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Conformance checking

Sebastian Dunzer, Matthias Stierle, Martin Matzner, Stephan Baier
2019 Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Subject-Oriented Business Process Management - S-BPM ONE '19  
This article reviews a set of conformance checking techniques described in 37 scholarly publications.  ...  For instance, process miners use declarative process modelling languages often, but applications in conformance checking are rare.  ...  Quality metric In the present systematic literature review, four Quality metrics to measure conformance for event logs and models are identified.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3329007.3329014 dblp:conf/s-bpm-one/DunzerSMB19 fatcat:cyfmzukjefa4fjyp5bdmxwalya

A comprehensive benchmarking framework (CoBeFra) for conformance analysis between procedural process models and event logs in ProM

Seppe K.L.M. vanden Broucke, Jochen De Weerdt, Jan Vanthienen, Bart Baesens
2013 2013 IEEE Symposium on Computational Intelligence and Data Mining (CIDM)  
Secondly, conformance checking focuses on the assessment of the quality of a discovered or designed process model in respect to the actual behavior as captured in event logs.  ...  In this study, we describe the architecture of an extensible framework within ProM, allowing for the consistent, comparative and repeatable calculation of conformance metrics.  ...  The authors also express their gratitude towards Niels Lambrigts for the help provided in designing and implementing the CoBeFra tool.  ... 
doi:10.1109/cidm.2013.6597244 dblp:conf/cidm/BrouckeWVB13 fatcat:t6z7jhiqbjemzgoyize6svia5a

Mediating between modeled and observed behavior: The quest for the "right" process: Keynote

Wil M.P. van der Aalst
2013 IEEE 7th International Conference on Research Challenges in Information Science (RCIS)  
discovery conformance checking "unknown" "only examples"  ...  Normative models describe the desired behavior and are used for workflow management, system configuration, auditing, compliance management, and conformance checking.  ...  EXISTING CONFORMANCE CHECKING APPROACHES To introduce conformance checking and to describe some of the existing approaches, we use the process model shown in Figure 3 .  ... 
doi:10.1109/rcis.2013.6577675 dblp:conf/rcis/Aalst13 fatcat:ymnbhbwsrnayjn5nov4gvjkha4

Replaying history on process models for conformance checking and performance analysis

Wil van der Aalst, Arya Adriansyah, Boudewijn van Dongen
2012 Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery  
Therefore, we elaborate on the realization of such alignments and their application to conformance checking and performance analysis.  ...  This relationship can be used to check conformance and to analyze performance. For example, it is possible to diagnose deviations from the modeled behavior.  ...  Conformance checking can be used to check if reality, as recorded in the log, conforms to the model and vice versa.  ... 
doi:10.1002/widm.1045 fatcat:jjw4ncgwj5fh3ghtfctoethxay

Conformance Checking: Workflow of Hospitals and Workflow of Open-Source EMRs

Esther Asare, Lili Wang, Xianwen Fang
2020 IEEE Access  
We display the results based on four metrics (fitness, precision, simplicity, and generalization). Then, we filter logs to check the conformance of Role-based access controls.  ...  Our conformance checking results showed that processes in Open-Source EMR align with the processes executed by hospitals.  ...  knowledge) based on the four metrics of process discovery and conformance checking; fitness, precision, simplicity, and generalization in terms of both log and model perspective.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2020.3012147 fatcat:hp7lawk76fathdo3up33vtwexu

Conformance Checking Techniques of Process Mining: A Survey [chapter]

Ashok Kumar Saini, Ruchi Kamra, Utpal Shrivastava
2021 Advances in Parallel Computing  
Conformance Checking (CC) techniques enable us to gives the deviation between modelled behavior and actual execution behavior.  ...  The survey is based on CC techniques proposed by researchers with key objectives like quality parameters, perspective, algorithm types, tools, and achievements.  ...  CC: It checks the conformity of the model with log and assesses whether they described reality. There are four quality parameters [6] : fitness, simplicity, precision, and generalization.  ... 
doi:10.3233/apc210213 fatcat:6kakp6cvvrc6jnyfljo7kyog34

Conformance Checking Using Activity and Trace Embeddings [chapter]

Jari Peeperkorn, Seppe vanden Broucke, Jochen De Weerdt
2020 Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing  
In this paper, we propose an entirely new approach to conformance checking based on neural network-based embeddings.  ...  These methods are tested in different settings and compared to other conformance checking techniques, showing promising results.  ...  So far, we have demonstrated that embedding-based conformance checking can provide an interesting alternative to classical conformance checking.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-58638-6_7 fatcat:wqyj3ye7rfdktc5jpqqcrotd5q

Case study: A fresh approach of the Balanced Scorecard in the Heathrow Terminal 5 project

Ron Basu, Chris Little, Chris Millard
2009 Measuring Business Excellence  
The study has established a proven application of the Balanced Scorecard in managing quality in a major infrastructure project.  ...  Design/methodology/approach -The research methodology applied in this work was based on the case study methodology.  ...  The metrics should be derived in alignment with company objectives and an emerging area for the four inter-linked perspectives of the Balanced Scorecard.  ... 
doi:10.1108/13683040911006765 fatcat:kaku7fgyuvgepgordjmpwcykdm

Controlling Break-the-Glass through Alignment

Arya Adriansyah, Boudewijn F. van Dongen, Nicola Zannone
2013 2013 International Conference on Social Computing  
To measure the severity of deviations, we extend alignment-based deviation analysis techniques.  ...  In this paper, we present a flexible framework for controlling the use of break-the-glass using the notion of alignments.  ...  We use online and offline conformance checking based on alignments to assess the severity of deviations.  ... 
doi:10.1109/socialcom.2013.91 dblp:conf/socialcom/AdriansyahDZ13 fatcat:rqg7krfp7jfl5h2bk2apxenike

Anti-Alignments – Measuring The Precision of Process Models and Event Logs [article]

Thomas Chatain, Mathilde Boltenhagen
2019 arXiv   pre-print
In contrast to existing metrics, anti-alignment based precision metrics satisfy most of the required axioms highlighted in a recent publication.  ...  One important metric in conformance checking is to asses the precision of the model with respect to the observed executions, i.e., characterize the ability of the model to produce behavior unrelated to  ...  Using anti-alignments one cannot only catch deviating behavior, but also use it to improve some of the current quality metrics considered in conformance checking.  ... 
arXiv:1912.05907v1 fatcat:zgwzmwnka5dihpfl7w35v2vxza

Designing and benchmarking the MULTICOM protein structure prediction system

Jilong Li, Xin Deng, Jesse Eickholt, Jianlin Cheng
2013 BMC Structural Biology  
to structure sampling, model quality assessment, and model refinement.  ...  bioinformatics techniques and tools have been developed to tackle almost every aspect of protein structure prediction ranging from structural feature prediction, template identification and querytemplate alignment  ...  MolProbity differs from the GDT-TS and TM-Score metrics in that MolProbity evaluates how realistic a model is according to its all-atom conformation.  ... 
doi:10.1186/1472-6807-13-2 pmid:23442819 pmcid:PMC3599124 fatcat:hcxdal26unandkeeoy7agylaya

Surface mesh quality evaluation

Pascal J. Frey, Houman Borouchaki
1999 International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering  
This paper proposes a method to evaluate the size quality as well as the shape quality of constrained surface meshes, the constraint being either a given metric or the geometric metric associated with  ...  In the context of numerical simulations, the metric speciÿcations are those related to the ÿnite element method.  ...  Based on these results, we now have a framework to decide whether a surface triangulation is conforming a given metric map.  ... 
doi:10.1002/(sici)1097-0207(19990510)45:1<101::aid-nme582>3.0.co;2-4 fatcat:fd6xbh3uurfd3mhpnhtotx4tb4

Repairing Process Models to Reflect Reality [chapter]

Dirk Fahland, Wil M. P. van der Aalst
2012 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
To solve the problem, we use an existing conformance checker that aligns the runs of the given process model to the traces in the log.  ...  Processes models can be discovered from event logs and conformance checking techniques can be used to detect and diagnose differences between observed and modeled behavior.  ...  Given metrics for conformance and closeness of models, we can measure the weighted sum or harmonic mean of both metrics to judge the quality of a repaired model.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-32885-5_19 fatcat:qmffqis7gnbvtckqwpwqodukhu

Towards Confirmatory Process Discovery: Making Assertions About the Underlying System

Gert Janssenswillen, Benoît Depaire
2018 Business & Information Systems Engineering  
In this paper, an experiment is described and discussed to analyze whether existing fitness, precision and generalization metrics can be used as unbiased estimators of system fitness and system precision  ...  As the underlying process is unknown in real life, there is a need for unbiased estimators to assess the system-quality of a discovered model, and subsequently make assertions about the process.  ...  Acknowledgements The computational resources and services used in this work for both process discovery and process conformance tasks were provided by the VSC (Flemish Supercomputer Center), funded by the  ... 
doi:10.1007/s12599-018-0567-8 fatcat:2hzhieor3zcv5ctoc6dfk4fq2q

Trace Alignment in Process Mining: Opportunities for Process Diagnostics [chapter]

R. P. Jagadeesh Chandra Bose, Wil van der Aalst
2010 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Therefore, we propose a new approach based on trace alignment. The goal is to align traces in a way that event logs can be explored easily.  ...  Hence, it complements existing process mining techniques focusing on discovery and conformance checking.  ...  The authors are grateful to Philips Healthcare for funding the research in process mining.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-15618-2_17 fatcat:b4n6nizaz5eezbvfbbntia6oni
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