:10.1109/iwed52055.2021.9376343 fatcat:6reolcmoezda5m7yzaalzdd6u4

D2.1 User Requirements Specification

Filip, Aleš,; Olík, Filip; Neri, Alessandro; Salvitti, Maurizio; Xefteris, Panagiotis; Dionisio, Cesare; Salvatori, Pietro; Capua, Roberto; Gattuso, Luca; Innoccente, Manuele; Crespillo, Omar Garcia; Kutik, Ondrej; Loupis, Michael
2020 Zenodo  
The ADS-B can provide the useful information for UTM.  ...  These airspace assessments can also be a major factor in reducing the threats of an out-of-control flight by an operator to keep the UA clear of areas of electromagnetic interference etc.  ...  Obtaining values for the DTE is challenging, they highly depend on the vehicle itself, the conditions of the road and the dynamics of the vehicle apart from the specific controller that is implemented.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4560392 fatcat:y6lcjp4mxzb3rgeazhd24tdpna

Tactical Scheduling for Precision Air Traffic Operations: Past Research and Current Problems

D. R. Isaacson, A. V. Sadovsky, D. Davis
2014 Journal of Aerospace Information Systems  
Future air transportation systems stand to benefit significantly in safety and efficiency from the predictable movement of aircraft along precisely defined paths in the airspace.  ...  Operations (ATO) and, in particular, on the role of Air Traffic Control (ATC) in these operations.  ...  The required ADS-B system consists of two components: an IFR-certified GPS receiver and a transmitter to broadcast aircraft position.  ... 
doi:10.2514/1.i010119 fatcat:cbv2t2gyzrhtbgvq45sulrdv7a

Small Aircraft Transportation System, Higher Volume Operations Concept and Research Summary

Brian T. Baxley, Daniel Williams, Maria Consiglio, Cathy Adams, Terrence Abbott
2008 Journal of Aircraft  
AMM, a ground-based ADS-B transceiver, and data link capability.  ...  Here is an initial list of required equipment: 1) Aircraft: an IFR approach-certified GPS receiver, an ADS-B transmission and reception of aircraft information, an AMM messaging data link, a cockpit display  ... 
doi:10.2514/1.20493 fatcat:fv7ozfrkcvfwtbnvyfpztpoqme

The long journey toward a higher level of automation in ATM as safety critical, sociotechnical and multi-Agent system

Francisco Javier Sáez Nieto
2015 Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part G, Journal of Aerospace Engineering  
This work have been published as scientific paper : "The long journey toward a higher level of automation in ATM as safety critical, sociotechnical and multi-Agent system "Proc IMechE Part G: J Aerospace  ...  integration in controlled airspace.  ...  role in recovery from system degradation such as in; risk and safety assessment techniques.  Ability to formalize, understand, and model the system to be controlled in all possible normal and abnormal  ... 
doi:10.1177/0954410015596763 fatcat:bif7qplj25d35fm53j4h7aezrm

Fundamental Elements of an Urban UTM

Tim McCarthy, Lars Pforte, Rebekah Burke
2020 Aerospace (Basel)  
The key fundamental elements of airspace architecture and traffic management for busy drone operations in urban environments are described together with initial UTM performance results from simulation  ...  Urban airspace environments present exciting new opportunities for delivering drone services to an increasingly large global market, including: information gathering; package delivery; air-taxi services  ...  ; robust and secure command and control (C2) and data-link communication.  ... 
doi:10.3390/aerospace7070085 fatcat:inq2owrforajfevupb62rqneh4

Aeronautical $Ad~Hoc$ Networking for the Internet-Above-the-Clouds

Jiankang Zhang, Taihai Chen, Shida Zhong, Jingjing Wang, Wenbo Zhang, Xin Zuo, Robert G. Maunder, Lajos Hanzo
2019 Proceedings of the IEEE  
The engineering vision of relying on the "smart sky" for supporting air traffic and the "Internet above the clouds" for in-flight entertainment has become imperative for the future aircraft industry.  ...  The AANET concept may be viewed as a new member of the family of Mobile ad hoc Networks (MANETs) in action above the clouds.  ...  Since the ADS-B messages can be received by any individual ADS-B receiver, this results in substantial security concerns for ADS-B-based communication systems. Baek et al.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jproc.2019.2909694 fatcat:hvmbjaqsffbyrcn22hsslpzp4a

Defending Airports from UAS: A Survey on Cyber-Attacks and Counter-Drone Sensing Technologies

Georgia Lykou, Dimitrios Moustakas, Dimitris Gritzalis
2020 Sensors  
However, UAS pose significant challenges in terms of safety, security and privacy within society.  ...  Therefore, we analyze three realistic attack scenarios from malicious drones and propose an effective C-UAS protection plan for each case.  ...  Impacted Assets: Air traffic control, secondary surveillance systems (ADS-B data), aircraft safety during take-off and landing phases, aircraft safety, and separation minima can be violated.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s20123537 pmid:32580402 pmcid:PMC7349857 fatcat:g4mdopv5afex7gtfhh5i2k5sl4


Filip, Aleš; Holík, Filip; Neri, Alessandro; Salvitti, Maurizio; Xefteris, Panagiotis; Dionisio, Cesare; Salavatori, Pietro; Capua, Roberto; Gattuso, Luca; Innoccente, Manuele; Crespillo, Omar Garcia; Kutik, Ondrej; Loupis, Michael
2020 Zenodo  
The ADS-B can provide the useful information for UTM.  ...  assumed to be in the airspace; the geometry of the aircraft, use of specific routes etc., in the airspace; dynamics, or how fast aircraft travel in the airspace.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4560415 fatcat:6xp7mmxl5jen5g36kr2f6cxd3y

Constraint programming for air traffic management: a survey

Cyril Allignol, Nicolas Barnier, Pierre Flener, Justin Pearson
2012 Knowledge engineering review (Print)  
The need for a decrease in traffic workload opens numerous problems for optimisation, from capacity balancing to conflict solving, using many different degrees of freedom, such as re-routing, flight-level  ...  We give brief tutorials on ATM and constraint programming (CP), and survey the literature on deploying CP technology for modelling and solving combinatorial problems that occur in an ATM context.  ...  having introduced us to the ATM optimisation realm, and Jean-Marc Garot, former head of the EUROCONTROL Experimental Centre in Brétigny, for helping us acquire some perspective on the subject during USA  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0269888912000215 fatcat:gv47fxgxhndkfhxttwohq63yce
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