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The second rule of Amir Sher Ali Khan (1868-1878) has a special place in the contemporary history of Afghanistan. ... In this article, we conclude that Amir Sher Ali Khan has brought about significant political, social, and cultural reforms for the new Afghanistan. ... to Amir Sher Ali Khan under previous agreements. ...doi:10.9734/arjass/2021/v15i130248 fatcat:3o6fvt6tlbhb7cgpy2rac7tlxi
The advocacy and struggle of Amir Ali Sher Nawayi and Khoshal Khan Khattak reminds us that these nations are not torn, nor spate, but ONE. They have one wish and one common objective. ... These are the main components on which nations are connected through politics, culture, and art as Amir Ali Shir Nawayi, Khoshal Khattak and other poets have done. ... Although the times of Amir Ali Sher Nawai and Khushal Khan are spaced about two centuries, but their social system is based on these values and has not changed. ...doi:10.33545/27068919.2022.v4.i2b.785 fatcat:vaumrhiy2veppdbwamuhqm24ei
In a similar study, Ali et al.  reported direct shoot regeneration in Ajuga bracteosa in response to TDZ (0.5 ppm). ... Phenylalanine Ammonia-Lyase (PAL) Activity PAL content in the cultured shoot was determined by the protocol of Ali et al.  . ...doi:10.3390/plants9060728 pmid:32526854 fatcat:dcw52744wjbepi24sc6ousoxaa
In this paper, new context of Chinese Remainder Theorem (CRT) based analysis of combinatorial sequence generators has been presented. CRT is exploited to establish fixed patterns in LFSR sequences and underlying cyclic structures of finite fields. New methodology of direct computations of DFT spectral points in higher finite fields from known DFT spectra points of smaller constituent fields is also introduced. Novel approach of CRT based structural analysis of LFSR based combinatorial sequencearXiv:1504.01099v1 fatcat:djfyqosdezf2xkuuw2vt464tqm
more »... s given both in time and frequency domain. The proposed approach is demonstrated on some examples of combiner generators and is scalable to general configuration of combiner generators.
Pakistan Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Aim: To observe the visual field changes in normal tension glaucoma Study design: Cross sectional study Study site: Department of Physiology, Khyber Medical College, Peshawar Study period: six months Sample size: 100 cases were included who fulfil the criteria. Results: There were 33(33%) males and 67(67%) females in the study. Visual fields of eyes were investigated. It was revealed that in cases with the right eye problem, 67(67%) had paracentral scotoma, 27(27%) had superior & inferior nasaldoi:10.53350/pjmhs211592266 fatcat:lkxusw2rongx3fo2o5nmewa4u4
more »... steps, 1(1%) had scotoma closer to fixation and 5(5%) had arcuate scotoma, while in the left eye cases, 67(67%) had paracentral scotoma, 30 (30%) had superior & inferior nasal steps, 1(1%) had scotoma closer to fixation and 2(2%) had arcuate scotoma. Conclusion: Visual fields of eyes revealed that in cases with the right eye problem, 67(67%) had paracentral scotoma, 27(27%) had superior & inferior nasal steps, 1(1%) had scotoma closer to fixation and 5(5%) had arcuate scotoma, while in the left eye cases, 67(67%) had paracentral scotoma, 30(30%) had superior & inferior nasal steps, 1 (1%) had scotoma closer to fixation and 2(2%) had arcuate scotoma. Keywords: Visual field, open angle glaucoma, normal tension glaucoma
Pakistan Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Aim: Prevalence of Open angle glaucoma with normal intraocular pressure in Peshawar Methodology: It is a cross sectional study. It is done at Physiology Department, Khyber Medical College, Peshawar in collaboration with Ophthalmology deptt. Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar Study period: six months Sample size: 394 cases attended the department of Ophthalmology, Khyber Teaching Hospital Peshawar. Out of 394 patients, 100 patients were included in this study. Results: There were 33(33%) malesdoi:10.53350/pjmhs211592260 fatcat:kevkntekozahnd7dbqxodcespy
more »... d 67(67%) females in the study. There were 27(27%) patients lying in the age range of 35-45 years, 46(46%) were in 46-55 years and 27 (27%) patients of 56-65 years. The mean age of patients was 51.21±8.12. All patients were with normal tension glaucoma. There were 29(29%) cases who had a positive family history of glaucoma. The "mean IOP" of the eye on the right side was 17.15±1.78mmHg and the "mean IOP" of the eye on the left side was 17.30±1.94mmHg. Conclusion: Prevalence of normal tension glaucoma (NTG) was 25.4% in Peshawar and its surroundings. Most of the patients were elderly females and 29 (29%) cases had a positive family history of glaucoma. Keywords: Open angle glaucoma, normal tension glaucoma, prevalence
Pakistan Journal of Medical and Health Sciences
Aim: To determine the ophthalmoscopic findings of normal tension glaucoma. Study design: This is a cross sectional study Study site: Department of Physiology, Khyber Medical College, Peshawar. Study period: six months Sample size: One hundred cases were selected. Results: In this study, 33(33%) males and 67(67%) females. On direct ophthalmoscopy, in right eye glaucoma, there were 93(93%) cases with cupped discs, while 7(7%) had gross cupping of the discs. In left eye glaucoma, there weredoi:10.53350/pjmhs211592264 fatcat:hxttzwpzobb3jcekk4td5yllvu
more »... cases who had cupped discs, while 2(2%) had gross cupping of the discs. Conclusion: On direct ophthalmoscopy, there were 93(93%) cases who had cupped discs in right eye glaucoma. Keywords: Ophthalmoscope examination, open angle glaucoma, normal tension glaucoma
Alam and Khan (2010) stated that most of the machinery in the Pakistan textile industry is out dated and obsolete. ... Khan and Bae (2016) stated that transportation related challenges are very high in developing countries like Pakistan. ...doi:10.32479/irmm.9377 fatcat:tbvbxurj6bfy7noadgk7tjggf4
Eventration of diaphragm is a congenital condition in which there is absence of muscle fibers in the diaphragm while maintaining all the anatomical attachments normally. Surgical treatment is warranted in symptomatic patients so as to reduce the abnormal ascent of diaphragm. The present study was conducted to analyse the perioperative outcome of thoracotomy in adult patients with diaphragmatic eventration. This descriptive case series was carried out in Cardiothoracic Surgery-Unit, Postgraduatepmid:25672164 fatcat:vfgqfon4e5ab5b2x4twmro6ex4
more »... Medical Institute, Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar, Pakistan. Medical records of patients operated upon for eventration from June 2002 to June 2013 were reviewed. Patients of either gender, above 16 years who were operated for symptomatic eventrtaion were included in study. All the demographic data, presenting complaints, baseline and post-postoperative dyspnea grade, forced expiratory volume at 1 second (FEV1) and forced vital capacity (FVC) were recorded on predesigned pro forma and analysed using SPSS-16. A total of 38 adult patients underwent surgery for diaphragmatic eventration over the past 11 years in our unit out of which 29 (76%) were males and rest of 9 (24%) were females. Mean age of patients was 41.6±13.84 years. In 31 (81.5%) patients left side was involved. Majority of patients had a dyspnea grade-3 on presentation. Preoperative dyspnoea score (MRC), FEV1 and FVC values were 2.6±0.73, 63.5±13.3 and 67.2±14.6 respectively. Pre-operative and 6-months follow-up values of dyspnoea grade, FEV1 and FVC values showed statistically significant improvement. Our study showed that adult patients with symptomatic unilateral eventration of diaphragm significantly benefit from diaphragmmatic plication.
However, any query about the research conducted in this paper is highly appreciated and can be asked from the principal authors (Usman Ali Khan and Dr. Iftikhar Ahmed Khan). ...doi:10.1155/2020/6471438 fatcat:rfzyteqw4bh4rclon5i4n3hfuu
Objective: To assess the prevalence of various ear, nose and throat diseases in Shangla valley. Study Design: A descriptive cross-sectional study. Place and Duration of Study: Study was carried out in shangla. Duration of study was 3 months, from Jun 2014 to Aug 2014. Material and Methods: All the patients of any age group and both genders who reported with any ENT disorder and emergency were included in this study. Frequency and percentage of various ENT diseases among patients and emergencydoaj:0818466e1c1e45168b52005a8540af6b fatcat:o2jgavw4vzh77bngv7453e6h5i
more »... ocedures performed were found. Results: A total of 2725 patients were included. The most common ENT disorder encountered was rhinosinusitis which was seen in 14.2% cases, followed by ear wax (impacted cerumen) in 13.4% and pharyngitis in 12.5% cases. Allergic rhinitis was seen in 10.4% cases, epistaxis in 7.4% and chronic suppurative otitis media in 6.4% cases. Among the emergency ENT procedures performed, anterior nasal packing was the commonest (done in 55 cases) followed by stitching of lacerations and foreign body removal from ear and nose. Conclusion: Ear, nose and throat diseases are very common in Shangla and their spectrum range from rhinosinusitis, impacted cerumen (ear wax) and pharyngitis to less common but potentially dangerous conditions like foreign body impaction in ear and nose.
BMC Research Notes
Objectives: T/E fusion results in constitutive expression of ERG oncoprotein resulting in enhanced proliferation and invasive potential of prostatic cancer cells. In the present study we aimed to evaluate the ERG overexpression in 78 cases prostate acinar adenocarcinoma and its association with other prognostic parameters. Results: ERG protein expression was noted in 39.7% (31 cases), out of which 3 cases (3.8%) showed low ERG expression, 10 cases (12.8%) showed intermediate expression and 18doi:10.1186/s13104-019-4090-x fatcat:5zgz7cbp4vgjhnxkipgb5i65mq
more »... ses (23.1%) revealed high ERG expression. Significant association of ERG expression was noted with gleason score (p = 0.009), WHO grade group (p = 0.008) and perineural invasion (p = 0.043). We found a significant proportion of our patients of prostatic acinar adenocarcinoma to overexpress ERG protein which can help in devising therapeutic protocols. Significant association of ERG protein expression with gleason score and perineural invasion signifies its prognostic significance in prostatic carcinoma. Moreover, we also suggest that molecular studies should be performed in patients with prostatic carcinoma to look for T/E fusion gene and its correlation with ERG protein expression.
The work presented on the isolation of naturally occurring alkaloid from carbonated beverages. The extensive presence of caffeine in different plants plays an important role in the long-standing acceptance of caffeine-containing products. Caffeine (3,7-dihydro-1, 3,7-trimethyl-1H-purine-2,6-dione or 1,3,7-trimethylxanthine) is an alkaloid belongs to Methylxanthine family. Liquid-liquid extraction methods were used in the assay of research work. Chloroform was taken as extracting solvent. Soliddoi:10.25026/jtpc.v5i1.234 fatcat:vh6ffvfwkva2ve6sxpjzmpohde
more »... esidue of caffeine was recrystallized from 95% ethanol using 5ml/gram (5ml per gram). It is declared to raise caffeine, effects a number of different drugs include Paracetamol, Benzodiazepines and Aspirin and amount of plasma free Fatty acids increases. While inform that in regular sleeping interaction caffeine take place and raise the absorption of certain drugs. Changes in drug metabolizing enzymes, acts as an agent in a microsomal system of the body. The highest amount of caffeine dry crystal is extracted in sting sample while the 7up sample is free from caffeine.
Robots have revolutionized our way of life in recent years.One of the domains that has not yet completely benefited from the robotic automation is the agricultural sector. Agricultural Robotics should complement humans in the arduous tasks during different sub-domains of this sector. Extensive research in Agricultural Robotics has been carried out in Japan, USA, Australia and Germany focusing mainly on the heavy agricultural machinery. Pakistan is an agricultural rich country and its economyarXiv:1501.02378v1 fatcat:rdrzqpprajf43ln4pl5nql2puq
more »... food security are closely tied with agriculture in general and wheat in particular. However, agricultural research in Pakistan is still carried out using the conventional methodologies. This paper is an attempt to trigger the research in this modern domain so that we can benefit from cost effective and resource efficient autonomous agricultural methodologies. This paper focuses on a scalable low cost semi-autonomous technique for wheat harvest which primarily focuses on the farmers with small land holdings. The main focus will be on the vision part of the navigation system deployed by the proposed robot.
BMC Research Notes
Ki67 is the most commonly used marker to evaluate proliferative index in breast cancer, however no cutoff values have been clearly defined for high ki67 index. Cancer management should be according to loco-regional profile; therefore, we aimed to determine ki67 index in 1951 cases of intrinsic breast cancer subtypes and its association with other prognostic parameters in our set up. Triple negative breast cancers showed highest ki67 index (mean 50.9 ± 23.7%) followed by Her2neu (mean 42.6 ±doi:10.1186/s13104-019-4653-x pmid:31547858 pmcid:PMC6755684 fatcat:zmvnjwiq6bhsporxzvazlf5zp4
more »... %) and luminal B cancers (mean 34.9 ± 20.05%). Metaplastic and medullary breast cancers significantly showed higher ki67 index as compared to ductal carcinoma, NOS. No significant association of ki67 index was noted with any of the histologic parameters in different subtypes of breast cancer expect for tumor grade. Although, ki67 index is a valuable biomarker in breast cancer, however no independent prognostic significance of ki67 could be established in our study.
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