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Aliasing on the world wide web

Terence Kelly, Jeffrey Mogul
2002 Proceedings of the eleventh international conference on World Wide Web - WWW '02  
This paper quantifies the extent of aliasing and the performance impact of URL-indexed cache management using a large client trace from WebTV Networks.  ...  Existing research literature, however, says little about the prevalence of aliasing in user-initiated transactions, or about redundant payload transfers in conventional Web cache hierarchies.  ...  Summary Existing literature touches on a number of issues surrounding aliasing on the Web, but the prevalence of this phenomenon across user-initiated transactions and the impact of URL-indexed cache organization  ... 
doi:10.1145/511483.511484 fatcat:ycigl6alzjgz7i5lfbjtanagi4

Aliasing on the world wide web

Terence Kelly, Jeffrey Mogul
2002 Proceedings of the eleventh international conference on World Wide Web - WWW '02  
This paper quantifies the extent of aliasing and the performance impact of URL-indexed cache management using a large client trace from WebTV Networks.  ...  Existing research literature, however, says little about the prevalence of aliasing in user-initiated transactions, or about redundant payload transfers in conventional Web cache hierarchies.  ...  Summary Existing literature touches on a number of issues surrounding aliasing on the Web, but the prevalence of this phenomenon across user-initiated transactions and the impact of URL-indexed cache organization  ... 
doi:10.1145/511446.511484 dblp:conf/www/KellyM02 fatcat:cx6xpoiicjebje34rx4a5hu3gu

The Web Never Forgets

Gunes Acar, Christian Eubank, Steven Englehardt, Marc Juarez, Arvind Narayanan, Claudia Diaz
2014 Proceedings of the 2014 ACM SIGSAC Conference on Computer and Communications Security - CCS '14  
We present the first large-scale studies of three advanced web tracking mechanisms -canvas fingerprinting, evercookies and use of "cookie syncing" in conjunction with evercookies.  ...  We then present the first automated study of evercookies and respawning and the discovery of a new evercookie vector, IndexedDB.  ...  Reisman and Pete Zimmerman for helping develop some of the infrastructure used, Oscar Reparaz for chroot tips and Junjun Chen for earlier work on cookie syncing that helped our understanding of the practice  ... 
doi:10.1145/2660267.2660347 dblp:conf/ccs/AcarEEJND14 fatcat:rwztho4qongqrglzmwfjsp4kyy

Web Crawling

Christopher Olston, Marc Najork
2010 Foundations and Trends in Information Retrieval  
This is a survey of the science and practice of web crawling.  ...  Crawler Architecture This section first presents a chronology of web crawler development, and then describes the general architecture and key design points of modern scalable crawlers.  ...  Redundant Content As discussed in Section 3.2.1, there is a prevalence of duplicate and near-duplicate content on the web.  ... 
doi:10.1561/1500000017 fatcat:rjc3oe77c5bipoikqrkwmy3ed4

National Web Studies [chapter]

Richard Rogers, Esther Weltevrede, Erik Borra, Sabine Niederer
2013 A Companion to New Media Dynamics  
This work offers an approach to conceptualizing, demarcating and analyzing a national web.  ...  We also would like to thank the Iranian web culture expert, Ebby Sharifi, who gathered with us at the Annenberg School for the Mapping Online Culture workshop in May 2011 and Cameran Ashraf, Bronwen Robertson  ...  , Leva Zand and Niaz Zarrinbakhsh who participated in the 2011 Digital Methods Summer School at the University of Amsterdam.  ... 
doi:10.1002/9781118321607.ch8 fatcat:jwc5x2ylljhfjcse3tvl65cb3q

Optimizing Web delivery over wireless links: design, implementation, and experiences

R. Chakravorty, A. Clark, I. Pratt
2005 IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications  
In this paper, we show what causes the web and its underlying transport protocol TCP to underperform in a GPRS wide-area wireless environment.  ...  World over wide-area wireless Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) networks have been upgraded to support the general packet radio service (GPRS).  ...  The complete GPRSWeb source code and test Web sites used in this paper are available from the COMS Project Web site: http://www.cl.cam.ac.uk/coms/.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jsac.2004.839398 fatcat:b4qrlcp4nncr5nyscia64vvlui

An empirical survey of Linked Data conformance

Aidan Hogan, Jürgen Umbrich, Andreas Harth, Richard Cyganiak, Axel Polleres, Stefan Decker
2012 Journal of Web Semantics  
There has been a recent, tangible growth in RDF published on the Web in accordance with the Linked Data principles and best practices, the result of which has been dubbed the "Web of Data".  ...  Herein, we compile a list of fourteen concrete guidelines as given in the "How to Publish Linked Data on the Web" tutorial.  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to thank the anonymous reviewers and the editors for their helpful feedback and comments. We would also like to thank those involved in the Pedantic Web Group.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.websem.2012.02.001 fatcat:bc4fyd532bhpxa5qv67i6bj2ua

A Survey on Web Tracking: Mechanisms, Implications, and Defenses

Tomasz Bujlow, Valentin Carela-Espanol, Beom-Ryeol Lee, Pere Barlet-Ros
2017 Proceedings of the IEEE  
In this survey, we review the existing literature on the methods used by web services to track the users online as well as their purposes, implications, and possible user's defenses.  ...  We also show how the users can be identified on the web and associated with their real names, e-mail addresses, phone numbers, or even street addresses.  ...  Several studies also showed the prevalence and pervasiveness of third-party tracking on the Internet.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jproc.2016.2637878 fatcat:vpykj2neezgebjhh5imvulenpq

Exploring the Relationship between Gut Microbiota and Major Depressive Disorders

Catherine Tian, T. Zhu, M. Anpo, A. Sharifi
2021 E3S Web of Conferences  
My approach finally identified 7 MDD genes likely to be associated with gut microbiota, implicating 3 molecular pathways: (1) Wnt Signaling, (2) citric acid cycle in the aerobic respiration, and (3) extracellular  ...  These findings may shed light on new directions to understand the mechanism of MDD, potentially facilitating the development of probiotics for better psychiatric disorder treatment.  ...  Acknowledgements Catherine Tian did the analysis of the data and the description for this research paper.  ... 
doi:10.1051/e3sconf/202127103055 fatcat:xzw53f3un5cebefprian3qh52a

Disaster Communication on the Internet: An Examination of 12 Disaster-Relief Web Sites

Mary Jae Paul
2001 Journal of Applied Communications  
In recent years, however, disaster communication on the World Wide Web (WWW) has also become an important field of study and practice (Noack, 1997; Sigurdson, 1998 June).  ...  The purpose of the present study 1 Paul: Disaster Communication on the Internet: An Examination of 12 Disa Published by New Prairie Press, 2017  ...  Key Words Disaster relief, internet, content analysis, world wide web, natural disasters.  ... 
doi:10.4148/1051-0834.2160 fatcat:viy5qvdbbvbd7d5sr36yz6ksky

Hybrid security analysis of web JavaScript code via dynamic partial evaluation

Omer Tripp, Pietro Ferrara, Marco Pistoia
2014 Proceedings of the 2014 International Symposium on Software Testing and Analysis - ISSTA 2014  
AJAX, HTML5 and Web 2.0.  ...  We also tested the system across a set of 170,000 Web pages, comparing it with purely static and dynamic alternatives.  ...  This design choice follows from the prevalence, in the wild, of examples like the one in Figure 3 .  ... 
doi:10.1145/2610384.2610385 dblp:conf/issta/TrippFP14 fatcat:ryffhyeduzad7g7uyoagvzqgru

Cookieless Monster: Exploring the Ecosystem of Web-Based Device Fingerprinting

N. Nikiforakis, A. Kapravelos, W. Joosen, C. Kruegel, F. Piessens, G. Vigna
2013 2013 IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy  
Billions of users browse the web on a daily basis, and there are single websites that have reached over one billion user accounts.  ...  In this paper, we examine how web-based device fingerprinting currently works on the Internet.  ...  However, we cannot exclude the possibility of additional scripts that are present on the companies' web servers that would perform more operations than the ones we encountered. III.  ... 
doi:10.1109/sp.2013.43 dblp:conf/sp/NikiforakisKJKPV13 fatcat:sq4oa6okfrgwvbgl5nlo4clxei

Improving Paid Microtasks through Gamification and Adaptive Furtherance Incentives

Oluwaseyi Feyisetan, Elena Simperl, Max Van Kleek, Nigel Shadbolt
2015 Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on World Wide Web - WWW '15  
Each experiment studies these parameters in two settings: one based on a state-of-the-art, non-gamified task on CrowdFlower and another one using an alternative interface incorporating several game elements  ...  This allows us to build a personalised game experience, with gains seen on the volume and quality of work completed.  ...  reading books, socialisation, or participation in virtual worlds and volunteering projects.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2736277.2741639 dblp:conf/www/FeyisetanSKS15 fatcat:nfyfihta2neubnnvjerr4uvona

DENIM: An Informal Web Site Design Tool Inspired by Observations of Practice

Mark Newman, James Lin, Jason Hong, James Landay
2003 Human-Computer Interaction  
to focus on different aspects of the design.  ...  Through a study of Web site design practice, we observed that designers employ multiple representations of Web sites as they progress through the design process and that these representations allow them  ...  the Web design investigation or the DENIM evaluation or, in one case, both.  ... 
doi:10.1207/s15327051hci1803_3 fatcat:sj5vks43zrbwlkzvr3jerlq3fa

Cookie Synchronization: Everything You Always Wanted to Know But Were Afraid to Ask

Panagiotis Papadopoulos, Nicolas Kourtellis, Evangelos Markatos
2019 The World Wide Web Conference on - WWW '19  
Through our study, we aim to understand the characteristics of the CSync protocol and the impact it has on web users' privacy.  ...  However, with same-origin policy, and cookies as a primary identification mechanism on the web, each tracker knows the same user with a different ID.  ...  The most traditional one includes the use of cookies: they have been commonly used in the World Wide Web to save and maintain some kind of state on the web client's side.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3308558.3313542 dblp:conf/www/PapadopoulosKM19 fatcat:76k3lqs2c5dpley7zmodyywrqe
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