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All-Pairs Shortest Paths in O(n²) Time with High Probability

Yuval Peres, Dmitry Sotnikov, Benny Sudakov, Uri Zwick
2010 2010 IEEE 51st Annual Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science  
in expectation and with high probability.  ...  The analysis relies on a proof that the number of locally shortest paths in such randomly weighted graphs is O(n 2 ), in expectation and with high probability.  ...  Furthermore, our algorithm runs in O(n 2 ) time with high probability and works for both directed and undirected versions of the all-pairs shortest paths problem.  ... 
doi:10.1109/focs.2010.69 dblp:conf/focs/PeresSSZ10 fatcat:fy2m4s7egfhhlbqriltwlni5pe

All-pairs shortest paths inO(n2) time with high probability

Yuval Peres, Dmitry Sotnikov, Benny Sudakov, Uri Zwick
2013 Journal of the ACM  
in expectation and with high probability.  ...  The analysis relies on a proof that the number of locally shortest paths in such randomly weighted graphs is O(n 2 ), in expectation and with high probability.  ...  Furthermore, our algorithm runs in O(n 2 ) time with high probability and works for both directed and undirected versions of the all-pairs shortest paths problem.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2508028.2505988 fatcat:ethnejulpjb3begznoyaueo65q

Faster Walks in Graphs: AÕ(n2) Time-Space Trade-off for Undirecteds-tConnectivity [chapter]

Adrian Kosowski
2013 Proceedings of the Twenty-Fourth Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms  
As our main result, we propose a family of randomized algorithms for USTCON which achieves a time-space product of S·T = O(n 2 ) in graphs with n nodes and m edges (where the O-notation disregards poly-logarithmic  ...  In particular, we obtain an algorithm running in time O(n + m) which is, in general, more space-efficient than both BFS and DFS.  ...  Since the path P s = (i 0 , i 1 , . . . , i a−1 ) is a shortest path in graph G between nodes i 0 and i a−1 , such that P s ⊆ A and Γ(P s ) ⊆ A, it follows that (cf.  ... 
doi:10.1137/1.9781611973105.133 dblp:conf/soda/Kosowski13 fatcat:4mgoz2t5grb5hpcxofdy6jaxhi

Optimality Bounds of the Connectivity of Adhoc Networks with Beamforming Antennas

Moritz Kiese, Christian Hartmann, Robert Vilzmann
2009 GLOBECOM 2009 - 2009 IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference  
Adhoc networks will play an important role in future access networks. Previous studies have shown, that the connectivity of such networks can be notably increased by employing directional antennas.  ...  This work tries to close this gap by providing a method to calculate provable bounds on the connectivity of an adhoc network with keyhole antennas and a variety of secondary optimization criteria via Mixed  ...  Finding these paths can be interpreted as a classic shortest path problem (solvable by polynomial algorithms like Dijkstra's Algorithm [2] ), with link weights σ e : If the total cost of the shortest  ... 
doi:10.1109/glocom.2009.5425735 dblp:conf/globecom/KieseHV09 fatcat:sv76wdf2yrdevhv63fmylr35vq

Edge-disjoint paths revisited

Chandra Chekuri, Sanjeev Khanna
2007 ACM Transactions on Algorithms  
The approximability of the maximum edge disjoint paths problem (EDP) in directed graphs was seemingly settled by the fl(ml/2-e)-hardness result of Guruswami et al. [10] and the O(x/~ ) approximation achievable  ...  Our results also extend to EDP with weights and to the unsplittable flow problem with uniform edge capacities.  ...  The algorithm simply considers the shortest path length for each unrouted (si, ti) pair and connects a pair with minimum shortest path length via its shortest path.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1290672.1290683 fatcat:7vyztvdf7rfwxcnfdfkdgzhjbe

A new algorithm to find the shortest paths between all pairs of nodes

G. Gallo, S. Pallottino
1982 Discrete Applied Mathematics  
A new algorithm to find the shortest paths between all pairs of nodes is presented. This algorithm makes use of a dual cost transformation and of a particular data structure.  ...  Its worst case time complexity is of the order of the third power of the number of nodes, and its space complexity is linear with the number of arcs.  ...  In such models usually the shortest paths between all Origin-Destination pairs need to be determined many times, with different values of arc lengths.  ... 
doi:10.1016/0166-218x(82)90031-2 fatcat:7l4g7vost5dshom2k543jcwgbu

Shortest path problems with node failures

Patrick Jaillet
1992 Networks  
Consider the problem of finding the shortest paths from a node source s to a node sink t in a complete network.  ...  We first show that the problem is, in general, NPhard and then we develop polynomial time procedures for special cases of it.  ...  the path with maximum probability of being the shortest, or finding the path with minimum variance among the shortest, etc.  ... 
doi:10.1002/net.3230220607 fatcat:6gdjerhfgneltowadhdqfiw45y

Performance evaluation of ATM shortcut connections in overlaid IP/ATM networks

V. Firoiu, J. Kurose, D. Towsley
1999 IEEE INFOCOM '99. Conference on Computer Communications. Proceedings. Eighteenth Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies. The Future is Now (Cat. No.99CH36320)  
These experiments indicate that in many cases the utilization of an IP/ATM network increases proportionally to the decrease in the average path length when ATM shortcuts are used.  ...  We model an IP/ATM network with and without ATM shortcuts as two loss networks.  ...  The 1P tlows can be routed in two ways: one is over the shortest path in the 1P network following the path of each 1P link in the ATM network; the other is over the shortest path in ATM network (i.e.,  ... 
doi:10.1109/infcom.1999.752169 dblp:conf/infocom/FiroiuKT99 fatcat:vmctzqjaefcbjn5ig65u7yxe7e

Resource discovery in distributed networks

Mor Harchol-Balter, Tom Leighton, Daniel Lewin
1999 Proceedings of the eighteenth annual ACM symposium on Principles of distributed computing - PODC '99  
The total number of connections required is O(n log2 n) and the total number of pointers which must be communicated is O(n2 log2 n), with high probability.  ...  We propose a very simple algorithm called Name-Dropper whereby all machines learn about each other within O(log' n) rounds with high probability, where n is the number of machines in the network.  ...  Then we're done by the following argument: Pick one shortest path between each of the n2 pairs of nodes. Each of these shortest paths has at most n triples.  ... 
doi:10.1145/301308.301362 dblp:conf/podc/Harchol-BalterLL99 fatcat:ujiru2pgafeexo6pm3aulcqeve

Additive Spanners in Nearly Quadratic Time [chapter]

David P. Woodruff
2010 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
With probability ≥ 1 − 1/n, H is an additive (2k + 4 )-spanner. Proof. Fix a pair {a, b} of vertices in G and a shortest path P between them.  ...  Fix a pair {a, b} of vertices in G, and fix any shortest path P from a to b in G with the fewest heavy edges.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-14165-2_40 fatcat:p5or7lusona47byjtoe65kgoii

Monitoring path nearest neighbor in road networks

Zaiben Chen, Heng Tao Shen, Xiaofang Zhou, Jeffrey Xu Yu
2009 Proceedings of the 35th SIGMOD international conference on Management of data - SIGMOD '09  
In the searching phase, the BNE finds the shortest path to the destination, during which a candidate set that guarantees to include the k -PNN is generated at the same time.  ...  Given a destination where a user is going to, this new query returns the k -NN with respect to the shortest path connecting the destination and the user's current location, and thus provides a list of  ...  High deviation implies that the user usually does not choose the shortest path and an update of the whole k -PNN is required each time the user deviates.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1559845.1559907 dblp:conf/sigmod/ChenSZY09 fatcat:467fil4ovzb3vn45tdxgncogre

Local Link Protection Scheme in IP Networks [chapter]

Hui-Kai Su, Cheng-Shong Wu
2007 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
In this paper, we proposed an IP Local Link-Protection (IPLLP) scheme based on the characteristic of shortest-path routing in IP networks.  ...  In the simulation results, we observe that IP Local Link-Protection scheme can efficiently improve network survivability in a small-scale and high-degree network.  ...  Second, all scenarios of each link failure are simulated, and all O-D pairs are tested according to the present routing tables.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-72590-9_120 fatcat:5tlf65uxsngkhidbvnrzhhq7ge

Multiple Source Replacement Path Problem [article]

Manoj Gupta, Rahul Jain, Nitiksha Modi
2020 arXiv   pre-print
When there are $n$ sources, the combinatorial algorithm of (Bernstein and Karger, STOC 2009) can be used to find all pair replacement path in $\tilde O(mn + n^3)$ time.  ...  in $\tilde O(m+n)$ time.  ...  Also, d(s, t) will denote the length of the shortest st path. Formally, d(s, t) = d(s, t, ) = |st|. • The term with a high probability means with a probability ≥ 1 − 1 n c where c ≥ 1.  ... 
arXiv:2005.09262v2 fatcat:imfmm3usrfalni4jcuj4cdm2ce

Packet Routing with Genetically Programmed Mobile Agents [chapter]

Jon Schuringa, Günter Remsak
2000 Telecommunication Network Intelligence  
The result is a high performance, self-configuring routing method, irrespective of the network topology and traffic.  ...  We use genetic programming to build mobile agents that monitor the network status and set the routing tables in the network nodes in such a way that it maximizes network throughput and minimizes the overall  ...  To compute the shortest path between all pairs has computational complexity O(N2).  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-0-387-35522-1_22 dblp:conf/smartnet/SchuringaR00 fatcat:k4bfplnfyjbqfjyqbkchdzght4

Utility-based forwarding

Elena Pagani, Gian Paolo Rossi
2012 Proceedings of the third ACM international workshop on Mobile Opportunistic Networks - MobiOpp '12  
Several proposals are available in the literature that deal with the problem of message forwarding in Opportunistic Networks (ONs).  ...  These proposals attempt to derive the path from source to destination that minimizes delivery latency and traveled hops, and maximizes the probability of successful delivery, while saving the overall system  ...  latency of O path .  ... 
doi:10.1145/2159576.2159585 dblp:conf/mobiopp/Pagani012 fatcat:hbz6prcrabbqflw6mfexenxxru
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